Device for control of oversize cargo rolling stock
(57) Abstract:Use: for control of technical condition of a moving train, quality stowage and cargo type. The inventive device containing U-shaped gate mounted on the rail means, the sensor having a composition and counting cars, five sensors control the size of the rolling stock, made in the form of optoelectronic channels, attached on the inner sides of the uprights and the crossbar of the gate along the contour shape of maximum size composition, interface unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of sensors of size composition, computer and monitor, with each of the channels of sensor size composition consists of an infrared emitter and the photodetector directed counter along their optical axes, entered the camera, pivotally mounted on the crossbar with the possibility of fixing its position and the scanning of the gate with the possibility of fixing its position and the scanning in the plane of the target and in the vertical plane passing along the track, and VCRs, occupancy sensors composition and counting cars made in the form of optoelectronic channels, similar canadaline axis of the track, and the other diagonally to the plane of the target, and outputs connected to the inputs of the interface block, the output of which is connected to the input bus of the computer, and the output of the camera is connected via the connection unit to the computer with the monitor and VCR. 3 Il. The invention relates to railway transport, in particular to devices of automatics and telemechanics, exercising control of a technical condition of a moving train and surveillance quality stowage and cargo type.A device for control of oversize cargo rolling stock, containing two bearings located on both sides of the track, the sensor having a composition, count cars, photoelectric sensors dimensions of the rolling stock, each of which includes an emitter, the optical system, the reflector and the receiver, interface unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the photoelectric channels, the memory block and the Registrar.The reliability of this technical solution is also unsatisfactory, since the emitter and the photodetector of each of the channels are of a radar sensor, operating in reflection, in contrast to the sensor running on prow is a, reducing not only reliability, but also an additional source of noise in terms of atmospheric phenomena (fog, light illumination by the sun, a spotlight, and others). In addition, the device does not allow visual inspection of the fastener quality stowage, cargo type.The essence of the proposed technical solution is that the device containing the U-shaped gate mounted on the rail means, the presence sensor structure, the sensor accounts wagons, five sensors control the size of the rolling stock, with opto-electronic channels, laid on the inner sides of the uprights and the crossbar of the gate on the upper contour shape of the maximum allowable size of the car and includes an infrared emitter and a photodetector, interface unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the sensors gauge rolling stock, and outputs to the input means for processing and recording information, the output of which is connected to the input of the display unit, put a TV camera, a hinge mounted on the crossbar with the possibility of fixing its position and the scanning in the plane of the target and in the vertical plane passing along the track, m sensor size composition of one of them laid between the uprights of the gate in the direction crosswise lying to the longitudinal axis of the rail track, and the other diagonal of the rectangle formed by the target, and outputs connected to the inputs of the block resistance of the pair, the output of which is connected to the input means for processing and recording, and the output of the television camera is connected via the connection unit and the means of processing and recording information with VCR.The technical result of the proposed invention is the provision of safe movement of trains when passing through tunnels and other engineering structures through control of oversize cargo and video quality fasteners and fastening of cargo on the cars of a moving train.In Fig. 1 shows a view of the U-shaped gates with sensors of Fig. 2 a top view in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a structural diagram of a device.The device comprises a U-shaped gate 1, mounted on the rail means, the sensor 2 having a composition, sensor 3 accounts wagons, five sensors control the size composition, the television camera 11, block 12 pair, means 13 for processing and recording information with software, unit 14 of the display and the recorder 15. To the inputs of the block 12 pair connected to the outputs of the sensors 2-8 and camera. Sensors 2-8 made in the form of identical optical channels, each of which consists of an infrared emitter 9 and the photodetector 10 directed counter along their optical axes.The first optoelectronic channel sensor 2 is designed to monitor the availability of the car or group of interconnected cars (composition) and placed between the uprights of the gate 1 in the direction lying crosswise to the longitudinal axis of the track in terms of hectares distance from the running surface of rails, providing the sensing of the light flux at the level of the frame body of the car. Such arrangement of the channel sensor 2 due to the requirement, in which the luminous flux sensor 2 should be blocked permanently from the first to the last car of the composition even when the train will stop, and inter-lumen will be in goal 1. In this case, the luminous flux will be closed at the same time the rear, for example, the right angle of the frame of the car and the front left corner of the frame of the next car. For placement of the radiator 9 and the photodetector 10 channel sensor 2 on the opposite side of the target 1 and track set support (Fig. not shown). The second optoelectronic channel sensor 3 is designed to account wagons and adequate to provide a reliable interruption (disconnection) of the light flux between the emitter 9 and the photodetector 10 channel sensor 3 in the case when the wagon without sides, and the load on it is concentrated in a limited area of the floor of the car, and the circuit of the light flux sensor 3 Intercar gap, i.e. in the plane of the target 1 is the site of the hitch of the car.The following five optoelectronic channels sensors 4-8 are designed to control the size of the rolling stock and laid on the inner sides of the uprights and the crossbar of the gate 1 along the contour of the loading gauge.The emitters of the photodetectors 9 and 10 channels of sensors 2-8 installed on the brackets (Fig. not shown), is fixed on the supports, uprights and the crossbar 1 with the possibility of changing their position relative to the bracket in case of change of the sizes of a controlled size.The camera 11 is designed for visual inspection of attachment and type of cargo and hinged to the crossbar 1 with the possibility of fixing its position and the scanning in the plane of the target 1 and in the vertical plane passing along the track. Fixation position or scan camera 11 through the block pointing (Fig. not shown) command means 13 in accordance with the data software. In CCW rotation plane.The block 12 of the pair is designed to form a single information signal, which carries information from sensors 2-8 and from the camera 11, and the transmission means 13, providing Gating output signals of the sensors 4-8 on the output signal of the sensor 2, counting cars on the output signals of the sensor 3, ensure the fixing position and the scanning camera 11, the formation of stable voltage sensors 2-8 and the camera 11.The tool 13 is intended for reception, processing and storage of information received from block 12 mate in the form of a single information signal and displaying the information on display unit 14 and the recording of the video camera 11 on the VCR 15. The software is an information-reference system, which are recorded and stored all data on controlled elements of the car.The technical result of the invention is the provision of safe movement of rolling stock, achieved by extending the functionality of the device and increasing its reliability through equipping gate 1 channel and improvement of the measuring sensors monitoring the availability of stock and accounts of the wagons.At the entrance of the composition independently to the left or to the right of the gate 1 in the zone of the channel sensor 2 having a composition of luminous flux emitted from the emitter 9 is interrupted, and the output of the photodetector 10 channel sensor 2, a signal, which is passed to the block 12 mates and gives him permission on the analysis of the outputs of the sensors 4-8 and the passage of the video signal from the camera 11 in the tool 13, the inputs of the monitor 14 and VCR 15 for observation and video recording of the composition.At the entrance of the composition of the target 1 light flow channel of the sensor 3 is interrupted by a car, and at the output of the photodetector 10 channel sensor 3 produces a signal which is passed to the block 12 and allows it to analyze the dimensions of the loading of each specific car number with the head) by Gating signals from the outputs of the sensors 4-8 control of the size composition.In the case of a breach of any of the sections of the outline of the loading gauge on the output of the respective measuring sensor 4-8, which turned out to be the plot, changing the level of the output si drove (with the level of the log. About on the level of the log. G TTL), which is fixed in the tool 13 by p is Arsenii of loading gauge, the gauge number, the foul, the wagon number and service information. The sensor number and the current time to determine the cross-section of the loading gauge of the car, in which there was a violation. Simultaneously, on the screen of the unit 14 is displayed blinking signal of the sensor, which is a violation, and video determine the nature of the violation of the loading gauge of the car. Device for control of oversize cargo rolling stock, containing the U-shaped gate mounted on the rail means, the presence sensor structure, the sensor accounts wagons, five sensors control the size of the rolling stock, with opto-electronic channels, laid on the inner sides of the uprights and the crossbar of the gate along the contour shape of maximum size composition, and includes an infrared emitter and a photodetector, interface unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the sensors gauge rolling stock, and outputs to the input means for processing and recording information, the output of which is connected to the input of the display unit, characterized in that that it introduced a television camera, a hinge mounted on the crossbar with the possibility fiksirowano path, and VCR, and a presence sensor part and the sensor counting cars have optoelectronic channels similar to the channels of the sensors control the size of the rolling stock, and the channel sensor having a composition placed between the uprights of the gate in the direction crossing the longitudinal axis of the rail and channel sensor counting cars on the diagonal of the rectangle formed by the target, the block pair is made with additional inputs connected to the outputs of the sensors composition and cars and TV cameras, and the VCR connected to the output means for processing and recording information.
FIELD: railway transport.
SUBSTANCE: first of all borders of combined zonal loading gauge and vehicle gauge are determined by outline of side loading gauge according to vehicle gauge and pickups are mounted on said borders. Device for implementing proposed method is made in form of electronic gates and it contains pickup to detect beginning of train and U-shaped carrying structure installed over track. Five loading gauge pickups and train car counter are arranged on carrying structure. Outputs of all pickups are coupled with input of display and matching unit whose output is connected with personal computer. Four additional loading gauge pickups are provided being installed at borders of combined zonal loading gauge and vehicle gauge at outline of side loading gauge according to vehicle gauge, and wheelset counter arranged on U-shaped carrying structure. Train beginning detector is also mounted on U-shaped structure. Display and matching unit is made for self-contained operation.
EFFECT: provision of visual and sound control of zonal loading gauge of trains.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: railway transport; signaling and communication.
SUBSTANCE: U-shaped carrying structure is installed over track in which four video cameras are mounted to receive pictures of car roof, left-hand and right-hand sides and to check condition of seals of tank hatch covers, nine optoelectronic sensors to check car loading gauge, optoelectronic car counter, optoelectronic wheelset counter, optoelectronic train head sensor, and searchlights. Output of sensors are coupled with inputs of indication and matching unit connected by control input to output of personal computer of automated operator's position. Output of indication and matching unit is coupled with computer input to output of which monitor is connected. Car loading gauge sensors are installed on carrying structure to check borders of combined zonal loading gauge and train loading gauge. Outputs of all video cameras are coupled with video inputs of computer. Indication and matching unit is made for self-contained operation.
EFFECT: provision of prompt checking of commercial defects affecting safety of traffic and carried loads.
FIELD: railway transport; signaling and communication.
SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains U-shaped carrying installed over track. Optoelectronic car counter, train beginning pickup, wheel counter, video camera of car left side and video camera of car right side are mounted on vertical supports of carrying structure. Video camera of car roof is secured on carrying structure crossmember and searchlights are mounted on vertical supports and on crossmember. Outputs of pickups are coupled through indicator and matching unit with input of workstation system unit. Outputs of video cameras are coupled with corresponding video inputs of workstation system unit. Workstation is made for displaying image of passing train on computer monitor screen in real time simultaneously from three cameras under POLYSCREEN conditions, and also for full-screen viewing of train from one of chosen video cameras, recording of compressed video from three video cameras of hard disk, reproducing of video record and forming of video archive.
EFFECT: improved on-line detection of commercial troubles on rolling stock.
FIELD: railway transport.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to remote control of sizes of loads carried by rail. Method includes checking of observation of obstruction clearance limits, when train enters check zone, by means of optoelectronic sensors and determining whether loads lie within gauge limits when train passes check zone formed by optical limits of clearance gate sensors, comparing loading gauges with required train gauges and video observation of passing train. Set of two pairs of optoelectronic sensors "radiator-receiver" are installed in each plane under checking, time of overlapping of optical channel is measured as well as speed of train, and length violation of gauge is calculated. At least two radiation receivers are installed in plane under checking at a distance, and radiators mated with receivers are installed close to each other as possible to form optical axes arranged at angle relative to each other. Out-of-gauge coordinates are determined and obtained information is transmitted by communication channels, being visualized on screen of videomonitor, and attention of operator is drawn to violation, alarm signal is sent and response of operator is recorded. Device contains speed meter, radiators, receivers, computing device, videomonitor and operator response detector.
EFFECT: improved reliability.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: railway transport.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for checking state, safety and overall dimensions of carried cargoes. Proposed method includes getting of video image of outer surface of train, checking of observation of loading gauge limits when passing clearance gate check zone. Infra-red image of each unit of train and cargo in train at different aspects coinciding with aspects of video images, for instance, from sides and top, are obtained. Contour image is separated from obtained video image and type of train unit is identified by comparing contour video image with known standard video image kept in data base of workstation computer and with infra-red image by comparing their scale images. Position and level of cargo inside car is determined by comparing infra-red and video contour images. Received data are checked against train schedule and, basing on results of checking, state, overall dimensions and safety to cargo are determined. Proposed system has clearance gates with optoelectronic sensors, TV camera, train beginning sensor and carrying structure for infra-red set.
EFFECT: enlarged functional capabilities.
5 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device contains origin of coordinates sensor, evaluator for bulkiness coordinate, memory unit and control unit. In addition, scanner and control unit for scanner are introduced into the device. By means of scanner and its control unit scanning is performed in horizontal plane located at height. This allows detection of transport overhead clearance violation at distance of 15-20 m before this transport would cross clearance gage plane. Fact of violation is registered by photoelectric detectors and via control unit turns on warning sound and light also located on clearance gage. Thus, driver is warned about impermissibility of further moving. Providing the locomotive driver of approaching train with warning about foreign object presence at rail crossing or possible damage of through bridge let minimise accident risk due to overhead clearance violation by transport.
EFFECT: on improvement of means for transport bulkiness monitoring.
FIELD: railway engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, specifically to remote monitoring of dimensions and positioning correctness of cargo carried on open rolling-stock (RS). The method includes determination of areas and degrees of cargo oversising on open rolling-stock using television images, monitoring of loading size limits observance when RS passes control area formed by optical limits of clearance gage sensors, video monitoring of passing RS. Telecameras are located in pairs in desired area of zones and cargo oversising degrees monitoring. Optoelectronic sensors are set along borders of RS loading gage. Information about limiting dimensions violation is transmitted over communication channels and displayed on monitor screen of operator's personal computer (PC). To attract operator's attention to violation, alarm signal with violation area indication is generated. Oversize cargo point of interest is indicated using cursor on computer monitor screen, and oversize cargo position is calculated using PC. Oversising degree zones of cargoes are determined from vertical coordinate, and oversising degrees of cargoes are determined from horizontal coordinate of oversize cargo. Obtained information is displayed on computer monitor screen with specification of coordinates from track centerline and from rail head level to the edge of oversize cargo.
EFFECT: providing RS movement safety insured by timely detection of oversize cargo in train during monitoring zones and degrees of cargo oversising on RS using television images.
FIELD: measurement equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to measuring control tools and can be used for inspection and determination of overall dimensions of cars of train set on railway transport. Method involves measurement of distances by means of laser ranging systems simultaneously to car walls or load in two controlled transverse vertical planes at various heights from level of rail head, recording of the involved information to memory of computing device, formation of image in the form of bitmaps, comparison of the formed images with the image of maximum allowable loading size, which is pre-recorded in the memory of computing device and if it is exceeded, alarm audio signal is generated. Device includes clearance gauge with optic units connected by means of communication links to computing device to which monitor, image processing unit and comparing unit of limits of loading gauge is connected. Output of computing device is connected to input of image processing unit the output of which is connected to the first input of comparing unit of loading gauge, to the second output of which the output of memory unit of computing device is connected, in which there pre-recorded is the image of maximum allowable loading gauge, and output of computing unit is connected to the second input of monitor.
EFFECT: enlarging the area of remote control of loading gauges of cars owing to using laser ranging systems.
2 cl, 16 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed device incorporates optical cameras mounted on the supports and connected to operator workstation computer. Two optical cameras are arranged in symmetry above car lateral sides. Optical camera allows covering one car. Said cameras are made up of digital cameras connected, by one cable, with computer for it to control "Shooting" and "Video shooting" and, be another cable, to video control device.
EFFECT: simplified design, improved quality of control.
2 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device for controlling freight dimensions and rolling stock in the process of their movement comprises the laser triangulation sensors with the integrated microprocessor control system, the U-shaped frame equipped with brackets and outriggers attached to the racks of the U-shaped frame. The racks and the cross-beam of the U-shaped frame are made in the form of trusses equipped with cable channels and brackets for attaching gauges. Sixteen laser triangulation sensors with the integrated dimension microprocessor control system are installed along the perimeter of the U-shaped frame in a staggered set. At the edge of the U-shaped frame at the height of 1080 mm from the level of the railhead on the outriggers attached to the truss of the U-shaped frame at the level of the carriage body frame, there is a train presence sensor, at the height of 2300 mm from the level of the railhead there is the scanner for recognizing and fixing the carriage numbers. The outputs of microprocessor control systems of all sixteen dimension control sensors, the outputs of the scanner and the train presence sensor are connected to the unified data processing system, that automatically starts after the activation of the train presence sensor. Processing the readings of all sensors is performed in real time, and the analysis results are supplied to the control room.
EFFECT: improved reliability of the dimensions control, simplifying the installation of sensors, ensuring the device operation automation.