Wide-tillage tool for surface soil
(57) Abstract:Usage: in the agricultural industry, in particular in tillage implements. The inventive instrument contains working sections, brackets and thrust. Workshops are equipped with Zubov alignment, pivotally attached to the latter, the angle of attack of Zubov alignment more angle of attack of the working sections. Smoothing the equalizer on the front shelves are one-sided slant towards the cannon center. 1 C. p. F.-ly, 2 Il. The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to tillage tools for surface tillage.Known tillage tools along. C. N 210512, 276557, 697069, 950207, 1132807. The closest technical solution and the prototype is "Wide-tillage tool". C. N 950207 containing the frame and having a support wheel spindle pivotally connected to its rear end side bars with working sections resting on the carriage and pivoting wheels, and stretching.The disadvantage of this technical solution is that drives operational sections of this gun work "braswell" from l is the processing after the passage of lumiline, that requires additional operations alignment and harrowing. This leads to a considerable loss of moisture, the destruction of positive fractions of the soil and, as a consequence: to increase labor costs and energy costs. Factor hindering the quality of the soil, is nonsimultaneity operations peeling, alignment and harrowing.The aim of the present invention is to improve the quality of the soil, reducing labor and energy costs. Thus by combining the operation of peeling and harrowing better kept wet, and there is less destruction of positive fractions in the soil due to a decrease in the number of passes of the unit.This goal is achieved by the fact that the working section of the wide-tillage tools provided Zubov alignment, hinge attached to the sections. At this angle of attack Zubov of alignment more angle of attack of the working sections and smoothing the equalizer on the front shelves are one-sided slant towards the center of the gun.Comparative analysis with the prototype shows that the proposed wide-tillage tool for surface treatment underst. At this angle of attack Zubov of alignment more angle of attack of the working sections and smoothing the equalizer on the front shelves are one-sided slant towards the cannon center. Thus, the inventive instrument meets the criteria of the invention of "novelty."The comparison of the proposed solutions not only prototype, but also with other technical solutions in this area are also not allowed to reveal in them the features distinguishing the claimed solution to the prototype that allows to conclude that the criterion of significant differences.In Fig. 1 shows a wide-tillage tool for surface soil; Fig. 2 section a-a in Fig. 1.Wide-tillage tool contains lumiline 1, the operating section 2, the brackets 3, United with the working sections with 4 bolts, nuts 5, washer 6, rod 7 connected pivotally at one end with the bracket 3 by means of a pin 8, pin 9, and the other end of the rack smoothing equalizer 10 pins 9. Surovy equalizer has a chamfer "and" directed to the center of the gun.Wide-tillage tool for surface tillage works as follows.
basic residues, crumble the soil layer being partially wrapped it and move to the side. Attached hinged to the sections 2 of stubble with tie rods 7 smoothing the equalizer 10, having an angle of attack greater angle of attack of disk working sections zaravnivayut split grooves not only in the middle of the aisle, but also across the entire width of the passage lumilikha. Bevel "and" available on the front shelves of Zubov alignment, promotes uniform distribution of soils in the joints Zubov of alignment.1. WIDE-TILLAGE TOOL FOR SURFACE SOIL, including the frame and having wheels at snice, pivotally connected to its rear end side bars with working sections resting on the carriage and pivoting wheels and streamers, wherein the working section is equipped with Zubov alignment, pivotally attached to the latter, the angle of attack of Zubov alignment more angle of attack of the working sections.2. The instrument under item 1, characterized in that the smoothing of the equalizer on the front shelves are one-sided slant towards the cannon center.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method involves shallow plowing, deep basic tillage and surface tillage (cultivation) of soil by cutting furrows; after harvesting of cereals, performing simultaneously shallow plowing, surface tillage of soil to depth of up to 16 cm, crushing of soil lumps, compacting, leveling and mulching of soil top layer; in September, providing deep tillage of soil on fields arranged on slopes with gradient exceeding 5 deg while forming vertical slits to depth of 40 cm and inclined slits; simultaneously with slitting procedure, forming water-accumulating vessels, holes and intermittent furrows. Apparatus has hitch, carrier wheels, bearing system and replaceable working tools in the form of disk batteries, flat narrow hoes, rippers with chisel, ring-and-serrated roller, and leveling drum. Blades of leveling drum are arranged at an angle α=30 deg relative to drum axis.
EFFECT: reduced soil erosion and provision for retention of moisture in soil root layer.
3 cl, 9 dwg