Preparation for haulage furs

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: for processes haulage furs and degreasing. The inventive mixed components of the following composition, wt.%: 10-50 sodium salt of alkylpolyoxyethylene based alcohols fraction12- C14with a degree of oksietilirovannye 3 or sodium monoethanolamine salt monoalkylsulfosuccinates 10-50; the mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol esters of monoethanolamide synthetic fatty acid fraction WITH10- C16with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 5-6 or a mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol esters of monoethanolamide synthetic fatty acid fraction WITH10-C16containing an average of 10 alkoxygroup, in the ratio of ethylene oxide to propylene oxide is 1:1, 10-60; the mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol ethers of alkyl phenols with a degree of oksietilirovannye 10-12, where alkyl WITH18- C12, 10-50; ethylene glycol or a polymer of ethylene oxide with ethylene glycol (mol. m 0,4-5,0 thousand 5-15; turpentine 2-10; water the rest. table 4.

The invention relates to the technology of tanning fur skins, in particular to the final finishing them, namely the surface-Ayma a special substance, with complex surfactant and technological properties (high emulsifying and dispersing action) that characterize a good cleaning and degreasing properties, and also has anti-static and protivobolevykh actions. In the presence of auxiliary substances should be provided with a good cleaning of the leather and hair from excess fat, unfixed dye and weakened hair. This sets a certain degree of moisture in the leather, which allows to achieve high yields tanning of fur skins: improved fingerboard and whiteness, softness, plasticity leather, elimination of electrostatic charge on the hair and giving shortening, fluffiness and Shine of hair. Hair becomes more flexible and elastic.

Known use as a surfactant for the process haulage furs mixture consisting of esters of monohydroxy alcohols with high molecular weight fatty acids [1]

Use during haulage also turpentine and alcohol [2]

All of the above chemicals when used in the process haulage does not allow to obtain fur the practical solvents exacerbates environmental problems and worsen working conditions.

Closest to the technical essence and the achieved result is a drug Aniron CJOT-38 [3-prototype] the Product is a sulfate fatty alcohol fraction10-C18, neutralized organic bases. The drug does not possess the complex surface-active properties, which allows the process haulage to ensure good cleaning of the leather and hair from excess fat, unfixed dye and weakened hair, to give fluffy and Shine to hair. Requires two adatok.

The objective of the invention is the creation of the drug, the use of which allows the process haulage to ensure a good cleaning, i.e. the complete removal of excess fat, unfixed dye and hair, different salts, to provide the necessary hydration furs, giving antielectrostatic properties and protivobolevye, to intensify the process, i.e., instead of spending two or three adatok one or two and to provide high quality furs necessary softness to the leather, glitter, friability hairline.

To accomplish the tasks proposed compelleth esters of monoethanolamide synthetic fatty acid fraction WITH10-C16with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 5-6 or a mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol esters of monoethanolamide synthetic fatty acid fraction WITH10-C16containing an average of 10 alkoxygroup; the mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol ethers of alkyl phenols with a degree of oksietilirovannye 10-12, where alkyl WITH8-C12, ethylene glycol or a polymer of ethylene oxide with ethylene glycol (mol. m 400-500, turpentine and water, and as anionic surface-active substances it contains the sodium salt of alkylpolyoxyethylene derived from alcohols fraction12-C14with a degree of oksietilirovannye 3 or nationalfreeway salt monoalkylsulfosuccinates in the following ratio, wt. (A) sodium salt of alkylpolyglycoside - acid-based alcohols fraction12-C14with a degree of oksietilirovannye 3 or (A1) sodium monoethanolamine salt monoalkylation - sulfosuccinate 10-50 (B) a mixture of polyoxyethylene glycol ethers of monoethanolamide synthetic fatty acid fraction WITH10-C16with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 5-6 or (B1) a mixture of polyoxy - alkalophilic esters of monoethanolamide syntheticservice ethers of alkyl phenols with a degree of oksietilirovannye 10-12, where alkyl WITH8-C1210-50 (G) ethylene glycol or (G1the polymer is ethylene oxide with ethylene glycol with molecular weight of 4000-5000 5-15 (D) turpentine 2-10 Water the Rest

The combination of ingredients And (or AND1with ingredient In allows you to reduce the magnitude of the critical concentration of micelle formation.

Add ingredient G (G1) to ingredient (B (B1allows you to provide the necessary swelling and moistening the leather.

The combination of ingredients B (or B1), And G (or G1) creates antielectrostatic effect that prevents solutionyou hair and gives it a friability.

The combination of turpentine ingredient D with ingredients B (or B1) and A (or a1provides Shine to hair.

Every single one of the ingredients (or a1), B (or B1) and have a surface tension of 35 to 38 mn/m (table.2), and the joint combination of ingredients And (or AND1), B (or B1), G (or G1and D provides obtaining a synergistic effect: the surface tension is reduced to 28 to 30 mn/m (table.2-3). This combination of ingredients in the specified proportions comes complete cleaning of the leather from itlian and leather cover that gives antielectrostatic effect, softness and flexibility of the leather, fluffy, Shine hair.

The combination of ingredients And (or AND1), B (or B1), D ingredients G (or G1) in the specified proportions ensures the product is stable comfortable final form. The composition is easy to use and does not separate during storage.

Composition is an easily dosed, slightly viscous yellow liquid.

The rate of activity of hydrogen ions (pH) with mass drug concentration of 10 g/DM3is 6.5-7.5 (a table.3).

The surface tension of an aqueous solution with a mass concentration of drug 2 g/DM3is 28-30 mn/l (table.3).

The proposed structure is a highly effective drug for process haulage furs.

The essential features of the proposed product are its qualitative and quantitative composition.

The invention is illustrated by the following examples.

P R I m e R 1A. 75 wt.h. the mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol esters of monoethanolamide synthetic fatty acid fraction WITH10-C16with a degree of oksietilirovannye 5-6 negociatestream esters of alkylphenol (P=9degree from oksietilirovannye 10, stirred 10 min, then add 75 wt.h. sodium salt of alkylphenolethoxylate based alcohols fraction12-C14with a degree of oksietilirovannye 3, stirred for further 10 minutes To the content added gradually with vigorous stirring to 60 wt. including ethylene glycol is stirred for 10 min and add 15 wt.h. turpentine and 300 Mas.h. water. The mixture of drugs is stirred for 1 h 30 min at the same temperature.

The obtained composition in appearance is a viscous yellow liquid, soluble in water at 40aboutSince, the rate of activity of hydrogen ions (pH) aqueous solution with drug concentration of 10 g/DM37.5. The surface tension of an aqueous solution with a mass concentration of drug 2 g/DM328 mn/m

P R I m e R s 1 51 illustrating the receipt of the proposed composition and its properties are given in table.1 and 3. The intervals of the mass ratios of each ingredient is selected from the lack of outside opportunities of the drug in accordance with the task.

Examples of processing of fur.

P R I m e R 52 (as surfactants prototype).

Fur Glavnaya mass processed fur semi-finished product. During the first haulage is wetting and loosening the leather. Then proceed to process the 2nd final haulage where the use of sawdust with a moisture content of 10-12% For increased Shine the pelts added as a surfactant, Omnimon S.

P R I m e R 53 (SAS by example 20).

When using the proposed drug (example 20) have only one haul. Drums download fur, sawdust size 3 mm humidity 10-12% and surfactant in example 20.

The quality of the processed furs in the process haulage is estimated by the softness of the leather, the friability of hair.

The softness of the leather and the friability of hair was determined organoleptically by evaluating conditional on a 5-point scale-the higher the score, the higher the softness of the leather and the degree of shortening of hair.

As can be seen from the table.4, the processing of furs in the process haulage with the use of the proposed drug (compared with the prototype allows you to increase the softness of the leather by 1-2 points, friability hairline by 0.7 points.

On the basis of the table. 4 we can conclude that the use of the proposed drug in the process the Noah cover is clean, crisp, lustrous.

The application of the proposed drug contributes to the intensification of the process of haulage 2 times, instead of two adatok hold one.

Preparation for haulage furs-based anionic surfactant, characterized in that it additionally contains a nonionic surfactant mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol esters of monoethanolamide synthetic fatty acid fraction WITH10WITH16with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 5 6 or mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol esters of monoethanolamide synthetic fatty acid fraction WITH10WITH16containing an average of 10 alkoxygroup, the mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol ethers of alkyl phenols with a degree of oksietilirovannye 10 12, where alkyl WITH8- C12, ethylene glycol or a polymer of ethylene oxide with ethylene glycol (mol.m. 400 5000, turpentine and water, and as anionic surface-active substances it contains the sodium salt of alkylpolyoxyethylene based alcohols fraction12- C14with a degree of oksietilirovannye 3 or nationalfreeway salt monoalkylsulfosuccinates of partow fraction12WITH14with a degree of oksietilirovannye 3 or nationaltualaria salt monoalkylsulfosuccinates 10 - 50

The mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol esters of monoethanolamide synthetic fatty acid fraction WITH10WITH16with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 5 6 or mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol esters of monoethanolamide synthetic fatty acid fraction WITH10- C16containing an average of 10 alkoxygroup 10 60

The mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol ethers of alkyl phenols with a degree of oksietilirovannye 10 12, where alkyl WITH8WITH1210 50

Ethylene glycol or a polymer of ethylene oxide with ethylene glycol (mol.m. 400 - 5000 5 15

Turpentine 2 10

Water The Rest

 

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