(57) Abstract:Use: tractors, in particular in garden tractors with open seat of the tractor. The inventive tractor 1, in particular a garden tractor has an open seat 2 driver, which may be partially closed by a flexible folding feet 3, and contains a fabric cloth 4, fixed on the basis of the tractor behind the driver's seat, rear leg and stretch the arc 12 articulated crank levers and the front arc 13 for detachable mounting tissue. 5 C. p. F.-ly, 8 ill. The invention relates to tractors, in particular for the garden tractor with an open seat of the tractor, i.e. not closed cabin.Known tractor with an open seat for the driver, including a flexible awning fabric panel forming a cover over the driver's seat, front arc for mounting an awning installed on the chassis of the tractor, and part of keeping back part of the tent.The disadvantages of this device is the inability to fold the tent and inconvenience of use.The basis of the invention is the technical problem of creating a tractor of this type with a simple, suitable and attractive coating rector has a flexible folding top and a fabric cover, comprising vertical and horizontal walls, bounding back and upper part of the seat of the tractor, respectively, with a vertical wall secured at its lower edge to the design of the tractor, the rear arc with the crankshaft richani, which can be folded or lower position or in a vertical position to support and tension the vertical wall fabric cover, front mounting arc for fastening and tensioning the horizontal wall fabric cover, and quick release means for securing a fabric cover to the front arc.Thanks to this design, the upper body can be easily and quickly raised and lowered manually (or using the drive servomechanisms. In the raised position, the coating provides effective protection seat of the tractor from rain and sun, but leaves it open on the sides of the tractor for easy access and better visibility. In the lowered condition of the flexible top and back arc connected in a compact, folds flat behind the driver's seat.Mounting the arc also performs a useful protective function in case of overturning of the tractor, and should preferably be secured to the design of the tractor with the possibility of stalnye wall fabric coverings are respectively a partial side walls to better protect the tractor operator.Back arc has an upper U-shaped element rigidly attached to the inner side of the fabric cover, the first lower pair of levers pivotally connected at one end to opposite sides of the frame of the tractor and the other end to the lower ends of the legs of the U-shaped element, a second lower pair of levers pivotally attached to the frame of the tractor and to the shoulders is a U-shaped element, respectively, behind and above the corresponding joints of the first levers and bounding with them articulated chetyrehzvennoj, and a couple of quick interactive elements for closing the joints between the first arms and shoulders a U-shaped element, when the rear arc nahoditsya in the raised position.Means for securing a fabric cover to the front arc contain many fingers that are installed on the hard edge of the horizontal wall fabric cover and incoming from above into the corresponding recesses in the front arc, and bond rigidly attached to the rigid end wall, passing under the front arch and secured by a buckle located on the rear of the horizontal wall near the rear of the arc.Communication can also be successfully used to hold the top when C is ctor with a flexible soft-top General view of Fig. 2 a longitudinal section a-a in Fig.1; Fig.3 is the same, with the top at an intermediate stage of its descent, and Fig.4 is the same, with a folded roof; Fig.5 is a view along arrow B in Fig.2; Fig.6 three-dimensional image of part of the top; Fig.7 three-dimensional image of the rear fastening top, partial cut, and Fig.8 cross-section b-b In Fig.7.Garden tractor 1 has a seat 2 of the driver, which is normally open and may be partially closed by a flexible folding tent 3.Tent 3 contains the panel 4 of waterproof fabric, which in the raised position (Fig.1 and 2) is a vertical protective (rear) wall 5 located behind the seat 2 of the driver and a horizontal top wall 6 extending above the driver in the form of the roof. The rear wall 5 has two transparent Windows 7 for rear view, with walls 5 and 6 are respectively a short extension cords, which can be folded down, making the respective partial side walls.The base of the back wall 5 is rigidly attached to the frame of the tractor. It is evident from Fig.7 and 8 it is seen that the rear part of the seat 2 of the tractor operator has the form a C-shaped element 8 attached to the frame of the tractor 1 and forming two interior is replays to the rear of the element 8 by means of rivets or other similar fastening elements 11.A fabric cover supported in raised position on the rear arch 12 with folding crank levers and the front arc 13. The rear arc (Fig. 6) consists of the upper U-shaped element 14, the lateral shoulders 15 which have the lower ends of the two connector 16, each of which has a respective first transverse finger 17 for coupling the end of the first lever 18.The lower end of each lever 18 pivotally connected by transverse finger 19 with suitable support housing 20 mounted on the side of the tractor closer to the rear of the seat 2 of the driver.Each connector 16 on his finger 17 is another cross-finger 21 to swivel the end of the second lever 22, the lower end of which is pivotally attached to the corresponding support body 20 via pin 23 located behind the finger 19 and above. Two levers 22 are slightly bent.Each pair of levers 18, 22 together with the corresponding connectors 16 and a support body 20 to form an articulated chetyrehzvennoj, by means of which the rear arch 12 may be folded from the raised position (Fig.1 and 2) in the fully lowered position (Fig.4), passing through the intermediate position shown in Fig. 3. Folding osuser> Back arc locked in the raised condition by a pair of hooks 24 on the upper portions of the levers 18, and a pair of swivel levers 25 on the lower ends of the connectors 16 and cooperating with the hooks 24.The u-shaped element 14 in the rear arc 12 is rigidly attached to the fabric panel 4 in its inner side and top loops 26, 27. When the rear arch 12 is in the raised position, the rear wall 5 fabric cloth 4 is stretched and supported in the area of its connection with the upper wall 6.Perdana arc 13 is U-shaped and attached to the sides of the tractor ahead of the seat 2 of the tractor. In addition to fixing the upper wall 6 a fabric cloth 4 specified anterior arch 13 protects the tractor in case of overturning of the tractor. This arc can be attached to the tractor either rigidly or pivotally, to be able to be lowered to the front of the tractor when omitted fabric cloth 4.The clip 28 (Fig.5) front arc 13 in its upper part has a lot of holes 29 with a vertical axis; these openings are intended to interact with corresponding fingers 30, available on the hard end of the element 31 attached to the front This rigid element 31 has the form, allowing it to be partially wrapped around the cage 28, and is used for interaction communication 32 (Fig.2) with buckle 33 mounted on the underside of the upper wall 6 of about 34 at the interface between the top and rear walls.When the awning is raised 3, which corresponds to the vertical position of the rear arc 12, the fingers 30 are in the holes 29 of the front arc 13 and the connection 32 is held under the yoke 28 and secured with tensioning buckle 33.In order to lower the awning 3 from this position, it is necessary to release the connection 32 of the buckle 33 and lift the front edge of the vertical wall 5, to bring the fingers 30 of the holes 29.Now you can fold or roll up the upper wall 6 to its junction with the rear wall 5. If the lever 25 is released from the hooks 24, the rear arch 12 may be folded in this way (Fig.3) until it is fully down position (Fig. 4). During lowering of the rear arc 12 of the rear wall 5 fabric cloth 4 is formed as a harmonic between the U-shaped element 14 in the rear arc 12 and the element 8. As can be seen in Fig.4, in this position of folds formed by the folded fabric cloth 4 and lowered the rear arch 12, is securely attached to the tractor using the same connection 32, which is attached pikirayi is its raised position in the reverse sequence of operations.Although in the described and illustrated example of the invention transactions relating to the raising and lowering of the awning 3, are made by hand, the rear arch 12 may be lowered and raised and fabric cloth 4 can be minimized and maximized, for example, driven by servo-mechanisms. For this purpose a special drive from the motor bracket can be adapted for automatic engagement of the front side wall 6 with a front arch 13. 1. TRACTOR, in particular garden tractor with an open seat for the driver, including a flexible awning fabric panels forming the roof over the driver's seat, front arc for mounting an awning installed on the chassis of the tractor, and part of keeping back part of the tent, located in the area of installation of driver's seat, characterized in that the awning is made foldable and with a vertical wall bounding the rear part of the installation zone of the driver's seat and is secured with its lower edge on the body of the tractor, part of keeping back part of the tent is made in the form of back arc (12), providing a tension vertical wall panels and consisting of a crank levers connected with the possibility of folding from the top verticalto (29, 30, 31) mounting providing a tension panels on the roof.2. The tractor under item 1, characterized in that the anterior arch installed with possibility of inclination from the raised position to the lowered forward position.3. The tractor under item 1, characterized in that the vertical wall and the roof fabric panels made with the formation of the partial side walls of the tent.4. The tractor under item 1, characterized in that the arc is made of the upper U-shaped element mounted on the wrong side of the fabric panels, the first pair of lower arm (18), one ends of which are pivotally attached to opposite sides of the chassis of the tractor and the other to the lower ends of the arms of the U-shaped element, a second lower pair of levers pivotally attached to the chassis of the tractor and to the lower ends of the arms of the U-shaped element, respectively, behind and above the corresponding joints of the first levers and forming with the latter two articulated chetyrehzvennoy, and a pair of straight elements (24, 25) for closing the joints between the first lever /18/ and shoulders a U-shaped element in the raised vertical position of the rear arc.5. The tractor under item 1, characterized in that the fastening fabric Polota the Kanev cloth, and holes formed in the holder on the front arc to interact with the fingers, and a flexible connection rigidly attached to the outer part of passing under the yoke of the front arc and secured by a buckle mounted on the underside of the roof at the rear of the arc.6. The tractor under item 5, characterized in that the flexible connection is arranged to hold the awning with the lowered rear arc and assembled behind the driver's seat fabric cloth.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automobile with roof 5 moving between open and closed positions. Said roof has appropriate lining with rear glass 16 and protection element 21 extending from inoperative state into that of protection in automobile turnover. Said element extends beyond roof lining nearby rear glass 16 with closed roof 5. Rear glass 16 is surrounded, at least on separate parts, by rigid window frame 35 to thrust against the body with closed roof 5. Folding roof lever mechanism is provided and incorporates fastening clamp 41 to support window frame 35.
EFFECT: better protection in turnover.
10 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport machine building. Tilting structure of vehicle roof includes two mutually movable and jointly tiltable shape-generating sections for side strips of top lining. The shape-generating sections in closed roof position are installed in row one after another and being subparallel to each top lining strip. The shape-generating sections have drop channels which run in longitudinal direction of vehicle and are adjacent with top lining strips. Inner edge of each top lining strip together with one sealing forms leak-free overlapping for adjacent drop channel in closed position of roof structure.
EFFECT: better water drainage.
17 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Folding roof comprises top canopy 12 and top carcass 14 including, at least, one roof frame 20 with front zone and, at least, one elastically deformable tension element 31-34. Said top carcass 14 with canopy 12 or without it may be folded or rolled to deform aforesaid tension element 31-34.
EFFECT: simplified design, faster folding.
32 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: folding roof clamp-shape arc has two ends and has clamp seal for packing relative to car body. Said arc has water channel extending through clamp section. Water channel extends to one of camp ends. Water collection cup is arranged at said end of the clamp end and furnished with discharge hole.
EFFECT: better water withdrawal.
9 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: roof contains roof panel (4) which has smooth outer supporting surface for outer roof shell and inner surface (13) with reinforcing carcass (15) containing multiple reinforcing ribs (16) protruding from the inner surface (13). Optimised roof panel structure differs in the fact that inner surface (13) and reinforcing ribs (16) of reinforcing carcass (15) are covered with flat yielding element (17). The yielding element (17) has multiple chute-shaped grooves (18) to accommodate reinforcing ribs (16).
EFFECT: structure optimisation.
8 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: car with an opening roof comprises a body with end (1) and side walls, two half-roofs from polymer resistant to all types of atmospheric impact. Each half-roof comprises two sections with the help of independent rotation. Each section includes two T-shaped stands (2), hingedly fixed outside the end walls and equipped with mechanisms of balancing and inclination, cables (16), pulled between T-shaped stands, a cover (17), fixed on the cables, and an arc hingedly connected to T-shaped stands. The cover is made of solid thin-sheet structural polymer. Axes of arc hinged joints are parallel to the longitudinal axis of the car, ends of the arc are rigidly connected to counterweights under axes.
EFFECT: invention simplifies manufacturing and service.
2 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: car comprises a body with end and side (11) walls, two medium (4) and two side frames, each of which contains a horizontal beam and two end posts, hinged on the outside of the end walls, two semi-roofs (6) made of elastic material fixed to horizontal beams, mechanisms of rotation and frame balancing. The horizontal beams of the middle and side frames of the semi-roof are equipped with at least one intermediate post. The end and intermediate posts of each frame are rigidly connected to the drive shaft, resting against the intermediate support of the upper part of the side wall. Under the semi-roofs normally to the horizontal beams of the middle frames there are elastic elements cantilevered to the horizontal beams with a length of the console equal to 0.3-0.4 of the semi-roof width. The middle part of the canvas of each half-roof is supported by the rollers of free ends of elastic elements.
EFFECT: closing and opening of the roof is facilitated.
2 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: transportation; agriculture.
SUBSTANCE: tractor comprises front axle unloading sensor hydraulically connected with spool-type device and weight transfer unit with ballast weight and hydraulic cylinder. The said front axle unloading sensor is cinematically connected with spool-type device which is hydraulically connected with weight transfer unit with ballast weight located on the front axle. Bracket to which weight transfer unit with ballast weight is attached is connected with hydraulic cylinder rod to allow fluid drain into tank and for direct adjustment of front axle load.
EFFECT: straight-line stability improvement, tractor aggregate drivability improvement and quality improvement of agricultural operations.
SUBSTANCE: monoblock assembly contains an upper side, base, two sides disposed perpendicular to the direction of the tractor movement and two lateral sides disposed parallel to the movement direction. Each lateral side contains a cargo bolt or cross axis which services as a suspension for lifting tractor. The assembly contains at least one cavity having opened ends and placed so that being able to accept one lifting bracket of the device for freight handling which allows lifting and removing the assembly upon interacting the cavity with the lifting bracket.
EFFECT: simplification of monoblock assembly displacement.
13 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building. Proposed device comprises retaining appliance arranged perpendicular to tractor motion. Said retaining device comprises central part with appliance to provide three-point joint with tractor front and rear. Said appliance to provide three-point joint with tractor front and rear comprises three jointing elements, namely, top central element and two bottom lateral elements, as well as lateral ledges arranged on both sides of central part and furnished with hooking appliance to coupling with suspended whatever equipment.
EFFECT: improved control.
12 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to appliances reducing probability of vehicle overturning in crosswise plane. Proposed device comprises storage battery, flexible transducer of vehicle angular position with pendulum and resistance bridge circuit of angular position conversion in electric signal, gas generator pyrocartridge with air cylinder and bridge circuit. Transducer of vehicle angular position comprises two differentially interconnected coil springs. Said pendulum is connected with resistor slide that features variable resistance. Outputs of bridge circuit measuring diagonal are connected to comparator inputs. Comparator output is connected to contactor. Contactor contacts connect storage battery to gas generator pyrocartridge with air cylinder. Air cylinder comprises piston con rod with end spring-loaded retainers and stop.
EFFECT: higher passive safety.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural tractors caterpillar ganged up with tools by means of rear suspension. Proposed tractor comprises frame 1, suspended working tools driven by hydraulic cylinder 3, means for shifting tractor center of pressure including two levers 4 secured at frame front and counterweight arranged on said levers 4. Counterweight is made up of vessel 5 with ballast 6 and arranged to reciprocate on levers 4. Reciprocation is executed by rollers 7 and counterweight hydraulic drive made up of two lateral hydraulic cylinders 8. Like chambers of hydraulic cylinders 3 and 8 are intercommunicated via lines and, via hydraulic control valve 9, with pimp 10 and hydraulic tank 11. Aforesaid vessel 5 is provided with cover 12 for ease of ballast unloading.
EFFECT: required centering of tractor gravity center.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: adjustment device of ballast weight position includes transmitter of tractor front axis (1) unloading. Transmitter is made in the form of an electric force-measuring pin with electronic control unit (2), into which the required sensitivity level of front axis (1) unloading transmitter is programmed. When the tractor front axis is unloaded above allowable level, transmitter supplies the signal to electronic control unit that generates a control signal and supplies it to electric hydraulic valve (10). Electric hydraulic valve is connected on one side to hydraulic cylinder (7), and on the other side via hydraulic lines (12) and (13) to pressure line of hydraulic system of tractor and drain line. Depending on the signal supplied to electric hydraulic valve (10), hydraulic cylinder (7) connected to it moves beam (4) with ballast weight (6) now in tractor movement direction, and then to initial position.
EFFECT: invention allows increasing the stability of straight-line movement, improving the controllability of hinged tractor unit, improving the uniform distribution of vertical loads on supports of the unit and improving sensitivity of the system actuation.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to appliances reducing probability of vehicle overturning in crosswise plane. Proposed device comprises storage battery, flexible transducer of vehicle angular position with pendulum and resistance bridge circuit of angular position conversion in electric signal, gas generator pyrocartridge with air cylinder and bridge circuit. transducer of vehicle angular position comprises two differentially interconnected coil springs. Said pendulum is connected with resistor slide that features variable resistance. Outputs of bridge circuit measuring diagonal are connected to comparator inputs. Comparator output is connected to contactor. Contactor contacts connect storage battery to gas generator pyrocartridge with air cylinder. Air cylinder comprises piston, rod with end spring retainers acting at thrust arranged at body side surface center and articulate with the rod secured atop the vehicle body side top.
EFFECT: higher passive safety.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building. Passenger cabin retaining means comprises DC source composed of storage battery and vehicle angular position converter. The latter consists of two helical differentially interconnected springs. Pendulum upper end is secured to axles of said springs. Pendulum lower end is connected with varistor slide built in one of arms of resistance bridge circuit. Outputs of bridge circuit measuring diagonal are connected to comparator inputs. Comparator output is connected to contactor with contacts connected storage battery to exploder of gas generator with air cylinder communicated with mechanical anti-overturning assembly. Air cylinder comprises piston, extending rod with end spring-loaded retainers and stop. Said stop consists of carcass coupled with panel on outer side and with rod via its bracket on inner side. Said stop comprises limiters, retainers and wheels hinged to stop carcass by levers whereat springs act from above.
EFFECT: higher passive safety.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises storage battery, angular position transducer 1, control unit 2, gas generator 3, air cylinder 4, piston, extending rod 5 with end spring retainers 9 and stop, bearing rotary frame 8 hinged to vehicle roof by pivots 7 and studs 8. Frame turn is constricted by limiters 11.
EFFECT: ruled out overturning.