Walling

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the construction, and more particularly to protective structures mainly with a metal frame, and is intended for covering and self-supporting walls. In the technical solution of the longitudinal frame elements 1,2 are equipped with brackets 7 installed discretely with the incident side and rigidly connected with the latter at the top of the section and the casing 4 further comprises a locking device 5 located along its longitudinal axis in the cavity design, with locking device 5 is connected rigidly with the casing 4 and the hinge brackets 7 by means of tension elements 6, for the passage of which the longitudinal element of the frame 2 with the incident side contains holes 8. The combination of these features leads to the achievement of the technical result, namely, the torque reduction. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to the construction, and more particularly to protective structures predominantly of thin-walled profiles, and is intended for covering and self-supporting walls.

Known enclosing structure comprising longitudinal and poperen

The disadvantages of this constructive solutions are the need of setting an intermediate longitudinal elements, preventing sagging of the casings, the necessity of taking into account the effect of torque on the strength and deformability of the enclosing structure, which leads to increased consumption of materials.

Known enclosing structure comprising longitudinal and transverse frame elements, cladding, the tension elements (Metal construction. A special course. Ed. by E. I. Belenja. M Stroiizdat, 1991. Fig.12.7, S. 224). This constructive solution closest to the technical nature of the claimed invention and is taken as a prototype. The disadvantage of this design solution is the necessity of taking into account the effect of torque on the strength and deformability of the enclosing structure, which leads to increased consumption of materials.

In the proposed solution the longitudinal frame elements are provided with brackets installed discretely from the incident side of the slope and rigidly connected with the latter in the upper part of the section, and the casing further comprises a locking device located along its longitudinal axis in the cavity design, when it is tion, for the passage of which the longitudinal element of the frame with the incident side contains holes. Distinguishing features of the claimed invention ".the longitudinal frame elements are provided with brackets installed discretely with the incident side and rigidly connected with the latter in the upper part of the section, and the casing further comprises a locking device located along its longitudinal axis in the cavity design, with locking device is connected rigidly with the casing and hinged to the brackets by means of tension elements, for the passage of which the longitudinal element of the frame with the incident side contains holes" are absent in all known technical solutions and lead to the achievement of the technical result, namely, the torque reduction, which allows to make a conclusion about conformity of the proposed technical solution the criteria of the invention "significant differences".

In Fig.1 shows the plan of the building envelope, Fig.2 is a view 1-1 of Fig. 1. Walling in Fig.1 and Fig.2 includes longitudinal elements 1 and 2, the transverse elements 3, the lower casing 4, the fixing device 5, the tension elements 6, the brackets 7, the holes 8.

In the collected omashu in the longitudinal members 1 and 2 are generated torques opposite operational. Efforts in the tension elements 6, acting through the fixing device 5, pull the trim panel 4, giving it a design position. When uploading walling pitched part of the load creates in the longitudinal elements I and 2 operating torque and reactive efforts in the tension elements 6, which by means of the fixing device 5, the lower casing 4 is transmitted to the brackets 7, and using the latter in the longitudinal members 1 and 2 are additional torques opposite operational. The transverse elements 3 together with the longitudinal members 1 and 2 provide geometric immutability of the cladding holes 8 in the longitudinal element rolling part 2 serve for the passage of the tension elements 6 for ease of connection with them by means of the clamping device 5 and the brackets 7.

In the proposed technical solution torques generated from the tension of the tension elements and the reactive forces in the elements of tension reduce operating torque, which allows you to refuse the transverse elements in the passage and intermediate the longitudinal element, and this has led the local imperfections (pagibig). The locking device can be performed over the entire length of the building envelope or individual elements installed discretely, and connected with the casing, for example, by welding. The brackets can be installed discretely or interconnected in a single system. The tension force in the tension elements can be created, for example, by means of sleeves or nuts. Value operational, reactive and tension torque is obtained by calculation. As a specific example consider walling, length 3 m, width 1.5 m, with three longitudinal and two transverse element of channel CH,5 mm, and a steel shell with a thickness of 0.8 mm, the Design is laid on a slope of 25% and has a flow rate of metal 85 kg

Applying the proposed technical solution, the walling can be made of two longitudinal and two transverse elements of channel CH,5 mm and shell thickness of 0.8 mm, the Design has metal consumption 81 kg

The proposed design solution will reduce consumption by 4%

1. Enclosing structure comprising longitudinal and transverse frame members, the inner lining, the elements of NAT the incoming side and rigidly connected with the latter in the upper part of the section, and the lining locking device located along its longitudinal axis in the cavity design, with locking device is connected rigidly with the casing and hinged to the brackets by means of tension elements, for the passage of which the longitudinal element of the frame with the incident side has a hole.

2. Design by p. 1, characterized in that the locking device is designed as a one-piece element for the entire length of the structure.

3. Design by p. 1, characterized in that the securing device is made of individual elements.

4. Design for PP.1 to 3, characterized in that the brackets are interconnected.

 

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The invention relates to the construction of earthquake-resistant buildings, structures and can be used in facilities operating with high vibration and shock accelerations, in particular in transport, aviation, missile, underwater and surface vehicles, heat power engineering and nuclear power, rotating in a stationary furnaces and chimneys

FIELD: construction, particularly profiled member made of light alloy to be connected to another profiled member by means of lock connection.

SUBSTANCE: drawn calibrated profiled member, which may be connected to another profiled member by side thereof, comprises at least one longitudinal relief widened part 1 or at least one longitudinal groove 2 having complementary cross-section or both said widened part 1 and said groove. Widened part 1 and groove have conical cross-sections and are provided with serrations 3 to create negative clearance. Profiled members provide decks and beams having large lengths.

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SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to construction sphere, namely to construction of shaped steel and is intended for sides facing of buildings and constructions. Shaped steel includes recurrent across the width of the metal sheet undulated corrugations with fixing locks on the edges of uttermost corrugations. Bulbs of the corrugations are positioned in the same direction, corrugations are made along the arch of the circle with the ratio of f:1 - 0.25: where f - height increment, 1 - arch chord length. Lines tangent to neighboring chords are set at a sharp angle at the point of their mating with each other.

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FIELD: construction.

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