Engine

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: in steam power plants, namely engines, structurally integrated with steam. The inventive engine comprises a sealed chamber 1, partially filled with liquid and through the steam pipe 2 communicates with the steam generator 3 connected to the lower part of the chamber 1 hydroline 4 installed therein a by-pass valve 5, and is placed in the chamber 1 of the turbine with the rotor 6, the rotating under the action of pressure fluid that is displaced by steam. On the outer surface of the camera 1 is placed a heat exchanger 7 of the cooling system. The turbine rotor 6 is designed as a sealed cylindrical body, an upper wall which is connected to the vertical shaft 8 of the removal power, in its cylindrical wall is made tangential slot channels 9 and the bottom wall of the inlet 10, the channels 9 and holes 10 is installed check valves 11. The steam generator 3 is supplied with a controlled valve 12 and an additional pipeline 13, indicating the steam generator 3 through a controlled valve 12 with the upper part of the rotor 6. The steam pipe 2 is connected to the upper part of the chamber 1 and through managed Clapham, structurally integrated with steam generators, and can be used as an actuator in the transport power plants of small capacity.

Known heat engine [1] comprising a housing placed inside the collection of condensate from a steam generator, a turbine wheel, a condenser and a guide tube for supplying the working fluid to the turbine wheel, where the impeller is located between the guide tube and the condenser, and the condensate collector is divided into two zones by a partition with a check valve, which passes through the guide tube.

A disadvantage of the known design is the low efficiency, because the rotation of the turbine occurs under the pressure of the fluid on the blades of the turbine wheel.

The task of the invention is the increased efficiency.

This task is solved in that in the motor containing a sealed chamber partially filled with liquid and through the steam pipe is in communication with the steam generator is connected to the bottom of the camera hydroline installed therein a by-pass valve, and placed in the chamber of the turbine with the rotor rotating under the action of pressure fluid that is displaced by steam, pturbine made in the form of a sealed cylindrical housing, the upper wall of which is connected with a vertical shaft removal power, in its cylindrical wall is made tangential slot channels, and the bottom wall of the inlet openings in the channels and holes installed check valves, steam generator equipped with a controllable valve and an additional pipeline, saying the steam generator through a controlled valve with the upper part of the cavity of the sealed enclosure, and the steam pipe connected to the upper part of the chamber and the steam generator through a controlled valve.

This embodiment of the device provides increased efficiency due to the fact that the rotation of the rotor of the turbine occurs under the action of the reactive forces of the ejectable liquid through the tangentially directed slotted channels.

In Fig. 1 shows an engine, a General view of Fig. 2 shows a cylindrical wall section.

The engine comprises a sealed chamber 1, partially filled with liquid and through the steam pipe 2 communicates with the steam generator 3 connected to the lower part of the chamber 1 hydroline 4 installed therein a by-pass valve 5, and is placed in the chamber 1 of the turbine with the rotor 6, the rotating under Dashlary, the turbine rotor 6 is designed as a sealed cylindrical body, an upper wall which is connected to the vertical shaft 8 of the removal power, in its cylindrical wall is made tangential slot channels 9 and the bottom wall of the inlet 10, the channels 9 and holes 10 is installed check valves 11, the steam generator 3 is supplied with a controlled valve 12 and an additional pipeline 13, indicating the steam generator 3 through a controlled valve 12 with the upper part of the rotor 6, the steam pipe 2 is connected to the upper part of the chamber 1 and through a controlled valve 12 to the steam generator 3.

The engine works as follows.

In the initial state, the liquid (distilled water) partially fills the sealed chamber 1, the rotor 6 and the steam generator 3. Operated valve 12 and the bypass valve 5 closed. In the steam pressure inside the steam generator 3, is heated from external sources increases. Controlling the valve 12 is short-term access to the steam into the chamber 1 through the pipe 2. The pipe 13 is in the locked condition. The pressure in the chamber 1 is increased and the liquid through the hole 10 is poured into the internal cavity of the rotor 6. Check valves 11 in the m 12, provide short-term access to the steam in the upper part of the rotor 6 through the pipe 13. The pressure in the upper part of the rotor 6 is increased and the liquid reactive power is emitted through a tangential slot channels 9, which results in rotational movement of the rotor 6 with the shaft 8. Further, as a result of condensation of steam pressure in the upper part of the rotor 6 falls and is equalized with the pressure in the chamber 1. In this case, if the pressure in the chamber 1 exceeds the pressure in the steam generator 3, hydroline 4 through the bypass valve 5, the liquid flowing in the steam generator 3 to equalize the pressures. Next working cycle is repeated. Camera 1 will be cooled during operation of the heat exchanger 7 of the cooling system.

Engine, containing a sealed chamber partially filled with liquid and through the steam pipe is in communication with the steam generator is connected to the bottom of the camera hydroline installed therein a by-pass valve, and placed in the chamber of the turbine with the rotor rotating under the action of pressure fluid that is displaced by steam, characterized in that it is provided with a heat exchanger of the cooling system, placed on the outer surface of the chamber, the rotor of the turbine Vipera power, in its cylindrical wall is made tangential slot channels, and the bottom wall of the inlet, and in the channels and holes installed check valves, steam generator equipped with a controllable valve and an additional pipeline, saying the steam generator through a controlled valve with the upper part of the hollow sealed enclosure, the steam pipe connected to the upper part of the chamber and the steam generator through a controlled valve.

 

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