Technological line for production of ceramic tiles
(57) Abstract:Use: in the manufacture of ceramic tiles. The inventive production line contains the warehouse 1 clay hopper 2 quartz sand, capacity 3 to alkaline water dispensers, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of clay, sand and water, the tapered homogenizer-activator 8 for the preparation of highly concentrated astringent suspension (ECCU), the stabilizer 9 ECCU, the dispenser 10 ECCU, the tapered homogenizer-mixer 11, a screw press 12, the machine 13 cutting tile, installing 14 heat treatment of shingles in the microwave field ultra high frequency currents, the cooler 15, the machine-compacting machine 16 and warehouse 17 of the finished product. 1 Il. The invention relates to the technology of building materials and can be used in the building materials industry.Known technological line for production of ceramic tiles 
Closest to the claimed is a technological line for production of ceramic tiles from natural clay. It includes bunker sand, runners and Glenmark pre-treatment of the clay store for aging clay for up to 20 days, box dispenser-feeder, conveyor, campanello dryer, tunnel kiln for firing, the finished goods warehouse 
The disadvantages of the process line are long-term, 20-day, and the lack of destruction of the natural structure of the main component of clay, and therefore not achieved the required averaging its ceramic properties, which in turn is the main cause of occurrence of defects tiles in various stages of production, leads to the necessity of control of process parameters, especially at the stage of drying and firing, under the fluctuating properties of the molding mixture, the dry method of preparing solid additives, consisting mainly of crushing and sieving, which leads to the dustiness of the environment, increased noise, loss due pylones and high intensity, duration used thermal processes of drying and firing tiles (48.72 h), energy and economiccost, complexity of technology, the requirement of large production areas, the difficulty of effective application of controls and automation, which limits the possibilities of improving the quality of the tiles.The aim of the invention is to provide a simplified, more efficient, economical, technological, whether the LASS="ptx2">The purpose is due to the fact that the basis of the processing line are installing for the preparation of vyakaranam - tirovannoj binding suspension (ECCU) in the form of a homogenizer-activator having a feed screw and a conical grinder with spindle melhuse-isti - rising elements in the working area, stabilizer suspension, homogenizer-mixer forming a mixture with the feed auger and cone crusher, which is used as the grinding-mixing unit, installation of heat treatment of products in a microwave field currents ultra high frequency (UHF), made in the form of a tunnel oven with combined mode of drying and firing.The core technology is the combination in one working cycle of the whole process of preparation of the moulding mixture, i.e., increasing its plastic properties, uniformity of composition, uniform distribution therein of moisture, the destruction of its natural structure, mixing clay with solid and liquid additives that are performed in the same machine the tapered homogenizer mixer 
For the preparation of solid and liquid additives with astringent properties, use the installation for the preparation of ECCU. ECCU is added to the clay in an amount of 10 to 50% by weight of clay is neobreznye melhuse - abrasive elements in the working area, and the use of alkaline water with a pH of 10.5 to 11.5 as thinning supplements. The method of obtaining the ECCU is in fine grinding vysokoglinozemistykh materials (e.g. quartz sand, containing SiO296%) using alkaline water as a thinning of the additive homogenizer-activator continuous-flow actions with fusiform melhuse-abrasive elements in the working area and the subsequent stabilization of the ECCU in the stabilizer drum type.The drawing shows a production line for the manufacture of tiles.Production line includes warehouse-bunker 1 clay hopper 2 quartz sand, capacity 3 to alkaline water dispensers, clay 4 and sand 5 supplied to the tapered homogenizer-mixer 11, dispensers sand 6 and water 7, used to prepare the ECCU, the homogenizer-activator 8 having a feed screw and a conical grinder with spindle melhuse - abrasive elements in the working area, the stabilizer 9 ECCU, the dispenser 10 ECCU, the tapered homogenizer-mixer 11 with the feed auger and cone crusher, screw press 12, the machine 13 tile cutting tape, installation 14 heat treatment of shingles in the microwave field currents player 16 and warehouse 17 of the finished product.The dispenser 4 clay commercially available box feeder, feeders 5 and 6 sand applied serially produced with the principle of volumetric batching and automatic control. Homogenizer-activator 8 specially made. The stabilizer 9 is a drum made of sheet steel with a thickness of 8.16 mm, which has a loading and unloading device with dispenser 10 ECCU, rotates on roller bearings with friction drive through the gearbox. The dispenser 10 ECCU commercially available. Homogenizer-mixer 11 is made on the basis of the installation for the preparation of ceramic masses  provides the preparation of ceramic sand. Screw press 12 commercially available. Machine 13 cutting production, cuts ceramic tape into individual shingles. Installation 14 heat treatment of shingles in the microwave field currents microwave made in the form of a tunnel furnace individually manufactured on the basis of commercially available sources of microwave energy works on continuous loop in combined mode "drying-baking". The cooler 15 commercially available, specially modified for the installation of the microwave. Machine-compacting machine 16 commercially available, puts gotovu works as follows.The sand from the hopper 2 through the volumetric dosing device 6 enters the homogenizer-activator 8. There from the tank 3 through the spout 7 is fed alkaline water. In the homogenizer-activator prepares the ECCU, which is fed continuously to the stabilizer 9.Clay warehouse-hopper 1 through the box dispenser 4 and sand from the hopper 2 through the spout 5 is served in the tapered homogenizer-mixer 11, which is also through the dispenser 10 of the stabilizer 9 is applied ECCU. The tapered homogenizer-mixer 11 is the preparation of the molding of the ceramic material, which is continuously fed into the tape screw press 12.The extruding pressure of 12 ceramic tape is cut into individual tiles machine-cutter 13, which are received at the receiving belt conveyor thermal installation 14 heat treatment in a microwave field currents microwave oven, transforming into a conveyor high temperature zone, moving synchronously receiving conveyor, where the final drying and firing. When exiting the installation of heat treatment shingles are served in the cooler 15, after which the machine-compacting machine 16 are packaged and sent to the storage 17 of the finished product.Predlozhenijami properties of any of the clays. This is achieved by using ECCU.The use of tapered homogenizer-activator continuous flow of steps in a process line for the production of ceramic tiles allows to simplify considerably the known manufacturing process ECCU based on fine grinding in ball mills, thereby providing economical, technological and environmental cleanliness. The application of the ECCU in molding a ceramic mixture ensures a significant increase in strength characteristics of the final product, the use of clay with low ceramic properties, the use of different non-deficient additives to the clay, such as sand, waste, etc. It is possible to drastically intensify technological cycles at various stages and, ultimately, significantly reduce the time the entire production process.The proposed technological line for production of ceramic tiles do not require large production areas and can be located in the premises of easy-to-assemble design, because it consists of a small amount of equipment and tunnel installation heat treatment of products in a microwave field currents microwave them is egati.The application of the ECCU as modifying additives allows you to get shingles with high density, low shrinkage, high compressive strength and Flexural strength. The application of the ECCU for modification of the molding mixture reduces the time of drying and firing at 10.15 time compared to the traditional way. Application ECCU allows a wide range to adjust the properties themselves ceramics and the finished tile.The use of a homogenizer-mixer for the preparation of the molding material, which is carried out in a closed environment with a humidity conditions, eliminates the pylevydeleniem and unsanitary conditions. The process homogenizator processing moulding mixture does not pereseleniu solid components, eliminates the stage of aging of the mixture before forming.Use for heat treatment of products installation microwave shortens the cycle thermal treatment of products in 10 times, improves the quality of the finished tile, allows you to get cost-effective and cleaner production. TECHNOLOGICAL LINE FOR PRODUCTION of CERAMIC TILES that contain installed in the technological sequence warehouse clay hopper for sand and other solid additives, capacity VoD, belt press, cutting machine, ceramic tape, the installation for the heat treatment of shingles, machine-compacting machine and the finished products warehouse, characterized in that it is provided with installation for the preparation of highly concentrated astringent suspension in the form of a homogenizer-activator having a feed screw and a conical grinder with spindle melhuse-abrasive work items and stabilizer suspension, front of the unit for grinding and mixing sand, made in the form homogenizer-mixer having a feed screw and a conical grinder, while the installation for the heat treatment performed in the form of a tunnel oven with combined mode of drying and firing, having a source of ultra high frequency currents, conveyor products and cooler.
FIELD: construction industry; production lines of three-layered panels.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with construction industry, in particular, with the lines of production of three-layered panels. The line has a device located in front of a stacking filler unit and used for formation of the connecting lock of the filler. The device is made in the form of a mounted on the transversal cross bar longwise - mobile and spring-loaded pushers of lamellas of the filler. Pushers have different sizes in length and are mounted interleaving among themselves. A unit of sawing of the panel is supplied with a tool of damping vibration of clearing of the vibration of the panel ends, which is mounted in front of the drive of the unit of sawing of the panel and is made in the form of an additional shaft with carrying rollers. The technical result is increased quality of the panels joint.
EFFECT: the invention insures increased quality of the panels joint.
14 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: construction industry; production lines of three-layer panels.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with construction, in particular, with the lines of production of three-layer panels. The technical result is improvement of quality of the heat-resistant panels. The line of production of the heat-resistant panels has a located on a deep profiling unit tool of formation of the outside heat resistance and an adhesive strength of the sidings made in the form of the small-profiled rollers mounted - above and beneath the shafts. The upper rollers are displaced in respect to the lower rollers in the vertical and horizontal planes and are made of hinging back type and supplied with a handle hinging back.
EFFECT: the invention ensures an improved quality of the heat-resistant panels.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: construction industry; devices for a small-serial production of a building decor made out of gypsum.
SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a device for a small-serial production of a constructional decor out of gypsum and is dealt with construction industry. The technical result is a contact-free molding of the decorative items out of gypsum. The device contains a pneumatic cell with a molding surface made in the form of two perforated plates, between which the space is filled with spherical grains of an elastic material, and a tool to control consumption of gas at an outlet of the pneumatic cell. The upper plate forming a pneumatic cell is in addition made profiled, equipped with injectors for application on a surface of a molded item of a coloring substance and is fixed in the body. The lower plate is capable to move in respect to the upper plate in a vertical plane. The pneumatic cell is supplied with a valve for removal of condensate. The body is supplied with a loading pocket for preparation of a mortar and is equipped with rabbles of anchor type, a metering device, connecting pipes for feeding of hot and cool water. The body is rigidly fixed on a frame, inside which there is a chain gear.
EFFECT: the invention ensures a contact-free molding of the decorative items out of gypsum.
FIELD: construction materials, in particular, production of lime-sand brick.
SUBSTANCE: complex has press, table, group mold with cavities for bricks, conveyor, axially aligned with respect to axis of feeding of bricks from press, and scalding car. Picking-up device is mounted for moving along conveyor to transfer brick from press to conveyor. Stacker is adapted for transfer of brick from conveyor to scalding car. Longitudinal walls of mold cavities and path on which scalding car is moving are arranged perpendicular to conveyor. Cavities of mold are arranged in four rows extending in parallel with conveyor. Each row has two-five cavities.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing formation on conveyor of full layer of bricks for scalding car.
FIELD: construction engineering; production of building materials.
SUBSTANCE: proposed line contains the following stations installed in technological sequence in line: cellular concrete mass preparation station, cellular mass concrete forming stations. Said stations include tray, detachable side attachments on which longitudinal and cross sides are secured, cellular mass concrete cutting and autoclave processing of cellular mass concrete station and transporter for conveying trays with mass concrete. Line is furnished with pore former-dispenser installed between mixture preparation and forming stations for traveling in between transporter for conveying trays with mass concrete is made in form of grip-manipulator secured on overhead track hoist for travel from posts of forming to cutting post. Cross sides of side attachments are provided with leverage for parallel displacement of sides.
EFFECT: improved reliability of line.
FIELD: production of ceramic articles.
SUBSTANCE: proposed drying line has drying chamber, cars to deliver bricks into drying chamber, hot air feed conduit, cold air feed conduit, hot and cold air mixer, conduits to deliver air directly into drying chamber, cold air feed gate, hot air feed gate, distributing gate and automatic control system which includes temperature transmitter, humidity transmitter, brick car position pickup, concentrator and transfer device, all installed on cars delivering bricks into drying chamber. Hot air gate control drive is installed on hot air gate, cold air gate control drive is installed on cold air gate, and drives to control distributing gates hot air feed gate drive control unit, cold air feed gate and distributing gate drives control units are installed on distributing gates, as well as receivers. Output of hot air feed conduit is connected through hot air feed gate, and output of cold air feed conduit is connected through cold air feed gate with input of hot and cold air mixer whose output is connected through distributing gates with inputs of air conduits delivering air directly into drying chamber, and whose outputs are connected with inputs of drying chamber. Output of temperature transmitter is connected with first input of concentrator, output of humidity transmitter is connected to second input of concentrator, output of brick car position pickup is connected to second input of concentrator, output of brick car position pickup is connected to third input of concentrator, output of concentrator is connected to input of transfer device, output of transfer device is connected to input of receiver whose output is connected to input of control unit of drives of hot air feed gate, cold air feed gate and distributing gates whose outputs are connected to input of cold air feed gate control drive whose output is connected with input of cold air feed gate, and to input of control drive of hot air feed gate whose output is connected with input of hot air feed gate, to inputs of control drives of distributing gates whose outputs are connected with inputs of distributing gates whose outputs are connected with inputs of drying chamber.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and quality of drying.
FIELD: ceramic articles production.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automation of brick drying lines. According to invention, line contains drying chamber, car to deliver bricks in to drying chamber, feed conduits, hot and cold air mixer, conduits to deliver air directly into drying chamber, cold and hot air feed gates, distributing gate and automatic control system including brick weight pickups, brick linear dimensions pickup, brick feed car position pickups, concentrator, transfer devices installed on cars delivering bricks into drying chamber. Control drives are installed on hot and cold air and distributing gates.
EFFECT: increased capacity and improved quality of drying of ceramic articles.
FIELD: methods and installations for continuous production of building elements.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method and installation for continuous production of building elements. The technical result is provision of a continuous process of production of building structures. For production of building elements, which are composed: out of two parallel plane gauze mats made out of the crossing each other and welded to each other in intersecting points a longitudinal wire and a transversal wire; out of holding the gauze mats at the preset cross spacing intervals straight bridge wires and out of a located between the gauze mats run through them bridge wires of an insulating body, at which the two gauze mats are given a parallel position in the production channel at the mutual space corresponding to the desirable thickness of the building element. In an interval between the parallel gauze mats place an insulating plate made out of the heat-insulating material and simultaneously at least on one side hand alternately in the opposite direction at an angle in the plains passing perpendicularly to the planes of the gauze mats at least through one of the gauze mats and through the insulating body pierce several bridge wires and weld them with the wires of the mat.
EFFECT: the invention ensures a continuous process of production of building structures.
29 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: ceramics production, particularly automated lines for brick burning.
SUBSTANCE: line includes burning chamber, cart for delivering bricks to burning chamber, gas supply choke and gas burner. Line additionally has scales, converter, regulator amplifier and delay unit. Control drive is installed on gas supply choke. Scales output is connected to regulator amplifier input. Regulator amplifier output is linked with delay unit input. Delay unit output is connected with input of next delay unit and with input of gas burner choke drive. Output thereof is linked with gas supply choke input, output thereof is connected with gas burner input for gas supplying to burning chamber.
EFFECT: increased output and ceramics quality.
FIELD: production of concrete and ferroconcrete, namely processes for producing concrete mass of pavements of automobile roads, tram rail tracks and transporting paths inside factories and plants.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of placing concrete mixture by three layers containing different components into form with its front layer turned downwards; as molding subjecting said mixture to vibration compaction at different vibration characteristics. According to invention in the result of preparing rational compositions of concrete mixtures, its preparation, placing and compaction, it is achieved optimal relation of solid, liquid and gaseous phases in concrete mixture. It provides its strength and increased useful life period of concrete and ferroconcrete products. Selected three-layer structure of concrete mass in products provides accelerated by 1.5 - 2 times period of product solidification in air due to thermostat-resonance temperature effect of self-heating of concrete mixture. Manufacturing line for making concrete and ferroconcrete products includes successively arranged and technologically matched equipment units for preparing composition type binder, concrete mixture and for vibration compaction of products.
EFFECT: improved strength, cold resistance and operational characteristics of concrete and ferroconcrete products.
2 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex