The method of growing plants mainly in the hydroponics

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: agriculture, namely methods of physical effects on plants and their surrounding environment to stimulate plant growth and correction of the pathology development. The essence of the invention: method of growing plants, mainly in the hydroponics, seeds or plants affected in the area, which is adjacent to the roots or lower part of the seeds and washed nutrient medium, ultrasound. Additionally carry out magnetic and laser treatment that allows you to control the metabolic processes in the cell and affect the pathology and plant growth. 5 C. p. F.-ly.

The invention relates to agriculture, namely to methods of physical effects on plants and their surrounding environment to stimulate plant growth and correction of the pathology development.

Known methods and tools for growing plants in greenhouses, for example in terms of hydroponics, which allow to obtain high yields. These methods include optimal exposure of seeds or plants of external parameters, such as ambient temperature, air, nutrient solution, the value of svetaveretenenko level, other parameters of the growth process in these methods as well reach a certain threshold and then practically do not change.

Research conducted recently showed that external physical impact, and to this is low impact on the plant, the weak magnetic action, etc. can significantly intensify the process of growth and increase productivity.

It should be noted that such effects are "weak" effects, the main feature of which is non-thermal or undamaged impact on cell structure, i.e., when data change impacts occur at the level of changes in the membrane potential of cells, chemical processes in the cell, and so on, but the structure of the cell structure as a whole remains unchanged.

Closest to the invention is a method of growing plants, mainly in terms of hydroponics, including the maintenance of microclimate parameters within the specified limits and the flow of the nutrient medium to the seed or plants, as well as physical impact on the latter.

But this method is also insufficient, it is impossible to perform correction is Lew invention is to improve the efficiency of the method and increase its functionality.

This is achieved by the fact that, as the physical impact of using ultrasound, which is created in a nutrient medium, wetting the seeds or roots of plants.

In addition, seeds or plants are additionally influenced by direct and/or alternating magnetic field of non-thermal intensity modulated AC field, equal to the frequency ion cyclotron resonance selected ion involved in this pathology, biological object may additionally influence of non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation with a modulation frequency equal to the mentioned frequency.

It should be noted that calcium ions are the most important in the process of cell excitability, cause for some diseases, the management of this process (transport of ions of calcium, magnesium, potassium, and so on) allows you to control the functional state of the biological object. In addition, it is possible to purposefully manage the pathology causing the saturation of the same or a different metal plant.

It is known that ultrasound increases the permeability of cell membranes and stimulates the synthesis of new enzymes in the cell. On the other hand, when the ultrasonic exposure is svecokarelian effect, C, what it allows to intensify the penetration of nutrient medium into the root system of the plants or the seeds.

The method is implemented as follows.

Seeds or plants are placed in a hydroponic tray, which serves for a given program nutrient solution, for example water, to which may be added any nutrient solution, which usually served to plants. Known methods create external parameters affecting plants or seeds, i.e. create optimal lighting parameters, temperature, etc.

Next, in a nutrient medium creates ultrasonic vibrations by making her an ultrasonic transducer. The emitters can be mounted in walls or bottom of the tray, but in some cases, simply making the emitter in the volume of the nutrient solution. The need to make sure that the fluid is not any cavitation mode, because in this case there will be a destruction of the surface layer of plant material. Influence of ultrasound on plant tissue is stimulated by the penetration of the nutrient medium in the capillaries plant tissue, i.e., the plant is not necessary to apply considerable force to the to and consequently their growth, which leads to an increase of the root system, and in the case of seeds to the rapid growth of the root system.

Practically ultrasound intensity does not exceed an average of 103W/m2and for more practical cases 102W/m2.

Mode ultrasound can be created constantly at much lower intensity values, or periodically for admission to the root system of the nutrient solution.

To increase the efficiency of the method seeds or plants also stimulate constant and/or variable magnetic field. The level of magnetic induction does not exceed shares of Tesla. But for a specific impact on a particular pathology, it is advisable to carry out the modulated magnetic effects on cellular structures with frequency ion cyclotron resonance of the selected metal ion. This frequency is equal to

where Fwithion cyclotron frequency of the ion of potassium, calcium, magnesium, etc. Hz;

In the change of magnetic induction, Tesla;

Q the charge of an ion;

3,14.

m the mass of the ion, and Q/m is in the range from 5x105to h6C/kg, the value does not exceed in most cases, 5-8x10-4the same does not exceed the specified limits. To create a resonance both fields are collinear. For given values of the resonance frequency range from a few Hertz to hundreds of Hertz, it is possible to carry out exposure with a frequency harmonics, subharmonics or fractional harmonics above-mentioned resonance frequency.

Additional effects on cellular structure in the form of low-intensity non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation also helps to enhance the effect of the stimulation and correction of pathological conditions. As such radiation can be any radiation that has sufficient permeability, such as microwave radiation or laser in the area of the infrared range, which allows to effectively work on the deep structure of cells by modulation of the laser radiation with the above-mentioned resonance frequency. Choosing the parameters of laser radiation such that it does not ionizes the medium through which it passes and does not heat exposure, i.e., in a cellular structures does not occur clotting protein, achieve only increase the resonance effect on a particular type of ions than amplify the magnetic effect. In this case, it is also important flow direction electromagnetically effect compared to using only ultrasound is 1.5-2 times higher. Ultrasonic vibrations can also be modulated with a frequency equal to the above-mentioned frequency ion cyclotron resonance, which is 10-15% increases the effectiveness of this method.

Modulation of all exposure parameters, i.e., ultrasound, alternating magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation, the better to create and maintain resonance phenomena, you need to order smaller for each influencing parameter energy, i.e. it allows to create for implementing the inventive method portable devices, enabling them to act in any circumstances on plants. In the particular case is sufficient to create in the root zone of the fluid part of the roots to action in this way.

The application of the inventive method will allow to increase the efficiency of growing plants and cause them predefined properties and characteristics.

1. The METHOD of GROWING PLANTS MAINLY IN HYDROPONIC CONDITIONS, including the maintenance of microclimate parameters in the given modes and flow of the nutrient medium to the seed or plants, as well as physical impact on the latter, characterized in that as a physical who is CLASS="ptx2">

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the seeds or plants are additionally affected by the static magnetic field.

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the seeds or plants are additionally affected by an alternating magnetic field of non-thermal intensity.

4. The method according to PP.1 to 3, characterized in that the vectors of constant and alternating magnetic fields lie in perpendicular planes.

5. The method according to PP. 1 to 4, characterized in that defines the appearance of the metal ion involved in the metabolism of the current state of the seeds or plants, and the value of the constant magnetic field and the frequency of the alternating magnetic field is chosen from the conditions of creation of ion cyclotron resonance in the selected metal ion.

6. The method according to PP.1 and 5, characterized in that the seeds or plants effect of low-intensity non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation with a modulation frequency equal to the ion cyclotron frequency of the selected metal ion that is involved in the metabolism of the current state of the seeds or plants.

 

Same patents:
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular the production of vegetables in greenhouses, greenhouses, hydroponic plants

The invention relates to a device for growing plants in artificial conditions and can be used in agriculture

The invention relates to agriculture, horticulture greenhouse

The invention relates to agriculture greenhouse production of vegetables, namely, systems of automatic control of the concentration of the spray solution on the principle of controlling the conductivity of a solution

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in the production of vegetables, berry and mushroom products

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in the production of vegetables, berry and mushroom products

The invention relates to agriculture, particularly to the cultivation structures for growing plants

The invention relates to selcom the economy and can be used in the diagnosis of plant nutrition in the growth process and for quality control of agricultural products

The invention relates to agriculture, namely, how to change hereditary traits in plants

The invention relates to electromagnetic influence on biological objects or their components, such as plants, seeds, cells of birds, mammals, etc

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to a method of growing plants, especially seedlings of cucumbers and tomatoes in buildings protected ground and can be used for other crops

The invention relates to agriculture, namely, devices for implementation in agriculture environmentally sound technologies

The invention relates to agriculture, namely, the means of processing manure, plant material, peat or feed

Hydroponic setup // 2045169
The invention relates to agriculture, particularly the cultivation equipment structures for growing plants, mainly in seed selection and seed production centres
Up!