Link pontoon-bridge park
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to a bridge-building technique and can be used when aiming for the floating bridges on water obstacles with a very rapid current, and with the passage of the waves break. The invention consists in that link pontoon-bridge Park, containing four folding pontoon, under the extreme bottom of the pontoon mounted horizontally hydrodynamic device in the form of a rigid screen, divided into separate sections along the length of the element, and the width is made greater than the width at the pontoon, at the same time to ensure the sustainability of the rigid screen is equipped with longitudinal and vertical rods that attach to the extreme pontoon. 3 Il. The invention relates to a bridge-building technique and can be used for remelting equipment, in particular when aiming for the floating bridges on water obstacles with a very rapid current, and with the passage of the waves break, resulting in the destruction of the buildings waterworks, as well as during flooding.Equipment and maintenance of river crossings at high velocity, using existing crossing means is difficult, and in many the e activities which often give temporary effect.You know the link pontoon-bridge Park, which includes four folding pontoon 
The closest in technical essence and the achieved result to the invention is link monotonically-bridge Park, consisting of four collapsible pontoons, including average and extreme pontoons with contours, bottom, roadway and hydrodynamic device 
The disadvantage of this link is that it is unstable operates at high speed currents in excess of 3 m/s, when there is a significant trim level, caused by reduction of pressure under the bottom of the link due to the increase flow rate. Applied at the level of the hydrodynamic device is partially aligns the flow of water, flowing lines and the bottom of the link, and to some extent protects light deck at the pontoon from the overflow of water, but does not eliminate the cause, calling the trim level, which leads to buckling of the link and excludes the use of floating bridges, resulting in a delay of troops when fording. In addition, when the change in velocity required to adjust the tilt angle of the hydrodynamic rorive, when there are fluctuations in the flow rate over time.Object of the invention is the improvement of the link pontoon-bridge Park, providing on-the-water obstacles at high flow rate.The problem is solved by increasing the hydrodynamic resistance level due to equipment hydrodynamic device in the form of a rigid screen to the bottom side on the bottom link under the extreme perimeter of the pontoon.In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the link of the pontoon-bridge Park in the working position with the hydrodynamic device in the form of a rigid screen of Fig.2 link from the bottom of Fig. 3 fastening elements on screen at the pontoon.Link pontoon-bridge Park contains four folding pontoon two medium 1 and two at 2 pontoon with lines 3, bottom 4 and the roadway 5. Under the bottom 4 and the rim 3 at the pontoon 2 from the lower side of the link is established hydrodynamic device in the form of a rigid screen 6, which is made equal to the length of the link, and width greater than the width at the pontoon 2. To ensure the sustainability of the hard screen is made with 7 longitudinal and vertical rods 8, is it, and the vertical rods 8 with the fingers 10 is attached to the extreme perimeter of the pontoon. Moreover, for reducing the complexity of installation screen 6 is made of separate longitudinal sections 11.Works link as follows.Before tip-off of the bridge on the water hazard with a high rate of flow or in the period of breaking waves on the link set screen 6. After resetting link with the transport vehicle and the axis of the bridge it goes into operating position. In the operation of the bridge on the water hazard with a high velocity flow over the link of the thread being reflected from the screen, not around the extreme perimeter of the pontoon, and moves without separation of the particles to the bottom edge of the screen, which ensures uniform flow velocity in the border layer on the bottom level and eliminates the pressure drop in the lines at the pontoon, resulting in reduced krenawi time, leading to a trim level that provides a stable work in the stream.The device is a hard screen on the extreme pontoon increases the stability of the link in the thread, as it allows to reduce the pitch by increasing the flow rate. This provides the opportunity to use the link pontoon-bridge p Link pontoon-bridge Park, includes two medium and two extreme pontoon with lines, roadway and hydrodynamic device, characterized in that the hydrodynamic device is made in the form of a rigid screen, placed under the bottom and rim of extreme pontoon from the lower side of the link, the screen is provided with a longitudinal rods attached by rigid locking devices to the extreme bottom of the pontoon, and vertical rods, by means of which the screen is fixed on the extreme perimeter of the pontoon with the fingers, and the screen is made of separate longitudinal sections.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in designing ramp and propulsion and steering gear and their hydraulic systems. Novelty in proposed water craft is that it is furnished with streamlined carrying frame for fastening devices of propulsion and steering complex installed in hull aft part and formed by two pairs of rigid longitudinal beams hinge secured by inner ends of aft sheet of hull in zone located under loading side coupled by flexible cross beams in each pair and support bar between pairs. Hydraulic heads of propulsors are hinge-mounted on outer ends of each pair of longitudinal beams, being secured on said beams to form additional cross tie between beams. Carrying frame is furnished with power hydraulic cylinders connected with hydraulic system and installed to control position of heads and loading side by turning carrying frame in aft sheet hinge joints. Body of each is provided with upper roller support, being rolling support for each hinged loading side at its opening, and lower platform being rigid base interacting with ground at resting of hinged loading side on head body in loading position of loading side. Novelty in hydraulic system of watercraft is that it is furnished, in additional to propulsor control hydraulic cylinders, with hydraulic cylinders for setting ramps, changing thrust vector, fixing loading side and locking carrying frame. Each hydraulic cylinder, including propulsor position control hydraulic cylinders, are supplied through parallel hydraulic lines connected with main line, with electric control in each line. Invention contains description of design peculiarities of each line providing required modes of operation of watercraft.
EFFECT: improved performance of watercraft and creating of hydraulic system providing required mode of operation of watercraft.
9 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to construct temporary roads across lakes and other water obstacles.
SUBSTANCE: ice bridge includes cooling plant, pipelines connected to cooling plant. Pipelines are submersed in water and suspended by wire ropes. Cooling plant has reducers for pressure reduction, 10 MPa gaseous nitrogen cylinders and liquid nitrogen cylinders adapted to fill pipelines with liquid and gaseous nitrogen mixture. The pipelines include several coiled sections or formed as straight and finned pipes. The pipelines are arranged in several rows and extend in vertical or horizontal directions. The pipelines are submersed for 0.1-5 m depth and are connected by wire ropes to balloons floating at water surface or to finned pipes driven in ground of river bottom and connected one to another by diaphragms. The cooling plant provides water freezing within 3-5 km range and obtains ice having thickness of 3 m or more.
EFFECT: increased water freezing rate.
FIELD: movable or portable bridges, floating bridges adapted to convey loads over ice cover.
SUBSTANCE: method to transport vehicle having weight exceeding load-carrying ability of ice cover over ice involves moving vehicle having weight not exceeding load-carrying ability of ice cover at resonance speed; moving vehicle having weight exceeding load-carrying capacity to ice cover line when above vehicle having lesser weight has moved away from ice cover line for distance equal to 2/3 of resonance bending-gravity wave length; initiating above vehicle having larger weight movement with above resonance speed. Resonance bending-gravity wave length is determined from where D is cylindrical stiffness of ice plate, ρ and h - ice density and thickness, g - gravity, H - water body depth.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity of ice cover.
FIELD: floating bridges, for instance temporary bridges for load transportation over ice.
SUBSTANCE: structure includes ice blanket in which vertical holes are drilled for the full bridge structure length so that the holes are located from both bridge sides. Reinforced concrete blocks connected to ropes are inserted through the holes so that the blocks are located under the ice blanket. Discs having diameters exceeding hole diameters are connected to upper block ends. Rope lengths are selected to prevent ice blanket movement in upward direction with respect to initial ice position if flexural-gravity waves are generated in ice blanket.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity.
FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; ferries and floating bridges.
SUBSTANCE: proposed motor unit includes displacement hull with joints in sides, engine mounted inside hull and water-jet propeller, two hinged pontoons which are articulated with hull and mechanism for opening and folding the pontoons. Each hinged pontoon is provided with torsion-loaded swivel hydrostatic shield on external side which is articulated with hinged pontoon in area of its bottom; hinged pontoons are also provided with mechanism for turning the shield; this mechanism is made in form of hydraulic cylinder with rod secured in hull of hinged pontoon. Thrust roller secured on end of rod is received by guide of hydrostatic shield.
EFFECT: reduced resistance of shuttle ferry due to improved streamlining of projecting lower part of motor unit.
FIELD: bridge construction, particularly floating bridges, for example, pontoon bridges.
SUBSTANCE: method involves unloading land-based and river-based pontoon sections on ice, expanding the pontoon sections in temporary bridge location area; sealing pontoons of each pontoon section by means of top and bottom jointing means; moving each pontoon section to temporary bridge construction site over ice; serially jointing pontoon sections with each other along temporary bridge length and breaking ice by blasting charges spaced from bridge axis. Longitudinal grooves are created in ice from each bridge side with the use of ice-cutters so that ice thickness in groove bottom area is not more than 10 cm. After that elongated charges including several detonating fuse strings are laid in the grooves. The grooves are filled with wet snow or water and elongated charges are blasted to break ice in each groove. After that ice under bridge sections is broken by vehicle movement over the bridge.
EFFECT: decreased time and increased safety of temporary bridge construction.
FIELD: construction industry; bridges.
SUBSTANCE: method of pontoon bridge equipping at high flow speed is performed using set of railway pontoon ribbon bridge and differs in the fat that bridge stiffness on water obstacle is provided by anchors which are installed on bridge top and bottom sides and are attached to bottom of outer pontoons with the help of ropes which pass through lugs fixed on rings welded to deck and bottom of outer pontoons.
EFFECT: increasing vertical component of hydrodynamic forces, reducing the different of member to top or bottom sides, and improving pontoon bridge reliability.
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: ice crossing construction method refers to ice-technology industry, and can be used when designing ice crossing meant for load transportation. Snow shall be removed from ice surface, and the latter shall be covered with air-tight film. Space between ice surface and film is ventilated with fan cold ambient air. Cold air flow intensifies heat exchange on ice surface and provides its fast cooling, and thickness increase.
EFFECT: fast putting into operation of ice crossing.
FIELD: construction, road construction.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of bridge engineering and is intended for erection of pontoon bridges over water obstacles on a tight schedule and with the least material and labour expenses. It is achieved by the fact that pontoon bridge comprises pontoons open at the bottom, on which bridge supports are mounted to carry spans and road way, and spacers that connect peripheral parts of pontoon to fixed anchors on soil, and every pontoon is arranged in the form of packet of vertically oriented adjacent tanks that are inverted upwards with their bottoms and are connected to system of air supply and its pressure control in every of them, at that spacers are located on the opposite sides of pontoon to form triangular figures with every of them, which are oriented in crossing planes, and have dampers and/or control mechanisms, preferably with remote control, their stretching in process of bridge erection and/or its operation. At that vertically oriented tanks form rows of cells in section with horizontal plane, which are evenly located on at least part of section area.
EFFECT: higher reliability of pontoon bridge operation at different dynamic effect at it, also from wave and wind loads due to provision of stability in pontoons that carry spans and provision of their controlled submersion at specified depth.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport, construction.
SUBSTANCE: method of producing ice ferry consists in cleaning ice surface of snow, placing a layer of heat-isolation material through the cut, along the ice ferry routed, and pressing aforesaid layer to the ice layer lower surface. A continuous layer of ice floats is placed between the ice surface lower surface and the said heat-isolation material.
EFFECT: higher load-carrying capacity of ice ferry.