The method of disposal of wooden shields road

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: in road construction during the development of the inventory of wooden road shields, spent a reusable asset. The inventive method of waste wood road shields includes cleaning boards, cutting boards into separate parts, remove fasteners and processing parts. Remove fasteners carried out before cutting boards into separate parts in the form of logs, each of which is cleaned by mechanical means over the entire surface. 1 Il.

The invention relates to road construction and can be used when disassembling wooden road shields, spent a reusable asset.

It is known that during operation hauling mustache shields gradually fail, then left on site or incinerated.

However, practice shows that of the defective boards can remove up to 90% of fasteners and 60% wood.

Known method of waste wood road boards, including cleaning of the boards, cutting boards into separate parts, remove fasteners and processing parts.

raw materials from wooden shields the entire length.

The technical result of the invention increase the efficiency by using wooden road shields as secondary raw materials by waste-free technology.

To do this, remove fasteners carried out before cutting boards into separate parts in the form of logs, each of which is cleaned by mechanical means over the entire surface.

The drawing shows the sequence of works for the disposal of wood road shields.

Line utilization wooden road shields includes a platform 1 disassembly of the panels, the installation of 2 to extract the bolts or pins, the device 3 for cleaning logs, mitsuhata 4, unit 5 for cutting logs, the drive roller 6 and pockets 7 drives for logs.

The method of disposal of wooden road boards is as follows.

End-of-life and strain wooden road boards act in the documents and stored in stacks 8 in the shop for disposal. Then the shield is served on site 1 disassembly boards santosham 4 and placed so that the bolt heads were on the right side in the direction of the shield. Twist the nuts on all bolts and UCLA extract the bolts. The bolt is removed from the shield. Then the shield is moved so that the head of the next bolt is facing installation to extract the bolts. Thus retrieves all fasteners. Then, the drive roller 6 is included on the reverse and wooden elements of the shield returns to its original position on the ground disassembly of the panels. The rollers of the drive roller is made with screws, so when driving on them loosed shield logs are separated from each other. After the drive roller will again be included on the working stroke, at the beam starts to move to unit 5 for cutting logs. Before beginning the process of bucking the beam passes through a metal brush device for cleaning logs from particulate matter (earth, sand, etc.)

The operator, driving the saw Assembly and visually assessing the quality of incoming logs, cutting it into different assortments according to GOST, using the scale of Otmar lengths. Cut parts are dumped into the pockets of the drives 7, certain timber. Non-standard residues and firewood are sent in special containers. The following logs due to the screws on the drive rollers of the roller conveyor of pokerenlinealibre, it is warehoused in a special pile. Metal items are collected in the containers.

The proposed method of disposal of wood road shields, exhaust the resource reuse, allows the use of the disassembled elements of the shield as secondary raw materials in other phases of production.

The METHOD of disposal of WOODEN ROAD BOARDS, including cleaning of the panels, cutting into pieces, remove fasteners and processing of parts, characterized in that the removal of fasteners carried out before cutting boards into separate parts in the form of logs, each of which is cleaned by mechanical means over the entire surface.

 

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