Method of incubating eggs poultry
(57) Abstract:Usage: agriculture, namely incubation of eggs of poultry. The inventive eggs medium and large mass lay with an interval of 4 h at a temperature mode: 1 to 4 days - 30,0 - 38,3oWith, from 5 to 13 days - 37,5 - 37,6oWith, from 14 to 19 day - 37,2 - 37,3oC, and the sample start over 510 hours from the moment of laying eggs average weight. The application of the proposed method of incubating eggs can improve the hatchability of 1.7 - 2.5%, and the safety of the birds 1.9 - 2.2%. table 1. The invention relates to agriculture, namely, to the incubation of chicken eggs large and medium weight.It is known that for calibrated by weight of duck eggs in the first 24 h of incubation creates increased to different levels of temperature (37,8 to 39.5about(A. C. UNHIP N 1727757).In common with the claimed invention is the calibration of eggs and the use of higher temperatures during the incubation of eggs in large masses.However, the applied method to incubation in three different cabinets for eggs of different weight categories, for which there is a need for the accumulation of such eggs, in order to fill the wardrobes of the incubator. € The threat of overheating of eggs and destruction of embryos.Known developed differential in temperature and humidity mode, used for egg mass 50-57 and 58-67 g (Bulletin of the research Institute of breeding and genetics of C. farm animals, 1988, 108 N, S. 36-38).However, here the mass of eggs is limited 50-67 g, the duration of egg incubation mass 58-67 g for 2 h more, and used reusable reconfiguration mode incubation requires an increase in labor costs.It is known that the currently used mode of incubation chickens, described in "guidelines for incubation of eggs C.-H. birds" (1991). When one party in a Cabinet incubator incubated eggs of small, medium and large mass with a phased bookmark them 6 hours between calibers and at a constant temperature of 37.6aboutAnd the humidity 50-56% in the incubation periods. A sample of Chicks produced after 512 hours from the moment of laying eggs average weight.This solution is chosen as a prototype.In common with the claimed invention is a method of calibrating the egg mass with subsequent gradual tab for incubation. But used mode does not provide the claimed technical result. This is due to the following:
with this technology incubation hatched juveniles significantly the Oh mass takes place with varying intensity due to different speed warm-up eggs at the beginning of incubation;
in the second half of incubation, when the eggs begin to distinguish biological heat, there is a danger of overheating of the embryo.The basis of the invention the task is to get large even-aged young for growing large meat chickens.The technical result consists in increasing the hatchability of eggs, increase the quality of the Chicks and their safety when growing and also save energy.The inventive method consists in the following.Eggs medium, and large masses lay on incubation with an interval of 4 h at a temperature mode: 1 to 4 day 38,0-38,3aboutFrom 5 to 13 days of 37.5-37,6aboutWith, from 14 to 19 days 37,2-37,3aboutSince, moreover, the sample start over 510 hours from the moment of laying eggs average weight.Specific example on Perm broiler poultry and experimental farm breeding.Selected the same number of eggs, meat chickens for experimental and control groups. Experimental groups were incubated in the incubation period on the proposed method and the conventional control mode.In the experience of eggs large mass (66-73 g) number 5648 pieces laid on incubation in 20 h, and egg average weight (58-65 temperature value 38,0-38,3aboutFrom 5 to 13 days of 37.5-37,6aboutWith 14-19 days 37,2-37,3aboutWith moisture 50-56%
In the control group eggs large mass in the number 4620 piece was put in an incubator at 18 h, and egg average weight in the number 9254 PCs in 24 hours. During the incubation period was maintained with 1 18.5 night temperature 37,60,1aboutWith moisture 50-56%
The sample in the experimental group was started 6 h, and in control at 8 h in the morning, first Chicks hatched from eggs of average weight, and then from eggs in large masses.Incubation results in the table.The data show that the proposed technology incubation of chicken eggs large and average weight has improved the hatchability of eggs of 1.7 to 2.5% and the safety of the birds 1.9-2.2%, and because the incubation period is reduced by 2-4 hours, then reduced electricity costs. METHOD of INCUBATING EGGS POULTRY, including the calibration of the egg mass with subsequent gradual tab in the incubator with humidity of 50 to 56% and the corresponding temperature regime, characterized in that the eggs are medium and large mass lay with an interval of 4 h and incubated at the temperature: 1 to 4 day 38,0 - 38,3oFrom 5 to 13 days of 37.5 - 37,6oWith, from 14 to 19
FIELD: poultry science.
SUBSTANCE: one should irradiate eggs before incubation with the light of He-Ne laser LHN-104, wave length being 632.8 nm, power density at eggs surface being 50 mW/sq.cm/sec, with red light of fluorescent lamp DNESG-500, wave length being 630-650 nm, power at eggs surface being 23.1 erg and with ultraviolet from DRT-400 lamp at wave length being 185-400 nm, average dosage at eggs surface being 20 merg in 3-min-long exposures.
EFFECT: higher resistance to pullorosis in poultry.
4 dwg, 4 tbl
FIELD: poultry science.
SUBSTANCE: incubation eggs should be once treated with ultraviolet lamp for 20 sec or ozonized, then sprayed with 0.01-0.3%-succinic acid solution at 1.2-1.5 ml/120-150 eggs to increased the brood in chickens, decrease lethality and increase body weight in chickens.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of stimulation.
6 ex, 6 tbl
FIELD: poultry industry.
SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes treatment of incubating egg shell with mitomin in concentration of 0.3-0.5 % and in amount of 2.2-2.5 ml/120-150 eggs.
EFFECT: increased egg hatching, decreased mortality; daily chickens with improved biochemical blood characteristics.
5 ex, 5 tbl
FIELD: poultry farming.
SUBSTANCE: method involves withdrawing material from multiplicity of live eggs; analyzing withdrawn material for identifying of eggs having predetermined characteristic; treating in proper manner.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing the possibility of analyzing withdrawn material and performing proper treatment.
58 cl, 54 dwg
FIELD: poultry farming.
SUBSTANCE: incubation eggs are treated with aqueous solution of edible salt, with sea salt being additionally introduced, said components being used in the following ratio, g/l: NaCl 2.5-3.5; sea salt 0.3-0.5. Method involves preparing aqueous solution of edible salt by double distillation of sodium chloride solution and adding sea salt during repeated distillation procedure; treating incubation eggs by aerosol applying process, with following exposing for 30-60 min.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in treatment of eggs.
3 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: scanner has mirrors. Ten mirrors are mounted onto truncated cone of scanner at different angles to light source for scanning laser beams at direction of lightening chamber and for increase in exposure of processing.
EFFECT: reduced electric energy consumption.
FIELD: radiation technology.
SUBSTANCE: unit has gas-discharge lamp ДНЕСГ-500, helium-neon laser ЛГН-104, ultraviolet lamp ДРТ-400, germicidal lamps БУВ-15. Germicidal lamps БУВ-30 are placed in cassette of optical filter of gas-discharge lamp ДНЕСГ-500 and under transporting mechanism for irradiation of total surfaces of incubation eggs to improve germicidal effect.
EFFECT: improved quality of disinfection; improved farming-biological efficiency.
FIELD: optics; laser engineering.
SUBSTANCE: assembly has gas-discharge lamp ДНЕСГ-500, helium-neon laser ЛГН-104, mercury-quartz lamp ДРТ-400 and germicidal lamps БУВ-15 as well as cassettes of optical filters of lamps ДНЕСГ--500, ДРТ-400, БУВ-15. There are also three germicidal lamps БУВ-30 disposed at angle of 120° to incubation eggs and IR laser "Uzor" of cassette of optical filter of lamp БУВ-30. Cassettes of optical filters of lamps ДНЕСГ-500, БУВ-30, ДРТ-400, БУВ-15 are decompressed at the direction of radiant chamber for complex influence onto incubation eggs with laser beams, ozone and ionized air and for disinfecting eggs at all the sides.
EFFECT: reduced energy consumption; improved productivity; higher vital capacity.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: installation has gas discharge lamp, mercury-quartz lamp, germicidal lamps, and helium-neon laser. Installation is furnished with infrared laser for deep heating of incubation eggs by way of multiple-mode pulsed laser radiation of proximate infrared spectral region.
EFFECT: increased vitality and productivity of birds.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: irradiation apparatus has start regulating device with contact mains wires, gas discharge lamp chuck, and reflector attachment device. Apparatus is further equipped with two photo-resistors connected to inductance coil and located on reflector internal surface. Inductance coil with winding and core is positioned centrally on casing. Isolating insert is located between casing and core. Receptacle surface of photo-resistors is turned to internal surface of reflector and is made in the form of wavy strip extending through the entire length of reflector at its both sides, symmetrically to edge of emitter. Casing is connected to attachment device through vibration isolators.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in protecting of lightening equipment from settling of dust thereon and reduced consumption of power.