The spray liquid
(57) Abstract:Usage: plume formation dispersed liquid. The inventive spray liquid is supplied mounted on the head cover blades. Meglomania channels on one side communicated with the cavity distribution chambers through made in her bottom hole. On the other hand channels communicated with the exhaust annular gap. The slit is placed under the bottom of the distribution chamber. 3 Il. The invention relates to techniques for the atomization of liquids with the formation of a torch dispersed liquid during the spraying process.Known spray containing internal rotating disk, rigidly connected with the upper outer disk channels for transmission fluid and formation fluid flow into the upper outer disk, which has a smooth curved or stepped edges, by means of which formed inside the spray fluid flow changes its direction of movement by acquiring the velocity components vertically downwards along the axis of rotation of the atomizer, thereby reducing the radial size of the spray 
The disadvantages of this spray about the smooth inner surface of the upper outer plate define as a relatively coarse spray, and narrow limits of the diameter reduction of the spray.For the formation of swirling gas screen used for changing the diameter of the spray and improve the quality of the dispersed liquid, the necessary external gas flow with pressure, which in this spray generated by an external source of high pressure, for example, ventilator, fan, etc., which generally overestimates the consumption and requires additional mechanisms, creating a high pressure gas or air. In addition, the sprayer is not always stable, as it depends on the stability as an external source of high pressure gas, and the work of the head with a spray of elements, which is often not ensured.The purpose of the invention reduce power consumption and increase the stability of the spray due to the exclusion of external gas source, high blood pressure.This objective is achieved in that the spray liquid is supplied mounted on the head cover blades, meglomania channels are on one side communicated with the cavity distribution chambers through made in its bottom open the camera.Thus, the rotating of the actuator head provides the rotation installed on her blades, thereby creating a swirling gas stream, and provides synchronization of the processes of atomization of a liquid and a gas screen.The design of one possible execution of the spray are presented in the diagrams, in which Fig.1 Dan incision spray longitudinal plane passing through the axis of rotation of the dispenser in Fig.2 section a And in Fig.1, in Fig. 3 view B in Fig.2, i.e., the layout satirically elements in the annular gap.The spray fluid comprises a drive shaft 1 mounted thereon a cylinder 2 with a spray elements 3, the pipe 4 fluid supply mounted on the head 2 stationary distribution chamber 5 is communicated with the gas supply, made in the form of glass 6, the bottom 7 and the hole 8 and the annular outlet slit 9, in which the tilting satirically elements 10 made in the form of thin plates that provide minimum resistance to gas flow, or a special profile that is similar to the configuration of the blades of the axial pumps or turbines.The annular gap 9 formed by the inner 11 and the outside is reducing hydrodynamic losses in the movement acceleration of the gas flow inside it is as aerodynamically smooth profile with the lowest hydrodynamic losses. Satirically elements 10 are arranged so that the gas flow after exiting the annular gap 9 is rotated against the direction of rotation of the atomizer head 2.On the whole surface of the cover 13 of the head 2 is installed blades 14, meglomania channels 15 which is communicated with one side of the cavity distribution chamber 5 through the holes 8 in the plate 7 and the exhaust annular gap 9 on the other hand, placed under the bottom 7 of the chamber 5.Powered atomizer as follows.The liquid to be spray, is supplied through pipe 4 to the internal cavity of the head 2, which is evenly distributed and supplied to the spray elements 3, leaving them in the environment is dispersed into small droplets, forming a primary torch spray. The air or gas of a particular composition comes from a source gas distribution chamber 5, uniformly distributed therein and through the opening 8 in the plate 7 comes into meglomania channels 15 of the blades 14, where due to the rotation of the blades 14 of the head 2 is twisted and acquires the necessary overpressure.Then the gas flow of high pressure is supplied into the exhaust annular gap 9, where aerodynam the odya of the annular gap 9, the swirling gas flow forms a gas screen, acting on the spray initially sprayed liquid. The combined action occurs as a reduction of the radius of the spray in comparison with that which he would have had if such ventilation did not exist, and further fragmentation of the biggest drops of the sprayed liquid. Rigid connection centrifugal spray head with blades provides a constant pressure of gas consumed for the formation of the torch raspisivaem fluid and, consequently, the stabilization work. The spray liquid containing a drive shaft, a fixed head with a spray elements and cap, tube feeding liquid that is installed over the head with camera plate, communicated with the gas supply and is made in the form of a glass exhaust annular gap and inclined zavihriteljami elements, characterized in that, with the aim of reducing energy consumption and increasing the stability of the spray due to the exclusion of external gas source of high pressure, it has installed on the roof of the head lobes, meglomania channels are on one side communicated with the second annular gap, the latter is placed under the bottom of the distribution chamber.
FIELD: rotary spraying apparatus; chemical, pharmaceutical, food-processing and other industries.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device is also used for such processes as condensation by evaporation, rectification, distillation, absorption, wet dust collection. Intake device has drive shaft and two coaxial cylinders; smaller cylinder is rigidly secured on shaft and larger cylinder is connected with dispersing unit. Mounted between coaxial cylinders are three intake blades; each blade consists of three parts; ascent angle of lower straight part is 12 deg.; center parts is made in form of arc of circle at radius of 0.01-0.02 mm; upper straight part is mounted at angle of 45 deg.; ratio of lengths of lower and upper parts is 1.16-1.42 and ratio of total length of parts to circumferential pitch is 0.5.
EFFECT: increased surface of phase contact and ratio of liquid circulation on contact element; reduced power requirements.
FIELD: chemical mechanical engineering; apparatus for performing physico-chemical processes between substances in various phase states; chemical technologies.
SUBSTANCE: proposed apparatus has cylindrical housing with rotor mounted on vertical shaft, units for loading and unloading materials and rotor drive. Inner surface of rotor in section passing through axis of rotation is made in form of sinusoid at magnitudes of sine of 1/0/-1/0/1 at periods 1/4T, 2/4T, 3/4T, 4/4T and 5/4T respectively; inner surface has spiral grooves directed from center to periphery. Protective cover secured on rotor has central hole for delivery of material. Rotor is mounted for change of angle of attachment on axle; housing is provided with drive for rotation around vertical axis.
EFFECT: improved quality of mixing; intensification of process; improved controllability.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agricultural machinery industry; production of the agricultural liquid sprayers.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the liquid sprayer, which may be used as the liquid sprayers intended for treatment of the field crops. The liquid sprayer contains the perforated drum mounted on the engine driving arbor and the device for feeding of the sprayed liquid in the drum. The given device contains the small pipe and the sprayer. This sprayer is made in the form of the small plate placed opposite to the small pipe. The small plate symmetry axis is located in the plane of the small pipe axis. The small plate of the sprayer is arched concerning the symmetry axis of the device with formation of the blunt angle between the small plate planes. The vertex of the blunt angle is facing the batt of the small pipe. The small pipe and the small plate of the sprayer are disposed at the wall of the drum. The invention allows to increase the uniformity of distribution of the sprayed liquid on the drum at the increasing consumption of the sprayed liquid.
EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased uniformity of distribution of the sprayed liquid on the drum at the increasing consumption of the sprayed liquid.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: proposed generator of fine material is designed for providing for investigating bolide traces in the upper layers of the atmosphere. The generator has a case containing fine powder, a coupling unit with a carrier (rocket or spacecraft), spring mechanism for separating the generator from the carrier, device for cranking the generator, device for time delay of the displacement of the belt, a closing annular slit on the case of the generator, through which fine powder material is dispersed. The coupling unit is in form of a shank fixed at the lower end of the case, put on bearings in the separation spring mechanism and allowing for rotation of the generator until it is separated from the carrier. Inside the case, on its axis there is a small solid engine, providing for cranking the generator and extra (to the spring force) buoyant force. To provide for time delay of the displacement of the belt, the closing annular slit on the case, there is a blaster fuse, characteristics of which are chosen depending on the required time delay. The generator is small and light, more reliable and provides for faster rate of separating the generator from the carrier.
EFFECT: faster separation of the generator from the carrier with smaller dimensions and mass of the generator and simplification of its structure.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: proposed atomiser incorporates casing with internal chamber accommodating nozzles fixed therein each comprising casing with chamber accommodating an auger pressed therein. The casing bottom is furnished a throttling orifice while the said auger inside has a threaded hole, the thread direction being aligned with the auger outer thread. Taper mixing chamber is arranged above the throttling orifice to form total finely-dispersed swirling flow.
EFFECT: higher efficiency and lower power consumption.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rotary sprayer applicator and may be used for varnishing cars. Proposed applicator represents bell-like plate or rotary disk and comprises bypass surface revolving together with applicator in applying coat. Said bypass surface has surface layer whereon thin film of varnish to be applied is located. Boundary surface friction acts between coat film and surface layer. Varnish film on surface layer features thickness smaller than varnish particle length. Besides, invention covers also method of operation. Surface layer reduces boundary friction between coat film and bypass surface.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of coating.
18 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: irrigation system consists of motorised vehicles with hydraulic device, irrigation devices, fixed pole with fixed pipe and turning knee, the control valve. Machine pipeline is connected to knee. Machine pipeline is equipped with irrigation apparatus and is placed on mobile carts with hydraulic drive. Last truck with hydraulic drive is equipped with crane setup device setting machine speed. Crane setup device is designed as a hydraulically driven valve. Hydraulically driven valve drain hole in the top cavity and is connected to hydraulic pressure pipe through another hydraulically driven valve. The hydraulic drive connected to protection system controls hydraulically driven valve. Control valve is mounted on the rotating knee and provided with a rod. Rod interacts with the guide groove of software unit. The software unit is fixed on the tube in the form of a disk. In the body of disk guide groove is placed, which reflects the reverse profile of the field on the front of machine movement. Irrigation machines are equipped with controls of flow characteristics. Controls of flow characteristics are made in the form of hydraulically driven valves. Hydraulic drives of hydraulically driven valves are separated with a membrane to form upper and lower chamber. The upper chambers of hydraulic drive are connected to the control tube of protection system. The lower chambers of hydraulic drive are connected to machine pipeline of the irrigation devices. The lower chamber of hydraulic drive adjusting spring is placed. Regulating spring interacts with the adjuster and the membrane of hydraulically driven valve through a per heel block.
EFFECT: design will enhance the functionality of the device
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to oil industry and may be used for intermittent cleaning of coalescing surface devices from adhesive colloidal particles. In thermal cleaning of coalescer working medium is fed into devoice case, medium power portion is directed for scanner driving and circular scanning of machined surface by formed jet. Steam is used as working medium. Steam pressure is partially directed to drive scanner while machined surface scanning is performed by steam jet circumscribing at variable-radius. Proposed device comprises scanner with drive made up of hydraulic cylinder with steam control valve. Hydraulic cylinder rod is engaged via ratchet gear with hollow shaft coupled with scanner. It incorporates also rotary tubular bend supports link furnished with ratchet gear. Jet forming device represents nozzle secured on link end.
EFFECT: thermal cleaning of coalescer.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rotary sprayers to be used in whatever industry. Sprayer intake incorporates four intake blades arranged between coaxial cylinders. Top and bottom sections of said blades are connected by arc of circle with radius of 0.01 m. Relationship between total length of blade parts and sum of length of bottom and medium parts makes 1.6. That between total length of blade parts and blade top part makes 2.69…2.85.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, lower power consumption.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: in a sprayer a hollow shaft passes through all the sprayer and is connected to it by a disk in the upper part above the spraying holes. The shaft is connected to the inner cylinder of a pump device by its lower end. The sprayer's diameter is increased in one step towards the spraying holes.
EFFECT: invention allows for higher dust cleaning efficiency, improved ventilation, decreased hydraulic resistance and power consumption, improved operational characteristics and reliability of a device.
FIELD: granulation in fluidized bed.
SUBSTANCE: granules are formed due to spraying of liquid agent on seeding particles found in fluidized bed, thus facilitating growth of granules. Sprayer has tube with at least one inlet hole at one end through which liquid agent is fed for facilitating growth of granules and outlet hole at the other end for escape of this agent from tube; sprayer is also provided with gas flow distributor which is connected with interior of tube and is located around it at definite distance from outlet hole; sprayer has emulsifying unit connected with inlet hole of tube and with distributor for forming gas flow emulsion inside tube and facilitating growth of granules. Granulator has reservoir where fluidized bed of seeding particles and granules of agent being granulated is formed, device for continuous delivery of seeding particles to fluidized bed, system for liquefaction and holding of seeding particles and granules in fluidized state and at least one distributor through which flow of liquid agent facilitating growth of granules is fed. Distributor is provided with one or several sprayers for spraying liquid agent facilitating growth of seeding particles; each sprayer is provided with tube with at least one inlet hole at one end for delivery of liquid agent and outlet hole at other end for escape of this agent from tube. Provision is also made for gas flow distributor connected with interior of tube and located around it at definite distance from outlet hole and emulsifying unit connected with inlet hole of tube and distributor for forming gas flow emulsion inside tube in liquid agent.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency; improved quality of granulation; low cost of process due to reduced rate of delivery of agent and air.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: proposed nozzle has a spider-like casing with four pair-coaxial inner-thread holes. Water feed hole and steam feed holes are arranged coaxially and furnished with threaded plugs with segment cut made over plug depth and parallel to its screwdriver slot. End face plug with axial rod screwed therein is screwed in one of horizontal holes. There is a nut to adjust flame arranged on the rod opposite end and representing a cone with outer peripheral circular collar made at an angle to nut cone plane. Taper of this nut mates that on nozzle nut outlet hole. Required degree of cleaning is ensured by adjusting channel size of the slot formed by two cones at nozzle outlet.
EFFECT: improved high-temperature gas flow cleaning of harmful admixtures and finely dispersed solid aerosols.
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering and is intended for spraying of liquids and suspensions, for instance coal-water fuel (CWF). Pneumatic nozzle comprises body with inner circular chamber and nozzle for supply of compressed gas in it, pipe installed along body axis for liquid supply, changing into diffuser. At the end of diffuser there is a circular nozzle arranged in the form of axisymmetric head converging towards body axis, and circular slot gas nozzle at the outlet of circular chamber. Slot gas nozzle is formed by body and external border of circular nozzle. Circular nozzle below gas nozzle has concave shape of border. Pipe for liquid supply is equipped with additional nozzle for adding another liquid to the main liquid for spraying. Circular chamber for compressed gas is equipped with additional nozzle for supply of another gas or stem in it. Nozzles for supply of compressed gas and steam into gas chamber have axes displaced relative to plane of nozzle symmetry, as a result of which gas and steam are tangentially supplied to gas chamber.
EFFECT: pneumatic nozzle with such shape of gas and liquid tracks makes it possible to provide for required dispersion for spraying of both low viscous and high viscous liquids and suspensions without quick wear of equipment with the possibility to spray multi-component mixtures and replacement of working gas for superheated steam, and also with the possibility to control dimensions of gas-drop torch.
2 cl, 1 dwg