Line of gravity packaging sleepers sn-2

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: in the timber industry for packing of sleepers. The inventive line contains the mechanism 3 orientation and fixation of the sleepers, made in the form of two retractable forks with lots fingers on the ends and located at the ends of the dialed number of rails, kickers made 2 double-acting vertical rotary type with a circular motion pushing together devices in the form of two horizontal traverse and a pull-out roller blind, located in the body of the dumper and related limit switch, and drives packages sleepers made in the form of non-power trucks. 11 Il.

The invention relates to a device for forming packages of lumber, and is intended primarily for packaging sleepers.

Known apparatus for forming packages of wood in transverse inclined conveyor [1]

A disadvantage of this device is that in addition to his work it is necessary to use a special roller conveyors, cross chain conveyor with stands. All these devices do not provide 100 laying sleepers in the package strictly layered down because of their rotational fall. Paderanga series so they (conveyors) and are inclined, thereby complicating the design of devices and packaging lines.

Well-known line of gravity packaging sleepers containing the longitudinal conveyor removal sleepers, the mechanism of dissolution of the latest and drives are located on both sides of said conveyor [2]

Famous line cannot provide an orientation sleepers strictly faces down when laying in drives and securely to lay sleepers.

The technical result of the invention is to simplify the construction, increase the reliability of the formation of the package.

This is achieved in that in the above line flushing mechanism includes two horizontally positioned beam with rollers mounted to rotate around a vertical axis in both directions, are accommodated in the housing of the mechanism of the retractable cover having a limit switch for contact with the end rails, and the latch traverse associated with the drive of the said shutter, and the line is equipped with a mechanism orientation and fixation of the sleepers on the appropriate drive, this mechanism has posted with the possibility of contact with the bases of the ends of the sleepers two retractable what lovesome to return them to their original position and arranged with the possibility of contact with the sleeper, turning them when moving it traverses the flushing mechanism, and drives made in the form of non-driving trucks.

The line shown on the drawings, where Fig. 1: General view of Fig. 2 - way dumper, Fig. 3 one of the traverse bilateral resetter associated with a shutter of Fig. 4 the mechanism of orientation and fixation of the sleepers, in Fig. 5 the same, side view, Fig. 6 site mechanism, orientation and fixation of the sleepers, in Fig. 7 is the same, top view, Fig. 8 scheme of work of the dumper and the mechanism of orientation and fixation of the sleepers, in Fig. 9 scheme of work safety node mechanism, orientation and fixation of the sleepers, in Fig. 10 drives packages in the form of non-driving trucks, Fig. 11, the brake device is not power-driven truck.

Line of gravity packaging sleepers consists of longitudinal conveyor 1 (see Fig. 1) removal of ties, bilateral kickers 2, 3 orientation and fixation sleepers and drives 4 packages sleepers.

Let's consider each of these mechanisms separately.

Two-way dumper (see Fig. 3), consists of a gear motor 5, the bearing housings 6 bevel gear 7 fixed on the supporting pillars 8, the connecting tubular rod 9 dlca path switch 12 of the electromagnet 13, operate the shutter and the latch-the latch 14 of the turntable 15, which are designed to lock the traverse to its original position (180o).

The mechanism of orientation and fixation sleepers includes (see Fig. 4, 5, 6, 7):

a) a lever node, which consists of two bearing housings 16, fastened on the rack 17, the tubular axis 18 with vertically spaced boxes 19 and the reel 20 of the tensioning cable (plugs) and counterweight 21;

b) the fixing unit sleepers consists of two coupling housings 22, welded together and pivotally attached to the bearing housings 16 a lever host through lugs 23, retractable fork clamps 24, with the connection piece 25 and buried his fingers 26 and springs 27 and return springs return the fingers 28 (see Fig. 6) trossoblochnoy system 29;

C) seal Assembly sleepers consists of two racks of seals 30, fixed to the uprights 17 lever node, push bars 31 to the supporting rollers 32 and spring return 33 eccentric podjemov 34 with cable traction 35 actuated when pressure is applied checkboxes 19 to the plane of the conveyor.

Drives packages sleepers are designed to provide batching sleepers and composed (see Fig. 10) of the two G-obrusnikova under the package oppositely spaced trolleys. The ends of the trucks are axis 38 with wheels, rolling the same line of rails 39. The role of second axles with wheels perform located at the center of the conveyor axis rollers 40 (see Fig. 2), on which roll the cords 37 trucks. To prevent saskachewan extension with the lower rollers they rise above the rollers on axes arranged similarly to the lower rollers. To prevent inadvertent sliding of the trolley at the moment of impact of the incident sleepers they are equipped with a braking device (see Fig. 11), which is made in the form of two shoulders of the lever 41 with a spring-loaded pads 42, actuated by the fall of the first track, which by its weight presses on the two shoulders of the lever 41 and presses the pad 42 to the wheel rim.

Line of gravity packaging sleepers works as follows. The operator visually determines the moving conveyor 1 type sleepers and pressed on the remote control reset (not shown) actuates the shutter 11 of the dumper 2 (see Fig. 1). Moving on longitudinal conveyor 1 sleeper (see Fig. 8, item (I) abuts the end of the track switch 12 (see Fig. 2) retractable blinds 11 and engages the motor-reducer 5 resetter 2, which through a system of conveyer to the doorway of the truck-drive 4. Sliding the pole (see Fig. 8, item (II) its weight presses to the plane of the conveyor boxes 19 (see Fig. 3) mechanism orientation and fixation sleepers and using trossoblochnoy system 29 leads her into action, instantly puts forward under the bottom ends ndigenous sleepers plug-clamps 24 to a depth of 5 to 7 cm to hold her (ties) in a horizontal position under the opening. Simultaneously with the extension fork clamps 24 is actuated and sealing mechanism (see Fig. 5) to align the previously discarded sleepers to maintain constant the width of the opening, about 2 cm greater size sleepers, for their free fall. Upon further movement of the sleepers on plugs-clamps 24 sleeper releases is pressed against the conveyor boxes 19, which under its own counterweight 21 and compressed springs 27 and 28 immediately return to its original position advanced plug-clamps 24 from under the ends of the sleepers (see Fig. 8, item (III), giving the opportunity to fall off the pole horizontally layered down into the opening in the truck-drive. The fingers 26, made with a taper, promote the free exit fork clamps 24 from under the ends of the sleepers. With the full set of sleepers (see Fig. 9, item (IV), the following move with the conveyor sleeper rests on the upper Rato at the end of the top sleepers fingers 26 forks clamps 24 (see Fig. 7 and 9, item (VI) as otodviganija truck 4 alternately released and come under the end ndigenous sleepers until the release of the check boxes 19, when the plug-clamps 24 are removed from under the ends of the sleepers (see Fig. 9, the positions VII and VIII). To prevent mechanical spread of sleepers opening his pocket-drive formed by the side flaps 43 (see Fig. 1), which when slinging and fence package sleepers of the truck 4 is disposed in the side. With the same purpose are placed in the vertical position of the fork-clamps 24. After a set of package sleepers on one side of the conveyor, the operator selects packets from the opposite side of the conveyor in order to give the possibility to remove packages. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Line of gravity packaging sleepers containing the longitudinal conveyor removal sleepers, the mechanism of dissolution of the latest and drives are located on both sides of said conveyor, characterized in that the flushing mechanism includes two horizontally positioned beam with rollers mounted to rotate around a vertical axis in both directions, are accommodated in the housing of the mechanism of the retractable cover having a limit switch for contact with the end rails, and the latch traverse, St. the existing drive, while this mechanism has posted with the possibility of contact with the bases of the ends of the sleepers two retractable spring-loaded plug with sunken fingers associated trossoblochnoy system with check boxes, equipped with counterweights to return them to their original position and arranged with the possibility of contact with the sleeper, turning them as you move it traverses the flushing mechanism, and drives made in the form of non-driving trucks.

 

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EFFECT: improved reliability of device.

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