(57) Abstract:The invention allows for reduced labor costs and increase operational reliability. This is achieved by the fact that retaining wall, comprising placed one above the other bearing fastening elements made in the form of rasevych cells filled with an inert material and formed from interconnected by means of projections and depressions horizontal elements, characterized in that raziye cells are located at a distance from each other, and between them successively from bottom to top is placed a layer of inert material filling the cells and the layer of slag monolith body propped up the slope, the lower rajeeva cell made with bearing fasteners, and the lower surface of the horizontal elements are made in relief. 7 Il. The invention relates to the construction and can be used mainly for attaching earthworks of the rock, half-rock and monolithic slag rocks.A known method of construction of hydraulic earth structures, consisting of a nucleus, lateral prisms and transitional zones between them, including layer-by-layer stacking, levelling zones between the tion in the outer layers, which is dangerous from the point of view of a breach of its filtration properties, especially when the nuclei of small thickness.Closest to the technical essence and the achieved results is the construction of retaining walls, which are collected from the same type rasevych beams, stacked horizontal rows. For mutual engagement and horizontal adjustment of the beams on their surfaces are made corresponding to each other combs and frames. Side, top and bottom walls of these vzaimosoedinenii beams form a series of rectangular cells filled with corresponding material. Using incremental beams erected vertical retaining wall of a given height 
A disadvantage of the known construction of the wall is significant complexity and low reliability when mounting slopes, consisting of slag monolith body, propping up the slope.The purpose of the invention reduce labor costs and increase operational reliability.This objective is achieved in that the retaining wall, including measured over each other carrying fastening elements made in the form of rasevych cells filled with an inert material and formed and the new cells are located at a distance from each other, and between them successively from bottom to top is placed a layer of inert material filling the cells and the layer of slag monolith body propped up the slope, the lower rajeeva cell made with bearing fasteners, and the lower surface of the horizontal elements are made of relief.Analysis of the known technical solutions in the area of study allows to draw a conclusion about the absence of these characteristics of the proposed retaining wall, and on the criterion of "substantial differences".The significant distinguishing features from the prototype ensures that the proposed retaining wall to the criterion "novelty" and achieving a positive effect.In Fig. 1 shows a General view of a longitudinal section of the retaining wall for mounting heat-treated slopes, Fig. 2 cross section of this retaining wall along a-a of Fig. 3 rarely element retaining walls, Fig. 4 and 5, the location of the hemispheres on the lower surface; Fig. 6 razavy element of the retaining wall of Fig.7 location of sinusoidal relief on its bottom surface.Retaining wall for mounting heat-treated slopes consists of a nucleus slag mono, the Padin and ledges 5, layers of inert material 6 and carrying fastening elements 7.Retaining wall for mounting heat-treated slopes is constructed as follows. Cut off at the bottom part of the core and slag monolith 1 level, putting an extra layer of inert material 6, for receiving the mounting wall surface 9 that is located parallel to the earth shoes 10, using the construction method of forming the indicated surface of the butt 11.This filled the bottom surface 9 place raziye elements 2, which interact with the depressions and protrusions 5, form a closed circuit retaining wall 12. The contour of the wall of the fixed bearing fastening elements 7. The generated contour of the retaining wall 12 is covered with a layer of inert material 6.The second and subsequent paths of the retaining wall 12 does not have a release bearing fastening elements 7, and the technology of their construction similar to the above.The stability of the erected second and subsequent contours of the retaining wall 12 without carrying fastening elements 7 are provided by the lower surfaces rasevych elements made in the form of hemispheres 3 and sinusoidal the form of hemispheres 3, the porosity of the location on which the supporting surface elements in the General form described by the equation
< / BR>where a is the angle between the straight lines passing through the centers of touching hemispheres.In Fig. 3 shows rarely element 2 with the bottom surface, made of hemispheres 3 (see Fig. 4 and 5 layout hemispheres if the angle a is 60oand the 90o.Maximum bearing surface is achieved by the location of the hemispheres in a checkerboard pattern, in which the angle a 60o(see Fig. 4), and the porosity is 0,259, respectively, the minimum bearing surface at an angle a of 90o(see Fig. 5) and the porosity 0,476.The proposed surface rasevych elements allow to increase the bearing surface area of 1.4 1.7 times, respectively, will increase the stability of the formed retaining wall.Maximum bearing surface rasevych elements made in the form of sine waves (Fig. 7), will increase the bearing surface is 1.6 times and eliminate the shift.The proposed retaining wall through the use of mechanization of the construction will allow to reduce labor costs, and construction rasevych elements creates reliability of their attachment, and therefore poveromo A. A. Dam from local materials. M Stroiizdat, 1973.2. U.S. patent N 4815897, CL E 02 D 29/02, 1989 prototype. 2 Retaining wall, comprising placed one above the other bearing fastening elements made in the form of rasevych cells filled with an inert material and formed from interconnected by means of projections and depressions horizontal elements, characterized in that raziye cells are located at a distance from each other, and between them successively from bottom to top is placed a layer of inert material filling the cells and the layer of slag monolith body propped up the slope, the lower rajeeva cell made with bearing fasteners, and the lower surface of the horizontal elements are made in relief.
FIELD: building, particularly for slope consolidation and for stabilizing deep front landslide areas.
SUBSTANCE: structure includes foundation mat and piles formed in wells grouped in rows. Upper pile parts are embedded in foundation mat, lower one is restrained by not-sliding ground layers. Piles are composite along their lengths. Central pile parts are not filled with concrete. Heights of upper and lower pile parts decrease towards landslide head. Structure to prevent deep front land-slides comprises separate local pile groups connected by foundation mats and located within landslide body boundaries. Each foundation mat has tension bars anchored in stable slope layers and arranged under and above foundation mat along slope to retain thereof against displacement and rotation.
EFFECT: improved slope stability, increased operational reliability of structure built on wide landslides, reduced building time and material consumption.
FIELD: building, particularly engineering structures adapted for protection of linear and separate installations, including motor roads and railroads, against rock sliding, rock sloughing and mudflows.
SUBSTANCE: retaining wall includes relaxation device, face and foundation slabs rigidly secured one to another. Foundation slab is anchored in foundation ground. Relaxation device is formed of reinforced concrete slabs arranged in two longitudinal rows and secured to face slab by springs with variable spring force so that reinforced concrete slabs extend at different angles to horizon line. Low row slabs have lesser angle of inclination. Face slab and low slab row are provided with through slots. Foundation plate has cylindrical base and connected to inclined anchor by means of damping device.
EFFECT: reduced building time and operational costs for accumulating cavity cleaning, reduced labor inputs.
FIELD: building, particularly for bordering or stiffening the sides of foundation pits.
SUBSTANCE: method involves driving vertical piles in ground along pit perimeter for depth exceeding pit bottom level; excavating ground up to reaching pit bottom level to open bordering member surfaces facing inwards; securing horizontal distribution beams to above surfaces to create framing belt; installing spaced cross-pieces along pit perimeter; leaning the first cross-piece ends against distribution beams and securing the second ends thereof into pit bottom ground; removing cross-pieces after reinforced concrete pit bottom forming. Ground is excavated to form inner initial pit and then stepped trench is dug out under the protection of thixotropic mix along the initial pit perimeter in direction transversal to bordering formed by piles. Lower trench step is located below pit bottom level and the second cross-piece ends are secured to above step which is then concreted under the protection of thixotropic mix. After hardening support shoe of cross-pieces trench is filled with previously excavated ground and ground is excavated of the pit up to reacting pit bottom level.
EFFECT: possibility to consolidate pit just after the initial pit and framing belt forming.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly retaining or protecting walls.
SUBSTANCE: landslide control structure comprises inclined injection piles arranged in several groups, connected one to another by grillage and built-in stable ground by lower ends thereof. The piles are united in groups each containing three piles arranged in pyramid corners so that one triangular plane defined by each pile group lies against landslide direction and is supported by struts. Above planes of neighboring triangles intersect in lower one-third part.
EFFECT: increased structure reliability and stability.
FIELD: agriculture, particularly steep slope terracing to adapt the slope for fruit trees and other crops growth.
SUBSTANCE: method for terracing slopes having steepness equal to or exceeding natural soil slip angle involves forming step-shaped ledges having depressions; scattering soil excavated from the slope over the ledges; stabilizing the soil with reusable rectangular netted retaining walls. The retaining wall has frame-like wall base created of welded angular or channel bars or bars of another cross-section. The wall bases are installed on the slope along lower ledge bounds and inclined at 60° angle with respect to horizon line. The wall bases are fixed by support and bearing wedges for a time equal to soil conglomeration time, wherein liquid or granular fertilizer is preliminarily introduced in soil and soil is laid down with perennial grass before ledge hardening.
EFFECT: increased slope use factor.
FIELD: building, particularly to stabilize slope landslides.
SUBSTANCE: landslide control structure comprises vertical walls built in base formed under the landslide and located along the landslide so that distance between adjacent walls decreases towards lower landslide end. Vertical walls are made of pile rows defining pleat-like system having pitch preventing ground punching between the piles. The pleats are directed so that corner apexes thereof face sliding ground and grillages of adjacent pleat flanges are connected by transversal beams.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity and increased technological efficiency of structure erection.
FIELD: building, particularly to erect road embankments.
SUBSTANCE: road embankment comprises embankment ground, retaining wall and support structure. Embankment ground is divided with flat geonet webs into several layers. The retaining wall is also divided into layers similar to ground layers and covered with single geonet webs. Each retaining wall layer has vertical through slots filled with macroporous draining material. Flat geonet webs are inserted between hollow layers of retaining wall. Vertical cavities of adjacent retaining wall layers in height direction are superposed in plan view. Length L of ground layers reinforced with flat geonet webs beginning from inner retaining wall surface is determined from a given equation. Road embankment erection method involves forming retaining wall base; laying road embankment ground layers alternated with flat geonet webs; erecting retaining wall comprising several layers and constructing support structure. Base is initially created and then lower erection wall layer is erected on the base, wherein the retaining wall is provided with vertical cavities having heights corresponding to ground layer heights. The vertical cavities are filled with coarse material for 2/3 of volume thereof and then embankment ground layer is poured and compacted. Embankment ground is leveled and coarse material is added in the cavities. The coarse material is leveled and geonet web is placed onto the coarse material within the bounds of retaining wall and embankment ground layer. Next layers are formed in similar manner. Reinforced concrete block for retaining wall forming comprises device, which cooperates with ambient ground. The device comprises one or several vertical through cavities to be filled with granular coarse material. Depression in concrete is formed in lower block surface in front of erection loop.
EFFECT: reduced material consumption and erection time, increased service life, stability and operational reliability.
9 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to reinforce landslide slopes, particularly extensive landslides.
SUBSTANCE: landslide control structure comprises bored piles fixed in stable slope ground layers and retained by anchoring means. To provide stability of lower landslide part inclined bars of anchor means are connected to bored pile heads. The anchor means are drilled down the slope and have fan-like structure. The anchor means are located at different levels in landslide body.
EFFECT: reduced labor inputs and material consumption for landslide control structure erection and increased stability of landslide massif.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly foundation and retaining wall erection with the use of injection piles.
SUBSTANCE: injection pile comprises concrete shaft formed directly in well and comprising reinforcing cage made as metal injection pipe lowered in well to refusal and spaced from well wall. The injection pipe is provided with lower perforated section having side injection orifices arranged in several layers beginning from lower injection pipe end. Well diameter is not more than 3d, where d is outer injection pipe diameter. Perforated section length is more than 3d, but less than L and is equal to (0.2-0.7)L, where L is well depth. Retaining wall is built on pile foundation comprising injection piles. The retaining wall includes reinforcing cage made as metal pipe having upper part used as head. The retaining wall is composed of concrete blocks laid in several rows one upon another. Blocks of lower row form retaining wall base. At least upper block installed on lower one has through orifice, which is vertically aligned with mounting orifice formed in lower block. Common cavity defined by above orifices is reinforced and concreted.
EFFECT: simplified structure, reduced cost of pile foundation and retaining wall construction.
21 cl, 3 ex, 3 dwg
FIELD: equipment for underground mining, particularly slot cutting bit adapted to operate in high-pressure environment.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises driving gear put in case, pressurizing means to change pressure in the case and active regulation means. Active regulation means may be operated by control means to change inner pressure in driving gear case. Active regulation means comprises pump and/or equalizing vessel. The pump and the equalizing vessel are communicated with driving gear case through fluid supply and/or discharge pipeline.
EFFECT: increased air-tightness and packing of driving gear due to increased accuracy of oil pressure regulation in driving gear box in dependence of environment conditions.
14 cl, 6 dwg