Machine piling and removal of brick
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the production of building materials. The inventive machine includes a frame mounted on two infeed and removal of brick, each in the form of a fork mechanism, made with the possibility of lowering and moving on rails, and drive bricks. The drive can be moved along the frame and contains the drive rollers and the chain loops. 7 Il. The invention relates to the construction materials industry and can be used in the manufacture of bricks and other ceramic products, as well as in other industries in the transmission unit and other goods.Known machine paving brick, containing connected to drive the endless chain and the associated slides, over which placed parallel to the strips forming the reference plane of the pallets. When this strip and the slide is placed under the upper branch of the conveyor and have the opportunity to enter into the guide cart. The stacking mechanism is equipped with a device for lifting bands pallets. The vertical movement of the truck is a tow 
The disadvantages of the known machine laying aglauros, as well as the complexity of design and operation.Known machine laying and removal of brick, containing mounted on a common frame drive as drive rollers and chain loops and two infeed, each of which has a vertically movable fork mechanism in the form of a carriage mounted in horizontal guides with lifting rods and the drive roller 
The disadvantages of the known machine installation and removal of the brick are insecurity and damage to the bricks in the process of numerous movements.The purpose of the invention increase the reliability and improve the quality of the brick.This is achieved by the fact that the machine laying and removal of brick, containing mounted on a common frame drive as drive rollers and chain loops and two infeed, each of which has a vertically movable fork mechanism in the form of a carriage mounted in horizontal guides with lifting rods and the drive roller, the overall frame is made horizontally movable, the drive movable along a common frame, drive roller vertically movable rollers its lifting and lowering, and carriage sites supply installed with the possibility of p is cut; in Fig.2 is a top view of Fig.3 site delivery and removal of brick, top view; Fig. 4 is a view along arrow a in Fig.3; Fig.5 cross-section B-B in Fig.4; Fig.6 is a view along arrow b of Fig.1; Fig.7 is a view along arrow G in Fig.1.Machine installation and removal of the brick includes a frame 1 with the attached drive as drive rollers 2 and 3 and the chain loops 4 and two vertically movable infeed 5 and 6, each of which has a clevis mechanism in the form of a carriage 7 on wheels 8 mounted in horizontal guides in the form of channel bars 9. On the carriage 7 is fixed lifting rod 10. Nodes 5 and 6 supply have the drive roller 11 with the lifting and lowering roller 12. The rise of the conveyor 11 carries a gear 13, the lifting and lowering of the rollers 12, the valve 14, and the rotation of the gear 15. The gear 16 drives the chain paths 4, the gear 17, the rollers 3. The frame 1 is moved on the wheels 18 through a reduction gear 19. The movement of the carriage 7 is accomplished by gears 20.The device operates as follows.Bricks with telescopic conveyor 21 serves to machine laying bricks and get on the rollers 2, where their accumulation. Then the sensor signal is included in the work gear 16, which causes data number of bricks. At the signal of the sensors is activated, the gear 17 and rotates the rollers 3, which move the accumulated bricks on the rollers 12 driven gear 15. At the signal of the sensor gear 15 is turned off, the rollers 12 are stopped, turn the gear 13 and through a chain of transmission raises (or lowers) the rollers 12 to the height of the next loaded rack. Simultaneously, the valve 14, omitting the rollers 12 through eyelets and tie rods. As a result, the brick with the rollers 12 is lowered on the carriage 7 with a set of rods 10. Then on the gear 20, which by means of chain drives the carriage 2. Brick is served on the shelves of the display rack, made of a set of bars. Rods 10 are between the bars of the rack with the gear 13 are omitted, leaving the brick on the rack, and with the help of the gearbox 20 is returned to its original position. The process is to fill all the left-wing racks. Then the left node of the feeder 5 is raised to its extreme upper position and the gear 13 by means of the coupling switches to the right delivery unit 6. Telescopic conveyor 21 is moved together with the drive moves to the node 6. Download the right shelving is similar.At the end of the loading machine installation and removal of CPICH, contains mounted on a common frame drive as drive rollers and chain loops and two infeed, each of which has a vertically movable fork mechanism in the form of a carriage mounted in horizontal guides with lifting rods and the drive roller, characterized in that, in order to increase reliability and improve the quality of the brick, the overall frame is made horizontally movable, the drive movable along a common frame, the drive roller is vertically movable, its roller lifting and lowering, and carriage sites supply mounted for movement in opposite directions.
FIELD: construction industry; production lines of three-layered panels.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with construction industry, in particular, with the lines of production of three-layered panels. The line has a device located in front of a stacking filler unit and used for formation of the connecting lock of the filler. The device is made in the form of a mounted on the transversal cross bar longwise - mobile and spring-loaded pushers of lamellas of the filler. Pushers have different sizes in length and are mounted interleaving among themselves. A unit of sawing of the panel is supplied with a tool of damping vibration of clearing of the vibration of the panel ends, which is mounted in front of the drive of the unit of sawing of the panel and is made in the form of an additional shaft with carrying rollers. The technical result is increased quality of the panels joint.
EFFECT: the invention insures increased quality of the panels joint.
14 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: construction industry; production lines of three-layer panels.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with construction, in particular, with the lines of production of three-layer panels. The technical result is improvement of quality of the heat-resistant panels. The line of production of the heat-resistant panels has a located on a deep profiling unit tool of formation of the outside heat resistance and an adhesive strength of the sidings made in the form of the small-profiled rollers mounted - above and beneath the shafts. The upper rollers are displaced in respect to the lower rollers in the vertical and horizontal planes and are made of hinging back type and supplied with a handle hinging back.
EFFECT: the invention ensures an improved quality of the heat-resistant panels.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: construction industry; devices for a small-serial production of a building decor made out of gypsum.
SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a device for a small-serial production of a constructional decor out of gypsum and is dealt with construction industry. The technical result is a contact-free molding of the decorative items out of gypsum. The device contains a pneumatic cell with a molding surface made in the form of two perforated plates, between which the space is filled with spherical grains of an elastic material, and a tool to control consumption of gas at an outlet of the pneumatic cell. The upper plate forming a pneumatic cell is in addition made profiled, equipped with injectors for application on a surface of a molded item of a coloring substance and is fixed in the body. The lower plate is capable to move in respect to the upper plate in a vertical plane. The pneumatic cell is supplied with a valve for removal of condensate. The body is supplied with a loading pocket for preparation of a mortar and is equipped with rabbles of anchor type, a metering device, connecting pipes for feeding of hot and cool water. The body is rigidly fixed on a frame, inside which there is a chain gear.
EFFECT: the invention ensures a contact-free molding of the decorative items out of gypsum.
FIELD: construction materials, in particular, production of lime-sand brick.
SUBSTANCE: complex has press, table, group mold with cavities for bricks, conveyor, axially aligned with respect to axis of feeding of bricks from press, and scalding car. Picking-up device is mounted for moving along conveyor to transfer brick from press to conveyor. Stacker is adapted for transfer of brick from conveyor to scalding car. Longitudinal walls of mold cavities and path on which scalding car is moving are arranged perpendicular to conveyor. Cavities of mold are arranged in four rows extending in parallel with conveyor. Each row has two-five cavities.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing formation on conveyor of full layer of bricks for scalding car.
FIELD: construction engineering; production of building materials.
SUBSTANCE: proposed line contains the following stations installed in technological sequence in line: cellular concrete mass preparation station, cellular mass concrete forming stations. Said stations include tray, detachable side attachments on which longitudinal and cross sides are secured, cellular mass concrete cutting and autoclave processing of cellular mass concrete station and transporter for conveying trays with mass concrete. Line is furnished with pore former-dispenser installed between mixture preparation and forming stations for traveling in between transporter for conveying trays with mass concrete is made in form of grip-manipulator secured on overhead track hoist for travel from posts of forming to cutting post. Cross sides of side attachments are provided with leverage for parallel displacement of sides.
EFFECT: improved reliability of line.
FIELD: production of ceramic articles.
SUBSTANCE: proposed drying line has drying chamber, cars to deliver bricks into drying chamber, hot air feed conduit, cold air feed conduit, hot and cold air mixer, conduits to deliver air directly into drying chamber, cold air feed gate, hot air feed gate, distributing gate and automatic control system which includes temperature transmitter, humidity transmitter, brick car position pickup, concentrator and transfer device, all installed on cars delivering bricks into drying chamber. Hot air gate control drive is installed on hot air gate, cold air gate control drive is installed on cold air gate, and drives to control distributing gates hot air feed gate drive control unit, cold air feed gate and distributing gate drives control units are installed on distributing gates, as well as receivers. Output of hot air feed conduit is connected through hot air feed gate, and output of cold air feed conduit is connected through cold air feed gate with input of hot and cold air mixer whose output is connected through distributing gates with inputs of air conduits delivering air directly into drying chamber, and whose outputs are connected with inputs of drying chamber. Output of temperature transmitter is connected with first input of concentrator, output of humidity transmitter is connected to second input of concentrator, output of brick car position pickup is connected to second input of concentrator, output of brick car position pickup is connected to third input of concentrator, output of concentrator is connected to input of transfer device, output of transfer device is connected to input of receiver whose output is connected to input of control unit of drives of hot air feed gate, cold air feed gate and distributing gates whose outputs are connected to input of cold air feed gate control drive whose output is connected with input of cold air feed gate, and to input of control drive of hot air feed gate whose output is connected with input of hot air feed gate, to inputs of control drives of distributing gates whose outputs are connected with inputs of distributing gates whose outputs are connected with inputs of drying chamber.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and quality of drying.
FIELD: ceramic articles production.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automation of brick drying lines. According to invention, line contains drying chamber, car to deliver bricks in to drying chamber, feed conduits, hot and cold air mixer, conduits to deliver air directly into drying chamber, cold and hot air feed gates, distributing gate and automatic control system including brick weight pickups, brick linear dimensions pickup, brick feed car position pickups, concentrator, transfer devices installed on cars delivering bricks into drying chamber. Control drives are installed on hot and cold air and distributing gates.
EFFECT: increased capacity and improved quality of drying of ceramic articles.
FIELD: methods and installations for continuous production of building elements.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method and installation for continuous production of building elements. The technical result is provision of a continuous process of production of building structures. For production of building elements, which are composed: out of two parallel plane gauze mats made out of the crossing each other and welded to each other in intersecting points a longitudinal wire and a transversal wire; out of holding the gauze mats at the preset cross spacing intervals straight bridge wires and out of a located between the gauze mats run through them bridge wires of an insulating body, at which the two gauze mats are given a parallel position in the production channel at the mutual space corresponding to the desirable thickness of the building element. In an interval between the parallel gauze mats place an insulating plate made out of the heat-insulating material and simultaneously at least on one side hand alternately in the opposite direction at an angle in the plains passing perpendicularly to the planes of the gauze mats at least through one of the gauze mats and through the insulating body pierce several bridge wires and weld them with the wires of the mat.
EFFECT: the invention ensures a continuous process of production of building structures.
29 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: ceramics production, particularly automated lines for brick burning.
SUBSTANCE: line includes burning chamber, cart for delivering bricks to burning chamber, gas supply choke and gas burner. Line additionally has scales, converter, regulator amplifier and delay unit. Control drive is installed on gas supply choke. Scales output is connected to regulator amplifier input. Regulator amplifier output is linked with delay unit input. Delay unit output is connected with input of next delay unit and with input of gas burner choke drive. Output thereof is linked with gas supply choke input, output thereof is connected with gas burner input for gas supplying to burning chamber.
EFFECT: increased output and ceramics quality.
FIELD: production of concrete and ferroconcrete, namely processes for producing concrete mass of pavements of automobile roads, tram rail tracks and transporting paths inside factories and plants.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of placing concrete mixture by three layers containing different components into form with its front layer turned downwards; as molding subjecting said mixture to vibration compaction at different vibration characteristics. According to invention in the result of preparing rational compositions of concrete mixtures, its preparation, placing and compaction, it is achieved optimal relation of solid, liquid and gaseous phases in concrete mixture. It provides its strength and increased useful life period of concrete and ferroconcrete products. Selected three-layer structure of concrete mass in products provides accelerated by 1.5 - 2 times period of product solidification in air due to thermostat-resonance temperature effect of self-heating of concrete mixture. Manufacturing line for making concrete and ferroconcrete products includes successively arranged and technologically matched equipment units for preparing composition type binder, concrete mixture and for vibration compaction of products.
EFFECT: improved strength, cold resistance and operational characteristics of concrete and ferroconcrete products.
2 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex