Greenhouse

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: agriculture, namely in crop production in buildings protected ground. The inventive greenhouse contains a base, side fence, roof, including skates, sloping transoms and drainage trays, the system of cultivation, including vertical frames with a fixed tray for growing plants, the mechanism to move funds perform farming operations with mobile platforms and system regulation length mode, reflective louver screen and radiation sources. Trays for growing plants is fixed on the outer side of the frame, while the radiation sources are located inside them with the increase of the ratio of energy flux in the spectral range of 600 - 700 nm to the total energy flux in the range of 30-40% to 60-80% when reducing the height of the location of these sources relative to the base of the greenhouse. The mechanism for moving is equipped with guide rails and movable platform can be moved in horizontal and vertical planes. The invention allows to increase the yield of plants in the greenhouse and ease of use of greenhouses. 1 C. p. F.-ly, 3 ill.

The invention relates ASS="ptx2">

Known greenhouse containing the base, the side skirt, roof, including pairs connected with education skates and lower joints inclined beams, between which under the zones of the lower joints installed drainage trays, the system of cultivation, including vertical rectangular frames, the side racks which tiers of fixed trays for growing plants, the mechanism to move funds perform farming operations, including mobile platforms, and the system of regulation of light conditions, including reflective louver screen placed between the roof and the top of these frames, and optical sources (Industrial production greenhouses. The Voroshilovgrad: Voroshilovgrad true, 1984).

A disadvantage of the known greenhouse is the low yield of crops due to low removal products with 1 m2the greenhouse and inconvenience of maintenance.

Was tasked with creating a greenhouse, which will increase productivity and convenience for its maintenance during the operation.

The claimed solution to the problem of increasing the yield by increasing the output of products with 1 m2greenhouse area and Lucaus pairs connected with education skates and lower joints sloping transoms, between them over the zones of the lower joints installed drainage trays, the system of cultivation, including vertical rectangular frames, the side racks which tiers of fixed trays for growing plants, the mechanism to move funds perform farming operations, including mobile platforms, and the system of regulation of light conditions, including reflective louver screen placed between the roof and the top of these frames, and sources of optical radiation, according to the invention trays for growing plants is fixed on the outer side of the lateral columns of the vertical rectangular frames, and sources of optical radiation are within the last planes of symmetry with the increase of the ratio of energy flux in the spectral range of 600 to 700 nm to the total energy flow in the whole spectrum of radiation of each of the said sources of optical radiation in the range from 30 to 40% up to 60 to 80% while reducing the height of the location of these sources of optical radiation relative to the base of the greenhouse, and the mechanism to move funds perform farming operations is equipped with guide rails attached to the elements connecting the top nearby the vertical and horizontal planes, and drainage trays are placed in the planes of symmetry of the respective vertical frames, and the ends of the inclined beams of the roof is provided with elements for the hard of their connection with the side racks of the data frames.

In a hypothetical embodiment, the greenhouse height of frames to choose 3 to 5 times less than the distance between the planes of symmetry of the neighboring frames.

In Fig. 1 shows a General diagram of the greenhouse of Fig. 2 the mechanism for moving the platform; Fig. 3 a fragment of the greenhouse from two adjacent frames with the platform and light sources.

The greenhouse contains a base (floor) 1, the side skirt (conditionally not separately shown), the roof, including pairwise United inclined bars 2 forming skates 3 roof and floor joints 4. Between the sloping transoms 2 over the area of the lower joints 4 installed drainage trays 5.

The system of cultivation greenhouses includes a vertical rectangular frames with bearing uprights 6, the value of their height is 3 to 5 times less than the distance between the planes of symmetry of the neighboring frames. When this drain tray 5 is placed in the symmetry plane of the adjacent vertical frames. On frames with external parties on their side of the bearing to move funds perform farming operations, equipped with guide rails 8 mounted on the elements 9, rigidly connecting the top of the adjacent vertical frames with inclined ends of the girders 2 of the roof. On the guides 8 are installed and moved on racks 10 of the platform 11. The guides 8 is mounted on a base 12 supported by a cross member 13. The platform 11 is moved on rollers 14 along the frame, up and down and around on its axis, i.e. in the vertical and horizontal planes, with the motor gear 15, block 16 and a swivel coupling 17.

Regulation length mode greenhouse includes reflective screen 18, is placed between the roof and the top of the frames, and the sources of optical radiation 19 is suspended on the suspension 20 and the inside of the frames in their planes of symmetry with the increase of the ratio of energy flux in the spectral range of 600 to 700 nm to the total energy flow in the whole spectrum of radiation of each of the radiation sources 9 in the range from 30 to 40% up to 60 to 80% while reducing the height data placement of radiation sources 19 relative to the base 1 of the greenhouse.

A greenhouse works as follows.

Plants planted in the trays 7, irradiated as natural light coming through the fence greenhouse and source the th spectral composition of light irradiators 19 provide increased share of " radiation "red" component of light in the lower areas of the plant, the receipt of which is from a natural source is not sufficient for normal development of plants.

Maintenance of greenhouses for plant care carried out from the platform 11, which allows to reach every part of the vegetable cenosis.

The use of greenhouses with vertical posts of the frame, moving platforms for maintenance and a set of lamps with a given radiation spectrum will improve the performance of the greenhouse 17 21% to improve the convenience of its service.

1. Greenhouse, containing a base, side fence, a roof, comprising pairs connected with education skates and lower joints inclined beams, between which over the zones of the lower joints installed drainage trays, the system of cultivation, including vertical rectangular frames, the side racks which tiers of fixed trays for growing plants, the mechanism to move funds perform farming operations, including mobile platforms, and the system of regulation of light conditions, including reflective louver screen placed between the roof and the top of these frames, and sources of optical radiation, characterized in that the trays in the Nicky optical radiation are within the last planes of symmetry with the increase of the ratio of energy flux in the spectral range of 600 to 700 nm to the total energy flow in the whole spectrum of radiation of each of the sources of optical radiation in the range from 30 to 40 to 60 to 80% while reducing the height of the location of these sources of optical radiation relative to the base of the greenhouse, thus, the mechanism to move funds perform farming operations is equipped with guide rails attached to the elements connecting the top of the adjacent vertical frame, and a movable platform mounted for movement on these guides in vertical and horizontal planes, and drainage trays are placed in the planes of symmetry of the respective vertical frames, and the ends of the inclined beams of the roof is provided with elements for the hard of their connection with the side racks of the data frames.

2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the height of the frames choose 3-5 times less than the distance between the planes of symmetry of the neighboring frames.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to plants in greenhouses, greenhouses with artificial additional light

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular the production of vegetables in cultivation plants with artificial additional light

The invention relates to the cultivation of plants in artificial lighting conditions and can be used in agriculture and in research on plant biology

Greenhouse // 2054246
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular vegetable greenhouse, greenhouses, hydroponic plants and artificial irradiation

Greenhouse // 2048071
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the greenhouse with hydroponic technology and artificial irradiation

The invention relates to agriculture, namely to methods of physical effects on plants and their surrounding environment to stimulate plant growth and correction of the pathology development

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to plants in greenhouses, greenhouses with artificial additional light

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the cultivation structures for growing vegetables in the artificial additional light

The invention relates to agriculture, particularly to cultivation facilities for the growing of plants and fungi

The invention relates to agriculture, namely the management of microclimate parameters in greenhouses

The invention relates to horticulture, namely, devices for thermal control and ventilation in buildings protected ground

Greenhouse // 2056735

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the greenhouse under artificial irradiation

Greenhouse // 2056730
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the structures of greenhouse, greenhouses, designed for the production of vegetables

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to plants in greenhouses, greenhouses with artificial additional light
Up!