Y special clutch

 

(57) Abstract:

The inventive special branch closure branches are located in the middle part of the side wall of the housing and a metal shield mounted in the clutch housing along its length, crosses all branches. He divides the interior of the coupling of two longitudinal halves, shielded from each other. In them, separated by branches, are two of the cluster, each of which are connections all conductors of the same level, one of the transmission directions of signals. The clutch allows you to enable unattended regeneration points in cable lines without stackable and existing cable lines without interruption of communication. 4 C. p. F.-ly, 11 ill.

The invention relates to electrical devices structures of communication networks and primarily can be used on the cable communication lines, sealing systems, pulse code modulation (PCM), is characterized by the presence of the linear tract of digital transmission systems (DSPS) signals of the two transmission directions and different levels of these signals regenerators linear path. On the lines sequentially, several unattended regionalnej cable with two or more cables, y coupler. Typical fan clutch imply branching of the main cable is not more than three directions. If necessary, the branching of the main cable to a larger number of areas subject to special (non-standard) coupling the cluster core cable with four or more cables are in the station branch closure. Also known y-coupler for venting a single cable ground coupling [2] case which has a T-shape. All known constructions of connective and y couplings do not have separation of an inner space of the housing is a flat metal screens. Use the last known only in some cable terminal devices, in particular in a shielded terminal boxes for type BM [3] and end sealing symmetric cable chetverochka twisting [4] For inclusion in a cable communication line APC you want to output in one place of the linear cable four or more stackable that can be achieved using a cascade of y-couplings in two directions [5] or by using the station y coupling with the appropriate number of branches (fingers). Station y coupling [6] his konstrukcii, because the pairs in the cable core fixed structurally twisted in polivy or beams, their position relative to each other consistently throughout the construction length of the cable and splice couplings twisting pairs in polivy or bundles impossible, as the main cable is spliced with several cables of different design, which leads to chaotic intersections of pairs in the cluster among themselves; not possible to mechanically separate the pair in the cluster into four groups and screening of the latter from each other, as in the clutch housing, there is no relevant structural elements. All this is not to put in the same cluster station y coupling a pair of one direction, but at different levels of the transmission signals, as it gives the possibility of spurious relationships of the input and output of the regenerator DSPS signals, and does not allow time to be there couple of different directions of signal transmission, as in this case there are interacting transient communication between regenerators DSPS signals in different directions, disrupting the operation of the linear tract of PCM systems. In addition, it complicates the use of station y couplings in wells phone systems, pateena external axis of the clutch cover approximately 50% of the circumference of the joint, on the inner axes 0%) complicates the connection technology cable sheath with fingers and taking into account the fact that the line can be from two to several dozen pieces y couplings, it greatly reduces the operating characteristics of the communication line, the reliability of the tightness of her sheath.

The aim of the invention is a special fan clutch, allowing one to include in a cable communication line several CHP systems PCM in one place or display another purpose of the cable lines of the group of conductors and type them back in the same place, in which pairs are divided into groups corresponding to the transmission directions of signals and their levels and eliminated the electromagnetic interaction between them, provided greater access to the circumference of the junction of each of the finger sheath of cables are inserted into them, which, in addition,allows you to enable APC in the cable line without stackable, to include CHP in existing cable line in any way, without the need for cables.

The goal is addressed through the following means. Branch openings through which are introduced the group of conductors from APCS, are not in the cover of the clutch, and in the middle part of the side stink he crosses all branch openings, made in the wall of the housing, one on them of the axis. Metal screen located in the casing throughout its length along its longitudinal axis, divides the inner space of the coupling into two halves, shielded from each other (hereinafter longitudinal half of coupling). Drop holes made in the body in the middle part of its side wall, divide longitudinal half of each of them into two parts, separated in space these holes. Thus, the inner space of the coupling is divided into four parts. In these four parts of the internal space of the coupling are four added pairs. Splices are protected against electromagnetic influences on each other the metal screen and the separation of parts in the space of the longitudinal halves of the coupling. Each drop hole surrounded by closed along the perimeter wall with the formation of branches of the body in the form of a sleeve, a finger to put in the clutch housing of stackable. The coupler is a compound item, the serial connection of which with the help of a pipe with a metal screen along its entire length, forming a multiple splitter clutch to enable the cable line in one place and two more the Oia pairs stackable, enter through these holes, or all pairs in the first longitudinal half of the coupling or the second, or pairs are divided between the first and second longitudinal halves of the coupling. Likewise is determined by the separation of pairs of linear cables inserted into the coupling on both its longitudinal halves. Thus, the design of the coupling determines the multiplicity of the location of the pairs of linear connections of cables between themselves and with pairs of stackable four clusters coupling. Its possible that in one longitudinal half couplings are clusters of pairs of one transmission direction, and one end of a longitudinal half of the cluster pairs of the same level, at the other end of the splice pairs of another signal DSPS, similarly positioned in the second longitudinal half coupling two cluster pairs of the second direction of transmission, i.e. the coupling design allows you to splice a pair of forward and reverse directions of transmission signals of different levels in one clutch and turn it stackable from APCS in the cable line. Its possible that in one longitudinal half of the clutch are located in opposite corners, two splice different directions, but the same level, similarly arranged in the second the other two cluster pairs different level of Signa in and to the outlet of line cables allows a pair of cable lines, which is not derived from this clutch, to splice directly in the coupling.

The separation of the aggregates from the middle to the ends of the longitudinal halves allows for the selection of pairs for systems PCM from the core of the current cable cut these pairs at the midpoint of the future of the coupling, thus forming the two ends of each pair sufficient to splice them in the opposite splices of the longitudinal halves of the coupling with pairs stackable. A pair of operating links are not cut and placed in the clutch housing in its longitudinal halves from input to output line cables. For the clutch apply split along the longitudinal axis design. Therefore, the above coupler allows you to include your cabling CHP systems PCM without a break existing ties and without the use of additional cables. Location of branch holes (finger) in a number of provides free access to the fingers on both sides, which allows them to carry out the connection of the finger shell stackable entered into them, as free access to the place of connection in this case is not less than 80% of the circumference of the joint.

In Fig.1 shows a special splitter clutch to activate APCS in two-cable l is zobrazen section a-a in Fig.1; in Fig.3 cross-section B-B in Fig.2; Fig.4 shows a special splitter clutch to activate one APC in single-cable line without stackable; Fig.5 section b-b of Fig.4; Fig.6 coupling to include two APCS in single-cable line without stackable; Fig.7 shows the location of the splices in the coupling; Fig.8 the location of the four clusters stackable linear cables and the latter with each other, the section G-G in Fig.7; Fig.9 section d-D in Fig.8; Fig.10 shows the arrangement of four clusters of groups of conductors from APCS with linear cables and the latter with each other; Fig.11 shows a circuit of five containers NBC-12-4 system PCM-30-4 two-cable line capacity h with one special fan clutch.

Special y-shaped coupling (Fig.4 and 5) consists of a casing 1, having three parts medium 7 and the two extreme 8, drop hole 19 made in the middle part 7 of the housing of the clutch cones 17 and 18 for input and output of a linear cable, metal screen 9, crossing all three parts of the hull and branch openings 19.

Coupling branches (PI.1, 2 and 3) consists of a casing 1, having three parts medium 7 and two end 8, of the branches in the form of fingers 2, cover 3 with on screen 9, crossing all three parts of the body and the fingers 2.

Composite clutch in Fig. 6 consists of couplings shown in Fig.4 and 5, the elements 21, the pipe 20 with the metal screen, connecting elements 21, cones 17 and 18 for input and output of the linear cable.

Special splitter coupler has four separated was added (Fig. 7-10) of the two transmission directions of signals DSPS a-B and B-a and two power levels of these signals Piand Powhere Pithe low level signal, Pohigh. In the upper longitudinal half of the clutch (Fig.8) on the left side 8 of the casing is located a cluster of 10 B-AND Pilinear cable 11 B-And B-groups of conductors 15 stackable 12, entered through the fingers 2 of the entrance APCS, at the right side 8 of the casing is located a cluster of 10 a-B Polinear cable 11 B And with groups of conductors 15 stackable 13, entered through the fingers 2 from the output of the APC. In the lower longitudinal half of the clutch in the left part 8 of the casing, is a cluster of 10 a-B Pinlinear cable 11 a-B direction And the B groups of conductors 16 stackable 12, entered through the fingers 2 of the entrance APCS, at the right side 8 of the housing, is a cluster of 10 a-B Paboutlinear sibgrapi linear conductors of the cables, not used for PCM systems (14), spliced directly in clusters of 10. In Fig.9 shows how the conductors are separated stackable 12 and 13 to group 15 and 16, corresponding to the directions of the line section a-B and B-a, and are separated clusters 10 a-B Piand 10 B AND Pithe metal screen 9.

The second option is the placement of splices in special branch closure shown in Fig. 10. In the upper longitudinal half of the clutch in the left part 8 of the casing, is a cluster of 10 a-B Pilinear cable 11 And with groups of conductors 16 of the socket 22 Entrance APCS entered through the drop hole 19, in the right side 8 of the casing is located a cluster of 10 B-AND Pilinear cable 11 B with groups of conductors 15 of the socket 22 Input units. In the lower longitudinal half of the clutch in the left part 8 of the casing is located a cluster of 10 B-AND Polinear cable 11 And with groups of conductors 15 of the socket 23, the Output of APCS entered through the drop hole 19, in the right side 8 of the housing, is a cluster of 10 a-B Polinear cable 11 B with groups of conductors 16 of the socket 23, the Output of the APC. In the upper and lower longitudinal halves of the coupling group of conductors 14 line cables that are not used for PCM systems, spliced directly to the SRO is rakta systems PCM signals DSPS in different directions and at different levels and at the same time to include in these cables in one place several APCS or other similar device. In addition, it allows the conductors of the cable line that is not used for systems CHM or not displayed for other purposes, to connect directly, as in the coupling.

The coupler can be used for splicing single-cable lines when installed on the ends of the clutch cones, when installed on the ends of the caps with two fingers two-cable line, when using a cone and cover with your fingers, at the same time with the inclusion of PPR, can be used as a standard splitter coupler for branching from the cable line. Coupling significantly reduces the amount of work and number of materials enabling APC cable line: comparing the previous example, the inclusion of five containers NBC-12-4 using the model y couplings, with the switching circuit of the same number of APCS using the proposed coupling see that is removed from the mounting at one point turning thirty, two-toed and two three-toed y couplings, i.e., reduced 4.5 times the connection shells couplings and cables, does not take into account laying of additional cable 160 meters Is, first, reduces installation time and allows you to industrialize the inclusion of CHP in the cable line, secondly, significantly improves reliability when the former is the Ktsia makes it extra cables to enable APC in any place of the existing cables, since there is no need to create a place of inclusion of reserves along the length of the linear cable.

1. Y SPECIAL CLUTCH cable communication line, containing a tubular body with end cable glands and junction holes in the cavity which is placed splices of conductors, wherein the branch holes are made in the middle part of the side wall of the housing along it, while in the body throughout its length is set with the intersection of all branch holes metal screen separating the internal cavity of the body into two longitudinal halves, each of which contains two cluster spatially separated junction holes, and the connection of all conductors of the same level and one direction signal transmission merged into one cluster.

2. Clutch under item 1, characterized in that each drop hole surrounded by a closed loop around the perimeter wall with the formation of branches of the corps.

3. The clutch on the PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the casing is made of a compound and has at least two elements with the junction holes connected by a pipe with a metal screen, raspravleny transmission signals are located at different longitudinal halves, when the splices of conductors of one level of the transmission signals are arranged symmetrically with respect to the metal screen.

5. The clutch on the PP.1 to 3, characterized in that the splices of conductors of different levels of the transmission signals are located at different longitudinal halves of the coupling, with the splices conductors of different transmission directions of signals are located symmetrically with respect to the metal screen.

 

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