A method of manufacturing a lead battery
(57) Abstract:Use: in the manufacture of chemical current sources. The essence of the invention: on the electrodes cause the active material of the bipolar electrodes, dried, form, share of different electrodes, separators, gather them into blocks and set in the casing, pour the electrolyte and charge the battery. 50 to 99 wt. Agidol 1 and 1 to 50 wt. bicalcarata mixed in the mixer at a speed of 30 to 100 rpm for 5 30s. When the battery level of charge that is equal to 35 to 70% degree of charge polublok positive electrode, a mixture of Agidol and bicalcarata injected into the electrolyte in the amount of 0.02 to 0.4 wt. from the mass of flooded electrolyte, stand at least 10 hours and continue the charge. Way ensures longer service life and improve the electrical and operational characteristics of the battery. 1 C. p. F.-ly, 1 table. The invention relates to electrical engineering and can be used in the manufacture and treatment" failed due to sulfate crystallization of lead batteries.A known method of manufacturing a lead battery, which consists in the manufacture of electrodes with the addition of a negative electrode BaS4Closest to the invention to the technical essence and the achieved result is a method of manufacturing a lead battery, including the application of the active material in the electrodes, drying, forming, assembling the blocks, fill electrolyte, conducting Supervisory training cycles and the introduction of phenols in the electrolyte (as well as many other substances) 
Made by this method lead-acid battery has a number of advantages, such as increased battery life, saved or restored its capacity, to prevent "caking" of the plates, i.e., slowing the escalation of the size of the particles of active material.However, it should be noted that the use of the prototype method is only slightly improves the electrical characteristics and service life of the lead battery, it is not possible to stabilize the positive impact of the funds used for the health and life of the lead battery, as the impact is restricted to a small residual to the positive electrode, especially with a considerable overcharge (oxidation potential in this large). All this predopredelilo in practice neprimenimosti this method for mass production lead battery.The invention is directed to solving the problem of increasing the service life and improve the electrical and operational characteristics of the lead battery.With this purpose, make the application of active material in the electrodes, drying, forming, assembling the blocks with the division of bipolar electrodes, separators, installed in the housing, the fill electrolyte, conducting Supervisory training cycles, conducting recharging the battery up to degree level equal to 35-70% of the degree of charge polublok positive electrode, taking spatial-hindered phenol (NRF), mix it in the mixer at a speed of about 30-100/C for 5-30 s, enter it into the electrolyte upon reaching above the level of charge in the amount of 0.02 to 0.4 wt. maintain the battery at least 10 h and continue to charge the battery. As phenols take Agidol-1 and bialkin BP in the following ratio, wt. Agidol-1 50-99 Bialkin 1-50
Comparative analysis of the proposed Spa as phenol take NRF, is the joint introduction of two areas in the battery with electrodes already developed a stable structure, the ratio of which (NRF) provides, as shown by experimental verification, the maximum synergistic effect, which is manifested in a sharp increase in the effectiveness of a mixture of two components, a higher amount of efficiency when using each component separately. The novelty items are also ways of introduction to NRF, the ratio of the input NRF and electrolyte and method of preparation of a mixture of NRF. Thus, the claimed method is new.The proposed method consists in the following.Powders in predetermined proportions mixed with simultaneous grinding in a high-speed mixer-mixer with partial glomerulone particles of the two components. Then make a recharge of the battery, enter the powdered active material in the proposed ratio in the electrolyte is also proposed in relation to the initial weight of the electrolyte, can withstand lead-acid battery for at least 10 h and continue to charge and the next regular operation.Below are examples of specific implementations of the proposed method of manufacturing svinto is the mixer at a rotation speed of 100 rpm for 5 s and injected into the electrolyte in a lead battery when its degree of charge, equal to 35% of the charge polublok positive electrode, in the amount of 0.02 wt. from the mass of flooded electrolyte, incubated for 10 h, and then continue to charge.P R I m m e R 2. Take the powders in the ratio of bicalcarata 25 wt. and Agidol-1 75 wt. mix them in a mixer at a speed of 65 rpm for 15 s and also injected into the electrolyte in a lead battery when its charge equal to 50% of the charge polublok positive electrode, in the amount of 0.2 wt. from the mass of flooded electrolyte, maintain the battery for 40 hours, then continue to charge.P R I m e R 3. Take the same powders as in example 1, but the ratio of, respectively, 50 wt. each, mix them into the mixer at a speed of 30 rpm for 30 s and injected into the electrolyte in a lead battery when its charging, equal to 70% of the charge polublok positive electrode in an amount of 0.4 wt. from the mass of flooded electrolyte, maintain the battery within 72 h, and then continue to charge.P R I m e R 4. Take the same powders as in example 1, but the ratio respectively bicalcarata 0.5. and Agidol-1 of 99.5 wt. mix them in a mixer at a speed of 105 rpm for 4 and injected into the electrolyte with the number of 0.015 wt. from the mass of flooded electrolyte, maintain the battery for 9 hours, then continue to charge.P R I m e R 5. Take the same powders as in example 1, but the ratio respectively bicalcarata 51 wt. and Agidol-1 49 wt. mix them into the mixer at a speed of 25 rpm for 35 s and injected into the electrolyte in a lead battery when its charge equal to 75% of the charge polublok positive electrolytes, in the amount of 0.41 wt. from the mass of flooded electrolyte, maintain the battery for 5 h, and then continue to charge.Were made up of six groups of lead batteries type ST. The first five groups produced by the proposed method in accordance with examples 1-5. Batteries sixth groups were made according to standard techniques (method-similar to 1), but in the electrolyte batteries of the sixth group was not introduced NRF.Testing of lead acid batteries were produced in the process of the trial. After the introduction of the NRF was held control training cycle (CWC) with the definition of capacity, srednerazmernogo voltage and efficiency of the intake charge. After 3, 6, 8, 12, 16 and 24 months of trial operation was performed CWC with the definition of these parameters. On istachio time produced without topping up the water.The results are given in the table.Thus, the implementation of the first three examples of the proposed method of manufacture lead battery allows you to increase twice the battery life, increase srednevozrastnoe voltage by 15% wikipedist electrolyte at 50% 1. A method of MANUFACTURING a LEAD BATTERY, including the application of the active material in the electrodes, drying, forming, assembling the blocks with the division of bipolar electrodes, separators, installed in the housing, the fill electrolyte, conducting Supervisory training cycles and the introduction of phenols, characterized in that as phenol take spatial-hindered phenol, mix it in the mixer at a speed of 30 to 100 rpm./C for 5 to 30, enter it into the electrolyte when the battery level of charge that is equal to 35 to 70% degree of charge polublok positive electrode in an amount of 0.02 to 0.4 by weight of flooded electrolyte, stand at least 10 hours and continue the charge.2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that as phenols take Agidol-1 and bialkin BP in the following ratio, wt.Agidol-1 50 99
Bialkin 1 50
FIELD: chemical current supplies; electrolytes used for lead-acid batteries.
SUBSTANCE: electrolyte is doped with polyacrylamide in the amount of 0.001 to 6.0 mass percent per amount of electrolyte. Polyacrylamide added to electrolyte depends for its action on its coagulating properties and on increase of electrolyte viscosity which holds powdered active masses and products of reaction on electrolyte surface thereby preventing their fall-down, creeping, and wash-out. Polyacrylamide is introduced in the form of its aqueous solution before or after battery is filled with electrolyte to function as its additive.
EFFECT: improved operating characteristics and enhanced service life of batteries.
FIELD: electrical engineering; chemical current sources; production of lead-acid cells, additives for sulfuric-acid electrolytes in particular.
SUBSTANCE: proposed additive is made from mixture of sulfate of metal with phosphonocarboxylic acids and aminoalkylphosphonic or hydroxyalkylene diphosphonous acids in diluted sulfuric-acid medium at pH no more than 0.8 and total content of phosphonous acids equal to 0.001-0.015 mass-% and metal sulfate of 10-18 mass-%. Additive may additionally include fluorine-containing surfactants in the amount of 0.01-0.1 mass-%. Proposed additive is used for excluding sulfitation of plates of lead-acid cells and restoration of sulfated storage batteries.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
5 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: electrical engineering; lead battery manufacture.
SUBSTANCE: proposed lead battery has strengthened active material on its positive plate thereby enhancing its utilization efficiency at low internal resistance of battery. Novelty is that only positive plates hold in their voids gel-like sulfuric-acid electrolyte and remaining space of battery is filled with liquid sulfuric acid electrolyte.
EFFECT: enlarged service life of battery.
1 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method for preparing electrolyte aqueous component for chemical current supply includes magnetization of distilled water for which purpose permanent magnet is immersed in the latter, then water is heated to boiling temperature, and boiling water is doped with animal-origin substrate in the amount of 5 to 8 g per 1 liter of water and boiled for 20 - 30 minutes, whereupon vegetable-origin oil in the amount of 15 - 20 ml per 1 liter of water and vegetable-origin resin in the amount of 20 - 25 ml per 1 liter of water are added thereto, and boiling is continued for 5 - 10 minutes; then solution obtained is cooled down and filtered off.
EFFECT: enhanced power characteristics of battery.
4 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method is used for reconditioning lead battery cells filled with sulfuric acid based electrolyte using additive based on aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide, saccharides, and/or aldehydes, or their derivatives. Novelty is that lead battery is alternately or periodically charged and discharged in the course of electrochemical reconditioning of cells upon its treatment with some reconditioning additives based on aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide and after main charge. Battery is charged to full possible level by current amounting to 1.1-4% of rated value and its discharge is conducted with current of 0.01-5% of rated capacity of cell or battery; as an alternative, battery is charged in two phases by current of constant magnitude. Discharge below admissible value is conducted by current amounting to 1 to 4% of rated capacity followed by charging with current amounting to 3-10% of battery capacity until voltage per cell or per any cell of battery is reduced to 1.6 V. In the process battery acquires 10-15% of its rated capacity; entire procedure is repeated two to five times. Reconditioning additive has 1 to 70 ml of sulfuric acid at density of 1 to 1.32 g·cm-3, 0.1 to 10 g of saccharides in the form of solid material and/or aldehydes, or their derivatives, 0.1 to 10 g of sodium and/or potassium bicarbonate, and/or at least one hydroxide out of group of alkali metals in the form of solid material, and 0.1 to 20 g (better 0.5 to 2 g) of disulfonic acid dinaphthyl methane disodium salt per every liter of hydrogen peroxide aqueous solution. Reconditioning additive can also incorporate 0.1 to 10 g of sodium perborate and/or tetraborate, and/or pyrophosphate in the form of solid material.
EFFECT: enhanced battery capacity exceeding primary rated value.
11 cl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention is attributed to lead batteries (AB). In this invention lead AB contains group of plates fitted into accumulator jar and ionogen introduced in it for plate group saturating with ionogen with simultaneous forming processing. Here lead AB is adapted to be used partly charged when charge condition is limited within interval from exceeding 70% to less than 100%. Plate group is formed by package consisting of large number of negative electrode bases including grid bases filled with active material of negative electrodes, of large number of positive electrode bases including grid bases filled with active material of positive electrodes and porous separator located between negative electrode bases and positive electrode bases. Ionogen contains at least one kind of ions selected from group consisting of aluminium ions, selenium ions and titanium ions.
EFFECT: creation of lead battery suitable to be used in partly charged condition.
23 cl, 9 tbl, 71 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compounds of formula I, production and use thereof to obtain corresponding organophosphinates [Kt]z+ z[(CnHmF2n+1-m)xPCIyF6.x.y]- (I) where [Kt]z+ is an organic cation of formula (1) [NR4]' (1) where R is an optionally phenyl-substituted linear C1-4-alkyl; formula (2) [PR2 4]+ (2) where R2 is independently C6-14-alkyl; or formula (6) [HetN]z+ (6), where HetNz+ is a heterocyclic cation selected from a group comprising imidazolium, pyrazolium, dihydroimidazolium, pyrrolidinium, triazolium, pyridinium, pyridazinium, pyrimidinium, piperidinium, piperazinium, pyrazinium, R1,-R4, denote H or C1-10-alkyl; n=1-4, m=0 to 2n+1, x=1-4, y=1, z=1-2, under the condition that x+y<5.
EFFECT: novel compounds, a method of producing said compounds and use of said compounds to obtain valuable compounds are disclosed.
12 cl, 10 ex
SUBSTANCE: as halogenide of another element, potassium bromide is taken at the following ratio of components (wt %): lithium nitrate 76.5…73.5; potassium bromide 23.5…26.5.
EFFECT: reduced temperature of melting and specific enthalpy of melting, which reduces power inputs for putting electrolyte into working condition and expands temperature range of electrolyte usage.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical current sources, particularly to compositions of electrolytes, used in lead-acid accumulators, and can be used for production of accumulator batteries for electric vehicles, automobiles with combined power plant, as well as for vehicles with traditional petrol engine. Electrolyte contains, wt %: borate methylphosphite 0.6-0.8, perfluoropolyether acids flouranhydrides with molecular weight of 800-1,000 0.1-0.3, Chitosan 0.1-0.3, sulphuric acid 20.0-30.0, and distilled water up to 100.
EFFECT: technical result is improved electrical and operating characteristics of lead accumulator, as well as increasing its service life.
1 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex
FIELD: electrical engineering; lead-acid batteries.
SUBSTANCE: according to first design alternate, lead-acid battery plate that has lead covered current-deflecting base uses aluminum or its alloys, or magnesium or its alloys, or titanium or its alloys as current-deflecting base, porosity of lead covering current-deflecting base closed with respect to the latter being 5 - 70%. In addition, current-deflecting base may be covered with lead or its alloys incorporating calcium, zinc, silver, and tin, porosity of lead or its alloys incorporating calcium, zinc, silver, and tin covering current-deflecting closed with respect to the latter being 5 - 70%. According to second design alternate, lead-acid battery plate that has lead covered current-deflecting base uses aluminum or its alloys, or magnesium and its alloys, or titanium and its alloys as current-deflecting base and in addition lead is covered with lead dioxide, porosity of lead applied to current deflecting base and that of lead dioxide applied to lead closed with respect to current-deflecting base being 5 - 70%. In addition, current-deflecting base may be covered with lead or its alloys incorporating calcium, zinc, silver, and tin, porosity of lead or its alloys incorporating calcium, zinc, silver, and tin closed with respect to current-deflecting base being 5 - 70%.
EFFECT: enhanced specific energy and service life of battery, enhanced mechanical strength of plate due to improved adhesive properties of lead covering current-deflecting base of plate.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: electrical engineering; lead-acid storage batteries for operation under severe conditions.
SUBSTANCE: proposed storage battery has case with sockets to receive cylindrical cells with wound electrodes spaced apart by means of separating band with fixed electrolyte; cells are interconnected to form triple nonsplit blocks and placed horizontally; contact lugs of different polarities are brought out in each cell of block to opposite ends of electrode rolls and groups of lugs of adjacent cells are interconnected within block by means of contact disks produced by means of saddle-joint split steel casting mold disposed in areas where lugs are converging. Battery is provided with extremely compact switching system.
EFFECT: optimized current distribution on electrode area, enhanced use factor of active material, augmented gas recombination process in interelectrode space.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: electrical engineering; lead-acid battery manufacture.
SUBSTANCE: novelty is that each cell is provided with separate heat-transfer apparatus incorporating two shutoff check valves and float-valve assembly; all heat-transfer apparatuses are connected to electrolyte tank using parallel circuit arrangement; hydraulic circuit has vacuum pump communicating with electrolyte tank and is also provided with set of adjustable valves designed for instant change-over of gas and liquid flows; gas analyzer is installed at hydraulic circuit outlet.
EFFECT: enhanced precision of electrolyte density, temperature, and level equalization, reduced time for parts treatment in manufacture.
1 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: production of lead batteries.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device for sealing cell-to-cell connections of lead batteries has transfer molds joined with baseplate 7 and provided with closing mechanism; it also has plasticizing and injection mechanism with injection bushing 7, transfer molds made in the form of two platforms 1 and 2 for reciprocating whose butt-end surfaces are made in the form of closed loop for closing with surface of injection bushing 15 and with surfaces of battery cell-to-cell connections.
EFFECT: enhanced tightness of closed space between transfer mold and cell-to-cell connections in pouring molten metal.
1 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: electrical engineering; storage battery manufacture.
SUBSTANCE: proposed storage battery has case accommodating two groups of cells and common cover with terminal leads connected to binding posts; cover is provided with two conducting jumpers of which one interconnects positive binding posts of cell groups and other one, negative binding posts of cell groups; each conducting jumper is connected to terminal lead, or cover is provided with one conducting jumper interconnecting positive binding post of one cell group and negative binding post of other cell group which are not connected to terminal leads. In this way voltage of one value or of twice as high value is built up across battery depending on cover used.
EFFECT: enlarged functional capabilities.
1 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: electric engineering, in particular, restoration of accumulator batteries.
SUBSTANCE: in the method for restoration of lead accumulators, for assembling a unit of electrode semi-blocks, separators restored after disassembly of used accumulators are used by cleaning their surface from products of electrolytic transfer mechanically and boiling them in distilled water for 5 minutes.
EFFECT: increased service time and outputted capacity of restored accumulators, decreased self-discharge of same, material savings and full usage of source material.
FIELD: bipolar electrodes for lead storage battery.
SUBSTANCE: proposed electrode for bipolar storage cell or battery has plate-like body made of cured polymeric resin incorporating titanium suboxide particles or other electricity conducting dispersed material disposed to form electric circuits. Methods are also proposed for manufacturing pore-free electrode and for testing it for porosity.
EFFECT: reduced electrical resistance, adequate mechanical strength and enhanced electrochemical corrosion resistance.
46 cl, 2 ex
FIELD: electrical engineering; lead batteries for deep-water apparatuses.
SUBSTANCE: proposed sealed lead battery has tank made of thermoelastic elastometer material characterized in relative elongation of 150-650% and Shore hardness A: 35-90; tank is filled with gelatinous sulfuric acid electrolyte. Tank compression without its destruction is ensured at high hydrostatic pressure dispensing with pressurizer and valve. Tank compression will contribute to collapse of gas channels in gelatinous electrolyte and to its partial destruction which will reduce internal resistance of battery when the latter is immersed in deep water. Specific power characteristics of battery are enhanced by 1.5 to 1.6 times.
EFFECT: enhanced discharge characteristics and specific power characteristics of battery.
1 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: electrical engineering; recovering storage batteries.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method for recovering lead storage batteries includes washing of active material covering positive plates and grid with distilled water, its drying, crushing, heat treatment at temperature of 450 - 500 °C to yellow color, whereupon paste is prepared by mixing powder with distilled water followed by addition of sulfuric acid solution of 1.40 g/cm3 specific gravity while intensively stirring it, its rubbing into plate in single operation, and compacting by rolling it first between rubber rolls, drying out at 120 °C for 20 - 25 s or weathering for 4 - 6 min, repeated rolling between rolls wrapped in gauze; ready plates are exposed to temperature of 45 - 50 °C and air humidity of minimum 95 % for 16 - 18 h, then held at same temperature and humidity reduced to 76 % for another 20 h, and dried out at temperature of 68 - 70 °C and air humidity of maximum 20 % for 12 - 14 h; negative plates with swollen active material are recovered without removal of active material from grids by compressing them with canvas spacers; prior to compressing negative plates are held in sulfuric acid of 1.83 g/cm3 specific gravity at temperature of 50 - 60 °C for 25 - 26 h, washed in distilled water, air-dried for 25- 26 h, washed with distilled water, air-dried for 1 - 2 h, and charged upon assembling the battery.
EFFECT: extended service life of recovered batteries, reduced their self-discharge and material input, enhanced use factor of source material.
1 cl, 1 tbl