A method of manufacturing a lead battery

 

(57) Abstract:

Use: in the manufacture of chemical current sources. The essence of the invention: on the electrodes cause the active material of the bipolar electrodes, dried, form, share of different electrodes, separators, gather them into blocks and set in the casing, pour the electrolyte and charge the battery. 50 to 99 wt. Agidol 1 and 1 to 50 wt. bicalcarata mixed in the mixer at a speed of 30 to 100 rpm for 5 30s. When the battery level of charge that is equal to 35 to 70% degree of charge polublok positive electrode, a mixture of Agidol and bicalcarata injected into the electrolyte in the amount of 0.02 to 0.4 wt. from the mass of flooded electrolyte, stand at least 10 hours and continue the charge. Way ensures longer service life and improve the electrical and operational characteristics of the battery. 1 C. p. F.-ly, 1 table.

The invention relates to electrical engineering and can be used in the manufacture and treatment" failed due to sulfate crystallization of lead batteries.

A known method of manufacturing a lead battery, which consists in the manufacture of electrodes with the addition of a negative electrode BaS4

Closest to the invention to the technical essence and the achieved result is a method of manufacturing a lead battery, including the application of the active material in the electrodes, drying, forming, assembling the blocks, fill electrolyte, conducting Supervisory training cycles and the introduction of phenols in the electrolyte (as well as many other substances) [2]

Made by this method lead-acid battery has a number of advantages, such as increased battery life, saved or restored its capacity, to prevent "caking" of the plates, i.e., slowing the escalation of the size of the particles of active material.

However, it should be noted that the use of the prototype method is only slightly improves the electrical characteristics and service life of the lead battery, it is not possible to stabilize the positive impact of the funds used for the health and life of the lead battery, as the impact is restricted to a small residual to the positive electrode, especially with a considerable overcharge (oxidation potential in this large). All this predopredelilo in practice neprimenimosti this method for mass production lead battery.

The invention is directed to solving the problem of increasing the service life and improve the electrical and operational characteristics of the lead battery.

With this purpose, make the application of active material in the electrodes, drying, forming, assembling the blocks with the division of bipolar electrodes, separators, installed in the housing, the fill electrolyte, conducting Supervisory training cycles, conducting recharging the battery up to degree level equal to 35-70% of the degree of charge polublok positive electrode, taking spatial-hindered phenol (NRF), mix it in the mixer at a speed of about 30-100/C for 5-30 s, enter it into the electrolyte upon reaching above the level of charge in the amount of 0.02 to 0.4 wt. maintain the battery at least 10 h and continue to charge the battery. As phenols take Agidol-1 and bialkin BP in the following ratio, wt. Agidol-1 50-99 Bialkin 1-50

Comparative analysis of the proposed Spa as phenol take NRF, is the joint introduction of two areas in the battery with electrodes already developed a stable structure, the ratio of which (NRF) provides, as shown by experimental verification, the maximum synergistic effect, which is manifested in a sharp increase in the effectiveness of a mixture of two components, a higher amount of efficiency when using each component separately. The novelty items are also ways of introduction to NRF, the ratio of the input NRF and electrolyte and method of preparation of a mixture of NRF. Thus, the claimed method is new.

The proposed method consists in the following.

Powders in predetermined proportions mixed with simultaneous grinding in a high-speed mixer-mixer with partial glomerulone particles of the two components. Then make a recharge of the battery, enter the powdered active material in the proposed ratio in the electrolyte is also proposed in relation to the initial weight of the electrolyte, can withstand lead-acid battery for at least 10 h and continue to charge and the next regular operation.

Below are examples of specific implementations of the proposed method of manufacturing svinto is the mixer at a rotation speed of 100 rpm for 5 s and injected into the electrolyte in a lead battery when its degree of charge, equal to 35% of the charge polublok positive electrode, in the amount of 0.02 wt. from the mass of flooded electrolyte, incubated for 10 h, and then continue to charge.

P R I m m e R 2. Take the powders in the ratio of bicalcarata 25 wt. and Agidol-1 75 wt. mix them in a mixer at a speed of 65 rpm for 15 s and also injected into the electrolyte in a lead battery when its charge equal to 50% of the charge polublok positive electrode, in the amount of 0.2 wt. from the mass of flooded electrolyte, maintain the battery for 40 hours, then continue to charge.

P R I m e R 3. Take the same powders as in example 1, but the ratio of, respectively, 50 wt. each, mix them into the mixer at a speed of 30 rpm for 30 s and injected into the electrolyte in a lead battery when its charging, equal to 70% of the charge polublok positive electrode in an amount of 0.4 wt. from the mass of flooded electrolyte, maintain the battery within 72 h, and then continue to charge.

P R I m e R 4. Take the same powders as in example 1, but the ratio respectively bicalcarata 0.5. and Agidol-1 of 99.5 wt. mix them in a mixer at a speed of 105 rpm for 4 and injected into the electrolyte with the number of 0.015 wt. from the mass of flooded electrolyte, maintain the battery for 9 hours, then continue to charge.

P R I m e R 5. Take the same powders as in example 1, but the ratio respectively bicalcarata 51 wt. and Agidol-1 49 wt. mix them into the mixer at a speed of 25 rpm for 35 s and injected into the electrolyte in a lead battery when its charge equal to 75% of the charge polublok positive electrolytes, in the amount of 0.41 wt. from the mass of flooded electrolyte, maintain the battery for 5 h, and then continue to charge.

Were made up of six groups of lead batteries type ST. The first five groups produced by the proposed method in accordance with examples 1-5. Batteries sixth groups were made according to standard techniques (method-similar to 1), but in the electrolyte batteries of the sixth group was not introduced NRF.

Testing of lead acid batteries were produced in the process of the trial. After the introduction of the NRF was held control training cycle (CWC) with the definition of capacity, srednerazmernogo voltage and efficiency of the intake charge. After 3, 6, 8, 12, 16 and 24 months of trial operation was performed CWC with the definition of these parameters. On istachio time produced without topping up the water.

The results are given in the table.

Thus, the implementation of the first three examples of the proposed method of manufacture lead battery allows you to increase twice the battery life, increase srednevozrastnoe voltage by 15% wikipedist electrolyte at 50%

1. A method of MANUFACTURING a LEAD BATTERY, including the application of the active material in the electrodes, drying, forming, assembling the blocks with the division of bipolar electrodes, separators, installed in the housing, the fill electrolyte, conducting Supervisory training cycles and the introduction of phenols, characterized in that as phenol take spatial-hindered phenol, mix it in the mixer at a speed of 30 to 100 rpm./C for 5 to 30, enter it into the electrolyte when the battery level of charge that is equal to 35 to 70% degree of charge polublok positive electrode in an amount of 0.02 to 0.4 by weight of flooded electrolyte, stand at least 10 hours and continue the charge.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that as phenols take Agidol-1 and bialkin BP in the following ratio, wt.

Agidol-1 50 99

Bialkin 1 50

 

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