Apparatus for forming in a paramagnetic material autonomous spatial arrays of metal with different ferromagnetic properties

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: in the field of metal forming, in particular, in devices for cold plastic deformation and can be used in the manufacture of a new generation of the defining parts of the sensor apparatus, radio and video equipment, bakery and milk processing, as well as in the medical equipment in the manufacture of containers for storage of blood and long-term blood analyzers to AIDS. The invention allows to form in detail the phenomenological level mutually exclusive operational performance through the implementation of mechanisms for rotating plastinated and create spatial arrays of ferromagnetic properties in a paramagnetic material. The inventive cylindrical workpiece 5 with two-sided chamfer is placed on a planetary deforming module 3, the working end face of the workpiece 5 fail obkatkoj punch 1, fixed in the cavity of the matrix 2 between the punch 1, module 3 and a support 4. Then produce alternately face subsidence and deformation of the workpiece 5 running with subsequent idle running of the formed part. In the process of deformation of the workpiece alternately translated in Costinesti at the meso-level. Planetary deforming fluctuation module 3 performs a specific geometric shape and regulatory relief of the working surface. Formulas that define the geometric dimensions of the parts of the module. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 6 ill. 1

Apparatus for forming in a paramagnetic material Autonomous spatial arrays of metal with different ferromagnetic properties.

The invention relates to the field of metal forming and, in particular, to a device for cold plastic deformation and details with regulated phenomenological combination of performance and can be used in the manufacture of:

a new generation of sensors for measuring physical parameters in chemically active environments, ultra-small and ultra-high pressures, while vibrodiagnostic with changing amplitude, high and cryogenic temperatures;

a new generation of the defining parts of video and audio equipment (switches-magnetically operated contacts) that allows you to create on the basis of one element mutually exclusive physical features: high elasticity and corrosion resistance high magnetic inuktituk magnetic modules in food containers for catalyzing the formation of amino acids during fermentation of protein masses;

a new generation of long-term self-healing blood analyzers to AIDS, allowing fast enough to visually assess a violation immune biological code component of blood; preservation of large volumes of blood, eliminating the need for constant stirring with the aim of preserving the same structure.

A device for deformation of workpieces containing obkatkoj the punch, the die and the plunger 1.

The drawbacks are the following:

the inability to create conditions ensuring the translation of the workpiece in a state of dynamic instability with the aim of rotational modes of plasticity in the process of its formation on crystallographic meso;

the inability to create in the local volume of the workpiece simultaneously implementing mechanisms alternating plastic forming of metal.

This solution is accepted as the closest analogue.

The problem solved by the invention is to create a paramagnetic material cold plastic deformation Autonomous spatial arrays of material with differentiated ferromanganese fact, the device supply planetary deforming fluctations module, placed on the plunger with the possibility to perform a forced move with three degrees of freedom and is made in the form of a stepped rod containing conical working and spherical bearings, interconnected cylindrical part and the conical part is made in the form of a truncated cone, the smaller base of which is formed on the field, and a larger base is made with a diameter equal to the diameter of the cylindrical part of the module, and the last executed diameter less than the diameter of the pusher, the spherical part is made in the form of a spherical layer with bases of different diameters, the larger base of which is equal to the diameter of the cylindrical part of the module, and the smaller base of the Torah is made with a diameter equal to d (0,2.0,4) D, where

d the diameter of the smaller base ball spherical layer of the module, mm;

D maximum allowable minimum diameter of a cylindrical rod of material module, preserving its original size when multiple cyclic pulsating loads a force equal to the product of the tensile strength of the material of the module in the area of its cross section, mm; and sericeo radius, the center of which is placed on the vertical axis of symmetry of the module, below the center of gravity of the module.

When running the smaller base of the ball layer module diameter equal to 0.19 D, the module during operation changed its original dimensions, which did not fulfill a functional purpose by reason flatten and chipping of metal in some areas of its surface.

When running the smaller base of the ball layer module diameter equal 0,41 D, the module during operation is not translated at a given stage of operation of the device in a state of dynamic instability and thus does not implement its functionality.

The conical part of the module is made with regular sinusoidal relief rheology different periods of the sinusoids.

The module-side tapered part is made with a hollow conical cavity with a depth not exceeding the height of the spherical portion of the module, and the base diameter of the cone defined by the expression:

dK. p.(0,25.0,4)dS. p.where

dK. p.the base diameter of the conical hollow cavity of the module, mm;

dS. p.the diameter of the spherical surface of the working part madressa device not provided pulsating portion of the flow of the metal of the workpiece in the cavity of the module, due to the high energy of the directed movement of metal, bordering on a violation of its integrity.

When performing a hollow conical cavity module with diameter equal 0,41 dS. p.during operation of the device is not ensured for the specified thread metal workpiece at the periphery of the module, with the purpose of further elaboration of this thread pulsating force transfer module in a state of dynamic instability.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where:

Fig. 1 shows the device in the initial position;

Fig. 2 the same after the operation end rainfall harvesting;

Fig. 3 the same after removal efforts end rainfall harvesting;

Fig. 4 the same at the stage of running-in of the workpiece;

Fig. 5 the same at the stage of finalizing the details;

Fig. 6 presents planetary deforming fluctuation module.

The device contains obkatkoj punch 1, matrix 2, the planetary deforming fluctuation module 3, the plunger 4.

Apparatus for forming in a paramagnetic material Autonomous spatial arrays of metal with different ferromagnetic properties is as follows: qi is arnom deforming fluctuation module 3 and fixed in the cavity of the matrix 2 between the punch 1 and module 3 (see Fig. 1). Then, the punch 1 is moved down and produce a regulated end draught of the workpiece 5 (see Fig. 2).

Then plug 1 remove the upsetting effort, while maintaining mutual contact between the punch 1, the workpiece 5 and the module 3. Then punch 1 the continuous effort of running and begin to deform the workpiece 5 (see Fig. 3). As deformation of the workpiece and increase the degree of hardening of the forced oscillation frequency module 3, the reported fluctuations punch 1 through the workpiece 5, begins to increase and at a certain degree of deformation and work hardening of the metal of the workpiece 5, module 3 is translated into a state of dynamic instability, leading to his chaotic fluctuations, which can be judged on appearance only in the normal operating noise of the device characteristic sound of high type "metal on metal".

During the rotation of the punch 1 and the hardening of the metal being machined shoulder of the resulting forces of the torque begins to significantly exceed half the diameter of the smaller base of the ball layer module: d (0,2.0,4)D and at a certain stage of movement of the center of swing of the punch 1 shoulder overturning moment significantly deviates from the center of gravity of module 3 that the Finance procurement it also translates into a state of dynamic instability, then as the realization of the mode of deformation of the condition of dynamic instability.

The presence of the spherical portion of the module hollow conical cavity depth, not exceeding the height of the mentioned section of the module, and the base diameter of the cone defined by the expression: dK. p.(0,25.0,4)dS. p.determines the periodic reversing of the movement of portions of the metal billet in said cavity, with the aim of creating in the treated metal energy required conditions for the implementation of the MOU rotational ductility at the crystallographic level.

The final design of a given part geometry is at idle running punch 1 of the workpiece 5 with the use of cooling devices 6 and range of permanent magnets 7, after which the molded part is removed from device.

Metallopeptidase effect, which is realized with the operation of this device is that involved in a state of dynamic instability module 3 after a certain period of the operating cycle of the device involves in a state of dynamic instability of the workpiece 5, the subsequent deformation which creates atone.

The kinetics of these mechanisms of plasticity leads to a restructuring of the crystallographic FCC (face-centered) the structure of the source metal (nemanita) to BCC (body-centered structure (ferromagnetic).

1. Apparatus for forming in a paramagnetic material Autonomous spatial arrays of metal with different ferromagnetic properties, containing a punch, a die and plunger, characterized in that it is equipped with a planetary deforming fluctuation module, placed on the plunger with the possibility to perform a forced move with three degrees of freedom and is made in the form of a stepped rod containing conical working and spherical bearings, interconnected cylindrical part and the conical part is made in the form of a truncated cone, the smaller base of which is formed on the field, and a larger base is made with a diameter equal to the diameter of the cylindrical part of the module, the cylindrical part of the module is made with a diameter, the smaller diameter of the pusher, the spherical part is made in the form of a spherical layer with bases of different diameters, the larger base of which is equal to the diameter of the cylindrical part of the module, the diameter of the smaller base ball spherical layer of the module, mm;

D maximum allowable minimum diameter of a cylindrical rod of material module, preserving its original size when multiple cyclic pulsating loads a force equal to the product of the tensile strength of the material of the module in the area of its cross section, mm,

moreover, the spherical surface of the ball layer, as well as smaller base of the conical part of the module is executed on a sphere of the same radius, the center of which is placed on the vertical axis of symmetry of the module below the center of its gravity.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the surface of the conical part of the module is made with regular sinusoidal relief rheology different periods of the sinusoids.

3. The device according to PP. 1 and 2, characterized in that the module by its conical part is made with a hollow conical cavity having a depth not exceeding the height of the spherical portion of the module, and the base diameter of the cone defined by the expression

dCP(0,25-0,4)dSP,

where dCPthe base diameter of the conical hollow cavity on the module, mm;

dSPthe diameter of the spherical surface of the working part of the module mm.

 

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