The complex for production of ceramic bricks

 

(57) Abstract:

Use: manufacturing of building ceramics products. The inventive complex contains gynogenesis, kanbalu with a vertically movable gripper, a set of equipment for processing raw materials, self-propelled trolley and double Decker Elevator, line molding sarcevic products, machine for loading cassettes, rotary feeder cassettes covering ring bignou oven, the drying chamber with the carrousel conveyor tapes,compacting machine, kanbalu with avtozahvat, electroplaters with removable pods on rolling roads, the movable lift for download aubigney furnace, intermediate drying chamber with heat transfer between finished products and raw. Removal system flue gas has jets of fluid for cleaning gases. All elements of the complex have control and automatic control. The complex may be supplemented by the equipment for manufacture of building blocks using waste primary production pool for fish production, additional intermediate drying chambers for side material. 4 C. p. F.-ly, 3 ill.

The invention relates to build the criminal bricks per year with the chamber dryers "Restrospect", and ring aligna oven with the Sverdlovsk production and technical Association "Resortedto".

Undoubtedly, the new rotary furnace with removable ceiling has a number of advantages over the old ring stove, as loading and unloading it with the help of the overhead runway beams, which considerably speeds up the process of loading and unloading compared to the old ring stove. There was no need to be present in the zone of the furnace, except for its cleaning and in case of the collapse of the packages. As a result, improved working conditions. Along the entire furnace is a belt conveyor. Ring furnace Sverdlovsk "Rosorgtekhstrom" is located in a special building of precast concrete with three overhead runway beams. The rest of the equipment traditional mass production.

Despite some upgrading and replacing old furnace, for a new ring resurrection brick factory has many flaws.

Long transport tape, the feed product of the clay rollers to create the most pollution. A lot of unproductive labour: loading kilns and their unloading and manual batching.

A great loss of heat energy occurs during the time isoamsa also the residual heat of the finished product. A serious drawback is the large distance delivery of semi-finished product from the drying chambers to aubigney oven at around 150 meters high cost of electrical energy occurring during the transportation of semi-finished products from drying chambers to aubigney furnace electric, and during loading and unloading kilns using an overhead runway beams, as each flight back these modes of transport is empty. Also suffers environment.

The overall performance of the prototype below 2,44 times.

The task of the invention is the creation of environmentally friendly automated complex waste-free production of ceramic products using the residual heat of the primary production.

The complex is a single technological chain of shops, lines and some buildings, working in a single chart. For convenience of further technical developments and a more detailed description of all the innovations the complex is divided into 17 departments and lines.

The main features that distinguish the new complex from the prototype are as follows:

1. Clothes-aubigney the complex is one common structure in the shape of Preveli with removable pods, loading and unloading from the bottom.

4. The use of intermediate heat exchange chambers.

5. The presence of specialized roller roads and transport for them.

The workshops and the line of the complex.

1. Workshop preparation faction, left, right.

2. Line moulding bricks, left, right.

3. Line loading and unloading machines, left, right.

4. Drying complex, left, right.

5. Line stacking and bundling, left, right.

6. Loading and unloading of the transport complex, left, center, right.

7. Aligna ring stove, left, right.

8. Heat-exchange complex.

9. Shop sorting and packaging of finished products, left, right.

10. Environmental complex.

11. The workshop for the production of sanitary ware, left, right.

12. Workshop for the production of concrete blocks, left, right.

13. Shop for woodworking and production of wood products.

14. The greenhouse complex.

15. Pool for fish production.

16. Switchboard, left, right.

17. The control center.

The project, schemes and technical docusate ring aligna oven Sverdlovsk plant "Strommashina". Production development of this plant are available in the Tula region, Novomoskovsk and, Voskresensk, Moscow region.

The main building has the following dimensions: length 84 m, width 52 m, a height of 16 m (internal size).

The building consists of a main body size 84 x 32 x 16 m and two wings. The first wing of administrative, technical, consisting of three floors, size 84 x 8 x 10 feet, the Second wing technical, dividing into right and left blanking workshop, the overall size 84 x 12 x 12.5 m Floors of the right and left of the shops are located below the 0 to 2 m In the wing are two cargo bunk lift. The total height of the Elevator shaft is 27 m with access to the roof. 5 m 27 m are below 0. The main building has two ring alignee furnace, and they are surrounded by two annular drying chamber.

Between ovens and driers have a second tier, which is the main equipment. Drying chambers are loaded and unloaded from the second tier. Alignee furnaces are loaded and unloaded from the first floor.

Loaded removable pods with the finished product and semi-product are in the intermediate chambers of the first floor. the I in the center of the third floor of the administrative-technical wing.

In this case the building is provided from precast concrete. The building's design allows installation in areas with active seismicity. All systems of the main production consists of two identical production lines.

In case of failure of one or another link in this line of work it can temporarily compensate for the other line.

Overlap drying chambers and aubigny furnaces have technological bias toward the center of the radius, which allows the processing of overlapping jets of water. The same bias to waste wells and the drain pipe has a 2-nd layer and the first floor.

In Fig.1-3 shows the proposed complex.

Shop No. 1.

Workshop preparation faction.

Item numbers and items included in the workshop. The position of the N-1 Remote control. Position N 2 Automatic gates. Position No. 3 Ramp for vehicles. Position N 4 Trabalka with telescopic boom and bucket for loading of raw materials. Position No. 5 Clay. Position N 6 Bay slag. Position # 7 Compartment for sawdust. Position N 8 Rack 2-tier. Position N 9 Tape feeder for clay. Position N 10 Tape feeder dual. Position N 11 Window for the bin. Positions the position N 15 the waste Hopper. Position N Rollers 16 a fine grind. Position N Conveyor 17 T-17. Position N 18 Pit trolley. Position N 19 Trolley ST-19. Position N 20 Cargo bunk Elevator. Position N 21 Top rack.

The equipment of the 1st workshop is located in the technical wing of the complex and consists of two overlapping lines, right and left. The plan of the premises shop and the equipment layout is shown in Fig.1. The shop is basically equipped with traditional equipment, which is located on a special rack (Ref. N 8, 12).

It is also proposed a number of innovations, which is included in the processing chain 1. This hybrid Cranbury with the excavator POS. N 4.2. self-propelled trolley POS. N 19.3, freight Elevator with bunk crate POS. N 20 and the upper rack POS. N 21.

This process chain is used to place a line of small production facilities with more efficient use of equipment. Remote control POS. N 1 allows you to control all units on the overpass, including lead loading belt feeders POS. N 9, 10 unit POS. # 4. Freight elevators may be used during installation and repair of equipment racks, and at the roof of the roof and further repair is N 9, 10 unit POS. N 4, mingling fall in rollers rough poses. N 1i further in rolls of a fine grind POS. N 16 and by means of the conveyor POS. N 17 ready fraction is loaded into the self-propelled trolley POS. 19. Then loaded the trolley arrives at the upper tier And lift and empty trolley with layer becomes to its original position under the conveyor POS. N 17. After that, the loaded trolley is lifted to the upper rack POS. N 21 and is discharged into the tape feeder POS. N 22. Traditional processing chain is characterized by the fact that the transfer of product from belt feeders to the rollers and rollers to press comes with a long belt conveyors. In the deal of extra space and intensive contamination of these areas in the process.

This process chain can be used only for its intended purpose.

The proposed processing chain can be used in the porcelain industry, glass, concentrators, particularly in the handling of poisonous and harmful substances. Unit POS. N 4 can be successfully used on railway transport when loading railcars bulk materials.

Line No. 2.

Line moulding bricks.

Item numbers and items included in the line. Position N 22 Tape feeder ready fractions. Position N 23 Conveyor ready fractions. Position N 24 Press brand. Position N 25 Conveyor return. Position N 26 of the Cutting machine. Position N 27 the feed beam. Position N 28 Burn-in machine.

The line begins with a short conveyor POS. N 22, built one end under the overpass POS. N 21. With belt feeder ready fractions of the product on the conveyor is served in genomescale press. On basically the whole line consists of a set of standard equipment, except POS. N 28 burn-in machine. Burn the machine must record the viscosity characteristics of the beam. In case of deviations in one direction or another, should be made of light and sound signal to adjust the parameters of the beam. The layout of the line shown in Fig.2 and 3.

Line N 3.

Line the Tav line. Position N 29 Conveyor loading raw. Position N 30 Machine loading cassettes. Position N 31 Cassette. Position N 32 Machine vertical movement of the cassette. Position N 33 Rotary machine transporting cassettes. Position N the Guide frame 36 of the tilters cassettes. Position N 37 Tripper cassettes.

The POS machines. N 30, 32, 33, 37 and the tape POS. N 31 are brand new equipment in the industry. They are fully automate the loading of cassettes raw, their transportation into the drying chamber and the discharge from it, and also produce unloading cassettes.

The principle of operation.

The conveyor POS. N 29 submits to the machine loading cassettes POS. N 30 two beam length for 845 mm Each beam is cut by the machine 13 bricks. After cutting the lifters machine load two rows of 13 pieces on the top shelf of the cassette. After loading the top shelf machine POS. N 32 raises the cassette at the level of the second shelf of the cassette, etc.

After loading the cassette machine POS. N 33 picks up the loaded cassette and puts the next empty to boot. Rotary machine POS. N 33 is located in the center of the three machines POS. N 32, 30, 37, who it serves. Loads the drying chamber raw and unloads with a semi-finished product is x these machines. In the prototype, this process differs in that the supply part of the load, transporting the loaded part in the drying chamber, the unloading part of the drying chambers is connected with a hand, unproductive labour, loss of thermal energy and average distance of delivery of the product in 60 m

When new equipment this process chain all the shortcomings of the prototype successfully resolved.

Technical data and calculated performance.

The capacity of one tape is 312 pieces of conventional bricks. Rotary machine has two cells receive cassettes. Boot time cassettes ed. POS. N 30, 32 is 7 minutes Interval moving from one machine to another is 7 minutes

On the accelerated technology performance will be:

Boot time cassettes will amount to 3.5 minutes

Interval transfer cassettes to 3.5 minutes

Workshop 4.

Item numbers and items included in the workshop. Item No. 34 of the Annular drying chamber. Position N 34 and the Automatic door of the drying chamber. Position N 35 Ring road roller drying chamber. Position N 35 and the Carousel of the drying chamber. Position N 35 b.with. Synchronous gears drying on the outer ring aubigney furnace.

Inside the chamber there is a rotating roller carousel. The carousel has a cell for loading cassettes. Turn the carousel two synchronously running gear. Loaded carousel through the automatic door. The equipment layout is shown in Fig.2. Designed annular drying chamber of precast concrete. The joints of walls, floors, ceilings sealed insulating gaskets.

The process of loading and unloading cartridges in the drying chamber is fully automated. Daily capacity of the drying complex is 126048 pieces of conventional bricks. The drying chamber "Astronauta" prototype differ that provide daily performance only in 51560 pieces that 2,44 times less than the proposed drying complex.

Moreover, the drying chamber "Astronauta" are loaded and unloaded manually, and require from time to time manual cleaning. The data of the drying chamber require a separate production areas, in this regard, much increases the distance delivery of the product to the place. Other advantages of the annular drying chamber is described in sections of the heat and ecological function.

Technology is yet 63024 pieces conventional bricks. The spacing of the loading and unloading of cassettes is 7 minutes drying Time 24 hours under the condition of hollow brick.

On the accelerated technology performance will be: the download Interval cassettes 3,5 min. Performance of the drying chamber for 12 h 126048 pieces of conventional brick.

Line No. 5.

Line stacking and packaging.

Item numbers and items included in the line. Position N 38 Conveyor mechanical supply brick. Position N 39 the Conveyor-separator. Position N 40 Roller-radioready. Position N 41 Radioclock. Position N 42 Paketierpressen. Position N 42 and Working platforms and ladders. Position N 43 handling machine closer. Position N 44 Removable under.

Line N 5 takes unloaded the semi-finished product of the cassette, turns his face to one side, makes the required gap between the rows and generates batch series. Further, the rows are placed in packages. Packages are from the site of the second tier is removable under the first floor. The equipment layout is shown in Fig.2.

The principle of operation.

Relegated to the tripper POS. N 37, the cartridge is lowered onto the conveyor POS. N 38, after caesa on the conveyor. After destacking rises to its original position, turns on the conveyor. During the transition from the conveyor POS. N 38 on the conveyor POS. N 39 brick falls on its side and is divided into the desired alignments with gaps. Further, getting on a roller conveyor POS. N 40, is formed in the batch series. Mounted above the roller conveyor radioclock POS. N 41 puts the packet on paketierpressen POS. N 42. The generated packets machine POS. N 43 puts on removable under POS. N 44. In the prototype, this process differs in that unloaded dry brick on the framework is installed on the fixed snizhatelyu. From sygates frame are removed by the lift truck and transported to the snizhatelyu near aubigney furnace.

This is followed by the laying of packages, usually manually. The average distance to bet bricks from the kilns to the place packaging is 90 meters In each shift operates two electric, two stacker packages, one or two of the loader viruscina on the overhead runway beams.

Technical data and calculated performance will be: the time of the formation of the package 24 minutes One package 1040 pieces of bricks. The interval of submitting removable under 12 minutes download Time of one pod 1 hour. The capacity of a hearth 5 packages or 5200 piece cereral submission packages for removable under 6 minutes The download time of a single hearth 30 minutes

Shop No. 6.

Handling and transport Department.

Item numbers and items included in the workshop. Position N 44 Removable under. Position N 65 Retractable small under. Item No. 63 Retractable platform praprotnik cameras. Position N 48 Big road roller. Position N 49 Small roller line. Position N 51, 52 Large intermediate chamber. Position N 66 Small intermediate chamber. Position N 53 Ring roller line. Position N 55 Ring alignee furnace. Position N 68 Small alignee furnace. Position N 45 the Skid truck. Position N 46 Skid of electroplating. Position N 54 handling unit radial movement and vertical lifting. Position N 47 Managing the center.

Handling transport Department occupies the entire first floor of the main building. In three large spans of the main building are large roller road. Large roller perpendicular to the road connected with small roller lines. Small roller line is connected with the ring roller lines aubigny furnaces. Through this network of roads and is all to deliver cargo from one production line to another. Tit removable and bogies with skid truck POS. N 45 from one small roller line to another.

Vehicle small roller lines is the skid truck POS. N 45. It directly delivers the goods to the object. The objects of delivery are circular road roller POS. N 53, the intermediate chamber POS. N 51, 52, 66, Playground empty pods POS. N 61 and the discharge space of poses. N 56. On the Central span a large roller road there are two skid electroplaters POS. N 46. On the left and right spans one of electroplate. Skid loaders POS. N 45 number of electroplaters 4 PCs vehicle on the ring roller road handling unit POS. N 54. The General plan roller roads and traffic loads is shown in Fig.1.

The principle of operation

With the loading area of the Central passage loaded with prefabricated removable pods are delivered to the intermediate chamber of the semi-finished product on the left and right side of the POS. N 51 through loading vertical door. Discharging the intermediate chambers of the semi-finished product goes through the discharge door on the left and right spans. Download intermediate chambers of the finished product POS. N 52 goes left and right spans. Virussecurity and finished goods are parallel. The removal of the finished products can occur at a temperature of from about 160 to 120aboutC. When both the loaded cells are the heat transfer. The heated air from the chamber of the finished product is fed into the chamber of the semi-finished product for drying bricks. When unloading aubigney furnace, the following occurs. Finished products are delivered to the intermediate chamber, and the return flight is delivered prefabricated to aubigney furnace. Aligna oven is loaded and unloaded as well. In a niche is entered removable under bulk product, and, moving on the 30aboutthe following niche, Assembly POS. N 54 removes removable under with the finished product and delivers it to the discharge. When unloading the intermediate chambers of the finished product, the same thing happens. Taken removable under with the finished product and is delivered to the discharge space, the return flight is taken is empty and is delivered onto the intermediate space empty pods. With loading bays removable under bulk product is delivered to the intermediate chamber, and on the way back from the intermediate empty Parking lot under delivered to the loading area.

Thus, the developed technology of the transportation Department excludes empty flights.

Technical data and calculated performance will be: Interval filing loaded removable pods in each intermediate chamber will be 2 hours. The spacing of the loading and unloading of sectors aubigney furnace is 8 hours.

On the accelerated technology performance will be: the download Interval of intermediate chambers 1 hour. Interval loading and unloading sectors furnace 4 hours.

Shop No. 7.

Ring aligna oven.

Item numbers and items included in the workshop. Position N 44 Removable under. Position N 55 Ring aligna oven. Position N 55 and Castles. Position N 55 b Stairs and ladders furnace.

Other components in the Heat exchange section of the complex N 8 and Ecological complex N 10.

Ring aligna oven is in complex structures, interconnected with a single thermal mode and a single technological chain. Part of the drying-biglogo complex includes the following facilities: avtomatizirovannyh boiler, three-chamber alignee oven with retractable pods, two special container to collect waste from the drying chambers with exhaust pipes and pipelines and Acajutla suspended particles and gases. Pumping station for heating boilers and feed emulsion in saivali.

The whole clothes-aubigney complex stands on concrete poles. Under the circular microwave passes the ring road roller POS. N 53, which runs the handling unit POS. N 54. In the bottom of the furnace there are 12 niches, in which are entered from the bottom up removable pods unit POS. N 54. Aligna furnace is divided into 3 sectors. In each sector 4 niches. Loading and unloading of each sector is produced by a specially designed schedule. Small alignee oven POS. N 68 are located between the supports under the drying chambers on the outer ring road roller. Small furnaces operate in a single chart with a large oven. Loaded and unloaded the kiln the same unit POS. N 54. The layout of the drying-kiln complex shown in Fig.2. The outer shell of the complex shall be constructed of precast concrete with expanded clay layer, the overlap of the furnace from steel and lightweight refractories which has an independent message to the Central exhaust pipe. New design of the furnace under the condition of production of hollow brick allows you to switch to a new advanced technology of its production. Ring furnace prototype Sverdlovsk Association "Restrospect differs in that form it is not circular, and tunneling and product download occurs through the removable top overlap with overhead runway beams. During the unloading of the furnace there is a big loss of thermal energy, and electric, as each return journey empty.

The design of this furnace also requires manual cleaning. At constant releases and install in place of the upper floors of the furnace is vibration, resulting in the destruction of the upper layers of refractory masonry.

The overall performance in 2,44 below. Technical data and calculated performance will be: the Capacity of one sector 20800 pieces of conventional bricks. The capacity of the entire furnace 62400 pieces of conventional bricks. Daily performance of complex 124800 PCs

On the accelerated technology performance will be: 249600 pieces per day that a 4.86 times will exceed the production of a prototype. This is without considering the additional production at the small aubigny furnaces in the form of heat and ecological regime of the complex.

Clothes-aubigney the complex consists of an annular drying chamber, annular aubigney furnace, three heating boilers, three small aubigny furnaces, Central retractable pipe and Acajutla. All of this is a uniform structure, operating in a single graph and uniform thermal conditions. Ring alignee furnace is divided into three sectors. Right oven has a sector a, b, C. the Left oven has sector D, K, T. Each sector has a dual message to the Central exhaust pipe. One message directly, the other through the heating boiler. At low temperatures of the exhaust gases can be put directly and also in case of an emergency condition of the boiler. At high temperatures of exhaust gases they pass through the boiler. The entire set of valves, fans, appliances, structures, specific to the sector, have a liter of this sector. In Fig. 3 in positions N 5T, 6T, 15t shows a diagram of channels and valves of the boiler. Each sector has its intake fan, which is pumping the exhaust gases and cold air depending on what was happening in this sector. In Fig.3 in positions N 1T, 3T indicated a flow path of cold air in the cooling sector. In addition to the output vitagliano fluid drying chamber. Message with sectors through wells POS. N 11 and a cylindrical valve POS. N 3 t / h of the Immediate supply of hot and cold streams in the sector aubigney furnace through the canal in the lower part of the outer wall and the holes in it. POS. N 12T in Fig.2.

Gas horizontal burner located between niches POS. N t Flow of fluid into the drying chamber through the valve POS. N 4T and channel POS. N 10t. The output of waste heat from the kilns occurs through the exhaust duct POS. N t and exhaust pipe POS. N 14T in Fig.3. At the junction of the exhaust pipes drying chambers all gas connections are assembled into a single beam and go through the horizontal part of the pipe to okiwelu, where the environmental process precipitation of suspended particles and chemical compounds. The precipitation process takes place by means of emulsion nozzles POS. N 30e. Upset particles and the number of fallen chemical compounds flowing down, and gaseous volatilization come up POS. N e. The scheme of movement of gases and water chemical compounds is shown in Fig. N 3. Developed the project includes not only the purification of gaseous compounds, and disposal of all waste production is"ptx2">

Waste and scrap semi-finished product also go for reprocessing. Containers for collection of scrap and waste of the semi-finished product shown positions 70m N and N b on sheet No. 3 of the project.

The marriage of finished products processed by the crushed stone and is used to fill blocks of low construction. Steaming chambers for blocks shown by the position N 62 and 63 sheet No. 1 of 3 project. In the prototype there are significant heat losses because of the length of gazoochistnyh channels, and separately for built structures aubigney furnaces and kilns located at a significant distance from each other, and also because of the many doors of the drying chambers.

When primitive loading and unloading kilns is cooling. In the new project, all of those shortcomings. Aligna oven and drying chamber are one common structure. A loading and unloading door one. Exhaust gases in the prototype are not cleared. The General environmental situation is increasingly demanding solutions to these problems. An integral part of the landscape of our brick factories, including the prototype, the mountains of marriage as semi-finished and finished products.

New project solves these problems.

Primeneniyu tons of cement.

The issuance of additional products on top of the core.

The use of residual heat for more non-traditional products for the industry.

The current economic crisis and the environmental situation require to develop our industry on the basis of environmentally friendly and conservation technologies. In addition to the previously described design in this direction, the project envisages to introduce some more saving technologies. In particular, over the intermediate drying chambers POS. N 51, 52 is provided for the drying chamber of the second storey with horizontal automatic doors for drying lumber. Woodworking workshop identified specific products: window and door frames, window frames and doors, parquet Board. Wood waste: small chips and sawdust are used for brick production.

Empty transport of products to the company, can bring the lumber. In this process chain we get dry lumber on the basis of primary production. Make full use of waste wood in primary production. And use the associated transport for delivery of lumber. Next t grew pools for fish production. For this flowing hot water from the separator POS. N 31E must pass through the coil, passing through the bottom of the pool, and send it to the waste pipe.

The following processing chain. Finally the waste heat of the upper drying chambers to direct the building of a greenhouse or Conservatory, located on the roof of the technical and administrative wing. Such processing chain with a slight modification modification can be applied across the ceramic porcelain industry. Disclaimer furnace of the tunnel type and the transition to ring complexes promises a reduction of the marriage, the acceleration of technological process, saving heat and electricity.

A big disadvantage tunnel kilns are trolley, which often burn the bearings from high temperatures. The result is jamming, which creates an emergency situation. Removable pods new furnace is much easier and in the manufacture and do not require wheels.

Hearth performance of the complex is: 124800 x 350 43680000 pieces of conventional brick that at 2,426 times the performance of the prototype. 43680000:18000000 at 2,426 p. 50000 piece units plumbing.

On the accelerated technology carried the and.

1. The COMPLEX FOR PRODUCTION of CERAMIC BRICKS containing gynogenesis, the device for loading the raw material, the equipment for processing raw materials, means of transportation, the line forming sarcevic products, means stacking the drying chamber with the site loading and unloading, the means for transportation of semi-finished and finished products, ring bignou oven with a device for loading and unloading, ventilation systems heat transfer and removal of exhaust gases, characterized in that the device for loading the raw material made in the form of Cranbury with a vertically movable gripper, means of transportation of recycled raw materials in the form of a self-propelled trolleys and double-Decker freight Elevator, means for stacking in the form of a machine for loading cassettes located after molding line sarcevic products, and compacting machine, located after the site loading and unloading of the drying chamber made in the form of a rotary feeder cassettes, clothes Luggage made in the form of covering walling aubigney furnace ring from the carousel conveyor tapes, the complex is equipped with intermediate drying chamber with heat transfer between finished about as cranborne with avtozahvat and electroplaters with removable pods, moving on roller roads, a device for loading and unloading aubigney furnace in the form below three closed ring stove with bottom feed opening to the rolling lift and removal system flue gas has jets of fluid for deposition of suspended particles and neutralize harmful gases, and all elements of the complex have control and automatic control associated with the control center.

2. Complex p. 1, characterized in that it is symmetrically installed an additional device for the substrate, an additional set of equipment for processing raw materials, additional line forming sarcevic products, additional funds stacking additional drying chamber and intermediate the drying chamber, additional bignou oven.

3. Complex p. 1, characterized in that it is provided with an additional intermediate drying chambers with heat exchange between the finished product and byproduct material.

4. Complex p. 1, characterized in that it has a pool for fish production with the means of heating water associated with the removal system thomaselli blocks using waste primary production.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to the production of building materials

The invention relates to the construction and can be used for the manufacture of bricks used for everyday and special purposes

The invention relates to the construction industry, namely technological complex for the production of small constructional products from concrete and its derivatives

The invention relates to the construction, specifically to the equipment for manufacture of building ceramic products, mainly of hollow bricks

The invention relates to the technology of building materials and can be used in building materials industry

The invention relates to the production of porcelain-faience products

The invention relates to the construction materials industry, in particular the production of ceramic bricks using dry pressing

The invention relates to the equipment for manufacture of building materials and can be used in plants for the production of ceramic products

The invention relates to the technology of building materials on the basis of natural quartz sand, which is both a filler and a binder material, and can be used in building materials industry

FIELD: construction industry; production lines of three-layered panels.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with construction industry, in particular, with the lines of production of three-layered panels. The line has a device located in front of a stacking filler unit and used for formation of the connecting lock of the filler. The device is made in the form of a mounted on the transversal cross bar longwise - mobile and spring-loaded pushers of lamellas of the filler. Pushers have different sizes in length and are mounted interleaving among themselves. A unit of sawing of the panel is supplied with a tool of damping vibration of clearing of the vibration of the panel ends, which is mounted in front of the drive of the unit of sawing of the panel and is made in the form of an additional shaft with carrying rollers. The technical result is increased quality of the panels joint.

EFFECT: the invention insures increased quality of the panels joint.

14 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction industry; production lines of three-layer panels.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with construction, in particular, with the lines of production of three-layer panels. The technical result is improvement of quality of the heat-resistant panels. The line of production of the heat-resistant panels has a located on a deep profiling unit tool of formation of the outside heat resistance and an adhesive strength of the sidings made in the form of the small-profiled rollers mounted - above and beneath the shafts. The upper rollers are displaced in respect to the lower rollers in the vertical and horizontal planes and are made of hinging back type and supplied with a handle hinging back.

EFFECT: the invention ensures an improved quality of the heat-resistant panels.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction industry; devices for a small-serial production of a building decor made out of gypsum.

SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a device for a small-serial production of a constructional decor out of gypsum and is dealt with construction industry. The technical result is a contact-free molding of the decorative items out of gypsum. The device contains a pneumatic cell with a molding surface made in the form of two perforated plates, between which the space is filled with spherical grains of an elastic material, and a tool to control consumption of gas at an outlet of the pneumatic cell. The upper plate forming a pneumatic cell is in addition made profiled, equipped with injectors for application on a surface of a molded item of a coloring substance and is fixed in the body. The lower plate is capable to move in respect to the upper plate in a vertical plane. The pneumatic cell is supplied with a valve for removal of condensate. The body is supplied with a loading pocket for preparation of a mortar and is equipped with rabbles of anchor type, a metering device, connecting pipes for feeding of hot and cool water. The body is rigidly fixed on a frame, inside which there is a chain gear.

EFFECT: the invention ensures a contact-free molding of the decorative items out of gypsum.

2 dwg

FIELD: construction materials, in particular, production of lime-sand brick.

SUBSTANCE: complex has press, table, group mold with cavities for bricks, conveyor, axially aligned with respect to axis of feeding of bricks from press, and scalding car. Picking-up device is mounted for moving along conveyor to transfer brick from press to conveyor. Stacker is adapted for transfer of brick from conveyor to scalding car. Longitudinal walls of mold cavities and path on which scalding car is moving are arranged perpendicular to conveyor. Cavities of mold are arranged in four rows extending in parallel with conveyor. Each row has two-five cavities.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing formation on conveyor of full layer of bricks for scalding car.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction engineering; production of building materials.

SUBSTANCE: proposed line contains the following stations installed in technological sequence in line: cellular concrete mass preparation station, cellular mass concrete forming stations. Said stations include tray, detachable side attachments on which longitudinal and cross sides are secured, cellular mass concrete cutting and autoclave processing of cellular mass concrete station and transporter for conveying trays with mass concrete. Line is furnished with pore former-dispenser installed between mixture preparation and forming stations for traveling in between transporter for conveying trays with mass concrete is made in form of grip-manipulator secured on overhead track hoist for travel from posts of forming to cutting post. Cross sides of side attachments are provided with leverage for parallel displacement of sides.

EFFECT: improved reliability of line.

2 dwg

FIELD: production of ceramic articles.

SUBSTANCE: proposed drying line has drying chamber, cars to deliver bricks into drying chamber, hot air feed conduit, cold air feed conduit, hot and cold air mixer, conduits to deliver air directly into drying chamber, cold air feed gate, hot air feed gate, distributing gate and automatic control system which includes temperature transmitter, humidity transmitter, brick car position pickup, concentrator and transfer device, all installed on cars delivering bricks into drying chamber. Hot air gate control drive is installed on hot air gate, cold air gate control drive is installed on cold air gate, and drives to control distributing gates hot air feed gate drive control unit, cold air feed gate and distributing gate drives control units are installed on distributing gates, as well as receivers. Output of hot air feed conduit is connected through hot air feed gate, and output of cold air feed conduit is connected through cold air feed gate with input of hot and cold air mixer whose output is connected through distributing gates with inputs of air conduits delivering air directly into drying chamber, and whose outputs are connected with inputs of drying chamber. Output of temperature transmitter is connected with first input of concentrator, output of humidity transmitter is connected to second input of concentrator, output of brick car position pickup is connected to second input of concentrator, output of brick car position pickup is connected to third input of concentrator, output of concentrator is connected to input of transfer device, output of transfer device is connected to input of receiver whose output is connected to input of control unit of drives of hot air feed gate, cold air feed gate and distributing gates whose outputs are connected to input of cold air feed gate control drive whose output is connected with input of cold air feed gate, and to input of control drive of hot air feed gate whose output is connected with input of hot air feed gate, to inputs of control drives of distributing gates whose outputs are connected with inputs of distributing gates whose outputs are connected with inputs of drying chamber.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and quality of drying.

4 dwg

FIELD: ceramic articles production.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automation of brick drying lines. According to invention, line contains drying chamber, car to deliver bricks in to drying chamber, feed conduits, hot and cold air mixer, conduits to deliver air directly into drying chamber, cold and hot air feed gates, distributing gate and automatic control system including brick weight pickups, brick linear dimensions pickup, brick feed car position pickups, concentrator, transfer devices installed on cars delivering bricks into drying chamber. Control drives are installed on hot and cold air and distributing gates.

EFFECT: increased capacity and improved quality of drying of ceramic articles.

4 dwg

FIELD: methods and installations for continuous production of building elements.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method and installation for continuous production of building elements. The technical result is provision of a continuous process of production of building structures. For production of building elements, which are composed: out of two parallel plane gauze mats made out of the crossing each other and welded to each other in intersecting points a longitudinal wire and a transversal wire; out of holding the gauze mats at the preset cross spacing intervals straight bridge wires and out of a located between the gauze mats run through them bridge wires of an insulating body, at which the two gauze mats are given a parallel position in the production channel at the mutual space corresponding to the desirable thickness of the building element. In an interval between the parallel gauze mats place an insulating plate made out of the heat-insulating material and simultaneously at least on one side hand alternately in the opposite direction at an angle in the plains passing perpendicularly to the planes of the gauze mats at least through one of the gauze mats and through the insulating body pierce several bridge wires and weld them with the wires of the mat.

EFFECT: the invention ensures a continuous process of production of building structures.

29 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: ceramics production, particularly automated lines for brick burning.

SUBSTANCE: line includes burning chamber, cart for delivering bricks to burning chamber, gas supply choke and gas burner. Line additionally has scales, converter, regulator amplifier and delay unit. Control drive is installed on gas supply choke. Scales output is connected to regulator amplifier input. Regulator amplifier output is linked with delay unit input. Delay unit output is connected with input of next delay unit and with input of gas burner choke drive. Output thereof is linked with gas supply choke input, output thereof is connected with gas burner input for gas supplying to burning chamber.

EFFECT: increased output and ceramics quality.

3 dwg

FIELD: production of concrete and ferroconcrete, namely processes for producing concrete mass of pavements of automobile roads, tram rail tracks and transporting paths inside factories and plants.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of placing concrete mixture by three layers containing different components into form with its front layer turned downwards; as molding subjecting said mixture to vibration compaction at different vibration characteristics. According to invention in the result of preparing rational compositions of concrete mixtures, its preparation, placing and compaction, it is achieved optimal relation of solid, liquid and gaseous phases in concrete mixture. It provides its strength and increased useful life period of concrete and ferroconcrete products. Selected three-layer structure of concrete mass in products provides accelerated by 1.5 - 2 times period of product solidification in air due to thermostat-resonance temperature effect of self-heating of concrete mixture. Manufacturing line for making concrete and ferroconcrete products includes successively arranged and technologically matched equipment units for preparing composition type binder, concrete mixture and for vibration compaction of products.

EFFECT: improved strength, cold resistance and operational characteristics of concrete and ferroconcrete products.

2 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Up!