The way sorption of wine materials and installation for its implementation
(57) Abstract:The way sorption of wine stock from excessive amounts of metals includes the transmission of wine stock through a filter filled with granular zirconium phosphate in Na+form, subsequent regeneration of the sorbent first solution of hydrochloric acid, then softened water and translation of the sorbent in the Na+form processing solution of sodium hydroxide. Installation sorption treatment of grapes contains a pressure filter, filled with sorbent based on zirconium phosphate, pressure filter, water softening, water pump is the source of the grapes, the capacity for acid solution and the capacity for alkali solution, connected by pipelines with both filters, pipelines for supplying compressed gas to both the filter and the tank. 2 S. and 4 C. p. F.-ly, 1 Il. table 2. The invention relates to methods and devices for sorption of wine, wines, cognac and grape juices from cations of metals (Fe2+Ca2+, Mg2+, K+and others) and radioactive nuclides (Cs134Cs137, Sr90and others) and can be used in wine-making and food industries.Currently vindelici nami in static mode, the subsequent settling of the suspension, no mechanical filtration in filter presses.For example, a known method of purification of wine material by mixing it with silica gel, followed by settling and separation of the phases (U.S. patent N 4.631.193, With 12 H 1/02, 1986).Known similar methods for cleaning wine to use as sorbents powder
bentonite (U.S. patent N 3958023. 12 N 1/04, 1976).magnesium silicate (U.S. patent N 3940498, With 12 H 1/04, 1976).a mixture of silica gel with magnesium silicate (patent USA N 4797294, With 12 H 1/02, 1989).modified diatomaceous earth (U.S. patent N 5009906, With 12 H 1/04, 1991).The disadvantage of the above methods is the low capacity of the used sorbents for metals, as well as the impossibility of their use in the dynamic mode, which reduces the efficiency of the process.The closest in technical essence and the achieved result is a method of purification of grapes, for example, vodka, including the pretreatment solution of activated carbon and clearing of metal ions using ion-exchange microporous sylvopastoral resin with subsequent regeneration and transfer to Na-form.The same technical solution, psdi, filled with activated charcoal, connected by pipelines through the intermediate tank with a column purification filled with ion exchange resin and containing piping exhaust purified solution, and a regeneration effluent (U.S. patent N 3914442, With 12 H 1/04, 1975).The disadvantage of this method is the use for treatment of polymeric ion exchange resins that are associated with the risk of leaching of bases toxic products of decomposition of the resins, and lack the recommended setup is its nonclosure, i.e. the inability to use it offline.Another disadvantage is the low degree of purification from heavy metals and radionuclides.The present invention is to develop a method and installation for sorption of wine, alcoholic drinks and grape juices from metals and radionuclides in the stream, which can operate with high performance offline.The problem is solved is described by way of sorption of wine stock, including the transmission of wine stock through a filter filled with a granular sorbent on the basis of zirconium phosphate in the Na form, the regeneration of the sorbent by the in Na+-form processing solution of sodium hydroxide.The problem is solved also described the setting for the sorption of wine material containing a pressure filter, filled with sorbent on the basis of zirconium phosphate with the supply line of the original wine stock and pipeline removal peeled grapes and regeneration effluent, pressure filter, water softening with granular ion exchange material, connected by pipelines with a pressure filter with a sorbent based on zirconium phosphate, tanks for acids and bases, connected by pipelines to the two pressure filters and additional pipelines supply gas to both pressure filters, and tanks for acid and lye.The installation also includes a pump source grapes, shutoff and control valves. In addition, it contains a device for measuring and controlling the flow of wine materials and reagents and devices for measuring pressure drop across the filters.Installation can additionally be provided with a filter source grapes from suspensions and colloids, installed before the pressure filter with a sorbent based on zirconium phosphate.
the burden of sorbent on the basis of zirconium phosphate 2 and pipeline peeled grapes 3; the pump 4 to the filing of the original grapes, connected by a pipe 5 with filter 1; tank 6 hydrochloric acid solution, connected by pipes 7 and 8 with the upper comb 9 filter 1; tank 10 sodium hydroxide solution, connected by pipes 11, 7, and 8 with the upper comb 9 filter 1; pressure filter 12 water softening with ion exchange load 13 and the pipeline of water supply 14 connected at its bottom by a line 15, 11, 7 and 16 with the lower comb 17 of the filter 1 and the top comb through 18 pipelines 19, 15 and 11 with the lower part of the alkali solution tank 10 and the lower part of the tank acid solution 6; pipes of compressed gas connected, on the one hand, with the upper die 9 and 18 filters 1 and 12 and the upper parts of the tanks 6 and 10, on the other hand, with the lower comb 17 of the filter 1 and the lower parts of the filter tanks 12 and 6 and 10; pipelines allotment regeneration solutions connected with the lower parts of the filters 1 and 2; pipelines stavki gas connected to the upper parts of the filter 1 and 12 and tanks 6 and 10.The device operates as follows.The original wine by means of a pump 4 through the pipe 5 is supplied under pressure in a pressure filter 1. Purified wine on line 3 is directed to a tank o which the pump is turned off. Remaining in the filter 1 wine displace the compressed gas in the tank peeled grapes.Next, perform the regeneration of the sorbent. In the tank 6 is poured concentrated hydrochloric acid and bottom serves softened water from the filter 12 to obtain a desired concentration. The tank bottom 6 serves compressed gas for mixing the solution and removing the gas through suvcw 20. The prepared solution of hydrochloric acid compressed gas is directed to the filter 1 through the comb 9 and after passing the filter regeneration solution through the lower Gorbenko 17 dropping in buck Converter.The filter 1 is washed with softened water from the filter 12 through the distributor 9 and the washing water is directed into the tank-neutralizer.In the tank 10 is prepared NaOH solution. In the tank 10, at the top of the boot hatch, fall asleep granulated NaOH and served from below the necessary amount of softened water from the filter 12, stirred solution of compressed gas, which is fed from the bottom and away from the top through suvcw 21. The prepared solution of alkali serves compressed gas through the top comb 9 in the filter 1. At the same time through the lower comb 17 is supplied compressed gas for mixing the solution and the sorbent, which is withdrawn through suvcw 22.After keeping the lyst and install again ready for a series of sorption.P R I m e R s 1 and 2. The way sorption of wine was carried out at the facility, including a pressure filter with granular zirconium phosphate, centrifugal pump for feeding grapes, shutoff and control valves. Pressure filter was a cylindrical column with an inner diameter of 40 cm and a height of 80 cm, made of titanium. In the upper and lower parts of the columns are mounted drain caps slit width of 0.2 mm, the Volume loaded in the filter sorbent was equal to 48 liters of Granulated zirconium phosphate has the following main characteristics: the size of the granules of 0.4-2.0 mm, the atomic ratio P/Zr 2.0, the mechanical strength of the granules 15050 kg/cm2.Through the filter of the sorbent on the basis of zirconium phosphate in the direction of "bottom-up" centrifugal pump filed the original wine with a bulk velocity of 20 column volumes per hour. After passing the filter materials were sent to the tank peeled grapes. In the original and cleaned the wine was determined by the concentration of iron, calcium, potassium and copper using standard techniques. In example No. 1 as cleaned grapes used dry white wine "Riesling Tamani. In the example N 2 obermaterial are given in table. 1.The amount of the missed white wine "Riesling Tamani through the filter was 7.2 m3or 150 column volumes. After this was carried out by the regeneration of the sorbent. The filter with the sorbent was washed in softened water volume of 150 liters. Through a filter with a sorbent with a bulk velocity 4 column volume per hour missed 100 liters of 1 mol/l hydrochloric acid and regenerate sent in buck Converter. Further, the sorbent was transferred to the Na+-form processing 50 liters of 0.5 mol/l sodium hydroxide solution.After completion of the regeneration process on the filter with the sorbent as in example 1, gave a dry red wine "Cabernet Tamani. Volume missed dry red wine amounted to 6,5 m3or 135 column volumes, then spent the regeneration of the sorbent as in example 1.In table. 2 shows the test results of sorption of wine.From table. 2 it follows that the treatment of materials according to the proposed method allows to remove from wine excessive amounts of iron, calcium and potassium, which improves the quality of the wine and significantly increases its resistance against metal opacities. Tests also showed that the treatment given is fishing for sensory assessment are at the level of the control.Thus, the proposed method and installation effectively use them in the wine industry for sorption processing wine, wine, brandy, grape juice and other alcoholic beverages from excessive concentrations of the cations of various metals, which improves the quality of the final product. On the one hand, the proposed solution allows to increase the stability of wine from crystal haze (due to potassium and calcium and metal, iron, copper and other) character by reducing concentrations of metals at the stage of purification of the wine before bottling. On the other hand, its use allows to significantly reduce the concentration of toxic and heavy metals, are always present in wine (lead, cadmium, mercury, copper, etc. and radiotoxic nuclides (for example, 137Cs60Co) due to the high selectivity zirconium phosphate as sorption download.The unit is compact and Autonomous due to the presence of site regeneration and can be installed directly in the workshops wineries. In addition, it can be used in water treatment beer production to obtain process water from including the transmission of wine material through the filter, filled with a granular sorbent, subsequent regeneration of the sorbent and the translation of the sorbent in Na+form, characterized in that the sorbent using zirconium phosphate sodium form, regularly sorbent is carried out by sequential processing first solution of hydrochloric acid, and then softened water and the sorbent in the Na+-working treatment with a solution of sodium hydroxide.2. Installation for sorption of wine material containing a filter device filled with a granular sorbent, the feeder pipelines source grapes and piping removal peeled grapes and regeneration effluents, characterized in that the filter device contains a pressure filter, filled with sorbent based on zirconium phosphate, and further comprises a pressure filter water softening with granular ion exchange material, connected by pipelines with a pressure filter with a sorbent based on zirconium phosphate capacity for acid and capacity for alkali, connected by pipelines to the two pressure filters and auxiliary piping compressed gas and suuki gas on both pressure filtrem based on zirconium phosphate through the lower comb for gas supply and conclusions regeneration solutions connected by pipelines to the lower part of the pressure filters, water softeners and in parallel with the lower part of the tank of acid solution and the lower part of the tank alkali solution.4. Installation on PP.2 and 3, characterized in that a pressure filter with a sorbent based on zirconium phosphate through the top comb gas supply is connected by piping to the bottom of the tank acid solution and the lower part of the tank alkali solution.5. Installation on PP.2 to 4, characterized in that a pressure filter water softening through the upper grebenko is connected by piping to the bottom of the tank acid solution and the lower part of the tank alkali solution.6. Installation on PP.2 to 5, characterized in that it contains a pump source grapes and shut-off and control valves.
FIELD: domestic appliances.
SUBSTANCE: filter comprises housing with inlet and outlet branch pipes, vertical baffles mounted inside the housing to define units for sorbents. The baffles are made of two cylinders axially aligned along the vertical axis of the housing to define single cylindrical unit and two ring units. The inner cylinder is mounted so that to provide a space between its bottom face and the bottom of the housing. The outer cylinder is mounted so that to provide a space between its top face and the lid of the housing.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability of the filter.
FIELD: organic chemistry, analytical chemistry, chemical technology.
SUBSTANCE: method involves addition of ammonium sulfate up to saturation to analyzed solution in the process of extraction and prepared solution is passed through sorbent-polycarbonate modified with 46.7-47.1 wt.-% of tributylamine at the rate 0.8-1 cm3/min in the mass ratio sorbent to sample = 1:10. Invention can be recommended for extraction naphthol- and phenolsulfoacids (2-naphthol-6-sulfoacid, 2-naphthol-6,8-disulfoacid, 1-amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfoacid, 1-amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfoacid, 2-aminophenol-4-sulfoacid, 2-ethylphenol-4-sulfoacid, phenol-4-sulfoacid and 5-aminosulfosalicylic acid) from treated sewage waters in manufacturing azodyes. In a single extraction method provides extraction of 84.0-99.9% of hydroxysulfoacids.
EFFECT: improved method for extraction.
1 tbl, 17 ex
FIELD: technology of adsorption and ion exchange processes for extraction and separation of components of dispersed and liquid media.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant includes mixing reactor, displacement apparatus, two-section mass exchanger and pulsating system interconnected into suspension sorbent circulating loop. Sections of mass exchanger are made in form of extended passages divided by convectively permeable partition. Pulsating system forms alternating drops of pressure in passages. One passage of mass exchanger is connected to loop and other passage is connected to line of counter-flow delivery of medium to be treated. Loop is connected with fresh sorbent source and with used sorbent receiver. Line of medium to be treated is connected with carrying fluid source and receiver. Sections of mass exchanger may be of shell-and-tube type or of contact-plate type. Specification describes methods of phase-selective adsorption or ion exchange. Fresh sorbent is kept in source and is introduced into loop in form of concentrated fluid suspension in carrying preserving liquid. Waste sorbent is discharged from loop also in form of concentrated suspension. Size of dispersed particles of adsorbents, ionites and media being treated range from 0.3 to 0.7 mm. Adsorption or ion exchange processes are carried out in cyclic, continuous cyclic and fully continuous modes. As a result, productivity by component being extracted is increased by 5-10 times.
EFFECT: increased productivity; reduced number of production processes and equipment units.
23 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 21 ex
FIELD: chemical industry; nonferrous metallurgy; other industries; production of the apparatuses for purification of the waste waters by ion exchange.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the apparatuses for purification of the waste waters by ion exchange. The apparatuses may be used in the galvanic and chemical production for purification of the waste waters and the production process liquids. The column counter-current ion-exchange filter contains the cylindrical housing with the inlet and outlet windows used for delivery and withdrawal of the ion-exchange filtering material, the upper and lower bottoms, the unions of the fed treated water and withdrawal of the purified water, the main pipes for feeding of the fresh ion-exchange filtering material and withdrawal of the spent ion exchanger. Inside the housing there is the rotor with the mounted on it feed screw. The feed screw is formed by the double-threaded perforated non-falling partitions and having on its external diameter the perforated non-falling jacket. In the jacket at the level of the inlet and outlet windows of the housing there are the windows used for delivery and withdrawal of the ion-exchange charge. In one apparatus the continuous process of purification of the contaminated water takes place in the presence of the anion-exchanging and cation-exchanging absorbers at the continuous change of the ion-exchanger. The technical result of the invention is the increased productivity of the ion-exchange filter and the reduced cost of the purification.
EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased productivity of the column counter-current ion-exchange filter and the reduced cost of the purification.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to appliances intended for mass exchange sorption in separation of inorganic matter water solution components. Proposed method comprises forcing water solution through layer of granulated sorption material with decreased volume of space between granules available for water solution. Note here that granulated sorption material layer is filled with organic fluid or mix of such fluids, immiscible neither with water nor processed water solution or chemically interacting neither with water solutions components not sorption material, thus, preventing fluidisation of granulated sorption material. Proposed method is implemented at industrial plant intended for separation of water solutions components and comprising mass exchange sorption processes and apparatus for separation of organic fluids from water solutions.
EFFECT: higher quality of separation.
41 cl, 24 dwg, 3 tbl, 16 ex
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical industry and may be used for ion exchange processes in chemical processing industry. Proposed ion exchanger is equipped with top and bottom drain-and-distribute devices. Each of the latter represents a fluid passage package with inner and outer taper surfaces and rings alternating with distance pieces to define the size of flow slits. Note here that outer surface cone opening is smaller than that of inner surface.
EFFECT: efficient recovery of ion-exchange resin by intensive and uniform field of loose layer mixing.
SUBSTANCE: ferromagnetic ion exchanger contains clinoptilolite with particle size 0.05-0.25 mm and contains components in the following ratios, wt %: 0.05-0.25 fraction clinoptilolite 60-70; iron ore haematite, magnetite 26-17; iron ore silica 14-13.
EFFECT: intensification of the process of purifying highly cloudy solutions by endowing the ion exchanger with good ion-exchange and magnetic properties.
1 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: split-flow contactor includes housing having the first head and the second head located on it, two or more separate fixed beds located in the housing cross section, one or more flow passages for bypass of each fixed bed, which have no obstacles, and one or more partition walls located between fixed beds. Each fixed bed includes one or more catalysts, one or more ion exchange resins, one or more absorbents, one or more adsorbents or any of their combinations. According to the tank modernisation method, two or more supporting sieves are arranged inside the tank; at that, each sieve is located separately; one or more obstacle-free flow passages through each of the above supporting sieves is formed, and one or more partition walls are arranged between adjacent supporting sieves. Besides, one or more partition walls are mainly perpendicular to flow passages. According to the method for bringing into contact of one or more fluid media and one or more solid products, the supplied material is introduced to contactor, the first portion of the supplied material is passed through the first fixed bed so that the first effluent is obtained; the second portion of the supplied material is passed through one or more flow passages bypassing the first fixed bed. After that, the second portion is passed through the second fixed bed so that the second effluent is obtained; the first effluent is passed through one or more flow passages bypassing the second fixed bed and the first and the second effluents are combined. According to the other version, split-flow contactor includes the housing having the first head and the second head located on it, two or more separate fixed beds located in the housing cross section and mixing volume located between beds. Each fixed bed includes one or more catalysts, one or more ion exchange resins, one or more absorbents, one or more adsorbents or any of their combinations, and each bed includes one or more circular flow passages located in it. Effluent from the first bed can come in contact and be mixed with effluent from the second bed in it. The supplied material can enter the contactor through any two elements chosen from the group consisting of the first head, the second head and the housing.
EFFECT: reduction of pressure drop on the bed, and reduction of contactor cross section surface area.
20 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of treating water which is formed as a by-product during Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The method of treating a stream of water from a Fischer-Tropsch reaction involves: feeding a water stream containing organic reaction by-products into a distillation or stripping column; separating from the column a water stream rich in alcohols having 1-6 carbon atoms and other possible volatile compounds; feeding a water stream containing organic acids, coming from the bottom part of the distillation column to an ion exchange step, where said water stream is brought into contact with a layer of an anion-exchange resin, and obtaining two output water streams: a water stream (i) rich in organic acids having 1-6 carbon atoms; a purified water stream (ii) having low content of organic acids.
EFFECT: obtaining water which is purified to the required degree, having minimal content of organic compounds.
9 cl, 2 tbl, 3 dwg, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry. Aluminium salt solution is purified from iron by acidifying a mineral acid solution to concentration of 4.5-5.5 g-eq/dm3. The acidified solution is brought into contact with a granular cationite containing phosphonic acid functional groups. Iron is desorbed from the cationite with 3.5-5.3 M phosphoric acid solution. The steps for sorption and desorption of cationite are carried out in dynamic conditions.
EFFECT: invention increases the degree of purification of aluminium salts from iron and output of the purified salt per unit mass of the cationite.
3 cl, 3 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: wine production.
SUBSTANCE: claimed wine is obtained by blending of wine material or wine material and concentrated juice to provide necessary sugar content. Then blend is filtered through sterile membranes with pore size of 0.2-0.4 mum, cooled to -2 - -5°C, mixed with adsorbent and argol crystal in ratio of 99:0.5:0.5 and conditioned under agitation for 24-48 h. Then product is racked off, filtered through diatomite powder and heated up to 40-55°C for 1-10 min to increase colloidal stability. Wine is bottled in preheated up to 70-80°C bottles, oxygen from over-wine space is removed by filling with inert gas, and bottle is capped with preheated up to 70-80°C cork. Method of present invention makes it possible to increase wine stability from 3 to 6-7 months.
EFFECT: table wine with increased stability.
FIELD: method for beverage turbidity prevention.
SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes beverage treatment with stabilizer containing particulated silica with medium pore diameter at least 6 nm, modified by interaction with water soluble polymer having pyrrolidone side chain groups. Polymer content in silica is 5-35 mass % based on dry silica mass.
EFFECT: one-step method for beverage purification from polyphenols and polypeptides.
13 cl, 4 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in food-processing industry. The device contains a cartridge connected to the bottle neck and incorporates the case with a seat to screw a die cone on the bottle neck with a clamp, a thread on the external side to screw for decorative cap and a filter from a coarse-filtration material, a sorbent and a fine-cleaning material. The device has a transfer valve incorporated a sealing element in the air feed channel outlet area, the said being made in the cartridge case.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of cleaning.
7 cl, 2 dwg