Device for control of oversize cargo rolling stock

 

(57) Abstract:

Use: for control of technical condition of a moving train, quality stowage and cargo type. The inventive device containing U-shaped gate mounted on the rail means, the sensor having a composition and counting cars, five sensors control the size of the rolling stock, made in the form of optoelectronic channels, attached on the inner sides of the uprights and the crossbar of the gate along the contour shape of maximum size composition, interface unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of sensors of size composition, computer and monitor, with each of the channels of sensor size composition consists of an infrared emitter and the photodetector directed counter along their optical axes, entered the camera, pivotally mounted on the crossbar with the possibility of fixing its position and the scanning of the gate with the possibility of fixing its position and the scanning in the plane of the target and in the vertical plane passing along the track, and VCRs, occupancy sensors composition and counting cars made in the form of optoelectronic channels, similar canadaline axis of the track, and the other diagonally to the plane of the target, and outputs connected to the inputs of the interface block, the output of which is connected to the input bus of the computer, and the output of the camera is connected via the connection unit to the computer with the monitor and VCR. 3 Il.

The invention relates to railway transport, in particular to devices of automatics and telemechanics, exercising control of a technical condition of a moving train and surveillance quality stowage and cargo type.

A device for control of oversize cargo rolling stock, containing two bearings located on both sides of the track, the sensor having a composition, count cars, photoelectric sensors dimensions of the rolling stock, each of which includes an emitter, the optical system, the reflector and the receiver, interface unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the photoelectric channels, the memory block and the Registrar.

The reliability of this technical solution is also unsatisfactory, since the emitter and the photodetector of each of the channels are of a radar sensor, operating in reflection, in contrast to the sensor running on prow is a, reducing not only reliability, but also an additional source of noise in terms of atmospheric phenomena (fog, light illumination by the sun, a spotlight, and others). In addition, the device does not allow visual inspection of the fastener quality stowage, cargo type.

The essence of the proposed technical solution is that the device containing the U-shaped gate mounted on the rail means, the presence sensor structure, the sensor accounts wagons, five sensors control the size of the rolling stock, with opto-electronic channels, laid on the inner sides of the uprights and the crossbar of the gate on the upper contour shape of the maximum allowable size of the car and includes an infrared emitter and a photodetector, interface unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the sensors gauge rolling stock, and outputs to the input means for processing and recording information, the output of which is connected to the input of the display unit, put a TV camera, a hinge mounted on the crossbar with the possibility of fixing its position and the scanning in the plane of the target and in the vertical plane passing along the track, m sensor size composition of one of them laid between the uprights of the gate in the direction crosswise lying to the longitudinal axis of the rail track, and the other diagonal of the rectangle formed by the target, and outputs connected to the inputs of the block resistance of the pair, the output of which is connected to the input means for processing and recording, and the output of the television camera is connected via the connection unit and the means of processing and recording information with VCR.

The technical result of the proposed invention is the provision of safe movement of trains when passing through tunnels and other engineering structures through control of oversize cargo and video quality fasteners and fastening of cargo on the cars of a moving train.

In Fig. 1 shows a view of the U-shaped gates with sensors of Fig. 2 a top view in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a structural diagram of a device.

The device comprises a U-shaped gate 1, mounted on the rail means, the sensor 2 having a composition, sensor 3 accounts wagons, five sensors control the size composition, the television camera 11, block 12 pair, means 13 for processing and recording information with software, unit 14 of the display and the recorder 15. To the inputs of the block 12 pair connected to the outputs of the sensors 2-8 and camera. Sensors 2-8 made in the form of identical optical channels, each of which consists of an infrared emitter 9 and the photodetector 10 directed counter along their optical axes.

The first optoelectronic channel sensor 2 is designed to monitor the availability of the car or group of interconnected cars (composition) and placed between the uprights of the gate 1 in the direction lying crosswise to the longitudinal axis of the track in terms of hectares distance from the running surface of rails, providing the sensing of the light flux at the level of the frame body of the car. Such arrangement of the channel sensor 2 due to the requirement, in which the luminous flux sensor 2 should be blocked permanently from the first to the last car of the composition even when the train will stop, and inter-lumen will be in goal 1. In this case, the luminous flux will be closed at the same time the rear, for example, the right angle of the frame of the car and the front left corner of the frame of the next car. For placement of the radiator 9 and the photodetector 10 channel sensor 2 on the opposite side of the target 1 and track set support (Fig. not shown). The second optoelectronic channel sensor 3 is designed to account wagons and adequate to provide a reliable interruption (disconnection) of the light flux between the emitter 9 and the photodetector 10 channel sensor 3 in the case when the wagon without sides, and the load on it is concentrated in a limited area of the floor of the car, and the circuit of the light flux sensor 3 Intercar gap, i.e. in the plane of the target 1 is the site of the hitch of the car.

The following five optoelectronic channels sensors 4-8 are designed to control the size of the rolling stock and laid on the inner sides of the uprights and the crossbar of the gate 1 along the contour of the loading gauge.

The emitters of the photodetectors 9 and 10 channels of sensors 2-8 installed on the brackets (Fig. not shown), is fixed on the supports, uprights and the crossbar 1 with the possibility of changing their position relative to the bracket in case of change of the sizes of a controlled size.

The camera 11 is designed for visual inspection of attachment and type of cargo and hinged to the crossbar 1 with the possibility of fixing its position and the scanning in the plane of the target 1 and in the vertical plane passing along the track. Fixation position or scan camera 11 through the block pointing (Fig. not shown) command means 13 in accordance with the data software. In CCW rotation plane.

The block 12 of the pair is designed to form a single information signal, which carries information from sensors 2-8 and from the camera 11, and the transmission means 13, providing Gating output signals of the sensors 4-8 on the output signal of the sensor 2, counting cars on the output signals of the sensor 3, ensure the fixing position and the scanning camera 11, the formation of stable voltage sensors 2-8 and the camera 11.

The tool 13 is intended for reception, processing and storage of information received from block 12 mate in the form of a single information signal and displaying the information on display unit 14 and the recording of the video camera 11 on the VCR 15. The software is an information-reference system, which are recorded and stored all data on controlled elements of the car.

The technical result of the invention is the provision of safe movement of rolling stock, achieved by extending the functionality of the device and increasing its reliability through equipping gate 1 channel and improvement of the measuring sensors monitoring the availability of stock and accounts of the wagons.

At the entrance of the composition independently to the left or to the right of the gate 1 in the zone of the channel sensor 2 having a composition of luminous flux emitted from the emitter 9 is interrupted, and the output of the photodetector 10 channel sensor 2, a signal, which is passed to the block 12 mates and gives him permission on the analysis of the outputs of the sensors 4-8 and the passage of the video signal from the camera 11 in the tool 13, the inputs of the monitor 14 and VCR 15 for observation and video recording of the composition.

At the entrance of the composition of the target 1 light flow channel of the sensor 3 is interrupted by a car, and at the output of the photodetector 10 channel sensor 3 produces a signal which is passed to the block 12 and allows it to analyze the dimensions of the loading of each specific car number with the head) by Gating signals from the outputs of the sensors 4-8 control of the size composition.

In the case of a breach of any of the sections of the outline of the loading gauge on the output of the respective measuring sensor 4-8, which turned out to be the plot, changing the level of the output si drove (with the level of the log. About on the level of the log. G TTL), which is fixed in the tool 13 by p is Arsenii of loading gauge, the gauge number, the foul, the wagon number and service information. The sensor number and the current time to determine the cross-section of the loading gauge of the car, in which there was a violation. Simultaneously, on the screen of the unit 14 is displayed blinking signal of the sensor, which is a violation, and video determine the nature of the violation of the loading gauge of the car.

Device for control of oversize cargo rolling stock, containing the U-shaped gate mounted on the rail means, the presence sensor structure, the sensor accounts wagons, five sensors control the size of the rolling stock, with opto-electronic channels, laid on the inner sides of the uprights and the crossbar of the gate along the contour shape of maximum size composition, and includes an infrared emitter and a photodetector, interface unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the sensors gauge rolling stock, and outputs to the input means for processing and recording information, the output of which is connected to the input of the display unit, characterized in that that it introduced a television camera, a hinge mounted on the crossbar with the possibility fiksirowano path, and VCR, and a presence sensor part and the sensor counting cars have optoelectronic channels similar to the channels of the sensors control the size of the rolling stock, and the channel sensor having a composition placed between the uprights of the gate in the direction crossing the longitudinal axis of the rail and channel sensor counting cars on the diagonal of the rectangle formed by the target, the block pair is made with additional inputs connected to the outputs of the sensors composition and cars and TV cameras, and the VCR connected to the output means for processing and recording information.

 

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