Technological complex for the production of small construction products
(57) Abstract:Usage: in manufacture and its derivatives. The inventive complex contains means for receiving and supply of aggregates and cement to the mixing node containing placed on a vertical scheme feed bins, dispensers, faucet and site formation with individual posts processing. The complex also contains a node for grinding cement and lime, communicated with him accumulation tank, concentrically located relative to the hopper. Node molding placed under movably mounted mixer and made in the form of an annular rotary conveyor in which the post-laying and compaction of the mixture equipped with a vibrating plate on an air cushion. 5 Il. The invention relates to the construction industry, namely technological complex for the production of small constructional products from concrete and its derivatives.At the present time in the world practice involves the production of a wide range of building products, carried out at different power and snap the plants. In General, these plants differ from each other in their technology manufacturing is Mr. binder with heat treatment of products in non-pressure chambers at a temperature of 90-100aboutWith, and the other on the silicate binder (lime) with heat treatment in autoclaves at temperatures of up to 170aboutAnd the steam pressure up to 10 ATM.Closest to the technical essence and the achieved result to the proposed complex is the production line for the manufacture of concrete and concrete products containing warehouses and feeder aggregates and cement, betanase relatively node, including feed hopper, dispensers, faucet components of concrete, and site formation in the form of a transfer rack with trolley for filing a concrete solution to the bin-distributors.In the process of fine and coarse aggregate through fractionation device highways served in the feed hopper. In the same way in a silo serves cement and water. From feed bins and containers through dispensers dry ingredients mortar parts (fine aggregate and cement) fed into the mixer components of concrete, which together with the mixing water can flow and a plasticizer or other additive. Coarse aggregate at this time of the feed hopper fed into the device, where it is moistened and cleaned. Then cooked in a mixer solution and elegiac transfer racks are moved in the bunker-distributors. The last stack components of the concrete mixture into a form, which goes through the loop on the individual process stations.This design allows the manufacture of concrete products of good quality, but their range is limited due to the inability to use the various technologies. In addition, this production line is equipped with a number of bulky devices that do not allow rational to place them on the production area. The considered setting is primarily intended for the production of large concrete and concrete products.The basis of the invention is to create a technological complex for the production of the compact construction of concrete products with this design implementation and location of the mixing and forming of the nodes, which would improve and simplify the technology of production, compactness of equipment and would have combined the use of different technological schemes for the manufacture of construction products with maximum efficiency and productivity.For this technological complex for the production of small the mixing node, containing feed bins, dispensers, mixers for concrete preparation and site formation with individual process stations processing concrete mixture placed on a vertical scheme, according to the invention contains a node for grinding lime binders and sludge, as well as storage capacity for cement binder and lime, located concentrically relative to the hopper provided with the above-mentioned node to ground, thus forming a node is placed directly under the movably mounted mixer and made in the form of an annular rotary conveyor in which the post-laying and compaction of the concrete mix is equipped with a vibrating plate on an air cushion.This complex allows to produce a wide range of compact construction materials as cement and silicate technology with virtually no waste that is most beneficial to environmental surroundings the place of production.The invention consists in the following.The proposed processing facility manufactures concrete products cement and silicate technology. It was motivate various construction materials. The necessity of using lime binders leads to the existence of storage tanks for them, as well as host to grind them, and for compact placement of equipment on a vertical scheme is expedient to bring the structural members to each other, i.e., to have them the most flexibility in the layout diagram of the complex. Concentric location of storage tanks relative to the hopper allows in the most simple way to implement the transportation and industrial wiring materials for technological position.A more rational design is also performing the forming of the site in the form of an annular rotary conveyor. Thanks to the mobile installation of the faucet directly above the rotary conveyor of the possibility of a significant reduction of time for preparation and distribution of the concrete mixture for forming the node.Order individual seals concrete mixes visitors each product technology post pipeline, where the laying of the concrete mixture, the vibrating plate has air cushion. In addition, the use of the vibrating plate, air cushion allows wie allows 4-5 times to reduce the production area, and construction volume placed in it equipment. The proposed processing facility can be commissioned within 1.5-2 months.In Fig. 1 schematically shows a processing facility, a top view; Fig. 2 section a-a in Fig.1; Fig.3 cross-section B-B in Fig.1; Fig.4 section b-b In Fig.2; Fig.5 section G-G in Fig.2.Technological complex (Fig. 1-3) for the production of the compact construction of concrete products contains means for receiving and supply of aggregates performed in the form of a gripper of the gripper 1 and the skip hoist 2 which move material using the rotary hopper 3 into the feed hopper 4. Feed binder, cement and lime in the feed hopper 4 is made by means of the jet pump 5 through the piping system. To use the full resource of the pump 5 is made movable. Feed hopper 4 is equipped with dispensers 6 performing strictly dosed supply of the components of the concrete mixture to the mixer 7 with forced hydrodynamic mixing of the concrete mix, movably installed on the trolley 8 directly above the forming knot made in the form of an annular rotary conveyor 9, the I technological cycle operation for the manufacture of products. One of the posts, which is laying and compaction of the concrete mix, equipped with a vibrating plate 11 air cushion.Given the fact that the complex is intended for the use of silicate technology, it has a node for grinding lime binders and sludge placed near the mixer 7. It consists of mill 12 dry grinding and mill 13 wet grinding. Line dry grinding includes a tank 14 for the binding and the jet pump 15. Line wet grinding apparatus includes 16 with a mixing device (not labeled) and a pump 17 for supplying slurry. Processed in the mill 12 material (semi-finished) is sent to the storage tank 18, concentric (Fig.4) located relative to the hopper 4. At the same time in the tank 18 is supplied cement and lime from motor vehicles to create a linefill. Processed in the mill 13, the slurry is sent through pipes directly to the mixer 7. All of the above nodes and elements placed in it by the vertical schema.Technological complex, made in collapsible variant works as follows.On the construction site, vibramy grapple 1 and the skip hoist 2 placeholders are served in the feed hopper 4, where at the same time, the jet pump 5 is pneumatically moves binder, cement and lime.When using cement technology in the mixer 7 are dosed specified components from the feed bins and brought it to a certain consistency of the concrete mix. Then with the help of truck 8 mixer 7 is moved to the conveyor 9 and outputs the prepared concrete mixture into the form of post-laying and compaction of concrete. In the process of compaction of the concrete form raised on 3-4 cm relative to the rotor to form an air cushion that helps to isolate the action of vibration on the entire pipeline. The conveyor 9 (Fig.5) stepper drive mechanism (not shown) performs a synchronous movement of all technological posts 10 depending on the operation for the manufacture of products. Heat treatment of the products is done on the same conveyor after all operations with molded product (dotted positions of Fig. 5). After all operations are finished molded construction product hoisting mechanism (not shown) is moved to the place of its storage.When using silicate technology the entire production cycle of the products is identical to the above, I mill 12 dry grinding, and in the manufacture of aerated concrete work, both mill 12 and 13 dry and wet grinding. The dosage of the components (sand, lime, water) carry out the screw feeder 19. Binder obtained in the mill 12, a jet pump 15 is supplied to the storage capacitor 18, and thence into the feed hopper 4.In the mill 13 components (sand and water) are fed through the screw feeder 19 and the tank 20. Formed in the mill 13 sludge by means of a pump 17 is supplied to the apparatus 16, which is constantly mixed and dosed in the future in the mixer 7. Optionally, the mixer 7 of the tools 21 are dosed additives, creating a mesh of the concrete structure.In the process of manufacture of concrete products for silicate technology area of heat treatment, placed on a rotary conveyor 9, the function of the zone aging products. In the manufacture of aerated concrete is one of the technological posts shall be fitted with a cutting mechanism for carrying out the cutting of the array of concrete on a separate small blocks. Thus, both described the technology of manufacturing of concrete products can be successfully implemented on a real technological complex.The complex allows to use for izgotovlenie produced small-sized parts namely, wall blocks, beams, columns, lintels, slabs, walls, tiles, etc.This design has a compact and modern design, which allows it to be used on small construction sites, residential neighborhoods, in areas remote from industrial cities, as well as in any areas where there is waste local industry or natural material. TECHNOLOGICAL COMPLEX FOR the production of SMALL CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS containing means for receiving and feeding the components of the mixture to the mixing site is hosted on a vertical scheme consumable bunkers, feeders and mixers for mixing and site formation with individual technological positions, characterized in that the complex has communicated with feed bins means for dry and wet grinding of lime and storage tanks for cement and lime, arranged concentrically relative to the hopper, thus forming unit is designed in the form of an annular rotary conveyor placed under movably mounted mixer, and post the laying and compaction of the mixture supplied by the vibrating plate on the air is
FIELD: construction industry; production lines of three-layered panels.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with construction industry, in particular, with the lines of production of three-layered panels. The line has a device located in front of a stacking filler unit and used for formation of the connecting lock of the filler. The device is made in the form of a mounted on the transversal cross bar longwise - mobile and spring-loaded pushers of lamellas of the filler. Pushers have different sizes in length and are mounted interleaving among themselves. A unit of sawing of the panel is supplied with a tool of damping vibration of clearing of the vibration of the panel ends, which is mounted in front of the drive of the unit of sawing of the panel and is made in the form of an additional shaft with carrying rollers. The technical result is increased quality of the panels joint.
EFFECT: the invention insures increased quality of the panels joint.
14 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: construction industry; production lines of three-layer panels.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with construction, in particular, with the lines of production of three-layer panels. The technical result is improvement of quality of the heat-resistant panels. The line of production of the heat-resistant panels has a located on a deep profiling unit tool of formation of the outside heat resistance and an adhesive strength of the sidings made in the form of the small-profiled rollers mounted - above and beneath the shafts. The upper rollers are displaced in respect to the lower rollers in the vertical and horizontal planes and are made of hinging back type and supplied with a handle hinging back.
EFFECT: the invention ensures an improved quality of the heat-resistant panels.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: construction industry; devices for a small-serial production of a building decor made out of gypsum.
SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a device for a small-serial production of a constructional decor out of gypsum and is dealt with construction industry. The technical result is a contact-free molding of the decorative items out of gypsum. The device contains a pneumatic cell with a molding surface made in the form of two perforated plates, between which the space is filled with spherical grains of an elastic material, and a tool to control consumption of gas at an outlet of the pneumatic cell. The upper plate forming a pneumatic cell is in addition made profiled, equipped with injectors for application on a surface of a molded item of a coloring substance and is fixed in the body. The lower plate is capable to move in respect to the upper plate in a vertical plane. The pneumatic cell is supplied with a valve for removal of condensate. The body is supplied with a loading pocket for preparation of a mortar and is equipped with rabbles of anchor type, a metering device, connecting pipes for feeding of hot and cool water. The body is rigidly fixed on a frame, inside which there is a chain gear.
EFFECT: the invention ensures a contact-free molding of the decorative items out of gypsum.
FIELD: construction materials, in particular, production of lime-sand brick.
SUBSTANCE: complex has press, table, group mold with cavities for bricks, conveyor, axially aligned with respect to axis of feeding of bricks from press, and scalding car. Picking-up device is mounted for moving along conveyor to transfer brick from press to conveyor. Stacker is adapted for transfer of brick from conveyor to scalding car. Longitudinal walls of mold cavities and path on which scalding car is moving are arranged perpendicular to conveyor. Cavities of mold are arranged in four rows extending in parallel with conveyor. Each row has two-five cavities.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing formation on conveyor of full layer of bricks for scalding car.