Bin irrigation network "lotus"
(57) Abstract:Usage: in agriculture, in particular in irrigation technology, namely in surface irrigation systems, including the terraces. The inventive bin irrigation network consists of one or a group of the flume sprinklers, including the tray 1 having a series of outlets, including the fitting 2, is fixed in the hole at the bottom of the tray, tee 3 (for the pouring out of water in two sides of the tray with cover extension tube 5, the water distribution pipe 6 with fittings, pipe, vibration damper water velocity 8, elastic bellows tube 9 with the suction head 10, provided with a rigidly connected to it a lever 11 connected in the required group of thin elastic thread 12, thrown ends through the blocks, respectively loaded in the initial part - dimensional tank with a calibrated orifice - nozzle, and in the final part of the counterweight. For automated operation of the flume sprinklers in measuring the capacity of the first bin of the fill pour a certain amount of ballast water in a measuring Cup second - twice, and so on , while opposed to each sprinkler should outweigh the measuring Cup, as it will be freed from water in a subsequent fill. 1 C. p. f-crystals., 3 Il. The invention relates to agriculture, in particular for irrigation technique, and can be used in surface irrigation systems.Known bin irrigation network in the form of irrigation installations, gutter sprinklers, irrigation trays, irrigation systems and, in particular, is known irrigation tray, consisting of a number (network) tray-compartments having openings in the bottom, fitted with fittings and outer flexible irrigation tubing, with the drive mechanism of these tubes in the water and switch off from work - stop watering (A. S. N 497376, bull. N 48 from 30.12.75. Similar).A significant disadvantage of this technical solution is the design complexity of the drive mechanism irrigation pipes, grouped perforated pipe filled with water through a special valve for lowering and inclusion in work and freed from water through the perforations, for lifting off from work.Known bin irrigation network under the title "device for irrigation", which also includes tray fill with exterior water outlet nozzles and the associated kinematically, the mechanism of lift (off from work) and lower (including the lack of natural enemy and prototype excessive design complexity and, of course, the high cost of manufacture and operation.The purpose of the invention to simplify the design and reduce the cost of production and operation.This goal is achieved by the application as a means of collecting water from the pan, transfer it to one or both sides of the tray, in a single or group culverts-distributors, as well as in the other, sequentially or in parallel placed the tray bellows (corrugated) tube installed inside the tray on its base (lower part) in the fittings of the bottom part and the suction head (upper part), equipped with a tilt lever, if necessary, in a certain order are linked in group flexible thread (stainless steel wire, etc.,), the vertex of each lever end of the bellows is attached to the filament, with the possibility of adjusting the position or releasing it, the inclusion of the bellows (bellows) in the work of certain norms and watering time is set to a measuring tank type water-clock, calibrated with a consumable nozzle (nozzle-dropper) at the bottom, the container is suspended on the front end of the thread passed through a block at the head of the tray and off the bellows, groups bellows from Rabo block in the end portion of the tray, outweigh the tank after it is released from a given quantity of ballast water standards, with the tare weight measured capacity is less than the mass of the counterweight by an amount sufficient to bring all the bellows from the working position, set in the source.For the conversion of the first tray irrigation network in the means for transporting water from the water system in the next tray, installed in series or parallel, and automatic inclusion in the subsequent work of the tray has previous bypass bellows, lever end of which the head when turning off irrigation bellows bend in the opposite direction under the action of a collapsible washers mounted on the threads of the cap when it is insulated and water through the connecting pipe, when you open it the locking device flows into the next tray in which irrigation bellows in advance is shown in its working position, as he like the first, is simultaneously charged a measuring Cup, but with the number of ballast water twice more than was charged first. Thus the third, fourth, etc. trays will be included in the work, the same as the second, provided that the number Ballew tray, and all irrigation bellows in advance is included in the operating position and the locking device on the pipes connecting the trays are open.In Fig. 1 schematically tray tray irrigation network "Lotus" in the initial position in the cross-section for irrigation bellows of Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section along a-a, Fig. 1; Fig. 3 irrigation network "Lotus" in the context of a working position of the first tray.Bin irrigation network consists of one or a group of the flume sprinklers, including the tray 1 having a set of outlets, each of which includes a nozzle 2, is fixed in the hole at the bottom of the tray, a square (for pouring out the water in one side of the tray) or tee 3 (for the pouring out of water in two sides of the tray with the cover 4, an extension pipe 5, the water distribution pipe 6 with fittings 7, thin-walled (elastic), extending to the end of the tube - absorber water velocity 8, an elastic bellows (corrugated) tube 9 with the suction head 10, equipped with rigidly connected to it a lever 11, the top of the linked in group needs a thin elastic thread 12, thrown ends through the blocks 13 and 14, respectively, loaded suspension in the initial part-dimensional capacity 15 (Wodan. To supply water to the tray 1 of the first fill of the water system (pump, well, excavation, concrete economic or inter-farm canal, placed above the level of the tray 1, and so on ) has a pipe 18 with a stop valve 19. To bypass water from the first tray and any previous in the following, each has previous bypass the bellows 20, which are involved in the work (pass water) washer 21. For the transport of water has a pipe 22 with a stop valve 23.Works trough irrigation network in the following way (Fig. 3).In a calibrated tank 15 of the first tray is filled with a certain amount of filtered water, and the second, third, and so on trays, but the number of, respectively, two, three, etc. times greater. The capacity of 15, becoming heavier counterweight 17, is lowered to a certain limit. Thread 12, acting on the levers 11, tilts the intake end walls 10, flexing bellows tube 9. Water from the pipe 18 at a certain (normal flow all included in the work culverts) opening the valve 19 of the filled tray 1 passes through the cap 10, the tube 9, the t-joint 3 pipe 5 (two pipes 5, if the removed cap 4), the distribution pipe 6, through which Stelco weight measuring capacity 15 due to the expiration of her water through a calibrated device 16 will be less than the mass of the counterweight 17, last begin to fall, the thread 12 of the lever 11 will lift out of the water, the tip 10 of irrigation bellows 9. When the bellows is free from water, float and irrigation under the first tray irrigation network automatically be suspended. Together with off from irrigation bellows and culverts thread 12 washer 21 will turn the lever tip relief of the bellows 20 and the water from the tray first line, becoming transporting it, will flow through the pipe 22, the open shut-off valve 23 in the second tray fill (tray of the second line), which will work as well as worked the first bin fill the tray first line.It is obvious that the proposed bin irrigation network "Lotus" will find the widest application in the near future, since it solves the important problem of shortage of material, energy and financial resources, which is especially feel farms CIS involved in irrigation of cotton fields, orchards, vegetable gardens, and especially on the terraces holistic areas. 1. Bin irrigation network, including irrigation trays, each of which is equipped with outlets connected to the fittings of holes formed in the bottom of the tray, water is Yovkov, wherein the intake device provided with a bellows tube connected with movable heads and fittings holes trays, and mechanism for lifting / lowering of the tip has a flexible filament, stretched along the tray and thrown across the blocks installed in his head and end parts, a measuring Cup with a calibrated drain hole and a counterweight attached respectively to the ends of the yarn, and the levers tilt heads associated with the thread with the ability to regulate their position and releasing it, the mass of each volumetric capacity less than the mass of the counterweight by an amount sufficient to display all of the intake device from the operating position.2. Irrigation network under item 1, characterized in that each of the previous tray provided with a bypass bellows tube and a tip connected through a lever tilt and collapsible washer with flexible thread, with a measuring capacity of the subsequent tray has a filling volume greater than the previous tray, the volume of the first measuring capacity.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for drop irrigation of farm crops.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has cylindrical casing with inlet and outlet openings. Cylindrical casing has threaded covers and body. Valve and elastic cuff are movably positioned inside cavity of cylindrical casing. Apparatus is further equipped with additional cuff. Main and additional cuffs are provided with orifices. Valve is made in the form of concavo-concave lens arranged in spherical belt. Valve is manufactured from material having density smaller than density of water, in particular, valve may be made from cork of 0.2-0.3 t/m3 density. Valve is arranged in casing between cuffs and is adapted for alternating contacting through cuffs with projections oppositely arranged inside casing cavity. Projections are made in the form of spherical segments, with radius of spheres of segments being smaller than radius of spheres of concavo-concave valve lens. Difference between radii of projection sphere and that of spheres of concavo-concave valve lens is equal to thickness of elastic cuffs. Channels on apexes of cover and casing projections are extending in radial direction toward inlet and outlet openings.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced reliability in operation.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: irrigation amelioration, in particular, drop irrigation equipment.
SUBSTANCE: injector has water outlet, porous casing with stopper at lower end and replaceable porous member positioned in casing and in stopper. Replaceable porous member is made in the form of parts of cylinder joined to one another with their diametrical surfaces. Channels are formed on cylindrical surface of each cylindrical part. Upon joining of cylindrical parts along cylinder, channels define vertical channels. Cylinder may have one, two or three detachment surfaces. Helical channels are formed on cylindrical parts of replaceable porous member. Helical channel pitches in parts of cylinder to be joined are not multiple one another. Water outlet is equipped with float valve arranged inside water outlet above pressure suppressing chamber. Stopper at lower end of porous casing is equipped with accumulating chamber.
EFFECT: increased efficiency owing to selective dispensing of water to plant roots.
2 cl, 5 dwg