Building for industrial construction
(57) Abstract:Usage: when the industrial construction of buildings. The inventive internal and external walls of the building, forming a planning module, have the same thickness, and the distance between the walls inside the building and the width of the overlapping times the thickness of the walls, and the modules have a total linear dimension, and all floors have the same length, equal to this General size. 1 C. p. F.-ly, 4 Il. The invention relates to the construction and can be used in industrial buildings.Famous building with the longitudinal and transverse partition walls having internal planning modules (1).The disadvantages of the known buildings is that they have different thickness of the inner and outer walls, which on one hand allows to reduce the consumption of materials on a more subtle inner walls, but leads to a significant increase in product range and cost of manufacturing. In addition, in buildings with longitudinal load-bearing walls are one or two sizes of floor slabs, but they have significant flow valves, as the distance between the longitudinal walls to which they operats floors. This space-planning capabilities buildings depend directly on the nomenclature of industrial products.Known for building industrial construction of three-dimensional blocks, including exterior, interior walls and ceilings  the Disadvantages of the known solutions are overrun valve associated with the transportation and installation of large-volume units, increased load capacity mounting hardware and the complexity of manufacturing. But the main drawback of such buildings is extremely limited space-planning decisions associated with the presence of one, two types of three-dimensional blocks and restrictions in how they lock.The objective of the invention is to increase the industrial construction of buildings by reducing the sizes of the products with the expansion of space-planning capabilities buildings.This problem is solved due to the fact that the inner and outer walls forming a planning modules have the same thickness, and the distance between the walls inside the building and the width of the overlapping times the thickness of the walls. While planning modules formed by inner and outer walls of the building, have one common line is aemy when solving the aforementioned problem, is to reduce the range of products and reduce their material consumption due to the choice of the size of inner and outer walls forming a planning module.The technical effect of the invention is also in the multivariant space-planning decisions of the buildings due to the multifunctional use of the modules and a variety of opportunities for their sections.In Fig. 1 shows a portion of a building of two planning modules of Fig. 2 part of the building of the three planning modules of Fig. 3 and 4 schematic layout of the ceiling.The outer 1 and inner wall 2 may be formed of the same dimensions planning modules 3 or planning modules 4 different size, different from module 3, but having a common side 5 at their simultaneous use in the building. Overlap 6 one size allow you to override the block of flats consisting of identical modules 3 and from modules 3 and 4 are side by side 5.Shown in Fig. 1 and 2 arrangement of modules allows you to place them in one case (Fig. 1) one-bedroom apartment in one module consists of hallway, bathroom and kitchen, and another module common room.the e bedrooms.P R I m m e R. May be taken in the following ratio, m: the wall thickness of 0.4; the size of the module 1 5,2 x 5,2; dimensions module 2 of 5.2 x 6.4; dimensions overlap 4 to 5.2 x 1.2.The use of the invention allows to reduce the nomenclature of industrial products due to
the same thickness of the inner and outer walls, which enables to produce items in a single casing, and to reduce the material intensity of the wall elements can be hollow;
the ratio of the distances between the walls inside the building of the wall thickness, which gives the possibility to use the same sizes of elements for interior and exterior walls;
the ratio of the width of the slab the thickness of the walls that allows you to block all planning modules formed by the walls of the building, the ceiling of one width, manufactured in a single casing;
having one of the General linear size in the planning modules that enables all of them to block elements of the same length.In addition, due to the multifunctional use of the modules and various possibilities of their combination significantly increased the multiplicity of space-planning decisions of the buildings. 1. BUILDING FOR Industrialpolicies fact, what form of planning modules of the inner and outer walls have the same thickness, and the distance between the walls inside the building and the width of the overlapping times the thickness of the walls.2. Building on p. 1, characterized in that the planning modules have the same linear dimension, and all floors are the same length, equal to this General size.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction namely to erection of wall cladding of panel buildings. Set of parts for erection of wall cladding of panel buildings comprising bar beam that performs the role of above-window or above-door beam, and parts of L-shaped form, with height equal to length and corresponding to ceiling height without height of above-window or above-door bar beam. Cut in part of L-shaped form is arranged in the form of rectangle, and its height is more than half of height of L-shaped part by half of seam height.
EFFECT: simplification of manufacture, erection and provision of different types of facade.
2 ck, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: dry-mix method of wall construction of blocks involves block laying with open joints made by laying pads of calibrated thickness at inner and outer brickwork part, filling space between blocks by dispersed material, filling outer and inner edges of wall surface by solidifying composition, such as mortar. Area of open joint filling is limited by pads of calibrated thickness with predetermined parametres.
EFFECT: reduced heat conductivity and vapour permeability of walls, unified technological process, enhanced labour efficiency and construction material saving.
3 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method presupposes basement floors decking, making external walls from building blocks with bearing and facing layer with installed in between discrete couplings in the form of glass-reinforced plastic or metallic reinforcement, insulator. Thereat discrete couplings in the form of composite of one-piece T-shaped rods are arranged in the masonwork of the bearing layer; then internal walls of reinforced concrete slabs are built-up at the level of installation of couplings, rods are joined to the embedded parts whereof, thereat at first, external wall of the building is built-up along the perimetre up to the one floor height, thereafter internal wall reinforced concrete slabs are assembled, then internal partition walls are assembled, thereafter seams in the joint connections of reinforced concrete slabs and internal partition walls with external walls are sealed with expended clay-concrete and/or concrete, and in the couplings of wall reinforced concrete slabs with internal partition walls and between each other with expended clay-concrete or concrete or with construction mortar. Building-up method is implemented by means of devices for check out and temporal fastening of wall reinforced concrete slabs and for assembly of internal partition walls of the building. Description of devices for check out and temporal fastening of wall slabs during assembly and of the device for the assembly of internal partition walls is provided.
EFFECT: construction reliability and high constructability in general.
10 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: prefabricated building comprises transverse frames of the carcass from pillars, which are hingedly connected to the foundation, and crossbars made of welded double tees of alternating cross section, combined during assembly by means of flange joints, stands of framed structures and multilayer barrier wall and roof structures of the roof. The surface of the barrier structures that are inverted inside the building is formed by walls of cassettes fixed to the elements of the carcass and the stands of the framed structure and made of the metal sheet with L-shaped ribs bent at longer sides to form a cavity filled by heat insulation. The external surfaces of wall and roof structures are fixed to the ribs of the cassettes via an additional layer of heat insulation. The building is equipped with channel-like stiffening elements installed inside cassettes and connected with their walls to the walls of L-shaped stiffening ribs. In the roof structure the stiffening elements rest against the frame crossbars, and in the wall structure they are installed in cassettes adjacent to the framing of window and door openings and in the cassettes that form the pedimental part of the wall.
EFFECT: increasing bearing capacity of the building.
9 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to methods and ways to erect and construct cast-in-place concrete frame buildings with different number of floors with multilayer walls that do not require insulation, additional treatment and finishing of internal and external surfaces, from multi-layer panels with longitudinal internal cavities, and also to equipment for production of construction materials, to large-panel folding formworks. In the method to manufacture multi-layer panels, the decorative layer is applied by the method of concrete guniting, and longitudinal through channels are formed in a heat insulation layer. In the multilayer panel they arrange a strengthened layer between the decorative layer and the heat insulation layer, and the heat insulation layer is equipped with through longitudinal channels. In the folding formwork they arrange additional end boards with folding, non-folding and collapsible boards, and upper end boards are equipped with fixators for longitudinal pipes. In the process line for manufacturing of multi-layer panels they use a multi-stream section for filling of formworks, comprising several lines with tilters for reloading and distribution of formworks along the lines in the inlet zone and for step feed of filled formworks from the outlet zone into the stacking zone, and the section of drying of finished panels in formworks is equipped with chambers of heat treatment and a stacking crane, besides, the process line is equipped with facilities for unloading of panels from formworks with subsequent tilting of panels with a decorative layer upwards, their washing and drying. In the method to erect a cast-in-place concrete frame building with decorative external finishing they use multi-layer panels with a strengthened layer, arranged between the decorative and heat insulation layers, in which cavities for pouring concrete are made in the form of vertical channels arranged in the heat insulation layer.
EFFECT: simplified erection of a cast-in-place concrete frame building with increased strength characteristics of a building frame with prefabricated monolithic walls that do not require additional finish and repair of inner and outer surfaces, simplified process of pouring a concrete mix into longitudinal cavities of multi-layer panels during erection of building walls regardless of weather conditions, higher reliability, strength and aseismic stability of a structure, facilitated manufacturing, tilting and transportation of panels.
23 cl, 119 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ground construction, and namely to enclosing structures of buildings and structures, and namely to wall panels, panels of coatings, floors, and can be used at erection of multi-storey buildings with a load-carrying reinforced-concrete, metal and wooden frame for large-scale and individual development, at reconstruction of buildings and secondary structures. An element of a multilayer light-weight construction panel includes an internal frame made in the form of a detachable steel frame containing perforated horizontal lower and upper guide elements, between which perforated vertical post elements are installed, which are located in a row in a longitudinal direction of guide elements and rigidly attached to them by means of fasteners and nodal connections, as well as an internal heat insulating layer and external and internal linings; with that, horizontal and vertical elements are made in the form of steel profiles, and profiles of vertical elements have a C-shaped section. Elements of the skeleton frame represent finished parts; with that, horizontal parts are made in the form of profiles of C-shaped section and also include horizontal connection straps; vertical and horizontal parts are connected and have additional bends of flanges of a trapezoid shape at connection points; perforation of parts is made in the form of transverse and longitudinal cut-outs for shaped metal, plate or wooden reinforcement elements of the framing, as well as in the form of process through cuts and guide drawn ends of holes for reinforcement of a connection node with additional stiffeners. The internal heat insulating layer is three-layered and made in the form of two layers of cellulose warmth-keeping material, between which an internal temperature and moisture control insert with internal vertical air chambers, drain channels and condensate collecting channels, which are connected to each other into a common system, is located; inner and outer linings are composite and made in the form of parts with internal fish joints and structural attachment nodes; to outer surface of the outer lining there attached are external fish joints and horizontal U-shaped profiles, which are covered with an external heat insulating layer. Besides, a manufacturing method of such an element is described.
EFFECT: reduction of labour intensity and power consumption for manufacture and erection owing to reducing the number of process operations related to humid processes, machines and mechanisms, which provides the possibility of reducing design and construction limits, with increased fire resistance, sound insulation and heat insulation indices; reduction of material consumption and power consumption for construction.
31 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall panels and flooring panels are made at factory completely out of unified waterproof oriented strand boards or waterproof plywood interconnected by glue and bolt screws, and polyurethane or polystyrene foam, preferably placed into the panel cavities by spraying, thus ensuring strong connection of panels with filler and high heat insulation characteristics in the joints between panels as well. Panels are attached to each other along profiled butts by glue and bolt screws as well, thus providing strength to the building structure. Building construction involves flooring and wall assembly from indexed panels stage by stage in design mode.
EFFECT: installation of metal sleeves with padding discs on screw piles allows for highly precise levelling of basement surface.
3 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to construction of buildings of multilayer panels, and can be used in panel building construction. Proposed method presupposes that wall panels and floor panels are made in factory conditions of unified waterproof oriented strand boards or waterproof laminboard, timber and boards with rectangular section, interconnected by glue and bolt screws, and of polyurethane or polystyrene, preferably placed inside by spraying, that creates a strong connection of panels with filler and high heat protection, including joints between panels. Panels are attached to each other along profiled butts by glue and bolt screws as well, thus providing strength to the building structure. Installation on screw piles of metal sleeves with padding washers allows to accurately level the surface of the foundation.
EFFECT: construction of the building consists in step-by-step assembly of floors and walls of numbered panels in a construction-kit mode.
1 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, specifically to a method for construction of energy-efficient, environmentally safe structures. Task is solved by construction of energy-efficient, environmentally safe structures of prefabricated structures in form of modular assembly elements, through which structures are mounted on a base, prefabricated panels are used to build wall structures, floors, covers and attached to each other, and modular prefabricated elements are made from light steel components and panel sheet, frame structure of light steel components is made of C-shaped profile and on each modular collecting element sheet material is fixed on both sides, with symmetric shift outward by no more than ½ width of C-shaped profile.
EFFECT: technical task of present invention is a method for construction of an environmentally friendly structure, which would allow reducing range of manufactured and components, create a unified modular elements, due to application of which reduce consumption of sheet material wastes and increases labour efficiency, specifically creating unified modular elements for walls, floors, covers, roof, from which would be possible construction of different buildings and structures, both low-rise and high-rise residential and industrial buildings.
5 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly to methods of construction of buildings of different height with multilayer walls, not requiring insulation and additional finishing. Method for high-speed construction of buildings, in which before forming foundation is button trench with further laying coarse sand layer not less than 20 cm with lamellar its pack, and to form a solid strip foundation is represented by a special foundation unit made in form of parallelepiped, upper part of which is equipped with symmetrically located groove depth of not more than one third of height of unit, and side faces are provided with vertical trapezoidal grooves in chute stack armature with overlapping foundation units and poured with concrete in both a chute with valves and trapezoidal grooves connected units, field on upper surface of foundation hydro laid along perimeter, and then belt units with ledge out of not more than 30 mm, under which laid facing to foundation bricks, and remaining upper surface of foundation in series after waist unit placed insulation and overlap between ground space and first floor. Walls, floors, placing crude units with overlapping and with help of slots and flanges made in face layer blocks, and with matching vertical holes made in bearing layer of row of blocks, with further laying in them vertical valves with overlapping vertical rows, and poured with concrete, forming spatial reinforced-concrete frame, and to form angles of house is angular external unit, a heat-insulating and front layers of which is L-shaped, wherein bed towards front layer and one of header sides of front layer is provided with flange, while other bed side and another header side is equipped with a slot, and angular inner unit, which is made with L-shaped bearing and heat-insulating layers, and front layer is located in heat-insulating layer, a portion of bed side of front layer is made with ledge to interact with vertical lengthwise bonded flange side while the upper side remaining part of front layer is made with width equal to width of front layer, and remaining part of front side face is equipped with vertical lengthwise groove, total length of front part of angular and including bearing, heat-insulating layers and part of front layer with a vertical longitudinal slot is selected equal to width of line unit, to form openings windows and doors opening blocks are used.
EFFECT: technical result is simplification of construction of buildings with high strength.
1 cl, 15 dwg