Sprinkling machine

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: in the agricultural industry, in particular in irrigation mechanics. The inventive sprinkling machine contains suspended for gas tanks flexible irrigation pipe, ballast tanks, traction motors with propellers, electric winches with cables and cable management systems. The motors are placed in the openings of the ballast tanks and ballast tanks are connected to water supply pipes with valves, connected via flexible hoses to hydrants lifting of the pipeline. Sprinkling machine moves in a circle with traction propellers connecting alternate ends of the drip line to the hydrant underground pipeline. 5 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture. Primary area of use is irrigation of crops and vegetable crops.

Analogue of the invention adopted design multisupport sprinkling machines, authors C. H. Hossein-Zadeh, L. A. Perevezentsev, V. I. Kovalenko, V., Lutsk, Publishing house Moscow, KOLOS, 1984, page 4-38.

The prototype of the selected Irrigation through flexible pipelines," the author I. I. Velichko, Isdate limited to five years, because these tubes when transferring from place to place in the field are subjected to great wear.

For assembling and laying of such pipelines requires a specially equipped tractor. High labor costs and funds for the construction and operation vodopada channels with culverts, sluices and regulators. The loss of large areas of cultivated land at the expense of device channels, grooves, etc. Vodopada channels are the breeding grounds of weeds, etc.

The aim of the invention is to maximally reduce the labor intensity of irrigation. The maximum increase the durability of the pivot. Maximum use acreage by eliminating the furrows and channels. Increase productivity by conducting poly-Bob directly after sowing.

The essence of the invention is that the pipeline of reclamation nylon fabric raised above the ground by using cylinders of airtight fabric, filled with helium, the ends of the fixed pipeline segments of metal pipe, to which is suspended ballast tanks with traction motors with fixed propellers, fixed electric windlasses with cables, water reclamation nylon fabric padded electric cables and telephone line cord for ballast tanks bolted switchboards, from which issued cable for temporarily connecting them to underground mains cable through elektrokorob fixed to the tops of the piles, the ends of the cables from the electric windlasses periodically attached to the mounting bracket piles, the water supply valve mounted on the flanges with water risers and ballast tanks, valves on the water pipe fixed vertically, consists of a tube, inside which is placed a section of round steel, closing its own weight holes of the water outlet from the water.

In Fig.1 shows a General view of the sprinkler of Fig.2 scheme of irrigation areas; Fig.3 of the machine on an enlarged scale; Fig.4 cross section a-a in Fig.3; Fig.5 diagram of the traction motor with the propeller cross-section B-B in Fig.4.

Raised above the ground water supply 1, the metal tube 2, the helium tank 3, the suspension 4, the helium tank 5, the suspension 6, valve 7, the cable 8, the capacity for ballast water 9, the propeller 10, the valve 11, the riser water line 12, valve 13, a motor 14, the winch 15, valve 16, the working space 17, the cable 18, the hose 19, valve 20, the pile 21, the electrical panel 22, electrochrome 23, riser underground in the limb tube valve 31, telephone wire 32, electric motor 33, the ballast water 34.

Raised above ground water pipe 1 is made of reclamation nylon fabric, which all has its flanges, which are bolted steel pipe 2. The metal tubes 2 are fixed to the cylinder 3 through the suspensions 4. Cylinders of airtight fabric filled with helium. Above the water line 1 is fixed cylinder 5 with helium. The metal tubes 2 are suspended container 9 for ballast water 34.

In the opening of the container 9 is fixed traction motor 33 with the propeller 10 (both ends of the machine). These containers 9 bolted switchboards 22, the motor 14 with the winches 15, with cables 18. The tank 9 is connected to the riser water 12 valve 11, in the lower part of the vessel is fixed to the valve 16. The riser 12 is fixed to the valve 13, at the end of the strut attached to the hose 19.

The fastening of the cylinder 5 to the pipe 1 is made pendants for 6 clamps 27. In the upper part of the pipe 1 is fixed nozzles 7, which are freely inserted valves 30, consisting of short lengths of steel, pointed on the bottom end. The nozzles 7 from both sides have limb 31, which are placed on the cable 8 legal connections electroboxes 23, attached to the pile 21. Sprinkling machine is served by two of the cab, one on each end, which provides a working platform 17. To supply the machine with water and electricity provided by an underground electric cable 8 with conclusions to electroboxes 23 attached to the upper part of the concrete pile 21. Parallel cable laid underground water pipe 28 with the risers 24 attached to the piles 21, at the ends of the risers installed valve 20. At the ends of the machine provides the working platform 17 which are welded to the bottom of the container 9 and rods to the pipe 2.

The work of the pivot is carried out by two operators. Each of them is in its working space 17. Each driver is provided with the remote control and telephone (drawings not shown). Tubes 1, 2 and capacity 9 must be filled with water, all valves 11, 13, 16 and 20 must be closed. Working platform 17 with the car touching the ground near the pile 21. The first driver comes with a working platform 17, secures the hook of the cable 18 for mounting bracket piles 21, connects the cable 8 to electrocoat 23. The hose 19 is fixed to the valve 20 and open it. The second driver at this time suspends the ends of the cable 8 and the hose 19 for the cable 18, devaysa, freed from water ballast 34, sprinkling machine is lifted off the ground. The left end of the machine is fixed by the cable 18 for the pile 21, not letting him get away from his pile 21. The right end of the machine free and together with the whole machine can move in a circle, for which the second driver includes an electric motor 33, which his propeller 10 creates the necessary traction. Then, the first operator opens the valve 13 and the water pressure from underground water flows into the water supply system 1 and its pressure raises the valve 30, and then the water 29 breaks out in the form of rain on the treated area irrigation 25, if necessary, may again pass on their cultivated area. Then the machine stops in the target, followed by the pile 21. Second, the driver turns off the traction electric motor 33 with the propeller 10. Both the driver close the valve 16 and opening valve 11. First, the operator opens the valve 13 and then the water 29 is directed into the vessel 9, causing the car to fall to the ground. After that, the gate valve 13 is closed. The second driver comes with a working platform 17 to the ground, gears cable 18 for mounting bracket piles 21, connects the cable 8 to electrocoat 23 and the hose 19 to re-close it. He unhooks the cable 18 from the piles 21 and secures for him the free ends of the cable 8 and the hose 19. Then both the driver stand on their work sites 17 and open the valve 16, closing this valve 11. Water 34 from tank 9 is poured, lightweight machine off the ground. The right end of the machine, its cable 18 are geared for mounting bracket piles 21, becomes the axis of rotation. Second, the operator opens the valve 13, and then the water 29 enters the water pipe 1, the pressure on the valves 30 and burst out in the form of rain. The first driver includes an electric motor 33 with the propeller 10, thus creating thrust, forcing the car to move in a circle. Machine along its length is the radius of the area of a circle 25. So sprinkling machine is moved from pile to pile on the distance that is equal to the length of the machine. The order of the machine can move forward and backward without hurting the crops. It should be borne in mind that the water supply system 1 can never be left without water 29, because without this ballast tanks with helium can take the car to an unattainable height.

Sprinkling machine, not raised height, ensures long-term operation. Greatly reduced the complexity of the fieldwork. Achieved high at the horses due to the complete elimination of water channels and furrows. Liquidated causes germination of weeds. The pivot can be used for rain over the orchards, parks and cities.

SPRINKLING MACHINE, including piping with valves, suspended from balloons filled with gas lighter than air, ballast tanks with valves to release and discharge of water traction motor with propeller and passing along the pipe length cables for control valves and motor propeller associated with the ground control cable, characterized in that the pipeline is made of reclamation fabric and has all the parts from metal pipes and ballast tanks mounted on the said pipe sections and the walls of each of them provided an opening for housing the electric motor with a propeller, this machine is equipped with a fixed ballast tanks with electric windlasses with ropes to bind to land and water circuits with latches connected to the pipeline, ballast tanks, and through flexible hoses to hydrants underground pipeline.

 

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