Greenhouse

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: agriculture in the agriculture industry, in buildings protected ground. The inventive greenhouse comprises a base 1, enclosure 3, a system for irradiation of plants with radiation sources 4, heat exchange paths and pipelines. While the heating system is equipped with a heater 10 and the heat pump 11 with the actuator 12, and heat exchange circuits placed on the surface of the reflective screens 5 and communicates with the heater 10, the latter being placed along the fence 3 greenhouses and made in the form of vessels with parallel upper and lower bases. Using a greenhouse will allow to reduce the consumption of thermal energy by 15 %, increase the durability of the elements of the greenhouse and productivity of growing plants. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 4 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular the production of vegetables in greenhouses, hothouses.

Known greenhouse containing base, heat-insulating enclosure, a system for irradiation of plants, including radiation sources, with reflective screens and a heating system including a heat exchange circuits connected to the supply pipe considerable cost of thermal energy, short-lived elements of the greenhouse, the yield of crops is low.

The task was to create a greenhouse with a more rational consumption of thermal energy for its heating, which will increase the productivity of cultivated crops with a higher durability of the elements of the frame of the greenhouse.

The problem is solved by the claimed invention.

In the greenhouse, containing a base, heat-insulating enclosure, a system for irradiation of plants, including radiation sources having enclosing screens and a heating system including a heat exchange circuits connected to the supply pipe and exhaust coolant, according to the invention the heating system is equipped with a heater connected with the supply pipe and outlet of the coolant, and a heat pump, installed on the pipeline, while the heat exchange paths are located on the upper surface of the reflecting screens, and a heater arranged along the insulating fence greenhouse and made in the form of tanks, installed on the base of the greenhouse and parallel with the top and bottom of the base, each tank is made with a mounting decrease the height of this tank were run greenhouses each tank of the heater is made in the form of a prism, bases which have a trapezoid shape, and size of the areas of the upper and lower bases of each tank of the heater is inversely proportional to the target value of the temperature of the external surfaces of the grounds.

In Fig.1 shows a General view of the greenhouse of Fig.2 a cross-section of the greenhouse of Fig.3 the heat exchanger of Fig.4 scheme of heating greenhouses.

The greenhouse contains a base 1, a rack frame 2, a heat-insulating enclosure 3. A system for irradiation of plants includes a radiation source 4, are equipped with reflective screens 5. Heating greenhouses contains the heat exchangers 6, located on the upper surface of the reflecting screens 5 and provided with fittings 7 connecting the heat exchangers 6 pipelines 8,9 supply and exhaust of fluid associated with the heater 10. The pipe 9 to the outlet of the heat carrier is equipped with a heat pump 11 with the actuator 12, and the pipe 8 valve 13 with the actuator 14.

The heater 10 is made of transparent material in the form of hollow containers having the shape of a prism, the base of which have the shape of a trapezoid. The heater 10 is placed along heat-insulating barriers at the walls of the greenhouse 3. Its capacity is installed on the base 1 of the greenhouse. antonym decrease the height of this container, the value of area of its cross-section plane, parallel to the base of the greenhouse, while the magnitude of the squares of the upper and lower bases of each tank of the heater 10 is inversely proportional to the target value of the temperature of the external surfaces of these substrates. To prevent leakage of heat through the top of the fence under the roof of the greenhouse is installed louvered heat shield 15. Position 16 shown germinators (trays) with plants.

A greenhouse works as follows.

The light from the lamp 4 and the reflection screen 5 comes in a greenhouse at the germinator with 16 plants, and released by this heat warms the coolant in the heat exchanger 6. The heated coolant through the nozzle 7 through the pipe 8 and the valve 13 is collected in the tank of the heater 10, and the pipe 9 is returned in the tank of the heater 10. The shape and size of the heater 10 can effectively take heat and accumulate it to heat insulating side rails of the greenhouse. The coolant cooled in the heater 10, re-enters the heat exchanger 6, where it is again heated.

The air directly in the volume of the greenhouse is heated with heat lamps 4 light (radiation) and from the pipes 8 and 9 employees registracii stoves will reduce the consumption of thermal energy for heating the greenhouse by 15% to increase the durability of the elements of the greenhouse and the yield of crops by 3-5% due to the use of an additional heat source and replace the metal register heating heaters made of synthetic materials.

1. GREENHOUSE containing base, heat-insulating enclosure, a system for irradiation of plants, including radiation sources, with reflective screens and a heating system including a heat exchange circuits connected to the supply pipe and outlet fluid, wherein the heating system is equipped with a heater connected with the supply pipe and outlet of the coolant, and a heat pump mounted on the exhaust tube of the coolant, while the heat exchange path are connected in series and are located on the upper surface of the reflecting screens, and a heater arranged along the insulating fence greenhouse and made in the form of n tanks, established greenhouses and parallel with the top and bottom, with each tank is made with a monotonic decrease in the height of this capacitance value of area of its cross section by a plane parallel to the base of the greenhouse.

2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that each tank of the heater is made in the form of a prism, the base of which have the shape of a trapezoid.

3. The greenhouse under item 2, characterized in that the lengths of the squares of the upper and Nienna surfaces of these substrates.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular the production of vegetables in greenhouses, greenhouses with artificial irradiation

The invention relates to a device for growing plants hydroponically and can be used in agriculture

Greenhouse // 2055464
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the structures of greenhouse, greenhouses, designed for the production of vegetables

Greenhouse // 2054246
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular vegetable greenhouse, greenhouses, hydroponic plants and artificial irradiation

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the greenhouses, hydroponic systems for growing vegetables

The invention relates to agriculture, is intended for cultivation of plants (vegetables, flowers, etc. and can be used for growing seedlings in small quantities, for example in individual farmlands

The invention relates to heat engineering, in particular to a device for heating the soil, for the construction of heat and can find application in agriculture for temperature stabilization of soil and soil for growing agricultural crops in suburban areas and farms

Greenhouse // 2055464
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the structures of greenhouse, greenhouses, designed for the production of vegetables

Greenhouse // 2054866
The invention relates to a device for growing early vegetables and plants, in particular for greenhouses, designed primarily for gardeners

Greenhouse // 2054865
The invention relates to agriculture and can be used on individual household land for the cultivation of early vegetables

Greenhouse // 2053643
The invention relates to agriculture

The invention relates to agriculture - container or shelf mushroom cultivation, seedlings and vegetables in greenhouses

Greenhouse // 2051564
The invention relates to agriculture

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used to maintain the temperature in rooms with controlled thermal conditions, for example in buildings protected ground (greenhouses, etc.,)

Greenhouse // 2045886
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to a device for growing plants in a nutrient medium without soil, namely hydroponic greenhouses

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular the production of vegetables in greenhouses, greenhouses with artificial irradiation
Up!