The method of converting wave energy into electrical energy and a device for its implementation

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: in the hydropower industry. The inventive through the dam from the reservoir separates the reservoir, and above the dam with stilts install yoke with vertical guides, which can travel set the floats located in the reservoir and the reservoir. The floats are connected with pistons mounted above the pumps of double acting cylinders which are connected to a hydraulic accumulator, from which the working fluid is served at an additional turbine connected to a generator. 2 S. p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to methods of energy conversion, in particular to a method of converting the energy of the tides of the oceans, seas, lakes (in the future of the oceans).

There is a method of converting the energy of ocean waves, which consists in the displacement wave of air from the chamber, placed on the surf line and connected by a duct to the turbine generator.

The disadvantage of this method is the small efficiency.

Closest to the proposed method is a method consisting in the conversion of the energy of the tides of the ocean with Vranjes.

The disadvantage of this method is the small efficiency.

The technical result of the invention is to increase efficiency.

This method uses the potential energy arising from the tides and the low tides of the ocean of difference in the levels of the ocean and the separation from his dam reservoir, while mounted on the traverse to the left and to the right of the dam in the guide can move in the vertical plane floats under the influence of rising and falling water do move up and down, United with them pistons mounted in the cylinders, serves the working fluid located above and below the pistons in the hydraulic accumulator and then to the blades of the turbine connected to a generator, and from the side of the dam, opposite Bank, set the floats, moving in on the action of the tides of the ocean, and under the influence of the tides of the ocean waves. A device for implementing this method includes a bottom yoke, mounted on stilts, located on the right and on the left side of the dam installed on it can move in the vertical plane floats, United - with accumulator which is connected to the turbine, an electric generator connected to the turbine, mounted on the cross beam on the side opposite shore, floats, moving under the influence of the tides of the ocean, and the ebbs and tides of the ocean waves.

In Fig.1 shows a device for implementing the method in the beginning of the ebb of the ocean and the waves rolled; Fig.2 at the time of high tide ocean tide ocean waves.

The device for implementing the method includes a dam 1 installed in her a turbine connected to a generator (not shown), the yoke 2, is installed on the piles 3, the floats 4 and 5, moving under the influence of the tides of the ocean, and under the influence of the tides of the ocean, the guide bushing 6, which is moved floats, rods 7 connecting the floats with pistons 8, located in the cylinder 9, the upper yoke 10, the pipes 11 that supplies the working fluid above the pistons 8 in the hydraulic accumulator 12, the pipes 13 that supplies the working fluid below the piston 8, the hydraulic accumulator 12, the turbine 14 connected to the generator 15.

The device works sleduyuschaya, producing a pressure on the fluid below the piston 8, which is on line 13 enters the accumulator 12, and then on the blades of the turbine 14, the generator 15 generates electricity. The floats 5 by the departure of the wave down, producing a pressure on the liquid under the piston 8, the feeding of the fluid in the hydraulic accumulator 12.

In the time of high tide (Fig.2) the 4 floats rise, producing pressure on the working fluid (for example, TESOL) located above the piston 8, the fluid is supplied into the hydraulic accumulator 12 and further to the blades of the turbine 14, and the floats 5 produce pressure on the fluid above the pistons 8, under the influence of the tide of the ocean, and under the influence of the tide of the ocean waves.

The advantage of this method is the technological ease of manufacture and maintenance of the proposed device.

1. The method of converting wave energy into electrical energy, which consists in ensuring the rotation of the moving water turbine connected to a generator, characterized in that the reservoir through the dam separates the reservoir above the dam include a yoke with vertical guides in which the possibility of p is rsname installed above the pump double acting, the cylinders are connected to a hydraulic accumulator, from which the working fluid is served at an additional turbine to a generator.

2. A device for converting wave energy into electrical energy, containing the dam installed in her by the turbine to a generator, wherein the device is provided above the dam and one above the other traverses, floats, connected with the piston rods of the pumps connected to the hydraulic accumulator, which is connected with an additional turbine to a generator, with the dam completed with the formation of the reservoir, the lower yoke mounted on stilts, and the cylinders of the pumps installed on the upper cross beam and piles and floats are located in the outdoor pond and reservoir.

 

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