Floating device for the generation of electricity using the kinetic energy of water
(57) Abstract:Use: for domestic and industrial needs. The inventive inside the craft in the longitudinal direction are through feeding channel input confused intakes. Impeller with curved blades mounted on shafts arranged in series across the channel and kinematically connected to a generator. A channel made intakes for wheels. Input intake is made with the top sloping rastekatelem formed hull boats. Intakes installed over one impeller. 4 Il. The invention relates to the production of electric energy and can be used to produce electrical energy for domestic and industrial needs.Known devices for generating electricity from the energy of the river flow, which disadvantage is that they can be obtained relatively small amount of power, because they are ineffective.The purpose of the invention increase the efficiency of the floating device, reducing the cost of electricity generation, improved performance device is the efficiency of the installation by production it more power, the cost of electricity generation will be reduced and performance will improve, as the same wheels will receive a greater amount of electricity using the kinetic energy of a larger stream of water and placing it on one boat in each water conveyance channel more impellers. Floating device for the generation of electricity using the kinetic energy of the water allows you to create high-performance floating hydroelectric station capable of operating in different climatic zones that can replace modern dams hydroelectric, thermal and nuclear power plants, to obtain electrical energy environmentally friendly way to reduce at the same power stations, the construction cost and the construction time compared to existing hydroelectric dams, thermal and nuclear power plants in several times to get rid of thermal, nuclear power plants and from accidents in accidents on them, to destroy the dams of hydroelectric power and return, now flooded their land save the environment and improve the ecological situation on the planet.
To achieve the maximum positive effect of floating device, reduce the construction cost and improve the performance of the device impellers are often close to each other, so the location of the additional intakes over one impeller is necessary to ensure that the flow of water in the river channel under the bottom of the vessel after the fall of the rate on each previous additional water had to be dialed before each subsequent additional intakes on the entrance velocity equal to the velocity of the water in the main river channel, as the speed of water flow on each of the previous in the series of additional intake will be reduced because of the departure of the water in the secondary water and because of the turbulence of the water flow behind the additional water, playing in the river at a large angle and is a barrier to water flow in the river. In the case of installing additional intakes in front of each impeller effect of using additional intakes can be neg the e time to gain the required flow rate, equal to the velocity of flow in the main channel of the river, since it requires a certain distance, which is obtained only in the case of installing additional intakes over one impeller.In Fig. 1 and 2 there is shown a flotation device of Fig.3 and 4, one of the impellers.The device includes a housing 1, in front of which is the intake 2, consisting of two side rustically 3, bottom 4 and the top of rastekatelem 5, which serves as a housing 1 with an installed ahead of him protective grid 6. Inside the housing 1 are water conveyance channels 7, which are the impellers 8, transmitting the rotation through the gear drive device 9 on the generators 10, outstanding electricity through the cable 11 in Energostal 12, from which the electricity underwater electric cable 13 goes to the beach to the electricity consumer. The hull boats 1 is connected with the ground 14 by two anchors 15 and a flexible connection 16. In the rear of the hull boats 1 installed at the bottom of the cover 17, which serves to close the water conveyance channels 7, which rise through the cable 18 and block 19 winch 20, installed on top of the casing 1. When lifting the lid 17 she polnostyu installed backwards. Front water conveyance channels 7 are located on the channel walls 21 of the front additional rustically 22. Underneath the hull of the watercraft 1, under water conveyance channels 7 are lower additional water intake device 23 before impellers 8 installed over one impeller, each of which consists of two side rustically 24,the lower rastekatelem 25 and the protective grid 26, mounted on the front of the intake 23. Top rastekatelem the bottom of the intake 23 is the bottom of the hull boats 1, in which at the rear of the intakes 23, before impellers 8, there are holes 27 for supplying water from intakes on 23 impellers 8. In Fig.3 and 4 depict one of the impellers 8 installed in all three water conveyance channels 7, where 28 of the axial impeller shaft 8, on which both ends are installed side wheels 29 which are fastened established between them concave blades 30. Transporting boats 1 to the place of installation is backwards closed by a cover 17, water conveyance channels 7, which prevents the rotation of the impeller 8 while towing a floating device generalanesthesia as follows.The craft 1 is placed on the anchors 15 on any river near consumer of electrical energy, opens the cover 17 covering the water conveyance channels 7. The flow of water 31 enters the intakes 2 and 23 and increasing the speed by reducing the cross-sectional area in the transition areas of intakes 2 and 23 in water conveyance channels, enters the water conveyance channels 7. The flow of water 31 entering the intakes 23, enters the water conveyance channels 7 through the holes 27 in the hull boats where it mixes with the stream of water coming through the channel 7 through the front intake 2 and acting on the impellers 8, leads them in rotation, facilitating more rapid rotation than the drive wheels 8 in rotation from only one stream of water coming over the front intake 2. Impellers 8 transmit the rotation of the electric generator 10 through a gear drive device 9. The generator 10 generates electrical energy and cable 11 passes it to the power Energostal 12, where electricity underwater electric cable 13 is passed ashore to the electricity consumer.Additional water intake device 23 serve to increase the efficiency of the impeller 8 solicit the length of the water supply channel 7 and the number of impellers 8, located at this length, thereby increasing the efficiency of floating device, and therefore reducing the cost of electricity generation and reduction, respectively.Flotation device for generating electric power by using the kinematic energy of the water can be installed on any river anywhere on the seas using currents, tides, ocean currents. You can also move a floating unit with near objects of consumption of electric energy.
FLOATING device FOR the GENERATION of ELECTRICITY using the KINETIC ENERGY of WATER containing hull boats, inside of which in the longitudinal direction are through feeding channel input confused intakes, impeller with curved blades mounted on the shafts arranged in series across the channel is kinematically connected with the generator, under water conveyance channel made additional intakes for wheels, characterized in that the input water is made with the top sloping rastekatelem formed hull boats, and
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to non-conventional power sources, and it can be used in plants using energy of wind, river, deep sea and other currents. Proposed plant contains one or several vertical shafts and horizontal rods with blades. Said hollow rods are installed on shafts for limited turning relative to their axes. Opposite blades of each rod are rigidly secured on rod square to each other and eccentrically relative to axis of rod. Shafts adjacent in horizontal direction are made for rotation in opposite directions.
EFFECT: provision of simple ecologically safe device operating at any direction of current in liquid and gaseous medium and at medium interface.