The method of growing plants in a greenhouse and device for its implementation

 

(57) Abstract:

Use: agriculture, crop production in buildings protected ground. The inventive method of growing plants in a greenhouse provides for transplanting plants rows in pots, tying them to the trellis cultivation of plants and the creation of the required length and climatic regimes. Light regime create sources of optical radiation, placed in between adjacent rows at the level of the middle part of the plants. The lower ends of the trellis connect the hinge, and the upper odd and even rows of receptacles tightly with odd and even group rods and move them out of phase with each other. Device for growing plants in the greenhouse contains a system of cultivation with the growing vessels and trellis for vertical arrangement of plants, planted in rows in vegetative vessels, and systems to create the necessary climate and light modes. The radiation sources are arranged between adjacent rows of plants at the level of their middle part. The lower ends of the trellis enshrined in the vessels of the hinge, and the upper rigidly interconnected through the trellis provolo to increase yields by 4-7% due to the uniformity of irradiation plants 4. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 4 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular the production of vegetables in cultivation plants with artificial additional light.

There is a method of growing plants in a greenhouse, including transplanting plants rows in pots, tying them to the trellis, cultivation and plant establishment in the greenhouse required climatic and light modes. (Geoponics great year-round growing beautiful plants. The project company "Control data Corporation, 1990).

A device for growing plants in a greenhouse containing the system of cultivation, including pots, placed in rows, and trellis for vertical arrangement of plants, planted rows of vegetation in the vascular system provide adequate climatic and light modes, the latter of which includes a source of optical radiation, defined by rows (standard design 810-1-13.87 "Block of greenhouses with the area of 6 ha", 1987).

A disadvantage of the known method and device for growing plants in a greenhouse is that the plants are treated unequally, because the intensity of light with distance from the vertical axis is ultor.

The task was to provide a method of growing plants in a greenhouse and device for its implementation, which is achieved uniformity of exposure, increases the yield.

Inventive solutions solved the problem of improving the uniformity of irradiation plants and yield.

In the method of growing plants in a greenhouse, including transplanting plants rows in pots, tying them to the trellis, cultivation and plant establishment in the greenhouse required climatic and light modes, according to the invention the desired light mode create by means of sources of optical radiation, which is placed at the level of the middle part of the plants in the intervals between adjacent rows in each vegetation vessel, connecting the lower ends of all the tapestries articulated relative to pots, and the upper ends of the trellis plants even and odd rows of all pots rigidly respectively odd and even group rods and move the latter out of phase between each other in a vertical plane, perpendicular to the plane of installation of the optical sources.

A device for growing plants in tatiannah the location of the plants, planted rows during the growing vessels, systems provide adequate climatic and light modes, the latter of which includes a source of optical radiation, defined by ranks, according to the invention, the sources of optical radiation in the form of radiation sources located in the interstices between adjacent rows of plants each growing vessel at the level of the middle part of the plants, while the lower ends of all of the above-mentioned trellis fixed hinge relative to pots, and the upper ends of the trellis for vertical arrangement of plants even and odd rows of all pots are rigidly interconnected by means of a suitably odd and even group rods, equipped with a drive of their movement in a vertical plane, perpendicular to the plane of installation of the optical sources.

In Fig. 1 shows a plan of the greenhouse of Fig. 2 diagram of the device for variations of the trellis of Fig. 3 section a-a of Fig. 1 (perspective view), Fig. 4 - section b-B of Fig.1.

The method of growing plants is carried out in the greenhouse 1 containing translucent barrier 2, located on the base of the greenhouse beds 3 with two number is 5, planted in pots 4. The greenhouse is equipped with systems to create and maintain the required temperature and light regimes. Light mode provides sources of optical radiation by the lamp 8, is placed between adjacent rows of 5 plants each growing vessel 4 at the level of the middle part of the plant 5. The lower ends of all the tapestries 7 fixed hinge relative to pots 4. The upper ends of the trellis 7 odd and even rows of all pots 4 are rigidly interconnected in a row of the trellis wire 9, in turn, connected to the even and odd rods 10, 11. Each pair of the group of rods 10, 11 are supplied with the actuator 12. The actuator 12 is used for oscillatory movement, i.e. movement in a vertical plane, perpendicular to the plane of installation of the sources of optical radiation 8. The actuator 12 for oscillation rods 10, 11 with plants 5 contains dvuhkolonchatye shaft 13 mounted in bearings 14 and the motor 15.

The method of growing plants in a greenhouse is as follows.

The method includes transplanting plant 5 rows in pots 4, tying them to the trellis 7, then the cultivation of Rusanova the middle part of the plants between adjacent rows of plants, and the upper ends of the trellis odd and even rows, attached through the trellis wire 9 to the group tagum 10, 11, by using the actuator 12 to move in antiphase between a vertical plane perpendicular to the plane of the light radiation, while ensuring their optimum position relative to the light source 8. When working staff in the greenhouse trellis 7 with plants 5 estranged from each other, releasing a work aisle.

The application of the proposed method of growing plants in a greenhouse and device for its implementation with the oscillatory movement of the trellis with plants will increase yields by 4-7% due to the uniformity of their exposure.

1. The method of growing plants in a greenhouse, including transplanting plants rows in pots, tying them to the trellis, cultivation and plant establishment in the greenhouse required climatic and light modes, characterized in that the desired light regime created with the help of sources of optical radiation, which is placed at the level of the middle part of the plants in the intervals between adjacent rows of plants in each pot vessel, connecting the lower ends of all the tapestries hinge is all pots rigidly respectively odd and even group rods and move the latter out of phase between each other in a vertical plane, perpendicular to the plane of installation of the optical sources.

2. Device for growing plants in a greenhouse containing the system of cultivation, including pots, placed in rows, and trellis for vertical arrangement of plants, planted rows of vegetation in the vascular system provide adequate climatic and light modes, the latter of which includes a source of optical radiation, defined by rows, characterized in that the sources of optical radiation in the form of radiation sources for location between adjacent rows of plants each growing vessel at the level of the middle part of the plants, while the lower ends of all of the above-mentioned trellis fixed hinge relative to pots, and the upper ends of the trellis for vertical arrangement of plants even and odd rows of all pots are rigidly interconnected by using respectively the even and odd group linkage with the actuator moving in the vertical plane, perpendicular to the plane of installation of the optical sources.

 

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FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.

EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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