Coastal power power plant
(57) Abstract:Usage: in the hydropower industry. The inventive coastal power installation comprising a shore base with the installed generator, camera AC level gates for the passage of water placed in the chamber the float and the mechanism for converting reciprocating movement of the float in the rotation shaft of the generator, including units and a flexible connection. The plant is equipped with latticed cylindrical housing mounted in the chamber, the float is made in the form of a hollow cylinder and is placed in the frame, the camera in the form of a tapered channel of the water tank, and valves - valves with hinged part-turn actuator plates installed in the walls of the channel. 3 Il. The invention relates to low energy and can be widely applied where often on the coast of the waves arise and there is no centralized power. The unit can be easily mounted on the shore of a sea, lake, river, or any body of water.Numerous wave power plant different designs, one such is given in the author's evidence 1377444. In Hey inserted. The float of the wave setup is deducted from drift waves special telescopic device.Known other wave power plant, shown in the journal Ira 9, 1982, S. 31, article "the Path to salvation. This article provides one of the best in the world coastal wave station of the author Russell.The famous coastal wave station is located in a recess coastal abutment, in this recess is mounted a turbine, which through the upper valve comes the wave and the effect on the turbine, and through the lower valve wave comes. Although this device was recognized as one of the best coastal wave energy, it is not devoid of disadvantages, the main of which are: the relative low efficiency, structural imperfection, limited in their capabilities.Known power plant, described in the author's certificate of the USSR 1273635, CL F 03 B 13/00, 1986. This unit contains a float placed in the chamber of variable water level and a mechanism for converting reciprocating movement of the float in the rotation shaft of the electric generator, comprising a flexible connection with the system blocks.This technical result is achieved by the fact that as a working organ is a structure consisting of a hollow float-cylinder placed inside a water lattice cylinder, mounted on a solid base stretching from coastal power of emphasis and located inside the conical sump having on their walls hinged polucheniya valves, contributing to the collection and recovery of water from the working body (float-cylinder), linked through cross with a generator of electric current.The invention, its effect is primarily determined by the efficiency and significant simplification of the structure of the entire device and especially its working body, which is made by float-cylinder, placed in a water lattice cylinder, employee retention, guiding device, installed at coastal power lock, inside conical sump directing versatile waves on coastal power stop where they are, even when the wave rises to a high level, pulling the hollow float-cylinder kinematically linked through cross with a generator of electric current.The invention illustrious devices A-A; in Fig. 3 shows a perspective cross section In the-CenturyIn Fig. 1 shows the following: coastal power energy installation 1, lattice water cylinder 2, the transmission window 3, a cone-shaped channel of the water tank 4, the left guide wall 5, the right guide wall 6, the folding part-turn valves 7.In Fig. 2 shows the following: hollow float cylinder 8, the blocks 9, coastal power stop 10, a generator of electric current 11, cross 12.In Fig. 3 shows the following: stretching 13 wave 14, 15.The device description in the dynamics.Water lattice cylinder 2 is installed and fixed braces 13 to 15 and sustainably withstand wave 14, in the water lattice cylinder 2 is placed a hollow float-cylinder 8 engaged in clash of the wave 14 on the basis of Archimedean force vertical reciprocating motion (see Fig. 2). The hollow float-cylinder 8 through truss 12, provides a generator of electric current 11. Improving the efficiency of coastal power plant 1 is provided with installation of water lattice cylinder 2 with a hollow float-cylinder 8 near coastal power lock 10, which are directed channel waterThe device can be manufactured in any small workshop from widely available materials and products and installed underwater engineering team.Technical and economic effect of the device is that due to the design of the tapered channel-header is not only able to pass any direction, but much to raise the water level even at a weak waves, providing high efficiency with a simple structure. Coastal power installation comprising a shore base with the installed generator, camera AC level gates for the passage of water placed in the chamber the float and the mechanism for converting reciprocating movement of the float in the rotation shaft of the generator, including units and a flexible connection, wherein the plant is equipped with latticed cylindrical housing mounted in the chamber, the float is made in the form of a hollow cylinder and is placed in the frame, the camera in the form of a tapered channel header, the shutters in the form of a valve with a hinged part-turn actuator plates installed in the walls of the channel.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for conversion of wave energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains mechanically coupled fixed post, float chambers, frame, shaft, step-up gear and electric generator. Moreover, converter additionally contains relatively interacting second shaft, first and second gears and at least two motion converters. First and second gears are fixed on corresponding shafts and engage with each other. Each motion converter has vertical rod installed for vertical vibration on upper end of which first block is installed, and on lower end, third sprocket engaging with first and second float chambers. First and second overrunning clutches with sprockets are installed on shafts and they engage through first and second chains with third sprocket.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant is designed for converting energy of waves into electric energy. Proposed plant contains vertical support secured on bottom, rocking rod installed on support for rotation around axis of support, float secured on one of rod ends. Float is provided with intake bottom hole and outlet top hole, both provided with remote controlled valves, and electric generator. Upper end of support remains under water at any possible magnitudes of waves. Wave magnitude sensor is connected with remote controlled valves, float is connected to pneumatic line connected with pressure source, rocking rod is connected with pump which is connected by pipeline with accumulator of hydropotential energy on shore, electric generator is located on shore and is coupled with hydraulic turbine connected with accumulator of hydropotential energy. Plant changes to safe mode of operation owing to filling of float with water at excess of magnitudes waves determined by corresponding wave magnitude sensor.
EFFECT: provision of reliable and long operation.
9 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: device exploiting the wave energy incorporates a support with openings for water overflowing and a frame furnished with storm pumps, the extreme of which, incorporating discharge valves, communicate via a pipe with a receiver and curvilinear deflector connected to the pumps rods, the deflector being made in the form of a float with its concave surface facing the incoming wave, a balancer arranged opposite to deflector on the frame mounted to rotate about a horizontal axis laying between the balancer and deflector and a working pump fitted on the support with its rod coupled via transfer mechanism with the frame. The support front incorporates a wave killer made in the form of a prism, its apex directed towards the wave, and arranged to vertically move on along the support. The wave killer height makes half the height of the support. The medium storm pump has a branch pipe communicating via the pipe with the receiver and used a the deflector pusher. Storm pumps incorporate openings allowing the piston back free stroke.
EFFECT: simpler design and higher reliability.
FIELD: engineering industry.
SUBSTANCE: device can be used in water power engineering. Closed floating casing is installed on supports so that it can rotate. To inner surface of the casing attached are solenoids wherein located are ferromagnetic pins. Rod is located inside the casing and is connected with ferromagnetic pins. Casing's rotation axis is located at an angle to rod axis. Rod is installed on rollers and spring-loaded on both ends. Casing is equipped with current-collecting elements and vane propeller.
EFFECT: providing the specified value of travel and uniform speed of movement of ferromagnetic pins in solenoids at various wave amplitudes using wave advance energy.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to hydraulic engineering. Wave power plant comprises body placed on supports, solenoids fixed inside body and ferromagnetic rods installed in solenoids. Body is installed on shaft with the possibility of rotation. External surface of body is arranged as circular-cylindrical with blades in the form of double-threaded Archimedean screw and is equipped with current-collecting elements. Solenoids are arranged as annular, are oriented and fixed in planes that are perpendicular to shaft longitudinal axis. Ferromagnetic rods are arranged in the form of tore and are equipped with rollers. Length of body is accepted as equal to at least half of wave length.
EFFECT: provision of electric power generation stability.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to float pump units in power systems based on float pumps, in which water motion is used for transportation of gas, liquid and their combinations from one place to another. Float pump comprises float having controlled volume, which is arranged with the possibility of return displacement under effect of waves, piston installed with the possibility of sliding inside piston cylinder and connected to float. Piston is arranged with the possibility of return displacement in the first direction and second direction under effect of float motion. Piston moves in the second direction for suction of working fluid medium into piston cylinder and moves in the first direction for removal of working medium from piston cylinder.
EFFECT: creation of environmentally safe, highly efficient, low cost devices for power generation.
27 cl, 30 dwg, 4 tbl
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: wave electric power station intended for being installed on or in the sea or lake, for power generation includes floating construction and at least one floating body 1 which is moved vertically in relation to floating construction and is connected to the aforesaid construction through power transmission device. Floating construction includes a deck which is supported in fact with vertical supports. Supports have a pontoon functioning as damper and adapted for being arranged below water level. Deck, supports and pontoon comprise the space within which floating body 1 or bodies are located. In fact, pontoons have square section with oblique angles and with width which is more than height so that the floating construction is essentially fixed relative to still water level.
EFFECT: increasing output energy of wave electric power station.
17 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: wave power plant comprises vessel with electric generator installed in it, rotor connected to the latter with vertical axis of rotation, with horizontal blades. Between the latter vertical blades are installed with serial alternation of vertical and horizontal ones. Blades are installed in plane of undisturbed surface of water so that the latter is plane of symmetry for them.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of wave power plant operation by increase of share of wave kinetic energy transformed by plant into mechanical energy of rotary shaft.
SUBSTANCE: system includes a number of generator units (4a-6c) located in sea and a number of switchgear (1a-1c) located in sea. Each switchgear (1a-1c) is connected with a number of generator units (4a-6c). According to the invention, the system comprises a number of primary intermediate stations (17a-17c). It also includes at least one secondary intermediate station (19). Each primary intermediate station (17a-17c) is linked with a number of switchgears, and each secondary intermediate station (19) is connected with a number of primary intermediate stations (17a-17c). In addition, the secondary intermediate station is connected with on-land electrical network. The switching device (192) is available to ensure connection with different locations (193, 194, 195) of electrical network.
EFFECT: creation of system which is technically and economically compatible for supplying power to common electrical network.
28 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wave electric station contains operating sections each represented as hollow straight four-sided V blocks, in cross section and in the form of rectangular. It is open from the bottom and linked with water medium. The above sections are installed lengthwise closely to each other. There are two open-end longitudinal windows in the top part of V-block, which form intake and pressure main lines and rectangular windows. The sections are located between vertical boards hung butt-to-butt inside two parallel lines punched into pile bottom.
EFFECT: increased power output from plant and simplified design.
3 cl, 9 dwg