Device for the metered watering plants
(57) Abstract:Usage: in agriculture for growing plants in a small greenhouse in the backyard farms. The inventive device for the metered watering plant has a reservoir 2 for the water dispenser, the dispenser flow from the siphon, a short pipe 5 which is fixed to the float 6 inside the vessel 2 for water, and the dispenser is made in the form of two adjoining walls of the containers 17, having the ability to turn from one stable position to another around a common axis 18, above which fortified proteles 20, the weight can be changed. 1 C. p. F.-ly, 1 Il. The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to equipment for growing plants in a small greenhouse in the backyard farms, horticultural associations and farms.When growing plants from seedlings in small greenhouses, especially in the initial period of development of the land plot, where there is no electricity or running water, the problem becomes watering seedlings. For this purpose perforated hoses connected to the water tank, which runs continuously day and night, the actual is to support the reliable periodic watering plants in Teplicka without human intervention and without the use of electricity or wind. The water from the tank to the dosing unit is a siphon, a short tube which is attached to the float inside the tank and the dispenser is made in the form of two adjoining walls of the vessels, having the ability to turn from one stable position to another (when filling one Cup water) around a common axis below the center of gravity of both vessels, and to change the dose of water between touching the vessel wall, above the axis of rotation, a fortified balances, a lot of which can be changed.The figure schematically shows a device for the metered watering plants without maintenance person and without the use of electricity and the section a-A.The device consists of a support frame 1, in the upper part of which is fixed a tank 2 for water. In the bottom of the tank onto the protective tube 3. Inside the protective pipe is one of the tubes 4 of the siphon, which is longer than the other pipe 5 at 100-120 mm On the outer surface of the pipe 3 freely wearing the float 6, in which is inserted a short pipe 5 of the siphon so that the end of a length of 10-15 mm is below the bottom surface of the float. At the top of the knee 7 siphon embedded tube 8. In the float cavity 6 provided with a through hole for RA is rubber.Top tank 2 invoice covered by a cover 11 for water protection from dust and debris. Inside the protective pipe 3, the gap between it and the pipe 4 siphon posted pipe 12, the length of which is selected such that when the lift is fully inserted in the bottom of the tank 2, in the absence of water, the end of the pipe 4 will be 50-60 mm below the bottom of the tank 2. Long siphon tube 4 ends with a change of tube 13 with a calibrated orifice 14.Below the bottom of the water tank, at a distance of 100-200 mm to the base frame 1, attached volumetric dosing, consisting of a body 15 and a cover 16 having a hole along the axis of the long siphon tube 4. This cover is based in the free state protective tube 12. Inside the housing 15 has two tanks 17, connected by walls and having the ability to rotate around the axis 18, is placed below the center of gravity of the containers. Such location of the axis creates an unstable equilibrium capacities in any position, but being on the stops 19. Between touching the walls of the container, above the axis of rotation, fixed counterweight 20. The body of the dispenser bottom is divided by a partition 21 into two compartments, each of which is in the lower part has a fitting 22.The fittings 22 are wearing flexible plastic garden hoses 23. In hoses, one obrazcovyj equal to the number of holes in the hose. The end of each hose plugged tube 25 with an air pipe height of 25-30 mmInstallation for metered watering plants is as follows.Hoses 23 installation placed outside one of the ends of greenhouses for dachas, injected into it, and are arranged in two rows. The clamps 24 are shifted on the hoses so that each clamp is positioned over a hole, and the hole by the rotation of the hose is directed vertically downwards in the groove of the clamp. Each clamp 24 is pressed into the soil of the bed, locking the hose in the desired position. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 3-4 cm from the end of the groove of each of the clip (see the drawing). An air tube 25 is fixed in the ground vertically. Preparation greenhouses for dachas finished.The original condition of the installation located outside the greenhouse, dry, the water in the tank 2 no. Removing the cover Unscrew the ring 11 of the tube 8. Raising his hand protective pipe 12 muffle tube 13 tube 4 siphon plug (not shown). As the tank 2 is empty, the float 6 lies at the bottom, and the end of the tube 5 of the siphon, resting on the gasket 10 is sealed. This helps seal the dry weight of the float and siphon. Through the opening closed by a stopper 8, the siphon fill in water. Water fill up until it will not start A12, open the outlet 14 of the tube 13 and the tube 12 may be lowered to its original position.In tank 2 pour a little water. The float 6 bit POPs up and the lower end of the pipe 5 departs from the strip 10. The siphon begins to work, and from the holes of the tube dispenser 14 15 will fill with water, with a flow rate determined by the diameter of the outlet tube 14. The water level in the tank 2 flow is not affected, because the siphon attached to the float, depending on the water level. Ensuring the supply of water to the dispenser (lifting the handset 12), fill tank 2 completely. The tank capacity is selected from the conditions needs to be planted number of seedlings by watering once a day for 6 days.Water from the bore tube 14 flows into one of the containers 17 of the dispenser. The mass of the counterweight 20 is chosen so that only when set in the capacity of a specific, predetermined amount of water, the system will rotate around the axis 18 (in the drawing clockwise until it stops 19). Under a stream of water from the tank 2 will stand the second tank, and the water from the first will result in a lower part of the dispenser and through the nozzles 22 will fill the hose 23. Since the cross section of the hose is much larger than the total cross section of all the holes in the hose, the water, displacing air">Formed soamsawali system: the spout 15 and the pipe 25, connected by a hose 23. From the holes of the hose 23, the water begins to flow into the grooves, the locking hose clamp 24, and enters the area of the root system of each plant seedlings.After some period of time will fill the second tank of the dispenser, and the system will turn counterclockwise until it stops 19 and the water will result in a lower part of the dispenser that is connected to the second hose, there will be watering the second bed.The alternating metered watering seedbeds will happen automatically, while in the tank is water and the float will not sink to the strip 10 by disabling the trap. The siphon remains filled with water, and for subsequent runs of the system, it is necessary to fill the tank 2 water.For the implementation of plant nutrition at the same time with their watering in the cavity 9 in the float needs to be put tissue bag with water-soluble fertilizer. The water supplied into the cavity 9 through the through hole, will gradually dissolve the fertilizer, and it is from the tank 2 through the spout 15 gets into the hose, and thence to bed. 1. DEVICE FOR the METERED WATERING PLANTS, including water tank, siphon, feeder and distribution is which is inserted into the float so that its end protrudes below the bottom surface of the float and the bottom of the tank at the end of the short pipe attached elastic strip.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the dispenser is made in the form of two tanks that are installed with the possibility of rotation around the axis below their center of gravity, and provided with a counterweight with variable mass, mounted above the axis of rotation of the containers.
FIELD: irrigation systems used for automatic watering of plants on restricted area plots.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has accumulating vessel with bottom opening closed with valve, auxiliary vessel, two float valves, one of float valves being adapted for supplying of water into accumulating vessel and other float valve being adapted for cutting-off water supply. Valve floats are arranged in auxiliary vessel disposed below accumulating vessel bottom and connected by means of flexible pipes with hermetically sealed vessels provided with porous bottoms deepened into soil. When water is sucked through porous bottoms into soil, water level in auxiliary vessel is lowered and float valves are opened, with water being delivered into accumulating vessel through one of float valves. When predetermined water level is reached, valve for discharge opening is opened, water is supplied into low-pressure irrigation system and is further delivered through second float valve into auxiliary vessel. As a result, water level in auxiliary vessel is increased to cut-off water supply into accumulating vessel.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified construction.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment used for prolonged automatic irrigation of house plants in pots through drain openings in case of prolonged absence of hosts, for example, during vacation.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has individual tray for receiving pot with flower and independent water supplying source provided with level regulator and positioned in consumer vessel thereof. Tray and consumer vessel are connected through flexible siphon having inlet arranged below water level set in consumer vessel and outlet whose end is provided with tongue to be attached in tray under pan bottom. Flexible siphon is made transparent and equipped with catch. Distance from site of attachment of catch to consumer vessel exceeds liquid level height therein. In order to water several plants, several flexible siphons may be used. Apparatus allows several plants to be simultaneously watered and/or volume of independent water supplying source to be increased.
EFFECT: reduced area of free water surface, reduced volume of water for providing desired water level in trays under pans.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: irrigation equipment used for automatic watering of home plants with predetermined doses.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has hermetically sealed reservoir with feeding liquid, outlet pipe disposed in lower part of reservoir and equipped with hydraulic gate, and air admission pipe disposed in upper part of reservoir. One end of air admission pipe is dipped into hermetically sealed reservoir and other end is equipped with sensor-moisture regulator. Lower end of pipe of sensor-regulator is filled with thin-filament material and is lowered into ground of container with plant. Overturning dosing ladle with magnetic retainer is positioned under outlet pipe on horizontal rotating shaft. Watering is performed when air penetrates through thin-filament material of sensor-regulator and air admission pipe into hermetically sealed reservoir. Liquid is discharged through outlet pipe into dosing ladle, which is automatically overturned upon filling thereof. Watering is interrupted when ground is impregnated with moisture and air is not delivered anymore into hermetically sealed reservoir.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing plant watering as it is requested by plant itself depending upon concrete conditions.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, automatic plant watering equipment.
SUBSTANCE: automatic plant waterer has water vessel connected through pipeline to control well equipped with control thread connected to block system provided with valve having two seats and mounted on two-position retainer. Pipes are adapted for dosed feeding of water into water dispensing vessels and further to plants. Drop irrigation rods made, for example, from copper are located in central openings provided in water dispensing vessel bottom parts. Water dispensing vessels are connected to each other through overflow pipes, which eliminate irregular and non-standardized water feeding directly to plants.
EFFECT: increased efficiency owing to automatic unmanned watering process.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has coupling made in the form of part produced by die casting from plastic and adapted for coupling of water reservoir 1 to hollow cone 9 manufactured from porous ceramics so as to define apparatus for individual feeding of predetermined amounts of water to roots of plants, in particular, pot plants. Coupling has three axially aligned portions, intermediate portion 4 formed as disk with central aperture 5, portion A consisting of one or two cylinders, disposed at one side of disk 4 and rigidly attached to cone 2, and portion B consisting, similar to portion A, of one or two cylinders equipped on their internal surfaces with thread. Said cylinders are arranged at other side of disk 4. Bottle 1 may be detachably threaded into said cylinders.
EFFECT: reduced manufacture cost, decreased area occupied by apparatus, enhanced reliability in operation, and provision for functioning without special adjustments.
11 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agriculture; drop irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: proposed dripper has housing with inlet and outlet. Spherical protection chamber is made on inner surface of inlet, outlet hole arranged coaxially relative to chamber, and channels. Channels are made in form of de Laval nozzles cut along axis whose diverging parts pint to spherical protection chamber. Diaphragm provided with holes is installed for displacement over spherical protection chamber, outlet hole and channels. Dripper has upper threaded cover, float, circular chamber, additional diaphragm and lower threaded cover. Upper threaded cover is provided with inlet hole. Inner space of upper threaded cover is made conical float in form of hollow ball is freely fitted over diaphragm. Circular chamber is made concentrically to outlet hole and spherical protection chamber on bottom part of housing inlet. Circular chamber communicates with spherical protection chamber by converging parts of channels made in form of de Laval nozzles cut along axis. Main and additional diaphragms are of equal size and identical design. Holes in each diaphragm are made with displacement towards circular periphery edge. Inlet hole in upper threaded cover, outlet hole of housing and drain hole in lower threaded cover are coaxial. Replaceable diffuser is fitted in drain hole of lower threaded cover. Widened part diffuser is pointed towards additional diaphragm. Said widened part of diffuser has ring edge interrupted by radially orientated cuts. Depth of cuts and height of diffuser are at ratio of 1:(3-8). Lower cover is furnished with litter trap under additional diaphragm. It is arranged at housing outlet and is installed for displacement. Ring edge of diffuser is mated with additional diaphragm from rear side.
EFFECT: provision of uniform rate of watering and reliability of drop irrigation.
7 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for watering of plants in containers.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has distributing head to be connected to water-supply pipe, and feeding pipes spreading from distributing head and having unattached ends. At least one feeding pipe and/or distributing head has attachment device joined thereto. Said attachment device is used for hanging of apparatus to edge of one or more containers with plants.
EFFECT: reduced labor intensity during watering of plants in containers.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: drop watering rod is fitted in central hole of bottom of water reservoir. Said rod is anode and is connected to current source through diode. Cathode is installed of float in device reservoir provided with polyethyleneterephthalate partition and branch pipe for watering plants of northern latitudes with alkaline water. Branch pipe for watering plants of southern latitudes is arranged in area of anode for delivering acid water. Float is provided with maintenance handle. Drop watering rod is made of copper.
EFFECT: simplified layout, provision of possibility of soil acidity adjustment.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: irrigation systems for automatic irrigation of plants on restricted areas.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has accumulation reservoir with bottom opening closed with valve, auxiliary reservoir, two float valves, one of said valves being designed for feeding water to accumulation reservoir and other valve serving for cutting-off said feeding process. Valve floats are positioned within auxiliary reservoir positioned lower than bottom of accumulating reservoir and connected through flexible pipelines to hermetically sealed reservoirs having porous bottoms and embedded in soil. Drawing of water by soil through said bottoms results in reduction of water level within auxiliary reservoir. Float valves are opened and water is delivered through one of said valves into accumulating reservoir. On reaching of predetermined water filling level, discharge opening valve is opened and water is delivered into low-pressure irrigation system and through other float valve into auxiliary reservoir. Increase in water level within accumulation reservoir cuts-off feeding of water into this reservoir. During operation of high-pressure irrigation system, functioning of apparatus is regulated by filling of accumulation reservoir to certain small volume and stabilized by means of detachable reservoir adapted to be mounted on accumulation reservoir and having horizontal partition walls.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced reliability in operation of apparatus.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to automatic watering systems. The watering system consists of the water receiver tank, supply pipe, siphon with the start-up mechanism, suction knee and measuring tube connected with the atmosphere, hydraulic channel open to the siphon and distribution pipeline for plant watering. The supply pipe is equipped with the measuring valve with locking device. The siphon is made in the form of T-shape bend with two inlet fittings and one or two outlet fittings. One inlet fitting is connected with the start-up mechanism using hose, the other one - with the measuring tube, and the outlet fitting - with the hydraulic channel; thereby the outlet fitting is connected with the distribution pipeline via splitter. Distribution pipeline's end leads are equipped with tricklers. The strart-up mechanism of the siphon contains a hydraulic pump installed on the bottom of the receiver tanks and equipped with the electric starting arrangement with programmer and photoelectric sensor. The electric starting arrangement can automatically control the plant watering process using preset program.
EFFECT: automation of pinpoint plant watering process.
6 cl, 2 dwg, 4 tbl