(57) Abstract:Usage: in the agricultural industry, in particular in irrigation mechanics. The inventive sprinkling machine contains suspended for gas tanks flexible irrigation pipe, ballast tanks, traction motors with propellers, electric winches with cables and cable management systems. The motors are placed in the openings of the ballast tanks and ballast tanks are connected to water supply pipes with valves, connected via flexible hoses to hydrants lifting of the pipeline. Sprinkling machine moves in a circle with traction propellers connecting alternate ends of the drip line to the hydrant underground pipeline. 5 Il. The invention relates to agriculture. Primary area of use is irrigation of crops and vegetable crops.Analogue of the invention adopted design multisupport sprinkling machines, authors C. H. Hossein-Zadeh, L. A. Perevezentsev, V. I. Kovalenko, V., Lutsk, Publishing house Moscow, KOLOS, 1984, page 4-38.The prototype of the selected Irrigation through flexible pipelines," the author I. I. Velichko, Isdate limited to five years, because these tubes when transferring from place to place in the field are subjected to great wear.For assembling and laying of such pipelines requires a specially equipped tractor. High labor costs and funds for the construction and operation vodopada channels with culverts, sluices and regulators. The loss of large areas of cultivated land at the expense of device channels, grooves, etc. Vodopada channels are the breeding grounds of weeds, etc.The aim of the invention is to maximally reduce the labor intensity of irrigation. The maximum increase the durability of the pivot. Maximum use acreage by eliminating the furrows and channels. Increase productivity by conducting poly-Bob directly after sowing.The essence of the invention is that the pipeline of reclamation nylon fabric raised above the ground by using cylinders of airtight fabric, filled with helium, the ends of the fixed pipeline segments of metal pipe, to which is suspended ballast tanks with traction motors with fixed propellers, fixed electric windlasses with cables, water reclamation nylon fabric padded electric cables and telephone line cord for ballast tanks bolted switchboards, from which issued cable for temporarily connecting them to underground mains cable through elektrokorob fixed to the tops of the piles, the ends of the cables from the electric windlasses periodically attached to the mounting bracket piles, the water supply valve mounted on the flanges with water risers and ballast tanks, valves on the water pipe fixed vertically, consists of a tube, inside which is placed a section of round steel, closing its own weight holes of the water outlet from the water.In Fig.1 shows a General view of the sprinkler of Fig.2 scheme of irrigation areas; Fig.3 of the machine on an enlarged scale; Fig.4 cross section a-a in Fig.3; Fig.5 diagram of the traction motor with the propeller cross-section B-B in Fig.4.Raised above the ground water supply 1, the metal tube 2, the helium tank 3, the suspension 4, the helium tank 5, the suspension 6, valve 7, the cable 8, the capacity for ballast water 9, the propeller 10, the valve 11, the riser water line 12, valve 13, a motor 14, the winch 15, valve 16, the working space 17, the cable 18, the hose 19, valve 20, the pile 21, the electrical panel 22, electrochrome 23, riser underground in the limb tube valve 31, telephone wire 32, electric motor 33, the ballast water 34.Raised above ground water pipe 1 is made of reclamation nylon fabric, which all has its flanges, which are bolted steel pipe 2. The metal tubes 2 are fixed to the cylinder 3 through the suspensions 4. Cylinders of airtight fabric filled with helium. Above the water line 1 is fixed cylinder 5 with helium. The metal tubes 2 are suspended container 9 for ballast water 34.In the opening of the container 9 is fixed traction motor 33 with the propeller 10 (both ends of the machine). These containers 9 bolted switchboards 22, the motor 14 with the winches 15, with cables 18. The tank 9 is connected to the riser water 12 valve 11, in the lower part of the vessel is fixed to the valve 16. The riser 12 is fixed to the valve 13, at the end of the strut attached to the hose 19.The fastening of the cylinder 5 to the pipe 1 is made pendants for 6 clamps 27. In the upper part of the pipe 1 is fixed nozzles 7, which are freely inserted valves 30, consisting of short lengths of steel, pointed on the bottom end. The nozzles 7 from both sides have limb 31, which are placed on the cable 8 legal connections electroboxes 23, attached to the pile 21. Sprinkling machine is served by two of the cab, one on each end, which provides a working platform 17. To supply the machine with water and electricity provided by an underground electric cable 8 with conclusions to electroboxes 23 attached to the upper part of the concrete pile 21. Parallel cable laid underground water pipe 28 with the risers 24 attached to the piles 21, at the ends of the risers installed valve 20. At the ends of the machine provides the working platform 17 which are welded to the bottom of the container 9 and rods to the pipe 2.The work of the pivot is carried out by two operators. Each of them is in its working space 17. Each driver is provided with the remote control and telephone (drawings not shown). Tubes 1, 2 and capacity 9 must be filled with water, all valves 11, 13, 16 and 20 must be closed. Working platform 17 with the car touching the ground near the pile 21. The first driver comes with a working platform 17, secures the hook of the cable 18 for mounting bracket piles 21, connects the cable 8 to electrocoat 23. The hose 19 is fixed to the valve 20 and open it. The second driver at this time suspends the ends of the cable 8 and the hose 19 for the cable 18, devaysa, freed from water ballast 34, sprinkling machine is lifted off the ground. The left end of the machine is fixed by the cable 18 for the pile 21, not letting him get away from his pile 21. The right end of the machine free and together with the whole machine can move in a circle, for which the second driver includes an electric motor 33, which his propeller 10 creates the necessary traction. Then, the first operator opens the valve 13 and the water pressure from underground water flows into the water supply system 1 and its pressure raises the valve 30, and then the water 29 breaks out in the form of rain on the treated area irrigation 25, if necessary, may again pass on their cultivated area. Then the machine stops in the target, followed by the pile 21. Second, the driver turns off the traction electric motor 33 with the propeller 10. Both the driver close the valve 16 and opening valve 11. First, the operator opens the valve 13 and then the water 29 is directed into the vessel 9, causing the car to fall to the ground. After that, the gate valve 13 is closed. The second driver comes with a working platform 17 to the ground, gears cable 18 for mounting bracket piles 21, connects the cable 8 to electrocoat 23 and the hose 19 to re-close it. He unhooks the cable 18 from the piles 21 and secures for him the free ends of the cable 8 and the hose 19. Then both the driver stand on their work sites 17 and open the valve 16, closing this valve 11. Water 34 from tank 9 is poured, lightweight machine off the ground. The right end of the machine, its cable 18 are geared for mounting bracket piles 21, becomes the axis of rotation. Second, the operator opens the valve 13, and then the water 29 enters the water pipe 1, the pressure on the valves 30 and burst out in the form of rain. The first driver includes an electric motor 33 with the propeller 10, thus creating thrust, forcing the car to move in a circle. Machine along its length is the radius of the area of a circle 25. So sprinkling machine is moved from pile to pile on the distance that is equal to the length of the machine. The order of the machine can move forward and backward without hurting the crops. It should be borne in mind that the water supply system 1 can never be left without water 29, because without this ballast tanks with helium can take the car to an unattainable height.Sprinkling machine, not raised height, ensures long-term operation. Greatly reduced the complexity of the fieldwork. Achieved high at the horses due to the complete elimination of water channels and furrows. Liquidated causes germination of weeds. The pivot can be used for rain over the orchards, parks and cities. SPRINKLING MACHINE, including piping with valves, suspended from balloons filled with gas lighter than air, ballast tanks with valves to release and discharge of water traction motor with propeller and passing along the pipe length cables for control valves and motor propeller associated with the ground control cable, characterized in that the pipeline is made of reclamation fabric and has all the parts from metal pipes and ballast tanks mounted on the said pipe sections and the walls of each of them provided an opening for housing the electric motor with a propeller, this machine is equipped with a fixed ballast tanks with electric windlasses with ropes to bind to land and water circuits with latches connected to the pipeline, ballast tanks, and through flexible hoses to hydrants underground pipeline.
FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.
EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural irrigation equipment used in mobile sprinkler units.
SUBSTANCE: boom-type sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction composed of pipes and mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping unit. Flexible water pipeline with sprinkling apparatuses is secured on frame by means of cables. Flexible water pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has flexible pipeline segment positioned on carrier member made in the form of pair of longitudinal supports having bent C-shaped profile and flat rings at their end portions. Wide strips of pair of bent C-shaped profile are arranged at an angle to horizontal plane and perpendicular to one another. Said profiles define, in conjunction with rings, trough of carrier member. Adjacent carrier members are connected with one another by means of connecting parts through spacer bushings. One, two or three spacer bushings are made in the form of brackets for connecting cable ends to join with frame. Ends of flexible pipeline segments are mutually joined via transition portion made in the form of bushing. Ends of transition member have conical entrance portions. Annular portion formed on transition member surface is joined with ends of adjacent segments and pairs of yokes on their surface. Cable ends joining brackets are equipped with eye ring receiving slots and mounting openings. Diameter of carrier member rings exceeds outer diameter of transition member by 1.5-1.9 times.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler equipment for continuous sprinkling of plants on fields.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has drive part with two pivotally fixed girder booms. Girder has central panel, columns, struts and sprinkler heads arranged on water-feeding belt. Drive part is provided with supporting table and rotary plate. Supporting table is mounted on vertical wall of rear axle of drive part above centrifugal pump. Rotary plate is mounted on supporting table for rotation around shaft, which pivotally connects said plate with supporting table, said plate and table being additionally mutually connected by hydraulic rotational drive. Girder central panel is fixed on rotary plate by means of vertical shaft. Central panel is additionally coupled to rotary plate by means of hydraulic drive of turning mechanism. In operating and transport positions, weight of girder is distributed over surface of supporting table. Mechanisms for rotating of rotary plate and turning of girder central panel simplify movement of girder from operating position to transport position and vice versa.
EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation of farm crops by means of multitower front sprinkler machines.
SUBSTANCE: wheeled pipeline is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheeled supports, drive arranged in mid portion of central section, and section coupling means. Pipeline sections have variable section reducing in direction of supplying of irrigation water. Each pipeline section coupling is made in the form of two concentric branch pipes positioned for rotation one with respect to another and for axial displacement. Outer branch pipe is connected with flanges of adjacent carrier members. Inner branch pipe is joined with ends of adjacent pipes of different sizes, said pipes being made from high-pressure polyethylene. Pipes are positioned in cavity of carrier member. Carrier member of each section is made in the form of pair of opposite bent C-shaped sections. Ends of C-shaped sections are joined to flanges. Mounting rings are positioned in mid portion of pairs and adapted for mounting of wheel support hub. Outer branch pipe of pipeline section coupling is made in the form of detachable pair of semi-circles, each being formed by packet of spacer bushings arranged in equally spaced relation between pair of arced belts. Inner branch pipe for connecting ends of pipes made from high-pressure polyethylene is made in the form of outer and inner threaded bushings, each provided with diametrically oriented slots for special wrench for joining with ends of pipes to be connected. Inner bushing has threaded part for screwing into end of pipe of smaller diameter. Ring is disposed on outer end perimeter of pipe of smaller diameter. Inner bushing has cylindrical part joined with inner cylindrical surface of pipe of larger diameter. Its conical part is joined with sawn-through parts at end of pipe of larger diameter. Inner surface of inner bushing is defined by two intersecting conical surfaces with single base of minimal diameter.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops over area under irrigation process owing to constant flow speed of irrigation water into pipeline cavities.
10 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling irrigation of farm crops.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has supporting members made in the form of cables attached in cantilevered manner to frame top, and irrigation pipeline connected to vehicle through pumping unit. Irrigation pipeline is coupled to frame by means of carrier carcass. Irrigation pipeline and carrier carcass are made sectioned. Each carrier carcass section is defined by pair of C-shaped bent profiles with flat rings at their ends. Profiles are arranged at an angle to one another with their wide strips to define trough. Sections of flexible pipelines made from low-pressure polyethylene are laid on trough. Ends of pipelines are embraced with bands made in the form of steel bushings. Ends of pipelines are joined by means of adapter member. Input parts of connecting member are made conical. Each adapter member is formed as hollow screw with left-handed and right-handed conical threads on their outer surface. Mid portion of screw has disk for fixing irrigation pipeline sections in operating position in rings of carrier carcass by means of paired spacer bushings and attachment means. Disk of adapter member is equipped with group of openings used for assembling-dismantling works. Openings for connection to threaded ends of cables are made in peripheral portions of carrier carcass flanges.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops through width of mobile unit, reduced material usage, simplified construction, and enhanced reliability in operation.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized irrigation equipment used on wheeled rollable pipelines.
SUBSTANCE: sectioned sprinkler is provided with sprinkling nozzles, wheeled supports, drive disposed in mid portion of central section, and section connecting couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline made from low-pressure polyethylene pipes. Pipes are successively joined to one another by means of couplings. Water supply pipeline is arranged in cavity of carrier part defined by C-shaped bent profiles. Ends of profiles are mutually connected by means of flanges. Length of carrier part is 11,720 mm. Hub of each wheeled support embraces carrier part. Sprinkling nozzles are connected with pipeline through nipples arranged between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent profiles of carrier part.
EFFECT: prolonged service life, simplified construction and reduced production costs of sprinkler.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized sprinkling irrigation with the use of rollable wheeled pipelines.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.
EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.
EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.
EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.
7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.
SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.