Device for loading and unloading of root and tuber crops
(57) Abstract:Usage: in agricultural engineering. The inventive device comprises a chassis with fixed shipping experienced 3, the intake worker body having front and sides inclined plates 5 and 6 with the possibility of rotation in the vertical plane, the driving wheel 9, which is mounted loading hopper located above the intake body and having front and side flanges 7 and 8 smaller length associated with the corresponding plates in their raised position. Il. The invention relates to agricultural machinery,in particular to a device for loading and unloading of root and tuber crops in storage,
Known conveyor-loader TCC-30 of the pick-up TLC-30 designed for these purposes, containing the receiving and shipping conveyors mounted on a frame with swivel wheels 
The disadvantage of this device is the complexity of the design and inconvenience in operation due to pick-up that should be put in place of the receiving conveyor at an unloading products.It is also known a device for loading and unloading of root and tuber crops containing the e inclined plate with a possibility of rotation in the vertical plane 
However, the capacity formed by the sides of the loading conveyor, the hopper is insufficient to discharge him in the vehicle, and the last will be idle when loading the store.The purpose of the invention increase the efficiency of operation.In Fig. 1 shows the proposed device, side view;Fig.2 is a view in plan.Device for loading and unloading of root and tuber crops contains a suspension in the form of a frame 1 with the traction wheels 2 and individually drive each of them with fixed shipping conveyor 3 and the conveyor 4. To the frame 1 is mounted intake also working body having a front 5 and a side inclined plate 6 can be rotated them in the vertical plane.Over the fence working body is receiving hopper having front 7 and sides 8 sides lesser lengths of the respective plates 5 and 6 and associated with them in their raised position. A funnel mounted on the driving wheels 9 and 10 has a support on the bracket 11,
Device for loading and unloading of root and tuber crops is as follows.Goes from the body of the truck or other vehicle served in a hopper Otta up (shown by the dotted line in the drawing).After filling the hopper is filled above him loading hopper formed by the flanges 7 and 8, mounted on the driving wheels 3 and the fixed support 10. From the hopper the products are delivered to the conveyor 4 and is loaded into the repository.For permutation bearing 10 come unscrewed from the bracket 11 and the device moves to a different download location.For unloading side loading conveyor 3 are omitted due to the rotation of the inclined plates 5 and 6 in the vertical plane. This forms a wedge at the front and sides of the loading conveyor 3.Fence body is removed from the hopper and is embedded in a mound of products. With the introduction of bulk cargo plate 5 is fed to the loading conveyor 3 and further to the conveyor 4.Upon termination of the introduction device is rotated left or right by the inclusion of one of its driving wheels 2, the side plate 6 is embedded in the embankment, delivers the bulk material on the conveyor 3 and the conveyor 4.If the front and side hopper will not be smaller length and carry on appropriate plates fence body in their raised position, between the boards and the plates may form a gap through which bulk cargo bude is u and the rotation of the device allows to reduce the number of driving wheels, and hinged sloping plates with the option of establishing their sides of the hopper and wedge loading conveyor allows to use the device as in loading and unloading products.The presence of the hopper allows you to increase the capacity of the hopper loading conveyor and to reduce the downtime of vehicles during the loading of the product,which increases the efficiency in operation of the device. Device for loading and unloading of root and tuber crops containing suspension with ukrep authorized on shipping it by pipeline, fence work, the body having front and side inclined plate with a possibility of rotation in the vertical plane, characterized in that it is provided with a running wheel on which is mounted reception funnels, located above the intake working body and having front and side of a smaller length, paired with the corresponding plates in their raised position.
SUBSTANCE: container system contains a bunkerless trailed potato digger, a frame, a wheel axle, an intermediate conveyor, two side loading conveyors, a forked manipulator mounted on the frame with the ability to rotate the fork in the horizontal plane for 90° and lowering to the ground on the left on the way, and a forklift cantilever pad with a fork, located on the right on the way across the movement. The container system is equipped with an additional forked manipulator arranged above the forklift cantilever pad, including a rack, a cantilever transverse beam with a carriage, a winch, a cable, two parallel cantilever shafts with stops attached to the transverse beam with the possibility of turning in the transverse vertical plane, a rigid hollow housing with open lateral sides and a rectilinear vertical guide located in the center of the cantilever transverse beam, a link with a lever, swivel rollers, hinged supports, a spring, and two pairs of levers with rollers, fixed on the cantilever shafts. The cantilever shafts are arranged symmetrically in the vertical transverse plane inside the hollow housing. The ends of the supports of the cantilever shafts are hingedly connected by symmetrical links in one hinge with the crossarm fixed to the rollers in the rectilinear vertical guide of the housing. At the crossarm ends the link is hinged, the guide slot of which is connected with the swivel rollers of the housing. The lever is made with a stop and a flange. The fork of the console platform is directed backwards - against the movement, and is mounted on the right side of the digger with the ability to rotate by 90° under the loading conveyors. The overall width of the fork is more than the overall width of the manipulator fork. The height of its location is within the working range of the manipulator fork.
EFFECT: reduction of manual labour share, increased performance, increasing the time of non-stop work.
FIELD: automated vehicle control means adapted to be used in underground environment and vehicle control methods.
SUBSTANCE: control method involves determining vehicle route from distances between vehicle and mine wall measured by means of vehicle sensors, angular vehicle velocity and left and right vehicle wheels or caterpillar velocities, as well as vehicle acceleration with the use of controller to direct vehicle to the nearest route point. Control system has distance and angular position measuring means to determine position of movable bridge conveyer 10 and angular position of associated face chain conveyers 30. Electronic controller receives input data from each sensor at each movable bridge conveyer 10 to calculate position and direction of bridge conveyer 10 and face chain conveyers 30. Controller plans optimal movement route and calculates speed of each independently acting caterpillar unit of bridge conveyer.
EFFECT: increased accuracy of conveyer system position determination.
16 cl, 10 dwg, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: working member of loading machine includes fixed chute (1) and installed in it on frame (2) reciprocating from hydraulic cylinder (3) interconnected actuating elements (4) in the form rolls. Driving roll (5) is equipped with freewheel clutches (6, 7) in the form of gear wheels (8) engaging with racks (9, 10) mounted on tray. One of racks (9) is installed with possibility to rotate driving roll in direction of material transportation during forward running and the other rack (10) - during reverse running. Rolls are interconnected with each other and driving roll by chain gear (11).
EFFECT: higher efficiency of device.
SUBSTANCE: goods transfer station (1, 1') loaded and unloaded from the first side (2) contains tray (3) with load-carrying appliance (4) which tray is made capable to be pushed in and again drawn out of station to transfer goods from the first side, and three aligning appliances (6, 8, 10) each one of which aligns load carrying appliance in one of three axial directions (x, y, z) respectively. The third aligning appliance (10) contains lifting device (12) with raising leg (13). The tray contains through hole (14) via which the raising leg passes which leg serves for load carrying appliance lifting without lifting the tray itself.
EFFECT: goods unloading is simplified.
8 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: bulk material reloading from railway hopper cars includes use of load-transfer device. The load-transfer device includes receiver portion with conveying facility in the form of horizontal raking screw, installation of the mentioned receiver portion under dump doors, outflow of bulk material into receiver portion under gravity through dump doors and transfer of bulk material flow to loading facility.
EFFECT: reduced time of bulk material reloading from hopper cars.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for loading of loose cargoes and materials. Loading device comprises feeder, along axis of which located receiving conveyor and heaping stars. Heaping stars, at which heaping beams are located are arranged on sides of receiving conveyor. Stars can displace axially relative to axis of rotation and equipped with cover plates with openings for passage of beams. Cover plates rest on feeder and protect mechanism of rotation of stars against ingress of loading material.
EFFECT: higher reliability of loading device.
1 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: loading body comprises the feeder (1) with flanges, the wedge shovel toe (3), the power hydraulic cylinders (6) and the transferring conveyor (8). The shovel toe is made from two wedge shovel elements (4, 5), one of which is placed in the housing of another with the possibility to move relative to each other and kinematically connected to the power hydraulic cylinders and flanges (2) of the feeder.
EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of loading the rock mass due to excluding from the structure the unit for feeding the material from the wedge shovel toe to the transferring conveyor and reducing the loading unit length.
SUBSTANCE: complex consists of excavator-loader of rocky soil and crushing-sorting installations, including receiving part of the associated pipelines with drobilnym and sorting equipment, reception part of crushing-sorting the installation is made in the form of loading the module with the bottom in the form of closed-circuit tapes, additional envelope delivered videos to the axis of rotation which are fixed on the side walls, and is fitted with two hydraulic cylinders with spring loaded rods fasteners, which mesh with a Ribbon with the direct course and roam freely in reverse, with the loading module is installed in the mine with an opportunity of reception of the soil of excavator-loader.
EFFECT: increasing the productivity of a complex of the quarry equipment at the expense of explosive-waving technology with the constant finding of the equipment in a face.
SUBSTANCE: cars 4 are warmed up sequentially on displacing then through heating zones in hanger 1. Car side walls and, partially, its bottom are warmed up in preheating zone 10 by directing IR-radiation at angle to car sides and bottom surface. Car side walls and its bottom are warmed up in main heating zone 11 by directing IR-radiation at angle to car sides and along normal line to bottom surface. Car bottom is heated in extra heating zone 12 by directing IR-radiation toward car bottom. IR-radiation heat flux power is adjusted subject to required heating temperature.
EFFECT: full and uniform heating over entire volume of car, electric power savings.
6 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to loading of piled agricultural cargoes, particularly, to front-end tools of continuous-action loaders (feeders) and may be used at agricultural storehouses for piled cargoes loading. Blade feeder comprises tray arranged inclined ahead of conveyor with vaned rotors running in opposite directions. Rotors are composed of a disc jointed by plates and shaped to ring flat rim. Said inclined tray is furnished with discharge openings, two sectors composed of the parts of cylinder arranged inside space of said rotors formed by revolving vanes and having OD smaller than ID formed by inner edges of the vanes by the amount of clearance. Said sectors are arranged aligned with rotors and inner edge nearby discharge opening front angle. Feeder is furnished with suspended box with front bar to support seats of bearing assemblies. Note that mounting seats for drive mechanisms are made on said suspended box.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
SUBSTANCE: transport-and-dumping bridge (1) contains rotary discharge tool (2) and transporter (3). The discharge tool is made capable to rotate around horizontal axis to capture bulk material from heap and to drop it along rotation axis. Transporter contains conveyor belt (5) resting on support rollers (4) on bearing structure (6). The transporter runs along rotation axis of discharge tool and is routed in discharge tool so that it can take dropped bulk material and convey it outside to one of butts (7) of discharge tool. The transporter is suspended exclusively by means of weight cells (8) onto two opposite first load-carrying structures (9) outside the discharge tool and forms belt conveyor scales the measuring area of which corresponds to transporter conveyor line.
EFFECT: high-accuracy determination of bridge discharge conveyance intensity.
9 cl, 3 dwg