(57) Abstract:The invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to the greenhouses. The greenhouse contains a frame, which is made of the nest. On the frame of the fixed frame and the drive of rotation in the form of a spring. The free end of the spring bent in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the spring with the formation of loops. The loop is placed in one of the slots of the frame. End of the spring connected to the frame, provided with a roller or roller. The spring is made from a material with shape memory effect. The use of the invention to simplify the construction, increase the sensitivity and stability of operation. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il. The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in greenhouse farms.Known hotbeds provided with mechanisms rotate greenhouse frames when the temperature in paramnum space (e.g., and.with. 1218997, CL 01 And G 9/20). The frame of the greenhouse is equipped with multiple guides, one of which is movable bracket, and the drive of the rotation frame is made in the form of plates having a memory effect. The disadvantage of this device is the relative complexity of the mechanism of rotation of the frame and nedorogaya force is very small lever, and so a small change in the geometry of the working fluid causes a large change in the angle of the lifting frame, which reduces the stability and reliability of the actuation mechanism of the lift frame and the lifting frame takes great strength.The purpose of the simplification of the structure, increase the sensitivity and stability of operation of the mechanism for lifting the edge of the frame.The possibility of achieving the goal achieved by the fact that: in the frame of the greenhouse is made nests for fixation element having a memory effect, and the item itself is made in the form of a spring, the free end of which is bent in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the spring with the formation of the loop, which is placed in one of the slots of the frame, and an associated frame end provided with a roller or roller; the frame is made in the form of bars and transverse boards, and the nest is made on the front beam and the transverse boards; transverse boards are removable.In Fig. 1 type of greenhouse in the context of Fig. 2 is a view of the greenhouse above is removed from the frame; Fig. 3, the drive rotation of the frame, side view; Fig. 4 is the same, top view; Fig. 5 is the same, a view along arrow a in Fig. 3.The greenhouse consists of a series of frames 1, fastened by a hinge 2 with the rear stancano-Nickel alloy, possessing shape memory effect, and one end of the spring is made curved in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the spring with a loop 4, which is located in one of the slots 5 slots 6 of the frame, and an associated frame end provided with a roller or roller 7. The frame of the greenhouse is made in the form of bars 9, 10 and transverse boards 8, and the slot 6 provided in the front beam 9 and the transverse boards 8. Transverse boards are removable. When the drive rotation of the frame is inserted into any of the slots in the transverse Board 8, the roller 7 lifts at the same time the edges of two adjacent frames, and when inserted into the slot on the front beam is lifted only one frame.The device operates as follows. When the temperature in paramnum space warm and drive mechanisms, because the air passes freely through the slot 6 and spring 3 from one greenhouse cell to another. This spring 3, "Recalling the form, unwinded and the rollers 7 start to raise the frame. Lifting height of the frame depends on the magnitude of temperature changes, and the distance between the slots 6 and the hinge 2. Given the state of the weather and inserting the lifting mechanism into the corresponding slots 5 slots 6, get optiant all greenhouse series, the greenhouse frame is removed from the loops 2 and remove the cross-Board 8 that allows you to put on a number of hotbeds stroller with removable equipment, supported by wheels on the first 9 and rear 10 timber greenhouse frame. 1. A greenhouse containing a frame with a fixed frame and drive rotation of the frame in the form of an element with shape memory effect, one end of which is connected to the frame, wherein the frame is made of the nest, and the element is made in the form of a spring, the free end of which is bent in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the spring, with the formation of the loop, which is placed in one of the slots of the frame, and an associated frame end provided with a roller or roller.2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the frame is made in the form of bars and transverse boards, while the nest is made on the front beam and transverse boards.3. The greenhouse on the PP. 1 and 2, characterized in that the transverse boards are removable.
FIELD: agriculture and plant cultivation.
SUBSTANCE: claimed material contains luminophors with luminescence in spectral range of 400-500 nm, 500-600 nm, 600-750 nm, and 1200-2000 nm. Luminescence intensity ratio in ranges blue:jade:red is (2-3):(2-4):(4-5), and in IR:PAR (photosynthetic active radiation) is 1:(1.15-2). Material has thickness of 120 mum and is obtained by extrusion of granulated polyethylene and mixture of said luminophors. Material of present invention is useful for plant cultivation in frame area.
EFFECT: accelerated plant growth and maturation, improved yielding capability, decreased morbidity and late blight lesion, improved taste, odor, vendibility, and increased storage time after cropping.
3 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, namely to the lamps aimed at growing the young plants, vegetables or flowers in domestic or industrial conditions and can be used in other national economy fields where individual lighting is required, for example in breeding different creatures. The feature of novelty consists in the fact that the LED plant spotlight is made as a square frame from "П"-shape beam channel; the light emitting diodes are set at the plates; the plates are set in one row in transparent tight dome lights with the latter being mounted inside the casing with a gap in respect to each other in several parallel rows so that central axles of the LED light flows are directed in the same direction to the front casing surface and perpendicular to its plane.
EFFECT: manufacturing of a plant spotlight having low temperature of the casing heating and low power supply voltage and being strong, insensitive to splashes, not preventing the radiation of the outer light sources to come to the lit item and able to provide for the spectral radiation optimal for PAR considering the plant development stage and species and allowing for the alteration of the radiation and exposure time if necessary.
14 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has a framework manufactured from profile metal elements connected with one another with screw anchoring elements. The greenhouse has posts, horizontal longitudinal beams attached to the posts, oblique and horizontal flooring joists connected with one another as well as with the posts as transverse triangular bents secured on the posts. The upper part of the bents carries roofing panels with transparent films. The greenhouse is equipped with roofing film coating with adjustable area. The coating is made as rolls carrying transparent film. The rolls are mounted with an ability to roll and unroll the film on the ceiling of the greenhose by means of a mechanism equipped with flexible tractional straps. The staps are connected with the elements of the roll structure, reeved through the block mounted inside and outside of the greenhouse and carry counterbalances on the free ends of the handle. The rolls are made as a cylindrical body coupled with pivot bolts on the ends and mounted with a capacity to rotate relative to the pivot bolts with a controlled value of slowdown, to set up tension of the film while unrolling the roll. The film is made with flexible bands attached to it with a sticker to prevent sliding of the roll along the ceiling while reeling the film.
EFFECT: reduced materials consumption of the structure at the same time preserving its reliability, as well as natural ventilation of the greenhouse is ensured and as well as use of rainfall without any hand work of the gardener when watering plants.
3 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of lighting technology and may be used to grow crops under artificial lighting. In method intensities of light flow and spectral composition of light source are periodically changed. Illumination of plants in sheltered ground structures is realised on the basis of principle of doubling natural daily rhythm due to smooth changeover of illumination level from night to day and back. Changeover takes place twice a day, with account of change in moon and sun spectra of radiation. Besides peaks of maximum daily illumination correspond to moments of upper, daily, and lower, night, culminations of sun. Ratio of light and dark periods duration depends on extent of vegetative ripeness and type of grown crops.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase crop capacity by optimisation of light mode, to increase speed of plants growth, to reduce consumption of electric energy, as well as to expand range of application.
SUBSTANCE: according to the method regulation for this type of plant values of percentages of energy in various spectral bands of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) are set. Range of PAR is isolated from the total flux, energy flow in separate spectral bands of PAR is measured. The percentages of energy in various spectral bands are calculated in relation to the energy of PAR. The value of flow energy consumption of optical radiation is determined by the formula where and are respectively, regulatory, and measured percentages of the energy flux of radiation in the i-th spectral band.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the information content at measurement of value which characterises the energy efficiency of irradiation process.
2 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: in the process the flow of optical radiation of normalised is formed for the given crop plant intensity and duration. The spectral parametres of the flow are created that affect the plants by combined effect of several light sources of different specters. At that in preliminary experiments different ratios of one deal of one of the light sources in the general flow are imposed. Values of combination coefficient of sources flows in the general flow are calculated for the given ratios according to the formula , where ΦA, ΦB are respectively flows from sources A and B; the spectral fraction of the overall flow is calculated according to the formula where , are respectively the deals of flows in the i-th spectral ranges of sources A and B. Values of energy consumption are calculated by the formula , where are normalised values for the irradiated crops. The functional dependence of the energy consumption from the flow combination coefficient rate εµ=f(µ) is determined. Radiation regime is set at the value of the combination coefficient of flows, as corresponding to a minimum on the obtained functional dependence by changing the deal of flows from used light sources that form irradiance at the site of growing plants.
EFFECT: method provides energy savings at the regulation of radiation mode.
2 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: lamp is comprised of a body in the form of translucent tubular bulb with light diodes being located inside this bulb on the extended boards, at least in tow rows. Besides, maximums of light diodes direction patterns in each row are located under the angle to each other. The longitudinal grooves are made opposite to each other and on the internal surface of translucent tubular bulb. The body is provided with bases having their flanges located in the longitudinal bulb grooves so that they can be shifted or fixed. The extended boards of light diodes contact with the above bases. The artificial illumination method to light rooms or cages for birds and to affect birds with luminous radiation is implemented with the help of the above mentioned lamp.
EFFECT: production of durable, reliable in operation and practically feasible lamp based on light diodes with related method of artificial lighting.
8 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: light diode phyto-irradiator comprises circuit boards with light elements consisting of groups of light diodes with different spectra of radiation, a fan and a control system with a switch of light diode groups, an illumination sensor and a sensor-spectrometer. Circuit boards are arranged from a flexible material in the form of semicylinders, are connected in pairs with sheds and are installed into a cylindrical dome. Light diodes are arranged at the outer side of circuit boards in several rows. The control system is installed outside the borders of the vessel and is arranged on the basis of an industrial computer, which controls a phyto-irradiator in accordance with the program.
EFFECT: reduced material intensity of a device and a simplified control system, higher efficiency of device light energy usage by cultivated plants, improved conditions for the photosynthesis process, and as a result, crop capacity of plants in a protected soil increases, time for vegetable growing is reduced.
2 cl, 2 dwg