Link pontoon-bridge park
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to a bridge-building technique and can be used when aiming for the floating bridges on water obstacles with a very rapid current, and with the passage of the waves break. The invention consists in that link pontoon - bridge Park, including four folding pontoon, equipped with a hydrodynamic device in the form of a soft cloth, which is installed under the bottom and rim of extreme pontoon from the lower side of the link, and a soft cloth made of length equal to the length of the link and of a width greater than the length of the extreme perimeter of the pontoon, while the cloth is attached to one edge of the horse side to the extreme bottom of the pontoon. 3 Il. The invention relates to a bridge-building technique and can be used for equipment crossings, in particular when aiming for the floating bridges on water obstacles with a very rapid current, and with the passage of the waves break, resulting in the destruction of the constructions of dams and flood waves and floods.Equipment and maintenance of river crossings at high velocity, using existing crossing means is difficult, and in many cases iskluchenie often do not give the desired effect.You know the link pontoon-bridge Park, which includes four folding pontoon two medium and two extreme 
The closest in technical essence and the achieved result to the invention is link pontoon-bridge Park, including two medium, two extreme pontoon and hydrodynamic device  At the pontoons link is made with lines.The disadvantage of this link is that it is unstable operates at high speed currents in excess of 3 m/s, when there is a significant trim level, as applied at the level of the hydrodynamic device is partially aligns the flow of water flowing round the bottom level, and to some extent protects light deck at the pontoon from the overflow of water, but does not eliminate the cause, calling the pitch link. Therefore, the pitch of the link caused by reducing the pressure under his bottom due to the high velocity, leads to the loss of stability of the link, which eliminates the possibility of using floating bridges, leads to delay troops when fording. In addition, when the change in velocity required to adjust the tilt angle of the hydrodynamic shields that are difficult to perform in terms of what oresti current time.Object of the invention is the improvement of the link pontoon-bridge Park, providing on-the-water obstacles at high flow rate.This object is achieved by increasing the hydrodynamic resistance level due to equipment hydrodynamic device in the form of a soft cloth that is installed from the lower side of the link on the bottom link under the extreme perimeter of the pontoon.When the link in the flow of water observed increase in the velocity and displacement of fluid flow on the extreme perimeter of the pontoon, which leads to uneven pressure distribution on the bottom and the extreme perimeter of the pontoon and the offset of the point of application ravetastic forces, resulting in krenawi time and formed the pitch link. Mounted on the link soft cloth acting as a flow conditioner, contributes to the shift of the separation point of the flow, located in front of the extreme perimeter of the pontoon, at the end of a soft cloth and smoothing the velocity of stream flow over the link. As a consequence, the stability of podmostovoe flow in the border layer on the entire length of the bottom and a soft cloth, which eliminates ke selects the flow of kinetic energy, which goes to work on his swing, because this is not observed the increase of the flow velocity at the extreme bottom of the pontoon, which further increases the flow stabilization. As a result of these factors, the rate in the border layer on the bottom and the extreme perimeter of the pontoon is aligned, as a consequence, a uniform distribution of pressure under the bottom of the link. This increases the vertical component of the hydrodynamic forces, reduces the holding time, which leads to the reduction of trim level, which increases the stability of the link in the thread, improves performance and allows the use of managers in a wide range of change of velocity.In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the link fortified with a soft cloth; Fig. 2 link pontoon-bridge Park from the bottom of Fig.3 fastening elements with a soft cloth in the extreme pontoon.Link pontoon-bridge Park includes two medium 1 and two at 2 pontoon with lines 3, bottom 4 and the roadway 5. Under the bottom 4 and the rim 3 at 2 pontoon from the lower side of the link is established hydrodynamic device in the form of soft cloth 6, which is made of length equal to the longitudinal rotary plates 7 and lock 8. To facilitate installation of the cloth 6 on the link plate 7 are cut into several pieces.Works link as follows.Before tip-off of a bridge (not shown) on the water hazard with a high rate of flow or in the period of breaking waves on a link is established hydrodynamic unit with a soft cloth. After reset link with a transport vehicle (not shown) it goes into operating position. In the operation of the bridge on the water hazard with a high velocity flow over a link in the thread, getting from the bottom extreme of the pontoon on a soft cloth, continues its movement without separation of particles on the extreme perimeter of the pontoon, as a consequence, the speed of the pontoon on the extreme perimeter of the pontoon is not increased, thereby increasing pressure on the extreme perimeter of the pontoon and lower granadero moment, leading to the trim level. Therefore, the trim level is significantly reduced, which ensures its stable operation in the stream. In addition, some of the kinetic energy of the flow is lost to the fluctuation of the cloth, which also reduces the rate of flow and eliminates the pressure drop on the bottom and the extreme contours of the pontoon. Link Ponton the e device characterized in that the hydrodynamic device made in the form of soft cloth, placed under the bottom and rim of extreme pontoon from the lower side of the link, with a soft cloth made of length equal to the length of the link, and a width, the greater the length of the extreme perimeter of the pontoon, with the cloth attached at one end to the extreme bottom of the pontoon by means of plates and castles.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in designing ramp and propulsion and steering gear and their hydraulic systems. Novelty in proposed water craft is that it is furnished with streamlined carrying frame for fastening devices of propulsion and steering complex installed in hull aft part and formed by two pairs of rigid longitudinal beams hinge secured by inner ends of aft sheet of hull in zone located under loading side coupled by flexible cross beams in each pair and support bar between pairs. Hydraulic heads of propulsors are hinge-mounted on outer ends of each pair of longitudinal beams, being secured on said beams to form additional cross tie between beams. Carrying frame is furnished with power hydraulic cylinders connected with hydraulic system and installed to control position of heads and loading side by turning carrying frame in aft sheet hinge joints. Body of each is provided with upper roller support, being rolling support for each hinged loading side at its opening, and lower platform being rigid base interacting with ground at resting of hinged loading side on head body in loading position of loading side. Novelty in hydraulic system of watercraft is that it is furnished, in additional to propulsor control hydraulic cylinders, with hydraulic cylinders for setting ramps, changing thrust vector, fixing loading side and locking carrying frame. Each hydraulic cylinder, including propulsor position control hydraulic cylinders, are supplied through parallel hydraulic lines connected with main line, with electric control in each line. Invention contains description of design peculiarities of each line providing required modes of operation of watercraft.
EFFECT: improved performance of watercraft and creating of hydraulic system providing required mode of operation of watercraft.
9 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to construct temporary roads across lakes and other water obstacles.
SUBSTANCE: ice bridge includes cooling plant, pipelines connected to cooling plant. Pipelines are submersed in water and suspended by wire ropes. Cooling plant has reducers for pressure reduction, 10 MPa gaseous nitrogen cylinders and liquid nitrogen cylinders adapted to fill pipelines with liquid and gaseous nitrogen mixture. The pipelines include several coiled sections or formed as straight and finned pipes. The pipelines are arranged in several rows and extend in vertical or horizontal directions. The pipelines are submersed for 0.1-5 m depth and are connected by wire ropes to balloons floating at water surface or to finned pipes driven in ground of river bottom and connected one to another by diaphragms. The cooling plant provides water freezing within 3-5 km range and obtains ice having thickness of 3 m or more.
EFFECT: increased water freezing rate.
FIELD: movable or portable bridges, floating bridges adapted to convey loads over ice cover.
SUBSTANCE: method to transport vehicle having weight exceeding load-carrying ability of ice cover over ice involves moving vehicle having weight not exceeding load-carrying ability of ice cover at resonance speed; moving vehicle having weight exceeding load-carrying capacity to ice cover line when above vehicle having lesser weight has moved away from ice cover line for distance equal to 2/3 of resonance bending-gravity wave length; initiating above vehicle having larger weight movement with above resonance speed. Resonance bending-gravity wave length is determined from where D is cylindrical stiffness of ice plate, ρ and h - ice density and thickness, g - gravity, H - water body depth.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity of ice cover.
FIELD: floating bridges, for instance temporary bridges for load transportation over ice.
SUBSTANCE: structure includes ice blanket in which vertical holes are drilled for the full bridge structure length so that the holes are located from both bridge sides. Reinforced concrete blocks connected to ropes are inserted through the holes so that the blocks are located under the ice blanket. Discs having diameters exceeding hole diameters are connected to upper block ends. Rope lengths are selected to prevent ice blanket movement in upward direction with respect to initial ice position if flexural-gravity waves are generated in ice blanket.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity.
FIELD: bridge crossing equipment; ferries and floating bridges.
SUBSTANCE: proposed motor unit includes displacement hull with joints in sides, engine mounted inside hull and water-jet propeller, two hinged pontoons which are articulated with hull and mechanism for opening and folding the pontoons. Each hinged pontoon is provided with torsion-loaded swivel hydrostatic shield on external side which is articulated with hinged pontoon in area of its bottom; hinged pontoons are also provided with mechanism for turning the shield; this mechanism is made in form of hydraulic cylinder with rod secured in hull of hinged pontoon. Thrust roller secured on end of rod is received by guide of hydrostatic shield.
EFFECT: reduced resistance of shuttle ferry due to improved streamlining of projecting lower part of motor unit.
FIELD: bridge construction, particularly floating bridges, for example, pontoon bridges.
SUBSTANCE: method involves unloading land-based and river-based pontoon sections on ice, expanding the pontoon sections in temporary bridge location area; sealing pontoons of each pontoon section by means of top and bottom jointing means; moving each pontoon section to temporary bridge construction site over ice; serially jointing pontoon sections with each other along temporary bridge length and breaking ice by blasting charges spaced from bridge axis. Longitudinal grooves are created in ice from each bridge side with the use of ice-cutters so that ice thickness in groove bottom area is not more than 10 cm. After that elongated charges including several detonating fuse strings are laid in the grooves. The grooves are filled with wet snow or water and elongated charges are blasted to break ice in each groove. After that ice under bridge sections is broken by vehicle movement over the bridge.
EFFECT: decreased time and increased safety of temporary bridge construction.
FIELD: construction industry; bridges.
SUBSTANCE: method of pontoon bridge equipping at high flow speed is performed using set of railway pontoon ribbon bridge and differs in the fat that bridge stiffness on water obstacle is provided by anchors which are installed on bridge top and bottom sides and are attached to bottom of outer pontoons with the help of ropes which pass through lugs fixed on rings welded to deck and bottom of outer pontoons.
EFFECT: increasing vertical component of hydrodynamic forces, reducing the different of member to top or bottom sides, and improving pontoon bridge reliability.
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: ice crossing construction method refers to ice-technology industry, and can be used when designing ice crossing meant for load transportation. Snow shall be removed from ice surface, and the latter shall be covered with air-tight film. Space between ice surface and film is ventilated with fan cold ambient air. Cold air flow intensifies heat exchange on ice surface and provides its fast cooling, and thickness increase.
EFFECT: fast putting into operation of ice crossing.
FIELD: construction, road construction.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of bridge engineering and is intended for erection of pontoon bridges over water obstacles on a tight schedule and with the least material and labour expenses. It is achieved by the fact that pontoon bridge comprises pontoons open at the bottom, on which bridge supports are mounted to carry spans and road way, and spacers that connect peripheral parts of pontoon to fixed anchors on soil, and every pontoon is arranged in the form of packet of vertically oriented adjacent tanks that are inverted upwards with their bottoms and are connected to system of air supply and its pressure control in every of them, at that spacers are located on the opposite sides of pontoon to form triangular figures with every of them, which are oriented in crossing planes, and have dampers and/or control mechanisms, preferably with remote control, their stretching in process of bridge erection and/or its operation. At that vertically oriented tanks form rows of cells in section with horizontal plane, which are evenly located on at least part of section area.
EFFECT: higher reliability of pontoon bridge operation at different dynamic effect at it, also from wave and wind loads due to provision of stability in pontoons that carry spans and provision of their controlled submersion at specified depth.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport, construction.
SUBSTANCE: method of producing ice ferry consists in cleaning ice surface of snow, placing a layer of heat-isolation material through the cut, along the ice ferry routed, and pressing aforesaid layer to the ice layer lower surface. A continuous layer of ice floats is placed between the ice surface lower surface and the said heat-isolation material.
EFFECT: higher load-carrying capacity of ice ferry.