Paint for high or offset printing
(57) Abstract:Purpose: paints for high or offset printing relate to the production of printing inks designed for printing high or offset methods on different types of paper books and magazines, and graphic products. The inventive paint contains pigment, rosin-maleinate resin or phenol resin, a modified rosin, pentaftalevyh resin, a modified vegetable oil, a mixture of three oil fractions, characterized by different physico-chemical properties, polyethylene wax, desiccant, diludid - 2,6 - dimethyl - 3,5 - dietoksikarbonil - 1,4 - dihydropyridines. Paint for high and offset printing has a high speed of consolidation (a low degree of otmerivanija) and high stability technological properties in the ink system with a minimum content of vegetable oil. table 2. The invention relates to the printing industry, namely to paint for high or offset printing on paper.Known ink for offset or letterpress, containing in its composition the pigment, solid and liquid resins, vegetable and mineral oils, org is S="ptx2">The drawback of such paints is the low stability of the printing technical properties for printing machines (drying on the shafts), high viscosity and stickiness.These deficiencies significantly impacts the performance of printing machines, degrade the quality of printed products, increase waste printing ink during storage, do not allow you to print them on various kinds of paper.Known offset ink for four-color printing (2), containing 18-20 wt. pigment, 27-33 wt. phenol-formaldehyde resin, modified rosin, 4-9% alkyd resin (ortho), 27-33% linseed oil, 13-22% of high-boiling petroleum solvents, 1-3% of plastic paste, 1-2% naphthenate-cobalt drier.The paint is satisfactory rheological properties (viscosity, stickiness and durability of prints to abrasion. However, this paint is characterized by low stability printing technical properties on the shafts of the printing machine dries after 6 h, it is not possible to print on various kinds of paper.Low stability leads to frequent products of the inking units, i.e. unproductive working time and increase the cost of hybrid washing agent operation m is redients and achieved a positive effect closest to the declared paint is paint for high or offset printing (3), containing as alkyd resins resin-based ortho - or isophthalic acid, pentaerythritol, sunflower or linseed oil and waste poly (ethylene terephthalate) at a ratio 2:1:8:2 1,5:1:8:2,5 and advanced pentaerythrityl ether malaysiaand rosin in a mixture of linseed and transformer oils with a ratio of their respective 1:1:2 and phenol-formaldehyde resin in linseed oil at the ratio of their respective 1:1 with the following content, wt.h.Polycondensate
rosin and male-
andnew of angeri-
bath linseed oil 520-680 Pigment 180-200 alkyd resin 60-100
whether in a mixture LINENO-
th and transform - Torno oils 20-30
Gena resin in linseed oil 15-25
The oil phase
with a boiling point 350-380aboutWITH 60-80
ethylendiamine - raucously acid 10-20
Polyethylene wax or ceresin 10-20 Desiccant 10-15
This paint is characterized by the increased value indicators such as wear resistance, gloss. However, this paint has low stability working sico not paper with high surface strength.The purpose of the invention, the decrease in the rate of drying of the paint on the shafts of the printing machine and in the process of storage and reduce its viscosity and stickiness.This goal is achieved by the fact that in a paint comprising a pigment californiaalibaba or phenol-formaldehyde resin, a modified rosin, a solid resin, polyethylene wax, petroleum solvent and drying, as oil solvent injected a mixture of products of the distillation of crude oil with a kinematic viscosity at 25aboutWith 15-30 cSt, T pour 40-50about(THE 38 SSR-2-01-248-76 and TU 38.5901.260-90) from the dewaxed oil fraction with So Kip. 270-350aboutS, A. T. 60-90about(GOST 982-80 and THE 38.101.1025-85) and THE 38.101.746-78) and diesel fuel summer on the basis of sulfur distillate oil with So Kip. 280-360aboutS, A. T. 60aboutWith their mass ratio (10-2): (8-1): 1 and optionally 2,6-dimethyl-3,5-dietoksikarbonil-1,4-dihydropyridines (TU 64-6-179-81 in the following ratio, wt. Pigment 17-25
new or Fe
Naya resin, modi-
fitiavana rosin 21-29
The specified mix
oil dissolve ritala 42-52 alkyd resin 2-5
Polyethylene wax 1,9-2 2,6-Dimethyl-3,5-
diet Trudovye esters of rosin-maleic adduct of PAMAK THE 205-SSR-97-76) and PKM-130 (TC 205-SSR-462-81), (RL-41 (TU 29-02-1102-84) and SF-461 (GOST 18694-80E); alkyd resins D-4100 (TU PC 17-85), M-53 (TU PC 14-85).As polyethylene waxes used wax PV-200, PV-300 (TU 6-05-1516-77), zerdusht 3620 (firm "Hoechst"), AF-30 (firm BASF) Germany.In accordance with the invention, low viscosity and stickiness of the paint, the high speed of its fastening on the paper are provided by the set ratio called oil fractions.High stability of the working properties of the ink in the ink system of the printing machine provides an introduction to its composition of Dyudina.The offered paint is used for offset printing and high ways on coated and uncoated papers.The invention is illustrated in the examples presented in table.1.The paint on the table.1 the examples are made in three stages.Under vigorous stirring in a mixture of petroleum solvents dissolve the solid resin followed by addition of a solution of an alkyd resin. Cooled to room temperature, the solution (binder), pigment, drier, polyethylene wax, diludid load in the ratio indicated in the capacity of the kneader equipment and PE is its equipment (three-roll machine or ball mill), where is the dispersion until the pigment particle size not more than 10 μm on the "wedge". Predispersion paint after bead mill is passed once through a three-roll kraskoterke.Printing technical characteristics of the paint and paint the prototype are given in table.2.As can be seen from the table.2, the viscosity and stickiness of the proposed paint is much lower than that of the prototype, which provides the possibility of printing the proposed paint on a variety of paper grades, including low surface strength.The drying time of the proposed paint on the shafts of the printing machine and film formation on the surface of the paint in the container 3-6 and 7-8 times, respectively, higher than that of the prototype. PAINT FOR HIGH OR OFFSET PRINTING comprising a pigment, a rosin-maleic or phenol-formaldehyde resin, a modified rosin, alkyd resin, polyethylene wax, petroleum solvent and drying, characterized in that, to reduce the speed of drying of the paint on the shafts of the printing machine and in the process of storage and reduce its viscosity and stickiness, as oil solvent it contains a mixture of products of the rivers of the refined oil fraction with Ttoandp.270 350oS, A. T. 60 - 90oAnd Detelinara fuel summer-based distiller sulfur crudes with Ttoandp.280 360oS, A. T. 60oWith their mass ratio (10 2) (8 1) 1 and optionally 2,6-dimethyl-3,5-dietoksikarbonil-1,4-dihydropyran in the following ratio of components, wt.Pigment 17 of 25
Rosin-maleic or phenol-formaldehyde resin, modified rosin 21 29
The mixture of products of the distillation of crude oil with a kinematic viscosity at 25o15 30 cSt, pour point -40 -55oWith dewaxed oil fraction with Ttoandp.270 - 350oS, A. T. 60 90oWith diesel fuel and summer on the basis of sulfur distillate oil with Ttoandp.280 360oS, A. T. 60oWith their mass ratio(10 2) (8 1) 1 42 52
Alkyd resin 2 5
Polyethylene wax 1,9 2
2,6-Dimethyl-3,5-dietoksikarbonil-1,4-dihydro pyridine 0,1 0,5
Desiccant 1 1,5
FIELD: polymer materials.
SUBSTANCE: polyurethane resin is a product of reaction of at least one diisocyanate component and isocyanate-reactive components having first group of at least one polyol, second group of at least one polyol, and third group of at least one polyol, at least one amine, and, additionally, reaction-stopping agent, all polyols of the first group having average molecular mass between 1000 and 10000 g/mole, those of second group having average molecular mass between above 10000 and 20000 g/mole, and those of third group having average molecular mass equal to or higher than 800 g/mole. Ratio of diisocyanate component to isocyanate-reactive components is selected such that all isocyanate groups are present as products of reaction with isocyanate-reactive functional groups. Resin is used as film-forming binder in coating compositions, in particular in printing inks for printing on polyolefin substrates. Printing ink is preferably used for manufacturing printed layered articles.
EFFECT: increased gluing ability and heat resistance of ink laid on plastic substrate.
41 cl, 2 tbl, 12 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates typography dyes, in particular, to dye for deep printing. Invention describes dye for deep printing comprising the first binding agent chosen from group of water-soluble or water-diluted acrylate oligomers, photoinitiating agent and, optionally, a monomer as the second binding agent chosen from group consisting of water-soluble or water-diluted monomers of polyethylene diacrylates or polyethoxylated triacrylates used for correction of the composition dye viscosity value. Dye can comprise additives, such as pigments, filling agents, photosensitizing agents, photostabilizing agents and special pigments. Dyes shows viscosity value from 7 to 60 Pa . s at temperature 40°C and dispersed completely in aqueous washing off solution with sodium hydroxide in the concentration from 0 to 0.5 wt.-%. Dyes possesses the excellent capacity for paint removing and it is can be precipitated from the indicated washing off solution.
EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of dye.
28 cl, 9 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to composition of aqueous dye used in stenciling, to a method for preparing indicated composition of stenciling, using indicated dying composition for stenciling and to securities printed using indicated dying composition. Invention describes composition of aqueous dye for stenciling containing the following components: (a) emulsion of acrylic or urethane-acrylic copolymer taken in the amount 30-70 wt-%, preferably in the amount 35-60 wt.-%, and more preferably in the amount 40-55 wt.-% of self-cross-linking emulsion of acrylic or urethane-acrylic copolymer as measured for the total mass of composition; (b) cross-linking agent taken in the amount 0.25-3 wt.-%, preferably in the amount 0.5-2 wt.-%, and more preferably in the amount 1-2 wt.-% of mass indicated cross-linking agent as measured for the total mass of composition; (c) optional catalyst; (d) optional pigments, and (e) optional additives and wherein indicated cross-linking agent comprises at least two different functional activity in a single molecule. The first functional activity is chosen by so manner to form a covalent bond with indicated polymer before printing and the second of indicated functional activities is chosen by so manner to carry out cross-linking indicated polymer for hardening printed dye. Emulsion of acrylic or urethane-acrylic copolymer is chosen from group possessing self-cross-linking property and wherein the composition shows pH from 7.0 to 8.5, preferably from 7.5 to 8.3 and more preferably from 7.5 to 8.0. Invention describes a method for preparing above said composition of aqueous dye for stenciling and comprising the following steps: (a) preparing emulsion of acrylic or urethane-acrylic copolymer; (b) optional preparing catalyst, optional pigments and optional additives; (c) preparing a cross-linking agent able to form a covalent bond under the first conditions with polymer prepared in (a), and cross-linking prepared polymer under the second conditions; (d) thorough mixing components prepared by points (a), (b) and (c) and providing interaction of polymer prepared by point (a) with a cross-linking agent prepared by point (c) under indicated first conditions; (e) regulation of pH value of the composition in the range from 7.0 to 8.5. Also, invention describes using the indicated composition of aqueous dye as a dye for stenciling and security document with signs printed by using indicated composition of aqueous dye. Proposed composition shows improved stability and improved toxicological properties in the combination and excellent stability of printed and hardened dye to chemical and physical effects.
EFFECT: improved properties of dye, improved preparing method.
14 cl, 6 ex
FIELD: light industry; composition of decorative coats for wallpaper; manufacture of pearly ink for intaglio printing on wallpaper.
SUBSTANCE: composition of proposed printing ink for wallpaper contains 16-16.5 mass-% of pearly pigment; 12-12.5 mass-% of ethyl alcohol; 46-46.4 mass-% of binder - acrylic latex of butyl acrylate copolymer (19-21%) and methacrylic acid (10-12%) and water; copolymer acrylic latex is produced by method of radiation emulsion polymerization of butyl acrylate, vinyl acetate and methacrylic acid under action of ionizing radiation at dose rate of 0.05-0.1 g/s to absorbed doses of 1.5-2 kgr.
EFFECT: avoidance of lamination of ink; easily washable ink; enhanced heat resistance of ink.
1 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to polyurethane resin, which is a product of a reaction between at least one diisocyanate and components, containing functional groups, which have capacity to react with isocyanates, with the following composition: (a) first group, which is formed by one or more polyester-polyols based on ethers, each of which has average molecular mass ranging from 400 to 12000 g/mol, (b) second group, formed by one or more poly hydroxilated resins, chosen from a defined group of resins, (c) optional third group, formed by one or more polyols, each of which has average molecular mass, equal to or less than 800 g/mol, which are also chosen from a defined group of polyols, and (d) at least one amine and a reaction chain-stopping agent. The ratio of equivalent masses of diisocyanate and components, containing functional groups, with capacity to react with isocyanates, is chosen such that, naturally all isocyanate groups of diisocyanate are present as a product of the reaction with one of the above mentioned functional groups, with capacity to react with isocyanates. The invention also relates to the method of obtaining the above mentioned polyurethane resin, to polyurethane resin obtained through such methods, to coating for plastic substrates, containing the proposed resin, as a polyolefin binding substance, to use of such a polyurethane resin as a film forming substance in printing ink for printing on plastic substrates, as well as to the method of obtaining a laminate, which has a layer obtained when printing an image, including stages (a)-(d), with use of coating from polyurethane resin, and to a laminate, obtained using such a method.
EFFECT: obtaining a coating from polyurethane resin, with good heat resistance and excellent initial adhesiveness.
SUBSTANCE: water based flexographic contains biodegradable polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) consisting of monomers having the following formula: where n is an integer from 1 to 5, and R1 is selected from a group comprising hydrogen, alkyl from C1 to C20, and alkenyl from C1 to C20, and having molecular weight ranging from 500 to 5000000 g/mol, binder substance which is three-block amphiphilic compound having two hydrophobic terminal areas with linear and/or branched aliphatic chains CnH2n+2, n = 1-40, and one central hydrophilic area - polyethylene glycol and its derivatives; or having one central hydrophobic area with linear and/or branched aliphatic chains CnH2n+2, n = 1-40, and two hydrophilic terminal areas, a solvent, and a dye or pigment in amount sufficient for leaving a visible mark on a base. Concentration of PHA in the ink ranges from 20 to 80% (weight/volume), concentration of the binder ranges from 0.5 to 20% (weight/volume), concentration of the solvent ranges from 1 to 25% (weight/volume) and concentration of the dye or pigment ranges from 1 to 40% (weight/volume). Described also is a method of preparing water based flexographic ink and a printing composition which contains the said flexographic ink.
EFFECT: improved biodecomposition properties.
13 cl, 6 ex
FIELD: textiles and paper.
SUBSTANCE: non-woven fabric is proposed, on the visible surface of which the ink composition is applied comprising from about 40 wt % to about 80 wt % of the dry weight of the ink of linking agent - aziridine oligomer with at least two aziridine functional groups. Also an absorbing article is proposed comprising a liquid-permeable upper layer, an absorbing core and a liquid-impermeable lower layer that contains the specified non-woven fabric with the said applied ink composition. The application of ink on the non-woven fabric can be carried out by the method of flexography or a method of ink-jet printing.
EFFECT: printed non-woven fabric has high resistance to abrasion even in case of its contacting with fatty substance.
16 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: carrier based on high-density polymer is decorated with ink for printing, comprising at least one pigment and one binder. The binder is an oxygenised polyolefin wax in the form of an aqueous emulsion, and the wax has a Brookfield viscosity of less than 5000 mPa*s at 150°C and a pH level of 28 to 32 mg KOH/g, and the said ink has a viscosity of less than 2000 mPa*s at 25°C. The ink is applied in a continuous or discrete manner on at least one surface of the carrier. The subject of the invention is also a decorated carrier based on high-density polymer, a multi-layered product, and a method of manufacturing of a multi-layered product with a coating of the said ink.
EFFECT: creation of the ink of simpler composition and easier to use.
16 cl, 1 dwg, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to polyamide-based printed films which are used as casings for food products, particularly artificial sausage casing. Disclosed is a printing ink system for printing on (co)polyamide-based films. Said system contains a radically curable primer ink and UV radiation radically curable printing ink which forms an almost colourless layer of primer ink. The primer ink contains a reactive compound which, in one molecule, contains a group capable of bonding with a (co)polyamide surface and an ethylenically unsaturated group which can undergo radical-initiated polyaddition. The invention also discloses a (co)polyamide-based single- or multilayer film which is printed with said printing ink system and a method for production thereof.
EFFECT: printing ink system enables to print on (co)polyamide-based food films with high adhesion to the film, resistance to friction, scratching even without an additional lacquer coat, mechanical and thermal processing, resistance to migration of ink components, which prevents foreign odours from food products.
27 cl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to organometallic latent catalytic compounds which are suitable as catalysts in polyaddition or polycondensation reactions which are catalysed by a Lewis acid type catalyst, particularly for cross-linking a blocked or non-blocked isocyanate or an isothiocyanate component with a polyol or a polythiol to form polyurethane. Polyaddition or polycondensation reactions are initiated by that a catalyst is released while holding in electromagnetic radiation in wavelength range of 200-800 nm. The latent catalytic compound has formula I or II, Me(FG)(m-x)Ax (I); Ax(FG)(m-1-x)Me-O-Me(FG)(m-1-x)Ax (II), where Me is Sn, Bi, Al, Zr or Ti; m is an integer from 1 to the coordination number of Me; x is an integer from 0 to (m-1); A is a C1-C20 alkyl, halogen, C7-C30 aralkyl, C1-C20 alkoxy group, C2-C10 alkanoyloxy group, C6-C18 aryl or C6-C18 aryl, which is substituted with one or more C1-C20 alkyls; and under the condition that if x is greater than 1, A are identical or different; and FG independently represents a group of formula (Z), (B), (C), (D), (E), (F), (G), (L) or (M)
where values of radicals are given in the claim. The invention also relates to a polymerisable composition and a method for polymerisation in the presence of said catalytic compounds. The invention enables to initiate the reaction only if desired by external activation, such as heating or light.
EFFECT: widening the operating window with a polymer mixture until the chain reaction begins.
12 cl, 14 tbl, 67 ex