Method of making animal waste and sprinkling machine for its implementation

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: in agriculture and the introduction of wastewater, including livestock and household, method of irrigation. The inventive method of making animal waste includes feeding them to the place of distribution, thinning, irrigation, irrigation with clean water, all of these operations are performed simultaneously, and livestock wastewater spray rain of pure water. When this takes place simultaneously with these operations prior and subsequent to the introduction of wastewater irrigation with clean water. Sprinkling machine to implement a method of making animal waste includes water conveyance pipeline supports, connected with located underneath an additional pipeline. When this pipeline is equipped with srednesutochnym sprinkler system, extra fine spray, the conical end of the nozzle, and an additional pipe with holes with scanning korotkometrajnye the sprinklers, nozzle, face hole with pipes. In addition, pipelines are provided with check valves and communicated with the supply pipe clean water and wastewater. 2 S. and 6 C. Mocnych water, including livestock and household, method of irrigation.

The purpose of the invention improve the efficiency and ensure environmental cleanliness-use of wastewater and clean water and simplification of the process of their distribution area.

In Fig.1 presents the General scheme of the sprinkler of Fig.2 depicts the connecting node of the pivot for the supply of clean water and animal waste; Fig.3 shows the connection of additional polymeric pipeline connecting node for feeding livestock wastewater; Fig. 4 presents the performance of major Windows additional pipeline of Fig.5 shows the nozzle-outlet extra piping with deflection nozzle, a longitudinal section; Fig.6 the same cross section; Fig.7 shows the output end of the additional pipe, longitudinal section; Fig.8 presents ellipsoidal in cross section, a flexible pipe connected with the mechanical discharge of additional pipeline of Fig.9 technological scheme of work of the sprinkler of Fig.10 is the same, top view; Fig.11 shows the area watered livestock wastewater and clean water.

Method of making animal with the coarse filter and chopper. To improve the uniformity of the distribution of nutrients and reduce emissions of livestock effluents diluted with pure water, and dilution are performed simultaneously with the distribution of the square, which is performed by sprinkling. Dilution animal waste clean water to avoid contamination source shall be carried out directly on the area of irrigation at the time of irrigation after the release of animal waste and clean water from transporting water-pipes, i.e. pivot. Moreover, the degree of dilution of the animal waste to increase the periphery of the site to reduce the risk of flushing.

To prevent burns and contamination of vegetation, as well as for better absorption of soil nutrients, ammonia and other gaseous products before application and after application of diluted animal waste soil and vegetation watered with clean water by sprinkling method (Fig.1 and 2).

To reduce the volatilisation of ammonia and other gases, to reduce the risk of pollution or the environment above the rain of the diluted effluent is sprayed with clean water.

DL is the result of the rains, and also to suppress weeds, developing on the border of making animal waste around the perimeter of the site making the last watering produce pure water, i.e. a plot of entering drains framed on all sides by area, watered with pure water, because without such a watering cultural vegetation worse suppresses weeds and does not provide for the detention of runoff.

To reduce damage to soil and vegetation, to reduce costs, for a more precise combination of the distribution of animal waste and clean water, i.e., to optimize water and nutrient regime, as well as to better prevent the escape of the gaseous products of all the above operations are carried out simultaneously in one step.

Initially moistened soil, which ensures the closure of cracks and prevent "slippage" on them for animal waste. In addition, when the moisture increases the soil's capacity to absorb ammonia and other gases. At the same time moistened and plants, resulting in increased turgor of the cells and decreases the probability of a negative impact of the external solution, i.e. wastewater. In addition, soil and vegetation cover are submitted once the e uniform distribution. Of the diluted effluent is less than evaporate gaseous substances, including nitrogen. The effect is even more increased due to the fine spray of clean water over the rain from animal waste. After making falling on distance livestock sewage washed into the soil in which they penetrate under the action of subsequent irrigation with clean water. Since all these operations (thinning, watering of livestock effluent, fine hydration, pre-and post-irrigation with clean water) are performed synchronously and at the same time, it achieves the right combination of irrigation norms of clean water and animal waste, i.e., the right combination of water and food regime.

Most fully the proposed method is implemented sprinkling machine.

Sprinkling machine for making animal waste consists of a main sprinkler pipe 1, provided with a support 2 trucks with hydraulic srednesrocnye sprinkler apparatus 3, and hydrocele protection from damage (not shown), which is hydraulically connected with hidrosadenitis 4 tower 5, which by means of charnigo valve (not shown) connected to the supply network, which is communicated with a source of clean water (Fig.1 and 2). Under the main pipe 1 is fixed extra line 8.

Additional pipe 8 is connected to the source of wastewater and water supply main pipe 1 by means of cranes 9-12. When the valve 9 is installed on the pipe 13 connected to the source animal waste. The pipe 13 is provided with an additional hidrosadenitis 14, through which the hose 15 is functionally connected with hydrocele protecting the main pipeline 1 (Fig.1 and 2).

Additional pipeline 1 is equipped with exhaust Windows 16 with scanning korotkometrajnye extinguishers 17 (Fig.1). On the main pipe 1 installed fine nozzles 18, the minimum capture radius equal to the radius of capture deflection spray 17 additional pipeline 8. While the sprinklers 18 deflector mounted above the spreaders.

To prevent siltation when making unclarified sewage output end of the additional pipe 8 made in the form of a conical nozzle installed at an acute angle (25-35about) to the horizontal. Above the nozzle 19 is fixed to the mechanical nozzle 20 of the main pipeline is that water and livestock wastewater, i.e., to ensure rotation of the primary and secondary pipelines 1 and 8 around a common axis, i.e. around the riser 5, the latter is coaxially fixed cylindrical chamber 21 is communicated with the pipe 13, the supply of livestock effluents. While on a cylindrical chamber 12 coaxial with the freedom of rotation of the fixed sleeve 22, the cavity of which, through the check valve 23 is connected to the additional pipe 8 and through the valve 24 and pipe 25 and the riser 5 with a source of clean water (Fig.1 and 2).

The valve 24 is required for flushing clean water additional pipeline 8 and the clutch 22, the camera 21, the pipe 13 and is connected to the network with livestock effluents.

The check valve 23 is required to prevent reverse diluted effluent without additional pipe 8 in the source animal waste, i.e., to avoid overflow of the latter.

To prevent animal waste into a source of clean water at the entrance to the main pipeline 1 check valve 26 (Fig.1 and 2).

For dilution animal waste, ensure flushing of additional pipeline and prevent contamination source Chi is Epanomi 23 and 26.

To prevent clogging of the nozzle 19 straw part drains and ensuring their entry in the thick, as well as to increase the degree of dilution of the latter to the border of the coverage area, the limit valve 12 is installed at the outlet of the pipes 1 and 8 in front of the nozzles 19 and 20 (Fig.1 and 2).

Because the additional pipe 8 made of polymer, and the main pipe 1 made of metal, they differ from each other in coefficient of thermal expansion. Combined with this additional pipe 8 is attached to the main pipeline 1 with freedom of longitudinal movement, i.e. the clamps 27 are installed on the last freely (Fig.1).

Cylindrical chamber 21, is fixed coaxially on the riser 5, culvert equipped with Windows 28, through which the cavity communicates with the cavity of the coupling 22. The latter to ensure freedom of rotation and prevent leakage of water supplied to the ends of the self-sealing cuffs 29.

To increase the reliability of the cylindrical chamber 21 from the outside made the flange 30, on which is placed a bearing 31 in the form of flat rings made of PTFE or other low friction material.

The coupling 22 through a knee-shaped patr. The pipe 33 through the valve 10 is in communication with the pipe 7 of the main pipe 1, which inlet is equipped with a check valve 26 (Fig.2, 3).

For connection to the pipe 33 additional plastic pipe 8 at the end of the first made female coupling 34 with self-sealing flange 35, and at last fixed flange 36 and the flange 36 is placed at a distance from the end of the pipe 8 with the formation of end of pipe 37, is placed in the cuff 35 plug-in sleeve 34. The flange 36 and the sleeve 34 are fastened together by fasteners 38, while between them is formed a gap (Fig.3). This connection is necessary to clean the pipe 8 from the pump, and to prevent jamming of the coupling 22 on the cylindrical chamber 21, fixed to the riser 5 (Fig.2).

To ensure the application of undiluted effluent by preventing clogging of the straw residues outlet boxes 16 additional pipeline 8 the latter is in the form of cracks located longitudinally on the latter parallel to its axis. To increase flow, i.e. ensure uniform irrigation, the area of the slits 16 increases from the input end of the pipe to the exit. Because the straw particles are carried away by the stream in the end part t is P CLASS="ptx2">

In order to improve the dispersion of animal waste, and to ensure their application in thick, outlet ports 16 equipped with nozzles-outlets 40, which are made in the form of oval bodies of elastic material such as rubber, synthetic rubber or other elastomer. Because of this in line 8 is formed diffusers. When this nozzle-outlets 40 at the inlet is equipped with oval top edge 41, and the output of oblique elastic sharp edge 42, aimed his end at an acute angle inwards towards the axis through with crack-like channel 43, is made in the nozzle-outlet 40. In addition, the channel 43 of the nozzle-outlet 40 is made with a slope towards the output end of the additional pipe 8 at an acute angle, with the upper edge of the nozzle outlet 40 has a bias towards the output end of the pipe 8. This construction of the nozzle-outlet 40 is necessary to prevent clogging of the straw inclusions, i.e., to ensure the application of wastewater without clarification (Fig.5, 6).

In order to ensure uniform distribution of animal waste and to prevent silting of additional pipe 8 at its output end under the nozzle 19 is made at the level of lipsheim in the cross-section of the pipe 46, which is suspended from a lever 47 to the end or nozzle 19 additional pipe 8 (Fig.7, 8).

To prevent the silting up of the holes 48 through which additional pipe 8 communicates with the valves 10-12, connecting the cavity with the cavity of the main pipe 1 made by tilting in the direction of the nozzle 19 and ellipsoidal end of the hole 44. When this tube 49 cranes 10-12 are oblique projection into the cavity of the pipe 8. Elastic tube 46 on the hard pipe 45 is fixed with a clamp 50 (Fig.8).

Works sprinkling machine as follows.

Pure water is supplied from the network in the riser 5 and out of l-shaped pipe 7 into the main pipe 1 to the fine nozzles 18, the nozzle 20 and sprinkler apparatus 3. Thus hydraulic truck 2 together with the pipeline moving around the riser 5, which is connected via a hinged joint with the l-shaped pipe 7.

Together with the main pipe 1 and the l-shaped pipe 7 around the riser 5 and fixed on it the camera 21 with culvert Windows 28 are rotating sleeve 2 together with informed her additional pipeline 8 and other nodes. While jamming is prevented b the use of a telescopic connection, presents female coupling 34 with self-sealing cuff 35 and inserted into the last pipe 37.

Livestock undiluted and unclarified sewage piped 13 in the open position of the valve 9 and additional hydrosulfite 14 fixed to the riser 5 chamber 21, from which they through the crossing window 28 are received in the sleeve 22, and from the latter through the pipes 32, 33 and the check valve 23 in additional pipeline 8. When this leakage animal waste is reliably prevented due to the presence of elastic sleeves 29 and 35.

Of the l-shaped pipe 7 from the main pipe through valves 10-12 additional gas stream of pure water, resulting in additional pipeline dilutes animal waste, which contributes to reducing the risk of clogging the straw inclusions of all culverts, i.e. provides the use of animal waste without pre-lightening.

Since, the supply of livestock runoff, and additional pipeline 8 pressure no more than the network and the main pipe 1, the inflow of wastewater into the past through the valves 10-12 prevented.

Price 4 on riser 5. While clean water flows into the riser 5, then through the check valve 26 and l-shaped pipe in the main pipe, and through the valves 10-12 in additional pipeline 8, rinsing nozzle 19, the hole 44 and the outlet 46 and the channels 43 of nozzles-water outlets 44, washing out of this pipeline 8 dried sludge remaining after the previous irrigation livestock effluents. When this check valve 23 immediately and automatically closes, preventing the discharge of clean water in the source animal waste, even if open additional hydrosulfite 14 and the valve 9.

After the start of clean water opens the valve 9 and hydrosulfite 14, while livestock wastewater pipeline 13 are received in the chamber 21, and out through the window 29 in the coupling 22 from which they are fed via pipes 32 and 33, opening the check valve 23 in additional pipeline 8, where they are mixed with clean water from the main pipeline 1 through valves 10-12 (Fig.1-3). However due to the fact that the holes 48 in the secondary pipe 8, through which the cavity is connected with the valves 10-12, directed toward the output end, i.e. in the course of the stream, prevents clogging of the holes 48 of the straw part and getting into osode holes 48 ledges tubes 49 cranes 10-12 (Fig.7).

Diluted sewage from additional pipe 8 flows to the nozzles of the outlets 40. However due to the fact that the latter is in the form of an oval convex bodies, at the entrance to the channel 43 of each of the nozzle-outlet 40 is formed diffuser, causing an increase of the flow velocity, thereby reducing the probability of falling into the channel 43 weighted straw inclusions. This also contributes to that channel 43 is inclined at an acute angle toward the output end of the additional pipeline 8. This effect is increased due to the fact that the upper end of the nozzle-outlet 40 is made with a bias towards the end of the pipe 8, i.e., the entrance to the channel 43 is directed in the opposite direction from the flow and movement of the straw particles and not towards them. In the straw particles are discharged to the upper ledge of the nozzle-outlet 40 from the channel 43. Since the upper end of the latter is supplied with oval flange, straw particles do not stay on it. Diluted livestock effluent channel 43 of the nozzle-outlet 40 is thrown to the deflector 17 and sprayed. However, due to the fact that the lower edge 42 of the nozzle-outlet 40 is directed at an acute angle to the axis of the channel 43, i.e., creates the possibility that HC is of his straw inclusions. This also contributes to that edge 42 is made sharp and flexible, constantly vibrates, thus reducing the flow of wastewater and preventing the accumulation of straw particles at the exit. Even if at some point in the channel 43 gets large particle ("tube"), it is easily squeezed out due to the elasticity of the lower edge 42.

Diluted livestock effluents from channel 43 under pressure is fed to the deflector 17 and sprayed into small droplets, thus preventing soil erosion and surface runoff.

The application of animal waste unclarified helps that the channel 43 is made in the cross-section in the form of a slit, located longitudinally along the stream. Because of this and the implementation of the upper end of the nozzle-outlet 40 oblique particles of straw, lying along the path of the thread in its entirety, does not clog the channel 43.

Through with crack-like shape of the cross section of the channel 43 and outlet boxes 16 contributes to the reduction of its area and flow rate while increasing their longitudinal length, i.e., to reduce clogging of the channels 43 of the straw particles. Lumpy particles slide on the upper edge of the nozzle-outlet 40, as the latter is tilted in the course of the stream.

Since the outlet ports 16 and the channels 43 of end nozzles-water outlets 40 in cross section have the shape of a slit with circles 39 at its ends (Fig.4), the probability of clogging their straw fraction is reduced to an even greater extent, as specified fraction of the flow from the slit made in the extensions in the form of circles 39 (Fig.4). Breakdown of the main pipe 1 or the machine stop automatically close the main hydrosulfite 4 riser 5 and additional hydrosulfite 14, because they are functionally related to hydrocele protect the pipeline from damage. Even if hydraulic protection does not work, then the pollution source of clean water prevents the check valve 26, and hit odes in the source animal waste excludes non-return valve 23.

Livestock effluents diluted spray nozzles-itlu 19 and the hole 44 additional pipeline 8.

As the mechanical hole 44 is made ellipsoidal and placed on the lower internal surface of the pipeline 8, silt with water freely ejected from the last pressure in the flexible tube 46, through which wastewater is distributed over the area. The elasticity of the latter allows to prevent it from clogging with mud and straw. In addition, it enables you to change the angle of inclination of the nozzle 46, i.e., the range of the jet.

The implementation of the holes 44 in the form of an ellipse, which is located in a horizontal plane, prevents clogging of the straw fraction, as pieces of straw in the stream are located either along the direction of flow, either with a small deviation from it in the horizontal plane, but not vertically. The ellipsoidal shape of the opening 44 and cross sections of the nozzles 45 and 46 in order to increase their size without increasing consumption and to improve the atomization of the jet (Fig.7).

Because the holes 46 and the tube 49 of the valve 12 is directed toward the nozzle 19 and outlet openings 44, a jet of clean water coming out of the holes 48, facilitate emigration of the last sludge and other solid inclusions (Fig.7).

As the valve 12 is located at the end of the pipe 8, proish 44 and nozzle 19, but also provides a lower concentration of effluent in the rain on the periphery of the site. It improves the environment during irrigation and after him.

On top of the precipitation of the diluted effluent (indicated by black circles) falls fine rain of pure water (indicated by dots), which provide a fine spray 18 of the main pipeline 1 (Fig. 9), which sharply decreases the allocation of effluent into the atmosphere of gases, odors, reduces the loss of ammonia and other nitrogenous compounds.

This is achieved to an even greater extent due to the fact that the range of fine nozzles 18 is greater than or equal to the radius of capture of nozzles-water outlets 40 deflector 17 (Fig.10).

Srednesrocnye the sprinklers 3 form rain uppermost stage (indicated by light circles, Fig.9). Because srednesrocnye the sprinklers 3 have more grip than the nozzle-outlets 40 pipe 8, while driving around the riser 5 ahead of the rain from the waste water formed strip, pre-watered with pure water (Fig.9, 10). Simultaneously, the upper tier of rain from sredneshirotnykh sprinkler 3 provides the flushing of the diluted effluent is Hanks horizontal filter (Fig.9). Together with this three-tiered stripe rain, the bottom of which is formed by nozzles-outlets 40, spray runoff, the average fine spreaders 18, spraying pure water, and the upper pure water srednesrocnye sprinklers 3, the latter creating a band of rain from the clear water.

The riser 5, where the nodes of the machine control, a circle of radius AA1pours clean water, this eliminates the ingress operator under the rain, containing livestock risers. On the square of radius AA1the effluent is distributed through horizontal subsurface flow, i.e., through horizontal filter (Fig.10).

After the end of the irrigation closes the valve 9, to turn off the pump, the feeding of livestock effluents in the network, i.e., becomes the last one in sprinkling machine. As a result, the pipes 1 and 8 are washed with clean water. In this case, even if on some reason you will not close the valve 9 and hydrazidine 14, the flow of clean water into a source of animal waste is prevented, as it closes the check valve 23 (Fig.2).

After washing, sprinkling machine is rinsing network, podushe is what opens the valve 24, the pipe 25 is supplied pure water which enters the cavity of the chamber 21, Stripping out and not from the clutch 22 and cleaning the pipe 13 and the network, while the sludge enters the source animal waste with a small flow of clean water. Even if hydrosulfite and will not be closed, the polluted water in the riser 5 and the source of clean water prevents the check valve 23, which is provided with a branch pipe 7. In General, due to the low location of the pipeline 13 getting together with water sludge in the pipes 8 and 1 is practically eliminated.

For irrigation only clean water to reduce the intensity of rain and prevent soil erosion and washout of previously entered sinks faucet 24, 10, 11 and 12 are closed.

1. Method of making animal waste, including the dilution of their clean water in the process of making for irrigated area while simultaneously sprinkling of the specified area with clean water, characterized in that before and after the introduction of wastewater respectively perform pre-wetting and flooding the area with clean water, the latter produce excess irrigation area over the area making drains.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the degree ruseski drains, including the main water conveyance pipeline srednesrocnye sprinkler apparatus, connected to a source of clean water through faucets connected to additional tubing, feature releases and connected to a source of animal waste, wherein the main pipe is supplied at the inlet non-return valve, and the additional pipe is connected to the source of runoff through the site, consisting of a fixed cylindrical chamber with Windows, which is communicated through the valve and faucets with water sources and sinks, while the camera is fitted with a coaxially installed rotatably on the coupling cavity through which the check valve is connected to the main pipeline, with fine sprinklers above effluent releases and having a radius equal to the maximum radius of capture effluent releases made in the form of the water outlet window deflector korotkometrajnye extinguishers, and the output ends of both pipes are conical inclined nozzle.

4. Machine under item 3, characterized in that the output end of the additional pipeline provided with a water outlet open is part of the pipe is represented by the ellipse, positioned long axis in the horizontal plane.

5. Machine for PP. 3 and 4, characterized in that the outlet ports of the additional pipeline is executed in the form of cracks along its axis, and equipped with nozzles-outlets, which are made in the form of oval bodies forming in the cavity of additional pipeline diffusers, and in each of the oval body is executed through with crack-like channel with oval top edge at the input and the sharp scythe elastic edge at the output aimed his sharp end inwards towards the axis through with crack-like channel at an acute angle, and nozzle-outlets inclined towards the output end of the pipeline.

6. Machine under item 3, characterized in that the additional pipe made of polymer attached to the main pipeline with freedom of longitudinal movement and connected with a check valve connecting node via a quick-connect telescopic connection.

7. Machine under item 3, characterized in that the end taps, connecting the main and auxiliary piping, installed on the inlet and outlet directly behind the check valve and before the end nozzles, and channels cranes napravlenie channels end nozzles-culverts section presents slits with extensions at the ends to form circles.

 

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9 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.

EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.

7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.

SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.

4 dwg

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