Device for cleaning wool


(57) Abstract:

Usage: in the woolen industry in the factories of primary wool processing and spinning mills for cleaning waste. The inventive wool-processing is carried out in three stages. In the first section of dirty wool, supplied by pipeline, subject to the soaking solution with the help of nozzles connected with gidroprovod from the third section. In the second section involves the cleanup of fur in mode preambling soul generated steam nozzles, thus lifting cushions support the layer of wool in a suspension that enables an easy and quick removal of the melted fatty substances and solid foreign matter. Rinsing the wool is carried out in the third section by mechanical injectors. The output section installed squeeze rollers to remove excess moisture in the fiber. The device in its simplicity of design ensures highly efficient cleaning wool from grease and other impurities without damaging the valuable qualities of wool. 1 Il.

The invention relates to the wool industry and can be used in the factories of the primary processing device, includes three factors: wash barcoo, connected at the input with the lower branch of the conveyor, the leading drum which is mounted a pump, the output of the barge has an inclined discharge conveyor, the cavity of the lower guide drum which is connected to the pump. The cleaning solution with pump sucking the liquid to the lower branch of the conveyor and moving the liquid along with the fiber along the barge, providing washing wool. Output Barki coat comes to the upper branch outlet of the conveyor, which is sucking the washing solution from the mass of fibers.

The disadvantages of this device is the complexity of the design (Barka, two conveyor belts, perforated drums, two pumps) and low cleaning efficiency of wool due to the fact that the fibrous layer is constantly pressed to the branch conveyor and washing fibrous layer is in a compressed status, which reduces the extent of surface of the fibrous material, worsens the conditions of allotment of contamination and washing (rinsing) coat [1]

Closest to the invention to the technical essence is a device for processing wool, consisting of three barges, on which is mounted a bearing of perfo is in provides preliminary leaching and carbonization of wool through relevant solutions supplied to the camera using a pump.

The drawbacks are that the wool-processing is performed in the passive mode, the layer of fibers on the conveyor sufficiently compacted, the surface of the fiber is not developed, the removal of contaminants is difficult, softening wool fat enough, and burn vegetable impurities is performed with an inert gas at 120-140about, Which further compacts the layer of fibers, makes it difficult to rinse and reduces cleaning efficiency.

The design of the proposed device provides a consistently intense locked, washing/cleaning and rinsing hair, which increases the removal efficiency of the fiber fat, girooptika, minerals and other impurities.

The drawing shows a process diagram of the device for cleaning wool.

The device contains bark, divided into sections 1-3, each of which is executed in the camera view. The output section 3 to the input section 1 Barki connects the pipe 4. In Barka mounted perforated conveyor 5 dened over them mechanical injector 6 and the lifting blade rollers 7, in the middle section of the barge above the conveyor and lifting rollers installed Sofia 3 Barki installed squeeze rollers 6.

The device operates as follows.

Pre-loosened fibrous material, such as scutching machine brand BT-150-sh, served on a bearing branch conveyor 5, which moves the layer of wool along the first section of the barge. Injector 6 intense moisten the coat of thermal water supplied from section 3 of the barge by means of the hydraulic actuator 4. The intensity of the locks of wool at the expense of the solution spray nozzles 6 and the feeding of fibers into a treatment zone in suspension by lifting layer lobed rollers 7, rotating clockwise. In the zone of interaction between rollers 7 with the conveyor 5 vector their velocities are directed in opposite directions, the result is the rise of the wool layer over the upper surface of the platen and pass the layer on the conveyor, providing an increase in the development of the surface of the fibers. Weighted layer above the platen is washed with a solution by creating conditions for good wetting of the wool and remove foreign matter. The blade rollers 7 are arranged along a helical line of the left and right directions from the middle of ridges that moves scraps of wool, their movement in the direction perpendicular to the vector so the rise of a layer of wool over the bearing branch of the conveyor in the longitudinal direction and moving bits of wool in the transverse direction and create conditions for intensive treatment of fibrous material with a solution. The process of lifting the layer of fibers and their rotational movement in the transverse direction is repeated in the second and third sections of the barge, while at the same time, the alignment layer thickness in the longitudinal and transverse directions.

Wetted fibers in the first section of the tray in section 2, which is their paramuricea processing and final cleaning. The washing solution from gidroprovod is supplied to the nozzle 8, which is connected with hydro - and steam. The nozzle 8 is the mixing of two streams of cleaning solution and steam formed paramuricea mixture under pressure is injected on the coat, handed to him by the conveyor 5, creating palaemoninae shower. Fibers with large surface washed palaemoninae mixture, with wool grease and suint melted and removed from the layer under the action of pressure washing mixture and the gravitational forces. At the same time there is further leaching legkoatletki vegetable and mineral impurities, excluding SVO and refractory wool grease and remove it from the pulp through the perforations of the conveyor. Spent solution through the false bottom and the bottom section 2 of the barge is diverted into the sump in the usual way for its further processing to extract technical and medical lanolin.

Cleaning wool on the device is through the use of steam in the regime of high temperatures, which allows you to quickly soften even sparingly soluble suint and remove it from the mass of fibers. Temperature palaemoninae mixture is regulated by the amounts of supplied steam and cleaning solution in the steam nozzle. The cleaning solution includes water, soap and alkali. Sometimes introducing synthetic detergents. In any case, the use of steam leads to a better solubility of the soap in water, excluding its hydrolysis, increases the wetting ability and intensity of the solution increases the hydrophilic properties of the wool, promoting better cleaning with less consumption of detergent per unit mass of the purified fibers.

After effective treatment in the second portion of the layer of wool is sent by pipeline in section 3, which is the removal of residual cleaning solution and alkali torches heat the water sprayed mechanical injectors 6. Developed after propholactic 1 for reuse as a lubricant coat. The spent solution in section 1 is discharged through the bottom of the tank to retrieve technical wool fat or for other purposes. Wring out excess moisture carried by the shaft 9. Next, the fibers go in the tumble dryer.

The device allows to increase the quality of cleaning wool to save the consumption of detergents, water and steam, to reduce the production area while increasing performance.

DEVICE FOR CLEANING WOOL, containing bearing element made in the form of a perforated conveyor installed in Barka, divided into three sections, each of which is made in the form of camera embodying feed solutions having a mechanical injector located above the conveyor and connected to the supply line in them working agent, characterized in that the nozzles are connected through separate pipelines with feed them working agent, and in the extreme sections of the nozzle are connected with hydrobromide system, and in the middle section of one nozzle connected to the steam lines, and the other with hydrobromide, between the rows of nozzles and carrying a branch pipeline installed lifting rollers, each of which is supplied love the


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