Plow

 

(57) Abstract:

Use: agricultural engineering and is intended for soil under cultivation of agricultural row crops cultivated on ridges. The inventive Dodger contains a frame 1, Lemeshko conveyor casing 2, the combined case 3 set of alternating relatively Lemeshko-dumping cases. Combination with a casing provided with a rotor 4. To the frame 1 by napahanga field before each Lemeshko-otvajnym housing attached storage battery 5, pairs of which before each combo case there is another disk battery 6, in forming the plan obtuse angle. Disk batteries 5 and 6 are at an angle to the direction of movement of the plow. 1 Il.

The invention relates to the agricultural industry and is designed to handle the soil under crops cultivated crops cultivated on ridges.

Know the tillage tool of conservation tillage, including a frame with a hinge mechanism, Lemeshko conveyor housing mounted on the frame, hung from raw field frame, which is at an angle to the direction of ASCI and cutting ridges and improvement of quality of formation of the ridges.

This objective is achieved in that the plow containing a frame and mounted on the frame Lemeshko conveyor body equipped with combined parts set of alternating relatively Lemeshko-dumping cases. In addition, on the frame of the plow from napahanga fields rigidly paired batteries disks forming in the plan obtuse angle.

As the plow before each combo case is the battery drives in pairs which side napahanga field before each Lemeshko-otvajnym housing is another battery of disks forming in the first obtuse angle, it provides the cutting and transportation of cut layer in the direction of the furrow formed Lemeshko-otvajnym body. As a result, if the crushing and processing of soil layer as a combined case is the formation of the ridge. As the plow is installed combined case, the result is a more complete crumbling of the soil layer is qualitative formation of the ridge.

The drawing shows the proposed plow.

The plow includes a frame 1, Lemeshko conveyor casing 2, the composite body 3 installed striped otnositel Lemeshko-otvajnym housing attached storage battery 5, pairs which before each combo case there is another disk battery 6 forming in the first obtuse angle. Disk batteries 5 and 6 are at an angle to the direction of movement of the plow.

The plow works as follows.

With the passage of the plow disks, rotating under the influence of the reaction of the soil, cut the top layer of soil and transported it to the side of the furrow formed Lemeshko-otvajnym body. Coming after the combined body produces the turnover of the reservoir with the simultaneous formation of the ridge. As a combined enclosure is equipped with a rotor 4, the rotor is the destruction of soil formation and better formation of the ridge.

The PLOW frame containing installed on it Lemeshko conveyor housing, a battery located disks, characterized in that the plow is equipped with combined parts, each of which is made in the form of a plow body with a short blade and mounted behind the rotor, and the combined body has a relatively Lemeshko-dump in alternating order, with battery drives installed in pairs and are located in pairs at an obtuse angle from one another, and one bathplug.

 

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FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves shallow plowing, deep basic tillage and surface tillage (cultivation) of soil by cutting furrows; after harvesting of cereals, performing simultaneously shallow plowing, surface tillage of soil to depth of up to 16 cm, crushing of soil lumps, compacting, leveling and mulching of soil top layer; in September, providing deep tillage of soil on fields arranged on slopes with gradient exceeding 5 deg while forming vertical slits to depth of 40 cm and inclined slits; simultaneously with slitting procedure, forming water-accumulating vessels, holes and intermittent furrows. Apparatus has hitch, carrier wheels, bearing system and replaceable working tools in the form of disk batteries, flat narrow hoes, rippers with chisel, ring-and-serrated roller, and leveling drum. Blades of leveling drum are arranged at an angle α=30 deg relative to drum axis.

EFFECT: reduced soil erosion and provision for retention of moisture in soil root layer.

3 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, minimal tillage of soil for cultivation of farm crops on farm and home plots.

SUBSTANCE: method involves deep mellowing, disking and rotavation of surface layer by combining local deep mellowing of soil to 25-32 cm depth and disking by semi-helical mellowing by means of out-of-phase spherical half-disks of intermediate mid layer disposed at 14-32 cm depth and rotavation of upper layer by means of L-shaped knives to 8-12 cm depth, said processes being effectuated in single cycle. Disking is provided by shifting of layer under process at an angle of attack in direction opposite to direction of backward motion of unit by means of one "from the right to the left" type half disk and backward motion by means of other "from the left to the right" type half disk from mid portion of full width of paired half disks. Deep mellowing is provided along longitudinal axis of symmetry of tractor in front of one pair of paired half disks, which is united with L-shaped cutter knives, and along passage tracks of tractor propeller before batteries of two pairs of paired out-of-phase half disks.

EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage, substantially reduced draft and stabilized depth of advancement of tillage tools in longitudinal-vertical plane of movement of tillage unit.

1 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, presowing tillage of soil.

SUBSTANCE: combined tillage tool has frame equipped with transport and carrier wheels and composed of central and side sections connected with one another through mechanism providing transfer from operating position to transport position and vice versa. Working tools are mounted in succession on frame, said tools are A-hoes, paired disk-type levelers and spiral-rod multithread paired front and rear rollers. Front rollers are pivotally connected with frame central and side sections for adjustment of their position in vertical plane. Rear rollers are pivotally connected with front roller bars and spring-loaded. Combined tool of such construction allows soil to be prepared for sowing of cereal crops.

EFFECT: provision for employment of tillage tool on different types of soils without necessity of additional readjustment, improved preparing of soil, increased efficiency, reduced labor intensity and power consumption, and reduced metal usage.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, agricultural engineering, pharmaceutical, confectionery, canned food, chemical, perfume, food-processing, tobacco industry and some special branches of industry.

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FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, soil tillage equipment used for cultivation of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: tillage machine has frame, rake-type grid adapted for distributing straw over field in windrow spacings. Supporting-driving roller is arranged behind rake-type grid and is adapted for cutting part of straw by means of spines and for deepening cut straw into soil to plowing depth. Upon exit from under roller, straw is ground and mixed with soil. Rotavation drum knives provide for mellowing of soil behind roller. During operation with wet soil, roller spines and rotavation drum knives are mutually cleaned since said knives are positioned between said spines. Roller spines are made in the form of triangles whose one side is oriented in radial direction and other side is extending tangentially to roller circumference.

EFFECT: increased efficiency, uniform distribution of straw from straw windrows followed with grinding and embedding of ground straw, and improved quality of tillage.

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FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, tools for continuous tillage of soil.

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where Vm is velocity of machine; g=9.81 m/s; fs is soil friction coefficient; α is angle of attack of battery disks; ψ is soil shear angle; a1 is disk battery depth; a is flat hoe depth. Rear module is provided with second pair of supporting wheels adjustable in vertical plane and arranged between needle-type batteries.

EFFECT: reduced power consumption and improved quality of soil tillage.

2 cl, 2 dwg

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