The method of growing plants in a greenhouse

 

(57) Abstract:

The use of agriculture in the field of crop production in buildings protected ground. The inventive method involves planting seedlings in the growing tray with nutrient solution cultivation of plants and the creation of the required modes. According to the invention nadkarni part of the plants of each tray is placed in a cylindrical chamber, the inner surface of which is coated with reflecting material, and the desired light mode create by means of optical sources mounted along the axis of symmetry of each camera, in the process of growing shoots of plants is directed along the inner surface of the chambers and around sources of optical radiation, and the leaves in contact with the latter, are removed. The invention improves the yield on 14 - 17 % due to improved light conditions, reduce energy consumption by 2-3 times. 1 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular the production of vegetables in greenhouses, greenhouses with artificial irradiation.

There is a method of growing plants in a greenhouse, including the planting of seedlings in vegetation latestage and light modes.

The disadvantage of this method is the low light utilization efficiency and low yield of crops.

The purpose of the invention to provide a method of growing plants in a greenhouse, in which energy efcient artificial radiation that increases productivity.

The claimed invention solved the problem of more efficient energy use artificial radiation, i.e., provide the best lighting conditions and the absorption of its cover sheet and, consequently, increasing yields and reducing energy costs.

In the method of growing plants in a greenhouse, including the planting of seedlings in the growing tray with nutrient solution cultivation of plants and creation in the area of plants required climatic and light modes, according to the invention nadkarni part of plants each growing tray is placed in a cylindrical chamber, the inner surface are covered with a reflective layer, and the desired light mode create by means of sources of optical radiation, which are mounted along the symmetry axis of each cylindrical chamber, while in the process of Viridian what I and the leaves of plants in contact with the latter, are removed.

The method is illustrated in the drawing, which shows schematically a cross-section of the installation with the irradiation sources.

Established in the greenhouse narrowshelving stacked hydroponic plant 1 equip mounted on brackets 2 bars 3 of the frame vegetation trays 4 with a nutrient solution, which set the pots with 5 plants 6. System irradiation plants hydroponic plants 1 consists of extended sources of optical radiation 7, for example fluorescent lamps. Netcordia part of 6 plants each growing tray 4 is placed in the cylindrical chambers 8. Sources of optical radiation 7 is installed on the axis of symmetry of each of the cylindrical chamber and attach them to the camera 8 by holders 9. Cylindrical chamber 8 consists of a stationary part 10 and the movable (rotating) part 11, fastened with a lock (not shown). The inner surface 12 of the chamber 8 is covered with a reflective material. Positions 13 and 14 show respectively the direct and the reflected beam of light on the lamp radiation 7.

The method is as follows.

Seedlings or plants 6 you who are in the cylindrical chamber 8, where exposed to direct 13 or 14 reflected light of the lamp 7. Climate and light regimes of growing plants 6 by opening and closing the rotary part 11 of the cylindrical chamber 8. In the process of growing shoots of plants 6 is directed along the inner surface of these cells and around sources of optical radiation, and the leaves in contact with the lamps removed.

The application of the proposed method for growing plants in greenhouses with cylindrical chambers with a reflective inner surface, in which is placed a source of optical radiation and plants, will increase the yield of crops by approximately 14-17% due to improved light conditions and stimulate growth, and reduce energy consumption and generating capacity irradiators in 2-3 times.

The METHOD of GROWING PLANTS IN a GREENHOUSE, including the planting of seedlings in the growing tray with nutrient solution cultivation of plants and the creation of the zone locations of plants required climatic and light modes, characterized in that nadkarni part of plants each growing tray is placed in a cylindrical chamber, the inner surface of the who radiation, that set along the symmetry axis of each cylindrical chamber, while in the process of growing shoots of plants is directed along the inner surface of these cells and around sources of optical radiation, and the leaves of plants in contact with the latter, are removed.

 

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