Greenhouse

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: in agriculture, in particular in the greenhouse with hydroponic plants and artificial irradiation plants. The inventive greenhouse contains vegetation blocks comprising a triangular frame 3 mounted trays 4 for growing plants 5, the system for irradiation of plants, including sources of optical radiation, and a heating system containing the heating elements. The last installed under the bottom of at least one of the trays 4 each vegetation unit. The control unit contains a switching nodes, each comprising a switching and two guard key element. The invention achieved by reducing energy consumption, improving the uniformity of irradiation and heating plants and in General their productivity. 6 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular vegetable greenhouse, greenhouses, hydroponic plants and artificial radiation.

Known greenhouse, containing vegetation units, including mounted on a triangular frames trays for growing plants, communicated with cooking nutritious rasia plants of each vegetation unit; a heating system including heating elements, and the control unit with power supply.

A disadvantage of the known greenhouse is that the life support systems of the plants is not ensured uniformity of the radiation, there is a large energy consumption due to the loss of light, low-yield crops.

The task of the invention is the creation of greenhouses, which enhances the uniformity of irradiation plants and yield, reduce energy consumption.

The problem is solved by the invention: reduced loss of light energy lamps artificial irradiation, increasing the uniformity of irradiation plants in height, and depth of cenosis, increases the yield.

In the greenhouse, containing vegetation units, including mounted on a triangular frames trays for growing plants, communicated with the system of preparation of the nutrient solution, the irradiation system including a source of optical radiation above the trays for growing plants each growing unit; a heating system including heating elements, and the control unit with the source electromechani tray for growing plants each growing unit, and the control unit is supplied by the switching nodes, each of which contains one switch and two guard key element, the first terminal of one of the guard key elements of each switching node connected to the first output of the respective optical radiation source and a second terminal connected to the first terminal of the second closing key element and a switching contact switching key element of the switching node.

In addition, the second terminal of the second closing key element connected with the first output of the corresponding heating element, the second terminal of which is connected with one polar terminal of the power source and the first switching terminal of the switching key element of the above-mentioned switching node and the second switching terminal of this switching key element connected with the second output of the respective optical radiation source and with other polar terminal of the power source.

The invention achieves the following technical result.

The arrangement of the heating elements of a heating system under the bottom tray for growing Rami switching allow for development of plants optimal radiation mode, to improve the uniformity of irradiation and heating plants, which will lead to higher yields.

Irradiation plants both above and inside the vegetation blocks will reduce the loss of light energy, reduce the consumption of electricity by supplying heat directly to the plants.

In Fig. 1 shows the greenhouse, General view; Fig. 2 is a side view, and Fig. 3 hydroponic installation of vegetation units; Fig. 4 is an electric diagram of the system of heating and irradiation, and Fig. 5 electrical diagram of a single module with light sensor and temperature; Fig. 6 the same three blocks.

The greenhouse contains a translucent barrier 1, hydroponic installation containing vegetation blocks 2, including mounted on a triangular frames 3 trays 4 for growing plants 5 provided with the system of preparation of the nutrient solution (not shown), the irradiation system, the switching-off sources 6 optical radiation, placed on racks 7 under the trays 4 for growing 5 plants each growing unit 2, and the radiation source 8, is placed in the cavity between the base of the greenhouse and triangular RA is sent to the steering unit 2.

The power control systems of heating and irradiation contains the switching nodes, each of which contains one switch 10, and two guard 11-12 key element, as well as gear apparatus 13 light radiation 8. The first terminal 14 closing a key element 11 of each switching node through gear apparatus 13 is connected with the first output 15 of the radiation source 8 and the second terminal 16 is connected with the first terminal 17 of the second closing key element 12 and the switching contact 18 switching key element 10 of the same switching node.

The second terminal 19 of the second closing key element 12 is connected with the first output 20 of the heating element 9, the second terminal 21 which is connected with one polar terminal 22 of the power source 23 to the first switching terminal 24 switching key element 10 of the above-mentioned switching node and the second switching terminal 25 of this switching key element 10 is connected to a second output 26 of the radiation source 8 and the other polar terminal 27 of the power source 23. In the control unit of the communication nodes associated with the Cabinet 28 of the control.

System irradiation and heating of each vegetational

System irradiation and heating may contain one radiation source 8 and one heating element 9, and a few connected in parallel with the radiation source and the heating elements. Lamp radiation can operate in standalone mode.

To maintain a stable voltage in the electric circuit of the radiation sources of the heating elements of the electric power of the heating elements 9 of each block is set equal to the power sources 8.

A greenhouse works as follows. System irradiation and heating in the greenhouse provides the necessary for plant development 5 radiation mode: in the daytime radiation sources 6 and 8 is irradiated with the cenosis of plants, and at night time wardrobe 28 control according to the set program switches the power supply from the lamp 8 to the heating elements 9, is placed under the bottom tray 4 with 5 plants, and disables the radiation sources 6.

The mode of irradiation and heating plants in the greenhouse depending on the ambient temperature and the magnitude of the incoming natural solar radiation regulate the control Cabinet 24 by signals of the sensors 30 and temperature sensor 29 light off or Rooney installation for growing plants, in which the heating elements are located under the bottom tray, and the irradiation and heating are equipped with a control unit supplied with the switching nodes, will reduce energy consumption by 11-15% due to rational use and increase the yield of crops by 6-9% due to growth temperature in the cenosis of plants.

GREENHOUSE, containing vegetation units, including mounted on a triangular frames trays for growing plants, communicated with the system of preparation of the nutrient solution, the irradiation system including a source of optical radiation, placed on trays for growing plants of each vegetation unit, a heating system including heating elements, and the control unit with power supply, characterized in that the heating elements of a heating system are located under the bottom of at least one of the trays for growing plants of each vegetation unit, and the control unit is supplied by the switching nodes, each of which contains one switch and two guard key element, the first terminal of one of the guard key elements of each switching node connected to the first wynikowego a key element and a switching contact switching key element of the same switching node, in addition, the second terminal of the second closing key element connected with the first output of the corresponding heating element, the second terminal of which is connected with one polar terminal of the power source and the first switching terminal of the switching key element of the above-mentioned switching node and the second switching terminal of this switching key element connected with the second output of the corresponding source of optical radiation and other polar terminal of the power source.

 

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