Bridge complex for agricultural works
(57) Abstract:Usage: in agricultural engineering, in particular in the device bridge complex to perform agricultural work. The inventive multi-span bridge unit has a movable platform 2 with a swivel range of 5, moving at low supporting wheels. The turntable allows you to deploy on the site of an auxiliary self-propelled device 6 with mounted guns, which for one reason or another cannot be mounted on the movable platform 40 moving along the spans of the bridge device. The control and handling can be performed by the operator in the cab 10 self-propelled device 6. 2 C. p. F. - ly, 10 ill. The invention relates to the agricultural industry to bridge devices to perform agricultural work.Known multi-propelled bridge device, such as, and. C. 1568907, class A 01 B 49/00, suitable for attachment of the whole range of agricultural tools, as relatively light and heavy, such as sugar beet, potato or grain harvester. Strong farm facilities is th farm road, metal.Known self-propelled bridge device with lightweight metal multi-farm. Multisupport farm these devices easy, monometallic and easy to manufacture. Moreover, it can be used already mastered serial and mass production of the farm used for the suspension package of the contact wire at railway stations. The disadvantage of these devices is that the light farm is not rational, or you cannot visit heavy agricultural implements or tools, occupying a large amount.The device adopted by the author for the prototype, is a bridge device, published in the journal "Technology in agriculture", N 1, 1990, S. 36-38.The disadvantage of the prototype is that the entire population of agricultural work bridge unit can only perform sprinkler irrigation and fertilizer plants, and other agricultural work is performed by guns mounted on an auxiliary self-propelled vehicles moving on the ground and condense this and it destroys the soil. The disadvantage is also that spreads auxiliary self-propelled means at the ends of the cars require a lot of space.The purpose of the extension explainig self-propelled means with farming tools while maintaining high values of the coefficient of land use (for economical use of space land).In search of the most simple and easily achievable ways to bridge development of agriculture with a minimum initial cost of funds. Universal bridge mill with a large capacity metal-intensive, costly to manufacture. The first experimental bridge complexes can be created using available existing serial elements. In this case, as for temporary use, and is constantly, it is possible to prevent the use of modern highly effective, but heavy and large-size agricultural implements for harvesting.The ability to achieve this goal is ensured by the fact that:
bridge device has a movable platform with a swivel range of motion of the supporting wheels;
the device has a manual remote control operation of the complex, which you can use being in the cockpit auxiliary self-propelled agricultural equipment (control of the bridge, turning around and crane beams);
the mobile platform is equipped with rack guides the crane beams.In Fig. 1 shows a bridge complex, side view; Fig. 2 is a top view; supporting self-propelled vehicle shown gateline self-propelled vehicle on a turning circle, deployed on the 90aboutis hopper bottom silos hopper into the body of the service vehicle hour with the guides removed as unnecessary; Fig. 4 the same; used hour from the crane beams; one of the crane beams carries a loaded pallet packaging or swayed removable hopper for loading on the vehicle, and the second holds ready for loading brought empty removable bin or pallet container of Fig. 5 is the same, a view along arrow B in Fig. 4, when one of the crane beams holds the weight brought empty removable hopper; Fig. 6 platform with rotary circle, top view, scale enlarged, and Fig. 7 cut platforms along the diameter of the turntable; Fig. 8 section b-b of Fig. 6, an enlarged scale; Fig. 9 side view of part of a bridge device with a movable platform; Fig. 10 cut the bridge device y-Y in Fig. 9.Bridge complex for selskohozyaistvennyh work has multi-propelled bridge device multisupport farm 1, trailed the movable platform 2, moving on the supporting wheels 3, 4, and with the turntable 5, one or more mobile self-propelled means 6 with the set of agricultural implements.Bridge device has runouts operator, in the cabin 10 self-propelled rolling means 6. To the mechanization of cargo handling, the movable platform 2 has a rack 11 with the guides 12 for crane beams 13.Metal wheels 3 mobile platforms have bilateral flange and rely on the guide rail 14, secured to the plates 15 road ruts under one or both boundary self-propelled trucks of the bridge device. On the same rail rests and a number of similar wheels 16 of the edge sections. The other side of the movable platform 2 is based on the low rubber wheels-rollers 4, the moving plates of the coating. The movement of regional self-propelled trolleys 8 and connected with them through thrust 17 platforms 2 is supplied from a motor-gearbox 18 via universal joints 19 and high rubber wheels 20.The rotation of the turntable 5 is derived from the gear motor 21 through gears 22, 23, which transmit torque packages toothed sector 24, mounted on the wheel bolts 25 and forming a crown gear. The reference corpus plate movable platform 2 has a number of ribs 26. Under the turning circle on the base plate fixed circular ribs 27, and the lower side of the turntable circular rib 28. In space is attorny, at the turning circle and inclined congresses 30, 31, 32 fixed guides 33 for the tracks or wheels of the mobile self-propelled means 6 and wheels exterior maintenance of transport vehicles 34. On the upper surface of the fixed platform and limiters 35 value raising the edges of the turntable mounted in their enclosures supporting rollers (not shown).Flat multi-span vertical farm 1 bridge device based on interim self-propelled trolley 36 with the drive wheels from the motor gear 38 through the angular gearboxes and drive shafts 39.Suspended platform 40 with farming tools 41 moves on wheels 42 on the guide rails 43. The drive wheels 42 from the motor gear 44 through the drive shafts 45. The energy captured by the current collector 46 with trolls 47, under cover made of insulating material. Power on self-propelled means 6 is supplied with trolls 48 and the cable 49 is supported by a rotating shaft 50. The trolleys mounted on a frame 51, the edges of which, as on rails, moving the carriage 52. Digital 53 marked the rollers moving in the auxiliary flat plates 54 and providing the desired position of the platform 40; 55 clamped roller, providing n is s, provide transverse stiffness of the bridge device to the extent necessary; 59 storage hopper; 60 removable hopper or tray packaging.The device operates as follows. Moving agrology, bridge device by using attachments performs scheduled type of work, and light agricultural work, for example, sprinkling and fertilizing plants are in continuous frontal movement, and heavy, for example, plowing, cultivation in start-stop mode. The motion is at a constant multi-line track active and productive part of agropedia not compacted.When on the platform 40 due to the large weight or volume, for example, combine harvester to put it is impossible, due to lack of capacity used by the bridge device, the combine put on auxiliary electrified self-propelled chassis, or use it with the serial diesel chassis that are available. Turns chassis at the end of each gona do with the turntable, which can be four: two at each of the regional self-propelled trolley 8. Reversals do as follows: enter on the turntable, vaeinoe hopper 59, for example, beets into the car body 34, and then again deployed on the 90aboutto leave the circle. Reversals occur circle air cushion. Air flows from the auxiliary equipment housed in the body of the truck 8, a flexible connecting hose (not shown). Simultaneously supplied through the remote control 7, the command to move the bridge device to stop the next reference frame 57 by a sensor 56, and after stopping the bridge device in another operating position, the driver of the vehicle 6 slides on agropedia to start a work rut to the other side.In those cases where it is necessary to change the pallet container or change the loaded hopper container is empty (Fig. 4, 5), use the rack 11 and the crane 13; first loaded container 60 is removed and put in the back of the car, and then computes the corresponding reversal of the circle, put on the chassis 6 is empty, pre-lifted car 34, the hopper container. Service car transport moving plates 15 from left to right and crosses the turntable when under it there is no air.At the beginning of the rut of the rolling tool 6 in the opposite direction of the arrow 50 is deployed from impacts is S="ptx2">Bridge device can have only one turntable, as shown in Fig. 1, 2. Moreover, the pivot at the opposite end of the rut should be performed in the traditional way. For reversal must be provided by the appropriate land space.Power supply of the facility are carried out either from the external network, or from its own diesel generator to be placed in one of the edge sections.The positive effect of the device is as follows:
the complex gives the possibility to use the entire Arsenal of agricultural machinery, regardless of capacity and other parameters of the bridge device as agricultural implements, which for one reason or another cannot be installed on the platform of the bridge device can be supplied to the auxiliary ground of electroless or used in the form in which they are issued by the industry with a hinge on the money that is available for them;
a high ratio of land use is due to the fact that you do not need to take strips of land for spreads, electroless with hinged instruments the manual remote control, fixed, for example, suspended lengthening the cord so that it can be used by the driver supporting work tools without leaving the cab allows the driver to manage the entire complex: to control the turning circle, the movement of the bridge device, to control the crane beams, i.e., the whole set can be handled by one person;
the presence of the rack and crane beams, removable from the platform during periods of non-use, allows to mechanize the handling of the work shift bins, pallets and containers, containers. 1. BRIDGE COMPLEX FOR AGRICULTURAL WORK, including multi-span bridge device on the supporting electric self-propelled trucks with a fixed trolleys for electricity self-propelled AIDS and mobile self-propelled tools, agricultural implements, characterized in that the multi-span bridge unit has a movable platform with a swivel range, mounted on supporting wheels and associated with a self-propelled cart.2. Complex p. 1, wherein the bridge device has a remote control panels placed over the turning circle.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method involves shallow plowing, deep basic tillage and surface tillage (cultivation) of soil by cutting furrows; after harvesting of cereals, performing simultaneously shallow plowing, surface tillage of soil to depth of up to 16 cm, crushing of soil lumps, compacting, leveling and mulching of soil top layer; in September, providing deep tillage of soil on fields arranged on slopes with gradient exceeding 5 deg while forming vertical slits to depth of 40 cm and inclined slits; simultaneously with slitting procedure, forming water-accumulating vessels, holes and intermittent furrows. Apparatus has hitch, carrier wheels, bearing system and replaceable working tools in the form of disk batteries, flat narrow hoes, rippers with chisel, ring-and-serrated roller, and leveling drum. Blades of leveling drum are arranged at an angle α=30 deg relative to drum axis.
EFFECT: reduced soil erosion and provision for retention of moisture in soil root layer.
3 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: agriculture and agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for seeding of grass, brush and subbrush on non-tilled lands, such as pastures with natural herbage, including meadow grass seeds, legimunous seeds and mixtures thereof.
SUBSTANCE: combined apparatus has tractor, hopper adapted for seeds and fertilizers and equipped with seeding units, seed guides, shanks, covering device and covering roller. Apparatus is further equipped with rollers arranged in succession and kinematically connected with one another. Shanks are made in the form of soil deforming devices pivotally fixed on roller surface in staggered arrangement. Each of soil deforming devices is made in the form of rod mounted in receptacle. One end of rod has thickened portion formed as truncated cone joined with rod through spherical layer on larger base of truncated cone. Other end of rod is equipped with threaded shank and receptacle belt, onto which fastening members and seat are mounted. Fastening members and seat are joined with compression spring located in receptacle of soil deforming device, which is made in the form of hollow cylinder with bottom. Axis of symmetry of receptacle is deviated by angle of 20-35 deg from roller radius in direction opposite to rolling direction of roller. Bottom part of receptacle made in the form of hollow cylinder extends above roller hosing surface. Roller has guides made in the form of pipes arranged in equally spaced relation in mounting disks of roller housing. At least one point on surface of each guide is aligned with point lying on inner surface of disk. Outer mounting disks of roller housing are joined with mounting rings of ballast cylinders by means of fastening devices and dismantling devices. One end of cylinder has pin. Covering devices are fixed on roller second with respect to course of advancement of apparatus.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by creating stable and high-productive agrocenosis on degraded and tumbledown pastures.
3 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sowing machinery used mainly for sowing seeds of grass, shrubs and sushrubs on noncultivated land areas, for instance, on devastated pastures and meadows with native grass stand, i.e. pod-bearing plants, (including common licorice), meadow grasses, their mixtures, shrubs and subshrubs. Proposed sowing unit contains tractor, hopper for seeds and fertilizers with seed-sowing mechanisms, seed tubes, colters, closers and covering roll. Unit is furnished with tandem-mounted and mechanically connected rolls. Front roll in direction of movement of sowing unit plays the part of colter group. Colters are made in form of soil cutting tool secured on surface of front roll in direction of movement and installed over perimeter of roll at equal angular pitch, being displaced through half of pitch in adjacent rows. Each soil cutting tool is placed in socket for re-adjustment and demounting. Socket is made in form of hollow cylinder. Axis of symmetry of each socket is displaced from radial direction of its rolling through angle of 15-35o. Soil cutting tool is locked in socket by dowel installed in coaxial holes of socket and soil cutting tool. Holes in socket are made parallel to roll generating surface. Each soil cutting tool is essentially stepped trunnion. Group of holes for re-setting in socket is made in trunnion of smaller diameter in soil cutting tool. End face of detachable trunnion is provided with ring cutting edge and conical cavity. Seed tubes in seed and fertilizer hopper are located in section line of soil cutting tool on surface of front roll. Closers are secured on second roll in direction of movement.
EFFECT: provision of sowing of seeds of grass, shrubs and subshrubs on devastated pastures, floodplain meadows and firths, possibility of creating new grasslands.
4 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: forestry engineering, in particular, drills for preparing of seeding place in stump, feeding of fertilizer, soil and seeds into stump root bore.
SUBSTANCE: drill has hopper with fertilizer and seed sections provided with seed guides, screw borer with hydraulic drive and pivotal prismatic grid with hydraulic lowering and raising cylinder, cutter with hydraulic drive and mechanism for deepening thereof into soil. Smooth part of screw borer is provided with disconnecting mechanism to provide for reciprocation of spiral part of borer. Disconnecting mechanism has two single-apex cones equipped with spring-biased fingers having roller bodies fixed at their ends. Apparatus allows rotation of spiral part of borer to be interrupted after working of root bore of only end part of stump.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced reliability of stump drill.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, minimal tillage of soil for cultivation of farm crops on farm and home plots.
SUBSTANCE: method involves deep mellowing, disking and rotavation of surface layer by combining local deep mellowing of soil to 25-32 cm depth and disking by semi-helical mellowing by means of out-of-phase spherical half-disks of intermediate mid layer disposed at 14-32 cm depth and rotavation of upper layer by means of L-shaped knives to 8-12 cm depth, said processes being effectuated in single cycle. Disking is provided by shifting of layer under process at an angle of attack in direction opposite to direction of backward motion of unit by means of one "from the right to the left" type half disk and backward motion by means of other "from the left to the right" type half disk from mid portion of full width of paired half disks. Deep mellowing is provided along longitudinal axis of symmetry of tractor in front of one pair of paired half disks, which is united with L-shaped cutter knives, and along passage tracks of tractor propeller before batteries of two pairs of paired out-of-phase half disks.
EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage, substantially reduced draft and stabilized depth of advancement of tillage tools in longitudinal-vertical plane of movement of tillage unit.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, presowing tillage of soil.
SUBSTANCE: combined tillage tool has frame equipped with transport and carrier wheels and composed of central and side sections connected with one another through mechanism providing transfer from operating position to transport position and vice versa. Working tools are mounted in succession on frame, said tools are A-hoes, paired disk-type levelers and spiral-rod multithread paired front and rear rollers. Front rollers are pivotally connected with frame central and side sections for adjustment of their position in vertical plane. Rear rollers are pivotally connected with front roller bars and spring-loaded. Combined tool of such construction allows soil to be prepared for sowing of cereal crops.
EFFECT: provision for employment of tillage tool on different types of soils without necessity of additional readjustment, improved preparing of soil, increased efficiency, reduced labor intensity and power consumption, and reduced metal usage.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, agricultural engineering, pharmaceutical, confectionery, canned food, chemical, perfume, food-processing, tobacco industry and some special branches of industry.
SUBSTANCE: method involves mowing and grinding licorice vegetative buds and accompanying plants in association of low-productivity licorice undergrowth by means of haying machines to produce cuttings; while mowing, uniformly distributing ground mass over surface of mown strip; providing marker lines and placing planting material in narrow strips at predetermined spacing, with high-quality cuttings of 4-5 years licorice rootages of 12-18 mm diameter and 18-25 cm length being used as planting material; mellowing strips and cutting inclined slits by means of tillage tool; during advancement of machine, moving planting material into inclined slits; simultaneously with planting of cuttings, providing grooves for receiving of mineral fertilizer in surface of inclined wall of slit by means of slitter tine equipped with tiered cutters made in the form of rectangular parallelepipeds; placing nitrogenous fertilizer at norm of 0.2-0.6 kg/running meter in upper tier and phosphorous fertilizer at norm of 1.3-1.8 kg/running meter in middle tier; introducing into lower layer potash fertilizer at norm of 0.8-1.6 kg/running meter for development of plants at second and third years of life; after introducing of mineral fertilizer and placing of cuttings, compacting mellowed strips above inclined slits by means of ring-lug roller sections. Nozzle of pneumatic pipeline is arranged above each cutter. Each pneumatic pipeline is individually connected with seeding unit for withdrawal from fertilizer box of nitrogenous, phosphorous or potash fertilizer. Seeding units are kinematically connected with supporting wheel. Each pneumatic pipeline of tine-cutter is connected with pressure cavity of high-pressure fan equipped with hydraulic drive.
EFFECT: increased yield of green mass and provision for applying of mineral fertilizer to different soil depth.
3 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, soil tillage equipment used for cultivation of farm crops.
SUBSTANCE: tillage machine has frame, rake-type grid adapted for distributing straw over field in windrow spacings. Supporting-driving roller is arranged behind rake-type grid and is adapted for cutting part of straw by means of spines and for deepening cut straw into soil to plowing depth. Upon exit from under roller, straw is ground and mixed with soil. Rotavation drum knives provide for mellowing of soil behind roller. During operation with wet soil, roller spines and rotavation drum knives are mutually cleaned since said knives are positioned between said spines. Roller spines are made in the form of triangles whose one side is oriented in radial direction and other side is extending tangentially to roller circumference.
EFFECT: increased efficiency, uniform distribution of straw from straw windrows followed with grinding and embedding of ground straw, and improved quality of tillage.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for basic cultivation of solonetz soil in closed furrow mode and for surface cultivation of soil by rotavation method.
SUBSTANCE: tillage tool has frame, share, tiered rotavation drums disposed behind share and equipped with knives, drive mechanism made in the form of reducer and adapted for driving of rotavation drums, and seeding unit. Lower part of reducer is deepened into soil together with rotavation drums, which are adapted for rotation in opposite directions. Rotavation drums are arranged in spaced relation with respect to one another, rotate at equal angular speeds and have unequal diameters, with total value of diameters exceeding thickness of soil layer under tillage process. Share is positioned in front of rotavation drums and is deepened to depth equal to half the thickness of soil layer under tillage process. Gas distributing device disposed immediately behind share is connected through filter with exhaust pipe of tractor engine. Ratio of rotavation drum diameters, distance between axes of rotation of rotavation drums and angular offset are set in accordance with respective dependence.
EFFECT: improved quality of basic tillage of solonetz soil.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, soil tilling and drilling equipment.
SUBSTANCE: according to first version, tilling-drilling unit has frame mounted on supporting wheels, hopper mounted on frame, shanks connected through seed guides to hopper and made in the form of A-hoes with adjustable moldboards and levelers, and covering rollers, so that rows of working tools are formed. Unit is equipped with pivotally mounted pendulum-type levelers-compactors arranged in mid rows of working tools, behind shanks in front of covering rollers. In outer rows of working tools, pendulum-type levelers-compactors are positioned behind shanks, in front of rear supporting wheels with sweeps-harrows. A-hoes have A-shaped splitters. According to second version, unit has frame mounted on supporting wheels, hopper mounted on frame, and shanks connected to hopper through seed guide, said shanks being made in the form of A-hoes equipped with adjustable moldboards and levelers, so that rows of working tools are formed. Unit is equipped with pivotally mounted pendulum-type levelers-compactors arranged in mid rows of working tools behind shanks. In outer rows of working tools, pendulum-type levelers-compactors are arranged behind shanks, in front of rear supporting wheels with sweeps-harrows. A-hoes are equipped with A-shaped splitters.
EFFECT: improved quality of embedding of seeds and increased yield of cereal crops.
3 cl, 6 dwg