Line of gravity packaging sleepers sn-2
(57) Abstract:Usage: in the timber industry for packing of sleepers. The inventive line contains the mechanism 3 orientation and fixation of the sleepers, made in the form of two retractable forks with lots fingers on the ends and located at the ends of the dialed number of rails, kickers made 2 double-acting vertical rotary type with a circular motion pushing together devices in the form of two horizontal traverse and a pull-out roller blind, located in the body of the dumper and related limit switch, and drives packages sleepers made in the form of non-power trucks. 11 Il. The invention relates to a device for forming packages of lumber, and is intended primarily for packaging sleepers.Known apparatus for forming packages of wood in transverse inclined conveyor 
A disadvantage of this device is that in addition to his work it is necessary to use a special roller conveyors, cross chain conveyor with stands. All these devices do not provide 100 laying sleepers in the package strictly layered down because of their rotational fall. Paderanga series so they (conveyors) and are inclined, thereby complicating the design of devices and packaging lines.Well-known line of gravity packaging sleepers containing the longitudinal conveyor removal sleepers, the mechanism of dissolution of the latest and drives are located on both sides of said conveyor 
Famous line cannot provide an orientation sleepers strictly faces down when laying in drives and securely to lay sleepers.The technical result of the invention is to simplify the construction, increase the reliability of the formation of the package.This is achieved in that in the above line flushing mechanism includes two horizontally positioned beam with rollers mounted to rotate around a vertical axis in both directions, are accommodated in the housing of the mechanism of the retractable cover having a limit switch for contact with the end rails, and the latch traverse associated with the drive of the said shutter, and the line is equipped with a mechanism orientation and fixation of the sleepers on the appropriate drive, this mechanism has posted with the possibility of contact with the bases of the ends of the sleepers two retractable what lovesome to return them to their original position and arranged with the possibility of contact with the sleeper, turning them when moving it traverses the flushing mechanism, and drives made in the form of non-driving trucks.The line shown on the drawings, where Fig. 1: General view of Fig. 2 - way dumper, Fig. 3 one of the traverse bilateral resetter associated with a shutter of Fig. 4 the mechanism of orientation and fixation of the sleepers, in Fig. 5 the same, side view, Fig. 6 site mechanism, orientation and fixation of the sleepers, in Fig. 7 is the same, top view, Fig. 8 scheme of work of the dumper and the mechanism of orientation and fixation of the sleepers, in Fig. 9 scheme of work safety node mechanism, orientation and fixation of the sleepers, in Fig. 10 drives packages in the form of non-driving trucks, Fig. 11, the brake device is not power-driven truck.Line of gravity packaging sleepers consists of longitudinal conveyor 1 (see Fig. 1) removal of ties, bilateral kickers 2, 3 orientation and fixation sleepers and drives 4 packages sleepers.Let's consider each of these mechanisms separately.Two-way dumper (see Fig. 3), consists of a gear motor 5, the bearing housings 6 bevel gear 7 fixed on the supporting pillars 8, the connecting tubular rod 9 dlca path switch 12 of the electromagnet 13, operate the shutter and the latch-the latch 14 of the turntable 15, which are designed to lock the traverse to its original position (180o).The mechanism of orientation and fixation sleepers includes (see Fig. 4, 5, 6, 7):
a) a lever node, which consists of two bearing housings 16, fastened on the rack 17, the tubular axis 18 with vertically spaced boxes 19 and the reel 20 of the tensioning cable (plugs) and counterweight 21;
b) the fixing unit sleepers consists of two coupling housings 22, welded together and pivotally attached to the bearing housings 16 a lever host through lugs 23, retractable fork clamps 24, with the connection piece 25 and buried his fingers 26 and springs 27 and return springs return the fingers 28 (see Fig. 6) trossoblochnoy system 29;
C) seal Assembly sleepers consists of two racks of seals 30, fixed to the uprights 17 lever node, push bars 31 to the supporting rollers 32 and spring return 33 eccentric podjemov 34 with cable traction 35 actuated when pressure is applied checkboxes 19 to the plane of the conveyor.Drives packages sleepers are designed to provide batching sleepers and composed (see Fig. 10) of the two G-obrusnikova under the package oppositely spaced trolleys. The ends of the trucks are axis 38 with wheels, rolling the same line of rails 39. The role of second axles with wheels perform located at the center of the conveyor axis rollers 40 (see Fig. 2), on which roll the cords 37 trucks. To prevent saskachewan extension with the lower rollers they rise above the rollers on axes arranged similarly to the lower rollers. To prevent inadvertent sliding of the trolley at the moment of impact of the incident sleepers they are equipped with a braking device (see Fig. 11), which is made in the form of two shoulders of the lever 41 with a spring-loaded pads 42, actuated by the fall of the first track, which by its weight presses on the two shoulders of the lever 41 and presses the pad 42 to the wheel rim.Line of gravity packaging sleepers works as follows. The operator visually determines the moving conveyor 1 type sleepers and pressed on the remote control reset (not shown) actuates the shutter 11 of the dumper 2 (see Fig. 1). Moving on longitudinal conveyor 1 sleeper (see Fig. 8, item (I) abuts the end of the track switch 12 (see Fig. 2) retractable blinds 11 and engages the motor-reducer 5 resetter 2, which through a system of conveyer to the doorway of the truck-drive 4. Sliding the pole (see Fig. 8, item (II) its weight presses to the plane of the conveyor boxes 19 (see Fig. 3) mechanism orientation and fixation sleepers and using trossoblochnoy system 29 leads her into action, instantly puts forward under the bottom ends ndigenous sleepers plug-clamps 24 to a depth of 5 to 7 cm to hold her (ties) in a horizontal position under the opening. Simultaneously with the extension fork clamps 24 is actuated and sealing mechanism (see Fig. 5) to align the previously discarded sleepers to maintain constant the width of the opening, about 2 cm greater size sleepers, for their free fall. Upon further movement of the sleepers on plugs-clamps 24 sleeper releases is pressed against the conveyor boxes 19, which under its own counterweight 21 and compressed springs 27 and 28 immediately return to its original position advanced plug-clamps 24 from under the ends of the sleepers (see Fig. 8, item (III), giving the opportunity to fall off the pole horizontally layered down into the opening in the truck-drive. The fingers 26, made with a taper, promote the free exit fork clamps 24 from under the ends of the sleepers. With the full set of sleepers (see Fig. 9, item (IV), the following move with the conveyor sleeper rests on the upper Rato at the end of the top sleepers fingers 26 forks clamps 24 (see Fig. 7 and 9, item (VI) as otodviganija truck 4 alternately released and come under the end ndigenous sleepers until the release of the check boxes 19, when the plug-clamps 24 are removed from under the ends of the sleepers (see Fig. 9, the positions VII and VIII). To prevent mechanical spread of sleepers opening his pocket-drive formed by the side flaps 43 (see Fig. 1), which when slinging and fence package sleepers of the truck 4 is disposed in the side. With the same purpose are placed in the vertical position of the fork-clamps 24. After a set of package sleepers on one side of the conveyor, the operator selects packets from the opposite side of the conveyor in order to give the possibility to remove packages. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Line of gravity packaging sleepers containing the longitudinal conveyor removal sleepers, the mechanism of dissolution of the latest and drives are located on both sides of said conveyor, characterized in that the flushing mechanism includes two horizontally positioned beam with rollers mounted to rotate around a vertical axis in both directions, are accommodated in the housing of the mechanism of the retractable cover having a limit switch for contact with the end rails, and the latch traverse, St. the existing drive, while this mechanism has posted with the possibility of contact with the bases of the ends of the sleepers two retractable spring-loaded plug with sunken fingers associated trossoblochnoy system with check boxes, equipped with counterweights to return them to their original position and arranged with the possibility of contact with the sleeper, turning them as you move it traverses the flushing mechanism, and drives made in the form of non-driving trucks.
FIELD: timer industry; timber stores.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device has load truck and its motion mechanism including crane to set truck in initial position. Load truck on base of which container for ballast and end facing shield are rigidly secured in installed on guides arranged at angle to horizontal platform. Said horizontal platform carries second end facing shield and receiving chute. In initial position load truck with ballast is pulled by crane to clamp and is fixed. After release of stop arrangement, truck moves under its own weight and weight of ballast, along inclined guides in vertical plane, and its end facing shield cones in contact with end faces of logs, thus aligning them.
EFFECT: simplified design of device.
FIELD: metallurgy; billet stackers.
SUBSTANCE: according to invention, insert installed on slider is made sectional consisting of two parts to each which lever with horizontal platform and roller is hinge connected. Stacker is furnished with devices for moving each of insert parts and devices to move each master cam, and slider is provided with inclined support surfaces arranged symmetrically relative to vertical axis, mating inclined support surface being made on each of them. Open slot with inclined support surfaces is made in each side wall of frame to accommodate master cam which is provided with mating inclined support surfaces and is installed for displacement relative to frame along guides made on frame parallel to support inclined surfaces of slot. Angles of tilting of support surfaces of parts of insert, slider, master cams, support inclined surfaces of frame slots and guides of frame and guides of slider are equal.
EFFECT: improved convenience in operation.
FIELD: mechanical engineering; packing.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device for packing pipes in hex packs contains stationary installed rack with retainer, and roller conveyor in line of which hex pockets are installed. Each pocket contains post with stationary side surface and upper side face attached for movement to side surface, movable base and movable lower and upper side faces arranged at other side of post, and rack-stacker with meter secured in upper part of post. All faces of each pocket are provided with built-in rollers. One of upper faces is installed for movement in guides of post, and opposite upper and lower faces are installed in guides of movable base. Upper side face is hinge-connected with lower side face by turning drive. Rack-stacker is installed for movement in post guides. Length of rollers forming upper side face installed in post is equal to height of pocket proper.
EFFECT: increased capacity of forming bay.
FIELD: log yard work.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to work carried out on section of round wood sorting, and it can be used for leveling ends of round wood bundles loaded on railway cars or prepared for floating. Proposed device has posts and shields and weight-accumulator arranged in well and made fork releasing, and also cable-and-sheave system and electric drive. Shields are bar-type. Some shields are fixed and other are installed for turning and fitting in vertical position. Weight-accumulator is connected by cables of cable-and-sheave system passing out of the limits of posts of wood accumulators with bar-type turnable shields for turning them into vertical position. Turnable shield further from weight-accumulator is connected by cable with electric drive.
EFFECT: simplified design, reduced metal usage.
FIELD: wood industry; loading and unloading operations.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for leveling ends of round wood bundles loaded on railway cars or prepared for floating. Proposed device has fixed end face shield, stop posts, pulling chains with grips connected with electric drive and inclined guides, all mounted on frame. Space for round wood bundle is formed by end face shield and said inclined guides, the latter being made in form of inclined rollers connected with electric drive and installed from outer side relative to pulling chains. Said stop posts are arranged between inclined guides and pulling chains.
EFFECT: reduced power and metal usage as compared with other plants providing leveling of ends of round wood bundles.
FIELD: rolling equipment, namely apparatuses for accumulating and discharging rolled pieces for treating them before next manufacturing procedure.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus for accumulating and discharging rolled pieces includes at least two struts; device for piecewise placing rolled pieces mounted with possibility of vertical motion; transporting roller table arranged between said struts. Struts are in the form of portals rigidly joined one to other through framework supporting drive units for vertical motion of said device. Said drive units are in the form of electric motors and reduction gears, for example cone reduction gears. Struts are provided with vertical guides for mounting carriages with possibility of motion. Device for piecewise placing of rolled pieces is in the form of flexible members arranged in vertical direction by several rows. Ends of each flexible member are secured to respective carriage at pitch allowing to place rolled pieces. Said device may be in the form of metallic sheet rigidly secured to carriage and having horizontal and vertical rows of openings for rolled pieces. Portals in low part are provided with two idle and two driven running wheels that may be moved from drive unit in direction normal relative to transporting roller table along rail tract mounted on foundation. Invention provides possibility for accumulating large-size rolled products and tubes, semi-cylindrical tube blanks of large diameter and also small-size rolled pieces and for delivering such rolled products.
EFFECT: reduced size, simplified maintenance of apparatus, lowered metal consumption for making apparatus.
FIELD: railway transport.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mechanization of track works connected with stockpiling of rail lengths on intermediate storage grounds. Proposed device includes additional guide equipment including mechanisms for cross displacement of rail lengths relative to rail track furnished with release rail grips and pulling equipment including pair of flexible ties secured of fixed stops for connecting with ends of rail lengths of train. Mechanisms for cross displacement of rail lengths are made in form of horizontal frames arranged in end of rail-carrying train and on trailing inclined ramp connected to train arranged symmetrically in pairs relative to train axis in crosswise manner. Drive truck carrying rail grip is installed on each horizontal frame. Rail grip is made in form of pair of rollers with vertical axles of rotation. Working profile of each roller suits profile of cavities of rail length. Truck drive is two-speed. Device is furnished with horizontal beam placed across track, with row of holes according to location of lengths of rails to be stockpiled. Pair of guide holders is secured in two of said holes to pass flexible ties. Said holders can be re-placed along beam.
EFFECT: increased volume of stockpiling of rail lengths out of the limits of track, reduced loading forces in radial lengths and working guide members, reduced input of hand labor.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: railway transport.
SUBSTANCE: rail length are stockpiled from outer side of track in form of pyramids in several tiers. Each length is acted upon and held from turning over by at least four rail grips arranged in end of train and on trailing inclined ramp. Firstly, ends of pair of rail lengths are pulled off from train or pulled onto train until they rest simultaneously on platform and train to provide self-bending of ends in vertical, then rail grips in extreme positions are brought to bent ends of lengths and are closed on lengths to bend them to S-shape in plan whose end section correspond to locations and directions in stores and on train and then grips are fixed relative to ramp and rail-carrying train and then, moving the train, pairs of rail lengths are unloaded or loaded until all pairs of rail lengths are unloaded or loaded. Ends of pair of lengths are secured on fixed stops on ground of store by flexible ties whose direction is changed and are fixed by means of horizontal beam with adjustable stops which is placed across track, and pair of flexible ties is passed through beam and secured on fixed stops. Completing of loading of rail lengths onto train is provided by stock rails arranged in end of stores.
EFFECT: increased volume of stockpiling of rail lengths from outer side of track, improved efficiency of method owing to reduction of unloading forces in lengths and guide working members, reduced labor input owing to possibility of use of technical appliances.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: timber industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to loading-unloading operations and it can be used for aligning end faces of bundles of round timber loaded on railway cars or prepared for timber rafting. Proposed device contains frame and L-shaped shields installed on carriages. Horizontal parts of both shields are hinge-connected to each other by metal rod of round cross-section fitted in their bodies and thus forming telescopic rectangular cross-section structures with locks. Said round cross-section rod is connected with device frame by pantograph with hydraulic cylinder.
EFFECT: increased labor efficiency owing to guaranteed working of bundle at one step, reduced material usage of structure.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in production of billets and for forming billet stacks to be bound and sent to stores. Proposed billet stacker has frame, levers with rollers arranged for engagement with followers. According to invention, stacker is provided with posts arranged symmetrically relative vertical axis of device being installed on frame for relative horizontal displacement by drive, and support crossmember arranged along axis of device and connected with its displacement drive. Slider is made sectional, of two parts. Horizontal surfaces of frame and horizontal surfaces of posts, horizontal surfaces of each part of slider and horizontal surfaces of support crossmember, vertical surfaces of posts and vertical surfaces of each part of slider are coupled by "slot-projection" joint. Recess is made on horizontal surfaces of support crossmember in its central part whose depth is not less than depth of said slot. Each lever is hinge-connected to sectional part of slider, and follower is attached to surface of each post. Locking device is arranged on each post to lock post relative to frame.
EFFECT: improved reliability of device.
6 cl, 10 dwg