Free-threaded operational hydropower plant


(57) Abstract:

Usage: for machines-generators, which convert the energy of a rigid body in the energy of any type. Essence: on the power cable fixed end of the turbine. Dynamic support is executed in the form of transverse rotor connected to the rotary tubular casing. On the front bearing is installed casing and the multiplier consisting of a pinion and two gear wheels being in mesh with the gear on opposite sides. The rope passed through the covers on the front and end supports and forms a loop with two parallel branches. The ends of the rope attached to opposite pins of the gear wheels. End of the turbine mounted on the power cable to rotate in opposite directions at different branches. Gear multiplier connected to the generator. 7 C. p. F.-ly, 6 ill.

The invention relates to hydropower, can be used as the actuator for other machines-generators that convert mechanical energy of a rigid body in the energy of any type.

Offer svobodnopodveshennyj operational hydroelectric power station is intended for use free flow of energy and with the exclusion of cluttering the thread in the direction of the auxiliary hydraulic structures, as well as to improve the efficiency of energy use this hydrocracked.

The known device, the hydraulic part of which consists of many posted on flexible shaft turbines of small size, is introduced into the flow by means of a flexible suspension systems, through which is displayed on the onshore support device energy flow, integrable connected to a common shaft turbines. However, the construction of the hydroelectric power plants built on the principles of design of hydraulic structures and dams to be poorly tailored to the specific nature of the free channel of the river, when the speed of the latter have a maximum at the axis, decreasing to the coast due to the relatively large resistance from them.

In accordance with the Bernoulli equation occurs some difference of levels, and are higher near the coast and lower in the middle part of the river. In the end, there is a secondary flow in the form of two screw threads, where the surface velocity is directed away from the coast to the axis, and the bottom in the opposite direction. Especially the intensity of the helical motion is expressed in the mountain rivers. In transverse Chain HPP, which is a flexible thread strung with her unbalanced on the angular speed turbines, with all that one rotation, and transfer the torque from this free end of the garland to the work support on the shaft of the generator is dependent on the tension of the flexible shaft, corresponding to the desired axial force transmitted to the shaft that depends on the stability of the RAM pressure of the flow on the garland is absolutely not taken steps to align and stabilize the velocity of the approach flow to the garland by testing kinematics rotary line with making it structurally-hydraulic form, which guaranteed her persistence radius of dissolution placed on the shaft garlands rotors when the thread is forced to spread them out evenly, forming extended to isatou, and all rotary line, accordingly arranged for the placement of turbines, held such a design, is also set in the area formed by isothe and depth. The absence of such, or any other similar means of stabilizing hydraulic kinematic part of the chain of HPPs in the thread, not only reduces the aggregate efficiency of the transverse Daisy chained installation, but also makes it unsuitable for generating hydropower capacity. Translation Blinov B. C. garland with a transverse position on the flow in the longitudinal (vdese and what mechanical rotors used in this longitudinal garland are hydraulic devices that are directly transferred from the field of hydraulic engines or turbines, require: high pressure, obtained, for example, the first from a powerful engine that converts the energy of any kind, except for hydropower, the mechanical energy of a rigid body, the second from a high-pressure high cost of the hose, where the damming of the free flow of water helps to change the direction of the jet to obtain a reactive moment in the turning point of the jet, when pressure on the solid body, for example, the blade of the turbine.

Additionally, in the latter case, the stream flows out into the atmosphere.

When the flow in the river hydro-environment through the gap formed by the offset relative to each other semi-cylindrical surfaces, for example, mechanical turbine Blinova B. C. having a bottom, that cuts off the flow of normal to its flow, the pressure loss and the resistance coefficient is output as close as possible to

h max= where v is the average flow velocity;

- the ratio of the kinetic energy of the turbulent regime 1 and 1. Dissociation of pianism, the engine which would use the maximum flow on the blades of the turbine rotor, especially when acting on the garland as a conservative force.

The proposed " svobodnopodveshennyj operational hydroelectric power station" is different from the above and other similar devices because of its hydropower and kinematic diagram of the drive when using the cable in the form of a flexible shaft are in such a relationship, when you exclude factors of conservative forces which may adversely affect the balancing mechanism gidroelektrotekhnika.

Unloading of kinematic pairs from the action of these factors is out of balance with elastic connection allows you to increase the service life, reliability, energy efficiency and the free flow of the proposed device short name which Outstrokes, rasšifrovyvaûŝiesâ above.

The basis for the discharge of kinematic pairs of the mechanism of the device from the action of unbalanced forces present in known devices discussed above, it is the property of the elastically deformed body to the accumulation of elastic energy. The rope used as a flexible shaft, its design also applies to such bodies, rutsiro moment he works as a compressed spring, which is caused by the change in the relative positions of these wires.

The work produced by the compression force f from the torque slow-changing rope length l Afdx (1) where x is the absolute change in rope length equal to l1loin the process of deformation from 0 to l, given that the internal voltage (2) where S is the surface to which the force f is directed along the normal, and elongation =lo/lo(3) according to Hooke's law = E S, where k E is the young's modulus find f kx x then A xdx (4) Converting the resulting expression A Slo(5) A V P (6) where V Sl volume of the rod.

Note that equating the work produced by the compressive force from the moment of torsion potential energy, we take the potential energy of the undeformed cable (i.e. not Naturhotel, as is done in preparation for his work in "Daisy chained HPS" preliminary senegalian) is equal to zero. The density of potential energy of the deformed wire is proportional to the square of the relative deformation w E2/2 (7) Similarly, we can calculate the volumetric energy density at the elastic shear strain w G2/2 (8)

Because as tensile and compression bodies, equally soplata change as a result of compression of torque, get the ratio d/d=I, (9) which will characterize the relative change of the transverse size of the cable, refer to the operating state it as a drive shaft. When compressed, as it is obvious, negative, andIpositively, i.e., andIalways have different signs. The relative changeIthe transverse dimensions of the cable is proportional to the force causing stretching or compression, and therefore, proportional and =-I, (10) where is the Poisson's ratio.

Icompression can easily be determined at any point in the cable that comes at the great lengths of rope, which he has in Outstrokes its dimensions have significant error when the inconvenience of their conduct. Under such circumstances, for example, preference is given volumetric method the transverse dimension change d cable.

Hooke's law does not take into account the dependence of deformation bodies from the time of the action of forces that cause them to warp. The ropes elastic deformation corresponding to the acting forces, is also set immediately, but after a certain period of time, different for different designs lay of the strands of the rope and the materials from which they are made. Upon termination of the torque, that is I rope disappears completely, and part of it remains, having a tendency to slow the fall. This phenomenon plays a significant role in the fluctuations of the angular velocity of rotation of the rotor under the action of a pulsating velocity of turbulent flow. So, if the compression of the strands of rope in it, there is tension at the termination of the force of the tension in the rope disappear before will disappear some relative residual deformation, i.e., when = 0, the cable has a deformationo. If just then the rope will open (ripple torque), the deformation of theodisappears only when the voltage in the strands of the rope reached a certain valueo. There is a phenomenon of elastic hysteresis. Therefore, when recurrent deformities graphical relationship between and shows a closed curve is called a hysteresis loop (Fig.3). It is obvious that the external force during the deformation of the cable from the D to the And perform the work, most work performed internally when the recession deformation from a to C. the Difference between these works is graphically equal to the area of the upper part of the hysteresis loop and corresponds to the part of the mechanical energy, which as well as enclosed in the lower part of the hysteresis loop, doing work on Urawa the shaft of the rotor, and zatragivayuschaya on the resulting heat.

From the above it is evident that the proposed device is also different in that the rotary line in closed interconnected power cycle, excluding violation stable transmission power leads to the generating device nodes as amenable to calculation definitions for the parameters are all interrelated mechanisms. For example, part of the main parameters of the links of the kinematic chain:

when tightening the rope as a closed loop under the action of Mtoforce of compression strands shortens the cable length l1l l l (1 ) (11)

d1d + d d (1 +IThe formula (10)I= givenIderived d1d (1 + ). The volume of compressed cable v1= l1= l(1-)(1+)2(12) Neglecting terms containing2and3as a very small, we find V1V[1+(1+2] (13) According to Hooke's law = E where mg/S.

In our case, when ,

S- the sum of the sectional area of the wire strands of the cable. V1v[1+(1+2) (14) equating mg P v (1+2) (15) Snthe cross-sectional area of the strands.

The energy of elastic deformation P V (16).

With the reduction of parameters of the cable to the strand of volume V1consisting of a certain number of wires depot calculation shaft for transmitting a specific power, and then, for example, n t step strands, nnthe number of strands in the rope.

P G the modulus of elasticity in shear, kg/cm2;

d the diameter of the strands; M2torque, kgs m.

The full amount of the potential energy of the rope shaft

P d 1/3D, jp= 1,57 R4The existence of definitions, allowing to carry out events for synchronization of the links from the source directly associated with the driving force of the link of the kinematic chain of the rotor, then the drive shaft in the form of a rope, under a synchronizing transmission of power by the action of the elastic hysteresis and power supply this power both ends of the flexible shaft, forming a loop to the mechanism animation Executive level, which creates a closed-loop drive system, which is thus in the same conditions mechanical linkages, in the perception of the driving force through the turbine rotor, with all that that itself is the driving force associated with the rotor, design and calculation of which is based on the laws of hydrodynamics using energy flow freely converted into mechanical work on the straight blades of the rotor, unlike the above prototype hydraulic motors built on the principles of hydrodynamics when norcold (Fig.6,a) jet striking in the plane, buried in the stream perpendicular to its motion, isrelease, creates a pressure determined by the following. As the force F acting on the jet side of the plane, equal to the rate of change in the projection of the momentum To the jet on the y-axis perpendicular to the plane, and

Ky= Ksin then F for time t on the plane hits the volume of liquid v Sv t with mass M Sv t and momentum K Mv Sv2, where S is the cross-sectional area of the jet.


F SV2sin

If the plane is to enter into the stream at an angle as shown in the formula, pre-dividing plane S, for example, into two equal parts along the normal to because then diluted conjugate in place of the partition ends in opposite directions around the center of axis, normal and horizontally disposed to flow under the equal angle Sin because of the pair of forces, the plane goes into rotational motion, describing points of the bounding plane, rotating around the x-axis the circle, through the center of which passes the axis of the cross section of the stream, the clip forming a circle (Fig. 6,b).

To avoid spreading of the flow through the channels formed between the planes, drawing every half-plane in POLYSLIP, predstavlyayutsya in uniting their shell, when storing a channel area of each of which, according to the formula above, must be equal to half the area of the space through which passes the flow and equal described by the ends of the skew, as described above, blades, circle. When this goal is achieved skip most of the water flow. And it turns out that l is the length of the rotor (Fig.2,a) is equal to r2/r r, with a single parameter r 0,5 0,5 1,5708.

Therefore, the optimal installation angle of the blades

sin 0,53703 3230

To ensure uniformity of rotation of the rotor included in the synchronous operation of the above power circuit of the drive, provides for the possible inclusion of centrifugal masses, in the form of, for example, concentric shells (Fig.4). The gap between the outer and inner surfaces of the rotary and centrifugal shells used as volume (after sealing), creating pontoon suspension of the rotor in the flow, if the flow rate does not create a lifting force, the immersed mass v6< G, where v is the flow velocity, G the weight of the turbine.

The increase in the area of the internal flow passage channels with decreasing angle of the blades to flow with the increase of their area causes a drop in the angular speed of rotation otara, above, can be divided into any number of smaller sized and placed so radically within the rotor, a limited cowling that they form channels in the amount of components of size equal to the cross section of the flow cutoff circumference of the cross section of the rotor, while maintaining the original angle of the rotor (see above).

A rotor mounted concentrically on the shaft, such as a floppy (Val-rope) attached at one point to secure the device that provides reliable transmission of torque from the rotor to the shaft (rope).

Installation of hydraulic flow, while ensuring the operation of the rotors, isothe carrying the most power, is provided, for example, pontaneously end supports and front, when the front bearing fastened, for example, to the shore stand with screws, and bears the load transfer mechanisms of power from the shaft to the multiplier and the Executive management, and the current generator, if the latter is not taken ashore via an additional shaft (Fig. 1). End bearing, for example, can be made in the form of hydrodynamic suspension, for example, using cross-rotor mounted in a positive lifting force +Y. In such variations stabilization "USSSP Athenee flexible shaft (cable) within the need and support of the rotor of the hydraulic motor at the right level in the stream. Synchronizing work of forces acting on the rotary line to stabilize her in flux - ke v6G; CxFCyF; v G, where G is the weight of the rotor of a line; v the velocity.

CxCythe coefficients of the RAM pressure and the lifting force;

F- total area of the pressure flow of the working rotor, the rotor suspension, etc. affecting the tension of the shaft/cable);

v is the volume of the hollow vessel of the pontoon.

On the other hand, in streams with high flow pulsations in the channel and, thus, on isotane, to ensure self-regulation rotary line with the transition to jet isothe, appropriate rate, which is calculated for HPP on the power output of the electric current, the combination of free poles taking into account the set of their designs can be modified so that each bearing will consist of a pontoon parts and transverse of the rotor in relation to joint work on the regulation of the provision of this support in the thread. In this case, the rotor, for example, works on the negative lifting force-Y, and the pontoon on the positive. Being vzaimoobuslovlennye and regulated at a certain position in isothe at rated speed. Because at idle Ho is oresti flow negative lift force will seek to dive thread and all, that v pontanima power is not changed, rotary line is set at a depth where the velocity has the smallest scatter previously adopted design speed, of course, the calculation of such stabilizing the operation of OUTSTROKES at a specific site, an exact account of all hydrological and structural parameters.

On streams with high turbidity is advisable to install the rotor cylindriformis design, the input stream which has a square cross-sectional shape of the rotor, where there is a constant flushing of the channels, the sum of the cross sections which is also equal to the area of the entrance (Fig.5,a,b).

The marked distinctive features of the design of the rotor, drive, supporting units and combinations pantaneiros devices and hydrodynamic rotary stabilizers "OUTSTROKES" in the planned isothe allow you to keep the turbine installation in the most powerful jet stream to eliminate the spreading of the flow at the entrance to the turbine rotor, to avoid reducing consumption and speed of the flow inside the turbine rotor, the maximum close to the optimum of their use, while increasing the angular velocity of rotation of the rotor and thereby to increase the efficiency of use of energy flow, to reduce the dimensions ustanovka the target regardless of the complexity of the terrain.

Device svobodnopodveshennyj operational hydroelectric power station" ("OUTSTROKES") contains (Fig.1) antonopoulou remotecentral turbine generator link animation, final gidrometeorologicheskoi support, onshore generator, prestressed cable-shaft, front pontoon support, vast coastal fastening, Gidroaviasalon link animation, shaft-cable output link, evapourative bronkow shaft-rope, shore generator support, hydrodehalogenation bronkow rope-shaft.

Turbine (Fig. 2, 4) for flow normal turbidity (hydrodynamic rationale of its design above), for example, in dualopteron execution of the rotor, consisting of a shell 1 with an inner diameter D in the cavity which has two intersecting problemsfree blades 2, the length L of the arc which fit in the inner wall of the shell when vzaimopoleznyh sharp ends anchored in the diametrical points of the ends of the shell, t1-t2, t3-t4in the center of the crossing of blades provided with an opening 8, through which passes, for example, the actual wire 5 passing through the center of the on which they are fixed. In the presence of the centrifugal weight, made, for example, in the form of concentric metal shell of the hollow cylinder 7, the space between which the outer surface of the shell 1 and the inner cylinder 7 space 3, used for sealing its end edges of the shell 1 and cylinder centrifugal mass 7 as volume, creating Arhimedova force, pontoniinae turbine. For fastening of the rotor with a line-shaft from the sleeve side has a threaded hole for mounting bolt 4. The sleeve opposite the rack 6 of the rotor (Fig. 2 and 4) performs the function of the guide bearing and the cable is not attached.

On streams with high turbidity when hydroslim approaching the pulp flow rotor, constructed on the basis of the above hydrodynamic patterns for free-threaded mode, has a rectangular cross section (Fig. 5). The rotor blades have a semi-cylindrical profile with the installation if you crossed them in the center along the length L so that the concave side of the semi-cylinders is deployed inside of the rotor, when the outer surfaces of the blades on polycylindrical forming from its beginning at a point diametrically cut cylinder Z are tight diagonally to the parallelogram opposite resullindamycin blade falls middle point "a" bulge on the lower edge of the sides of the square section of the rotor, and the other end of this blade is connected ends "b" of the arc semicylinder blades with the upper side of the opposite end of the square section of the rotor. Another blade, also launched a concave plane to the inside of the rotor, at the entrance to the rotor connects the middle point of the bulge "g" half parallel with the lower side of the upper side of the square cross-section cylindriformis turbine rotor, which has significant applicability of flight mass in the form of a cylindrical surface, which inner side concentrically to the ring of the rotor based on the angles of the pair of walls of the parallelepiped of the rotor.

This "cylindriformis rotor differs in that it creates conditions in addition to the rotary movement of the slurry of high turbidity, the channels between the vanes to direct the basic movement of slurry on the concavity of the blades with access through mechanical cross section of the vanes in the flow of isothe, without delay solid phases in the cavities of the rotor. To maintain speed, the slurry in these conditions (not excluded in normal turbidity flow) it attempts to use the possibilities of cumulative jet, when the fluid flow by attacking the POG.5). At this point the stream has a high kinetic energy. Denoting the angle (Fig.6) between the front of the flow and the plane, find and cumulative jet, resulting from the flow speed v. The point of intersection of the edge flow and the plane moves along the plane. Denote its velocity With. If you go to the reference system, the jet moves so that its velocity is directed at an angle to the plane with velocity v1v C, is split into two streams (on each plane of the rotor), moving with a velocity equal to v1"forward" and "backward" along the plane.

Find v1and WITH

C v1= v ctg reference system in which the plane is, the cumulative speed of the jet is equal to C + v1,

u +v ctg is Obvious that with decreasing angle it is possible to achieve very high speed U, but neither the velocity v or the flow rate should not be changed. Under conditions of hydrodynamic tasks to get the maximum possible torque of the rotor, when the conversion of the energy of the free stream into mechanical work, passing the fluid flow through the rotor, the maximum benefit is obtained when the angle of the blades, for example, close the 32about. Therefore,

u v ctg (m/s) is about in the free stream

U2/2 E.

For example, if V 2 m/s, the energy per unit volume of a liquid cumulative jet 10 times higher. It is a guarantee that all possible resistance to movement of the mass flow inside the rotor will not cause changes in flow rate, no congestion of the solid phase of the liquid is not formed, and the angular speed of the rotor becomes resistance when the possibility of its increase since rotates together with the cylinder, the fluid will be exposed to not only the friction force and the force of gravity, and centrifugal force exceeding the force of gravity will draw the liquid into rotation. Then there is the maximum or critical speed. The maximum number of revolutions, the synchronizing power interaction between fluid and rotor mass, determined from the condition of equality for each element of the liquid And gravity Pgand centrifugal force RCin the upper position, i.e. when the equality

m2r m g.

Therefore, the speed of the rotor when mejdunarodnyh channels f equal to the cross section of the jet at the inlet into the rotor f r2will be dependent on the velocity v1vector which is perpendicular to the vector v of the flow velocity.

Therefore, having in mind the CSO movement shells and mass passing between the vanes, for example, taking a single value, have

= and then applied to the phenomenon of cumulative jets obtained, for example, in unit value number of speed Z

Z 3,4793126

Check the number of revolutions, for example, would be

ns= 1,107.with

But then, analyzing the form of the given differential equation is equal pressures applied to our case, when, for example

X2+Y = C1< / BR>
Representing the equation of concentration of circles, the center of which lies on the Y-axis at a distance O-OIg/2and so possible, because the design of the present rotor is built on the patterns given above, assuming that

ns= where 0,8944272 cosine of a parallelepiped, a single cross-section which when rotating the intersection of the parties describes a circle, passing the appropriate maximum flow through the channels formed parallelogram blades, i.e.

cos 2y/ 0,8944272 or cos i.e., the resultant force concentrated in the jet, which has an area equal to the cross-sectional area of the rotor, the diameter of which is the main coordinate of the maximum energy use, cut in otonom in motion without respecting the equivalence of the sum of the cross-section of the channels of the rotor cross-section of the entrance, through which the stream is directed to the blades and f > FS. R.when the angular velocity of rotation of the rotor expressed through the rotation frequency n using generalized differential Euler equation is equal to the pressure obtained

ns= / 60 / 60 0,7071

Thus, if it would be possible to replace the rotor circular cylindrical vortex and accept that the movement occurs in concentric circles with constant speed, dependent on the radius of a fluid particle would have to have only a centripetal acceleration equal to gCU2/r, from the Euler equation in projection on the axis r:

-(U2/r)=-p/r or

Pn- dr Therefore, the trend of the pressure drop. A more detailed examination of the distributions of the transverse components of velocity and static pressure shows the possibility of use within the homogeneous flow model of the equations of motion are written to the longitudinal axis velocity

+ Such shifting of the blades and change their parameters as well as parameters of the shell (excluding the diameter), when the original rotor constructed according to the condition

Fc= Sv2sin (Fig.6) the separation of his blades on some of their Bo is the original blades of the rotor radially and concentrically inside the shell is equal with the original rotor diameter, but when shortening its length so that the sum of the square formed the channels between the vanes is equal to the area Fncross-section of the shell, forming the inlet flow into the rotor. This creates the conditions for optimum power turbine with increasing angular velocity of its rotation. This following distinctive from the prototype feature of the proposed once-through rotor allows to vary the dynamic parameters of the rotor depending on the specific conditions, allowing you to bring the unit "OUTSTROKES" to higher overall efficiency. Is, for example, the source doopity the rotor of the inevitably necessary modifications, taking into account the extreme turbidity of the stream flow rotor, for example, in the variant "ellipsiformis" (Fig.1) 1; (Fig.2) a, b-1; (Fig. 4) 1 rotor, as a working body of the turbine (Fig.4) 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8 strung along the longitudinal axis, for example, the flexible shaft 5 (Fig.1, 2 AV 4), in the form of a cable, the elastic hysteresis(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10), (11), (12), (13), (14), (15), (16), Fig. 3, through, for example, holes with clips (Fig.2, a,b) (Fig.4) 4 racks 6 (Fig. 2) and,; (Fig.4) and the hole formed by cut-outs for the cable in the center of the crossing of the blades (Fig.2) a, b, (Fig.4). Turbine à coedine is camping in the state chosen for OUTSTROKES" geometric shape of the actuator, for example, in this case, which is a loop with two drive belts arranged in parallel threads, which is provided by pulling the flexible shaft cable 5 (Fig.1), through povorotnoye bronkow, made for example in the form of a pipe bent the arc of the semicircle of 180about(Fig.1) 12, which entered the pipe, for example, of rubber, role of bearing lining.

To povorotnikova bronikowska 12, for example, hinged at the top of the arc is attached frame with transverse rotor 3 (Fig.1) resting on the longitudinal axis of the pins on both ends introduced into the bearings, which allows the rotor to rotate.

Flexible shaft cable 5 (Fig.1), missed the above way through swivel base bronkow 12 (Fig.1) to the length required for the formation of parallel yarns flexible shaft, each of which can accommodate necessary for this calculation power OUTSTROKES rotors 1 turbine (Fig. 4) (Fig. 1) with regard to the free sites of the rope, creating a kinematic reduction breaks the flow, and taking into account overlooking the multiplier output node 8 (Fig.1) is placed, for example, in montanamontana support 6 (Fig. 1 shown with the cover removed sealing), which is attached, neprinol in the text (1) (16) (Fig. 3) shaft-rope one end of the loop turn pivotally connected with the toothed wheel, the other parallel end loop turn is passed through evapourative bronkow shaft-rope (Fig.1) for supplying it to the second toothed wheel multiplier (Fig.1) when both wheels rotate kinematically connected with them gear that transmits the increased angular velocity of the shaft of the generator link multiplier (Fig.1), for example, generator, located on the shore, through more flexible shaft (Fig.1). During this rotation the actuator is in continuous kinematic mapping. Connecting the ends of the parallel lines of the shaft-rope of the hydraulic drive motor to the gear wheels multiplier montanamontana support 6 (Fig. 1) and, as shown in the General view drawing without the number of figures in positions 8 through parasitic gear, which is useful, for example, if you need to have a design with larger dimensions and a large diameter shaft. Beregovy generator and a multiplier node stronger on-shore generator support 11 (Fig.1). svobodnopodveshennyj operational HPP "OUTSTROKES" after introducing her to the river flow on isotach the Otok so, that it forms a parallel hydroline of turbines, the rotor 1 (Fig.1) mounted on the shaft of the cable 5 (Fig. 1; Fig.4) at distances from each other along the axis for the restoration speed of the free stream passing through the rotors. Adjacent rotors, mounted on each shaft with its parallel lines, for example, are also placed in parallel to each other (Fig.1). svobodnopodveshennyj operational hydroelectric power plant ("OUTSTROKES") operates as follows.

After the introduction of the "OUTSTROKES" pontanima supports (Fig.1) in the estimated longitudinal isotach flow and pinning it, for example, by means of cables (Fig. 1) on the abutment pier in the provided space living section of this isothe, hydroline actuator (Fig.1) (1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10) set polyamory mode flow when on axis plots the hydroline, free from the turbines, there is a free-flow movement, in which the rate of approach to the inlet angle of the blades in a hole of the rotor during the subsequent deformation of the cumulative flow acting on the plane of the blades constituting the link pairs of forces (Fig.2, figs.4, Fig.5, Fig.6) which moves through the shell of the rotor (Fig.4), with which the blades of skrepl is of primary moment creates a torque on the flexible shaft (Fig. 1) )Fig.4), (Fig.5) connected with many dispersed therein turbines, each at one point clip 4 in the rack (Fig.4, Fig.5). The flexible shaft rotates in a bearing hydrodehalogenation branchiura cable-shaft (Fig.1), then one branch of the parallel branches (Fig.1) rotates in evapouration the casing (Fig. 1) and transmits the rotational torque on a helpmeet gear link multiplier (Fig.1) and through the gear wheel, which is directly connected to another branch flexible shaft-rope (Fig.1), when the whole line of the actuator is formed tropolone rotation of the flexible shaft (Fig. 1). In a system of flexible shaft-rope there is an elastic hysteresis (Fig. 3, the support under the action of centrifugal moment of their turbines synchronous angular velocity, with the establishment of unambiguous formed from the sum of all torques torque shaft-drive cable. This tropocana system shaft-rope (Fig.1), coiling and compacting the strands of the rope is compressed, meeting resistance, for example, end gidrometeorologicheskoi support (Fig.1), and montenegronline support (Fig.1), which excludes the possibility of forming the nodes on the branches of the flexible shaft-rope, and what s the weight loading of Pnso pre-definable raspor Hpconsidering the fact that turbine is also pontonerom under Archimedean force due to the sealed space 3 (Fig.4) formed between the outer surface of the shell 1 (Fig.4) and the inner surface of the cylinder centrifugal mass 7 (Fig.4, Fig.5) allows you to bring slack faboutshaft-cable length L to a level not exceeding the limit of half the depth used isothe thread, because

Hp= Despite the fact that Npsupported by the tension created by the end gidrometeorologicheskoi support (Fig.1). Considering this support forces Y and X lifting and RAM pressure, respectively

Cx,ywhere F is the square of the rotor hydrodynamic. support.

Due to the simultaneous actuation of the hydraulic actuator provides force, torque transmitted by the shaft-rope (Fig.1) on the link multiplier (Fig.1), remains stable compared with hard shaft.

After multiplication of the angular velocity torque may, for example, be passed to a generator via a shaft-cable output link (Fig.1) on-shore support (Fig.1).

The combination of supports depends on the parameter and for morphometric odnorodny high turbidity flow used "cylindriformis" rotor (Fig.5), having a large prominenet, under normal turbidity is better to use less material-intensive "ellisforde" rotor (Fig.2, 4).

1. Free-threaded OPERATIONAL HYDROPOWER plant, including the power cable, secured on the end of the turbine, the abutment and the generator, characterized in that it is equipped with front pontoon support and end dynamic support in the form of transverse rotor connected to the rotary tubular casing, a front bearing mounted rotary tubular casing and the multiplier consisting of a pinion and two gear wheels being in mesh with the gear on opposite sides, the power cable is passed through a tubular swivel housings on the front and end supports and forms a loop with two parallel branches, moreover, the ends of the power cable attached to opposite pins gears, mechanical turbine mounted on the power cable to rotate in opposite directions at its different branches, and gear multiplier connected to the generator.

2. Installation under item 1, characterized in that the front bearing is connected guys with shore support.

3. Installation under item 2, characterized the orbital bearing contains a pontoon unit.

5. Installation under item 1, characterized in that each end turbine includes a cylindrical shell within which is installed in the windshield, rear rack bushings in the center and intersecting blades, the power cable is passed through the sleeve and attached to one clip, the blades pass over the entire length of the shell on opposite sides of the power cable and at an angle thereto, and at the intersection of the blades of the left hole for passage of a rope.

6. Installation under item 5, characterized in that the blades are made flat and the outer edge of the elliptical adjacent to the inner surface of the shell.

7. Installation according to p. 6, characterized in that the shell of the turbine coaxially placed in the hollow cylinder, and the space between the shell and the cylinder is sealed.

8. Installation under item 5, characterized in that the inside of the shell is prismatic casing of square cross section, the space between the shell and casing is sealed, and the blades have the shape of cylindrical grooves and located in the casing with the concave side inward.


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FIELD: converting energy of fluid media to mechanical and electrical energy.

SUBSTANCE: proposed power unit includes foundation with several identical power units mounted on it through bed frames. Each unit has body located over vertical axis of symmetry, lower and upper partitions with holes, level gauge, gas chamber, gaseous working medium discharge pipe line fitted with adjusting valves, tank-mixer, natural gas supply and discharge pipe lines and inner and outer lower, middle and upper clamping rings. Each unit is provided with flexible dome-shaped gas receiver with weights-anchors, fastening hinges and ropes laid in sea or ocean where natural gas or hydrogen is extracted. Power units have several identical power stages provided with axles with adjusting keys, sectional screw conveyers, drive belts, bypasses with valves, electric generators, waste gaseous medium discharge pipe line with moisture trap, counter, pressure gauges and valves.

EFFECT: enhanced operational efficiency and ecological safety; enhanced reliability.

2 dwg