Automated farming system

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: agriculture in crop production. The inventive process of operation of the system there is a possibility of matching the speeds of the pivot and the working unit. This is achieved by the fact that the system is made in the form of multisupport front elektrofitsirovana sprinkler consisting of two mechanically and electrically connected wings. The wings are moved using uniformly distributed along the length of the wing base unit trucks. Elektrophysiologie work units connected to the power source through the trolley line placed along the entire length of the pivot. Each of the wings sprinkling machine has a device for determining the position of the working unit, the device switching on and off of the roller trucks, and the input device determining the position of the working unit is connected to the output of the working unit, and the output from the first input device enable or disable the roller trucks, the second inputs of the first, second, and so on, except the last device on or off, the roller carriages are connected respectively with VTE the roller trolleys connected to the second output of the last of these devices. When working units that can coordinate their movement with the movement of the bogie pivot. 2 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in crop production.

Known automated farming system on the basis of sprinkler wide of the machine front steps (K. C. Guber, W. K. Kudin, V. B., Gordeev. Irrigation systems and their maintenance. M HS, 1982, S. 163-178). The system includes sprinkler machine moving on the roller trolleys, power supply. The disadvantage of this device are narrow features: are only different modes of irrigation.

Closest to the present invention is an automated system of agriculture.with. N 1528390, class. And 01 With 25/09, And 01 In 49/00), including multisupport electrified sprinkling machine moving on the roller trolleys along the length of which is laid and fixed wire trolley line connected with the power source and electric soil aggregates.

A disadvantage of the known technical solution is that the speed electrification. For example, if the unit did a full frontal passage along the entire length of the wing pivot and sprinkler machine is not moved during this time to a new position, the unit is idle, waiting for sprinkling machine will move to the specified position. If the unit did not have time to go through the whole length of the wing pivot, waiting for the machine. Because the units perform different processing operations (tillage, planting, weeding, harvesting and other), requiring different velocities of the aggregates and the pivot, for example, when different width of the unit, matching the speeds of irrigation machines and units is possible only for individual technological operations.

This reduces the performance of the automated system of agriculture.

The task of the invention is to increase the performance of the automated system of agriculture.

As a result of use of the invention there is a possibility of matching the speeds of the pivot and the working unit.

This goal is achieved by the fact that in the system, including multisupport front electrophysiologist using uniformly distributed along the length of the wing base unit trucks, electrified working units connected to the power source through the trolley line placed along the entire length of the pivot entered in each of the wings pivot device for determining the position of the working unit, the device switching on and off of the roller trucks, and the input device determining the position of the working unit is connected to the output of the working unit, and the output from the first input device enable or disable the roller trucks, the second outputs of the first, second, etc. except for the last device on and off the roller trolleys are connected respectively with the second inputs of the second, the third, and so on, these same devices, and the second input of the first device on and off the roller trolleys connected with the second output of the last of these devices.

The invention is illustrated in Fig.1 and 2.

In Fig.1 contains various provisions sprinkler and business units during operation of the automated system.

Automated farming system includes multisupport front electrified sprinkling machine 1, consisting of two symmetrical mechanician-way trucks 3, electrified working units 4 connected to the power source 5 (centralized or Autonomous) via trolley line 6, is placed along the length of the wings 2 pivot 1, device 7 to determine the position of the working unit, the device 8 activate and deactivate the roller trolleys 3. The feast of the input device 7 to determine the position of the working unit 4 is connected to the output of the working unit 4, and the output from the first input device 8 activate or deactivate the roller trolleys 3, the second outputs of the first, second, etc. except for the last device 8 activate or deactivate the roller carriages 3 are connected respectively with the second inputs of the second, third, etc. these devices, and the second input of the first device 8 activate or deactivate the roller trolleys 3 is connected with the second output of the last of these devices.

Device switching on and off of the roller trucks known from analogue. However, only in conjunction with the devices determine the position of the business units they will coordinate velocities. The system works as follows.

When turning on the power supply 5 power carouselled devices 8 switching on and off of the roller trolleys 3. In position 9 (see Fig.2) performance units 4 moving from center field. When this is enabled the first base unit truck 3. For the time equal to the time of passage of the working units 4 of the span between the first and second base unit trucks 3 or less time (when performing technological operations that do not allow high speeds of movement of the working units 4, the first base unit truck 3 will be set to a new starting position and its movement will cease.

When reaching the working units 4 provisions 10 will come into motion the roller truck 3, which will focus on a new position after passing (or before) the length of the span between the second and third truck 4 working units 3. Similarly, the system will work for other provisions of the working units 4, for example, provisions 11 when passing the full length of the wing 2 pivot 1 and movement in the opposite direction. While the inclusion of the second, third, etc. base unit trucks 3 is possible by command of the first, second, etc. except for the last device on and off base unit trucks 3 and command devices 7 determine the position of the working units and after passing the working units 4 sootvetsvenno machine 1 and job 3 units agreed and system performance will increase.

Automated farming system, including multisupport front electrified sprinkling machine, consisting of two symmetrical mechanically and electrically connected wings installed on uniformly distributed over the length of the roller carriages with devices on and off, with each wing has electrified a working unit connected to the power source through the trolley line placed along the entire length of the pivot, characterized in that each of the wings pivot entered device determining the position of the work unit, the output of each of which is connected to the first inputs of the respective devices enable or disable the roller trucks, second outputs 1, 2, N 1 device enable or disable the roller trolleys are connected respectively to the second inputs 2, 3, the N-th mentioned devices, and the second input of the first device enable or disable the roller trolleys connected to a second output of the N-th device.

 

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