Device for protection against toxic, radioactive substances and biologicals
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to a device for protection against toxic, radioactive substances, and Biologicals. Usage: for partial decontamination, decontamination and disinfection of armored vehicles and vehicles. The essence of the invention: container for the spray fluid is installed on Board the machine processed and piped to set there by compressed air and with an outlet nozzle, which is connected auxiliary piping to the exhaust valves, attached to the treated surface so that the exhaust valves are placed directly above the surface areas to be treated and outlet valves facing this surface. 1 Il. The invention relates to protection against toxic radioactive substances and biological methods and can be used for partial decontamination, decontamination and disinfection of armored vehicles and vehicles.Known devices for carrying out special processing equipment containing containers, liquid and gas-liquid sleeves, sampling devices, hoses and Sadova the tank using air pressure from the pneumatic system, hand pump or exhaust gases 
A disadvantage of the known devices are of time spent on their preliminary Assembly, the need for operation of the propulsion system the object to be processed, the use of personnel protective equipment.The closest analogue is the device for special processing equipment, containing the tank for the spray fluid, installed on Board of the processed combat vehicle, is connected by piping installed there by compressed air and several outlet nozzles 
A disadvantage of the known device is the lack of purposeful processing of the main sites of the war machine, be partial to special treatment. If this is not achieved effective special handling.The aim of the invention is to increase the efficiency of special treatment.The aim is achieved in that the exhaust nozzles of the tank to the spray liquid, mounted on Board processed the machine and connected by piping with compressed air, also installed on Board the machine processed, optionally connected trazodine directly above the surface of the machine, this outlet valve facing toward the surface.The drawing shows a schematic diagram of a device for special handling.The device has been mounted on the chassis object container 1 for the spray liquid, inside of which is fixed siphon with 2 safety valve 3. To the fitting 4 collector 5 siphon connected air tube 6, on which is installed a pressure gauge 7 low pressure check valve 8 and valve 9. Air tube connects to the faucet selection of air through the gear 10 to the cylinder of compressed air. To the fitting 11 collector siphon connected gas-liquid pipe 12, to which by means of fittings 13 are connected gas-liquid sleeve 14 mounted on the object in such a way that the exhaust valve 15 located on portions of the object to be processed.The device operates as follows.Before you begin open the cylinder valve of the compressed air and the valve 9. At the same time from a cylinder of compressed air via a pressure regulator 10 compressed air through the valve 9 and valve 8 air pipe 6 enters the siphon 2, creating in the tank 1, the pressure of 3-4 kg/cm2. Dissolve the via exhaust valves 15 on the workpiece surface.Thus, the device allows you to automate the process of partial special treatment, to reduce the time to implement due to the exclusion of pre-Assembly and adjustment. Direct involvement of personnel in the treatment of contaminated sites is not required, which reduces the likelihood of injury poisonous substances.The number of plug-in gas-liquid hoses and their layout on the object can be changed depending on the design features of the latter. If necessary, you can increase the number of cultivated plots to carry out partial decontamination of the facility. DEVICE FOR PROTECTION AGAINST TOXIC, RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES AND BIOLOGICAL products containing the tank for the spray fluid, installed on Board of the processed combat vehicle, is connected by piping installed there by compressed air and several outlet nozzles, characterized in that the exhaust nozzles are additionally connected pipes with exhaust valves, attached to the surface of the combat vehicle so that the exhaust valves are placed directly over the target surface m
FIELD: means for protecting against harmful chemical agents.
SUBSTANCE: method for degassing army outfit materials polluted with organophosphorus physiologically active substance, namely O-(3,3-dimethylfluorobutyl)- methylfluorophosphonate involves treating outfit within 30 min. in electrochemically activated water-salt solution of sodium chloride - soda catholyte with pH value of 12.0 - 12.5 under temperature of 50oC, with liquid value of 8.0 l/kg under the action of ultrasonic field with frequency of 18.6 kHz and intensity of 0.76 W/sm2; drying thereof in hot air under temperature of 80oC within 15 min.
EFFECT: reduced treatment time, increased output, simplified system of army provision with degassing solutions and components for preparation thereof.
FIELD: detoxification and disinfection.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to detoxification of chemical weapons and disinfection of bacteriologic weapons as well as elimination of chemical weapon application consequences. Bifunctional formulation according to invention contains aqueous solution potassium fluoride peroxosolvate as inorganic oxidant, organic solvent, and (additionally) high-molecular weight compounds of cellulose ethers, preferably hydroxyethylcellulose, with surfactant additives. Following proportions of components are used, wt %: potassium fluoride peroxosolvate 20-21, hydroxyethylcellulose 2.5-3.5, surfactant 0.0085-0.01, organic solvent 5-8, and water - the rest. Upon evaporation of water from formulation on treated surface, not permeable for poisons and bacteriologic substances strong film is formed considerably decreasing harmful effects.
EFFECT: increased protection effect.
1 dwg, 12 tbl
FIELD: chemical composition against chemical toxic agents.
SUBSTANCE: claimed invention includes addition of water-absorbing polymer in form of fine dispersed dust in 7 mass % aqueous foam-forming agent solution in amount of 0.050-0.075 mass %. It causes to improved foam stability by 18.0-18.2 times due to forming in aqueous solution structure of fine dispersed polymer particles. Said particles in process of foam formation transfer into foam films and prevent dehydration thereof. Increased foam stability is also caused by dissolution of acrylamide polymer in small amount in water followed by forming of mixed adsorption layer on phase interface with increased structural characteristics.
EFFECT: composition against chemical toxic agents of improved properties.
2 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: environmental pollution control.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industrial process of detoxifying sea and lagoon sediments or grounds polluted by stable organic trace pollutants (e.g., dioxins and furans, polychlorobiphenyls, aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons) and inorganic trace pollutants (e.g., Hg, Cr, Cu, Zn, Pb, As, Cd, etc.). Detoxification process comprises following stages: (i) thermal desorption of organic pollutants in trace amounts from mud or ground and removal of volatile metals from furnace operated at 300 to 700єC to form first gaseous stream containing removed organic pollutants and volatile metals and stream consisting of remaining solids; and (ii) extracting heavy metals from the stream of remaining solids with the aid of inorganic acids or chelating compounds, in one or more steps, to produce chemically dissolved above-indicated heavy metals and essentially detoxified mud or ground having characteristics allowing thus treated mud or ground to be returned to their original place.
EFFECT: achieved complete detoxification with minimum environmental harm.
16 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: decontamination of technological spillage of liquids containing highly toxic component of rocket propellant-1,1 dimethyl hydrozine.
SUBSTANCE: layer of schungite material is poured on floor or site where spillage is expected to occur. Used as schungite material is material obtained from schungite rock of III kind at mass content of carbon of 25-35% and dispersity of 0.5-5.0 mm; schungite material is poured in layer of 10-25 cm.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of decontamination; facilitated procedure.
2 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: detoxification methods.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to detoxifying polychlorinated organic wastes containing toxic high-boiling substances. For this aim, wastes are hydrogenised on supported palladium catalyst at 60-130°C and pressure 10-50 atm in presence of 10-20% sodium hydroxide solution in biphasic water/hydrocarbon system. According to invention, hydrocarbon solution of waste, prior to be subjected to hydrogenation, is filtered at 70-100°C through filter of nonwoven polymeric material allowing waste particles at least 1 μm in size to be retained, after which reaction mixture is charged with lower aliphatic alcohol in amount 1 to 20 wt %.
EFFECT: essentially increased waste processing productivity with minimum formation of secondary toxic substances.
5 cl, 1 tbl, 12 ex
FIELD: isolation and neutralization of burial of hazardous matters on the bottom of water basins.
SUBSTANCE: method is based upon limiting contact of hazardous matters with water by means of covering them with loose material. Accumulations of hazardous matters washed out at bottom ground from metal tanks are neutralized by means of covering with crushed shale. Preferably the hazardous matters on the bottom which matters accumulate in metal vessels, missiles, bombs and in cases of sunken vessels should be covered with crushed aluminosilicate before being covered with crushed shale.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of neutralization.
2 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: continuous operation ejection installations.
SUBSTANCE: ejection installation can be used for destroying arms provided with chemical poisoning matters, namely poisoning gases. Installation has system for storing and feeding neutralizing solutions, system for supplying matter to be processed, ejector provided with mixing chamber, diffuser and branches for supplying main working stream and matter to be processed, flow-through reactor connected in series with diffuser, container for storing products of reaction and gas cleaning system. Installation is provided with system for supplying matters under pressure to reactor, namely, neutral gas, and system for checking seal-proof of connections. System for supplying neutral gas to flow-through reactor has at least one nozzle apparatus and lock-adjusting and control equipment which are connected together and with source of neutral gas under pressure. Systems for supplying and storing neutralizing solutions and feeding processed matter are connected with branches for supplying main working flow and processed matter of ejector. Flow-through reactor is made in form of pipeline with at least one axial turbine mixer, disposed inside reactor, for activating chemical reactions. Nozzle apparatus of system for supplying neutral gas into flow-through reactor is mounted in front of axial turbine mixer. System of checking connections for seal-tightness is made in form of at least one ring-shaped chamber embracing item to be inspected, aids for creating excess pressure of inert medium and test equipment. All the units of system are connected together and are filled with inert medium. Conditions of processes of chemical conversion of poisoning matters in ejector are improved and level of inspection of parameters of operation is increased.
EFFECT: improved ecological cleanness; improved safety of detoxication process.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: methods of treatment of halogen-containing solid or semisolid waste products of a fume gas clearing process.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to a method of treatment of halogen-containing solid or semisolid waste products of a process of clearing of a fume gas. The solid or semisolid wastes are comminuted. Then they are exposed to the first stage of extraction by preparation of a water suspension having pH at least equal to 10. The solid and liquid materials separate from each other. The process is conducted one or more times. The produced halogen-containing solid or semisolid waste products dry. The solution produced at the stage of separation regenerate and treat with acid composition to obtain pH between 7 and 10, preferably between 9.25 and 9.75. The method allows to transform the halogen-containing solid or semisolid waste products into one or more useful products, for example, a road salt free of heavy metals. The method is simple and cost-saving.
EFFECT: the method allows to transform the halogen-containing solid or semisolid waste products into useful products and the process is simple and cost-saving.
26 cl, 2 dwg, 2 ex, 7 tbl
FIELD: methods of treatment of fluocarbon raw.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the methods of treatment of fluocarbon raw. The method of treatment of fluocarbon raw provides for heating by means of high frequency induction of a heating zone of a reaction chamber up to the temperature of no more than 950°C, heating in the heating zone of fluocarbon raw, which contains at least one fluocarbon compound, so, that the fluocarbon compound dissociates with production of at least one predecessor of fluocarbon or its reactive kinds; and refrigerating of the predecessor of fluocarbon or its reactive kinds, in the result of which from the predecessor of fluocarbon or its reactive kinds forms at least one more desirable fluocarbon compound. The technical result is conversion of the fluocarbon raw into the useful products by the low-cost reliable non-polluting environment universal and easily controlled method.
EFFECT: the invention ensures conversion of the fluocarbon raw into the useful products by the low-cost reliable non-polluting environment universal and easily controlled method.
12 cl, 10 dwg, 3 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: military invention.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of the means of camouflage used in military actions, in particular, to a method and a device for formation of smoke screens with the help of aerosols. The method of production of an aerosol realization of an oxidation reaction of the initial components of the aerosol-forming composition, a dispersion of the oxidized components and their blowout into the aerosphere due to energy of oxidation. In the capacity of the initial components of the aerosol-forming composition use the activated aluminum powder and water, which are placed in separate containers and fed through the intermediate suspension making module into a reactor for realization of an oxidation reaction of aluminum by water at a concentration of aluminum in the suspension equal to 5-60 mass %, and a dispersion of the oxidation products is conducted by adjustment of a degree of the oxidation reaction process, for the purpose the oxidation of aluminum is carried out not completely and until reaching the reactor pressure of 295-300 atm and after that they make a blowout of the aerosol into an aerosphere. The generator for production of an aerosol includes a container for the aerosol-forming composition, which represents the reactor connected by a high-lift pump with the suspension module, having the inlet openings for delivery in it of the activated aluminum powder and water feeding, and supplied with an outlet branch pipe for blowout of the aerosol into the aerosphere. The invention ensures a setting of a smoke screen in the mode of a continuous action without an adverse effect on personnel.
EFFECT: the invention ensures setting of a smoke screen in the mode of a continuous action without an adverse effect on personnel.
8 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: the invention refers to armament and may be used in multi-charge tool of self-defense for firing low-impulse cartridges.
SUBSTANCE: the firing arrangement has a component body-magazine consisting of a left and a right sidepiece. There are between them a spring-loaded cartridge follower, a cartridge hold-up in the shape of a rotary sprocket and a bracket bearing a percussion-trigger mechanism and a trigger. In the front part of the sidepieces there is a ledge fulfilled in such a manner that lateral section of the body corresponds the longitudinal section of a graduated cartridge. The cartridge hold-up is located in a lug fulfilled in the upper part of the left sidepiece and installed in coaxial openings and parallel to the cartridge's axis on the firing line. Openings are made in the front wall of the right sidepiece and in the front wall of the bracket of the percussion-trigger mechanism. Besides the arrangement is provided with a rocking lever. Its one shoulder is installed in the bracket of the percussion-trigger mechanism and the second shoulder is kinematically connected with the trigger by means of launching fraction. The lower shoulder of the trigger has a U-shaped profile and pivotally fastened on the longitudinal ledge of the sidepieces with possibility of covering this ledge with the inner shoulder of the U-shaped profile. The launching fraction is installed in an additional lug on one of the sidepieces.
EFFECT: the invention allows to create a technological construction of a self-defense weapon and to increase comfort in using.
5 cl,7 dwg
FIELD: military equipment, in particular, plants for generation of gas flow.
SUBSTANCE: a medium-tank chassis, for example T-72, is used as a self-propelled chassis. The chassis race is modified for installation of a rotary platform made in the form of a low-profiled hollow, closed from the top cylinder, installed on which a turret rotating relative to the platform in the area shifted from the central axis. The compartment of the commander-operator is formed by the inner armored space of the turret, rotary platform and the space of the rotating frame fastened in its lower part. The turbojet engine is installed in the central part of the platform in the chassis axis above the level of the commander's cupola of the turret and is provided with an armored cover. The tanks for fuel and working fluid are installed to the left and to the right of the turbojet engine, they are provided with a outer armored protection, whose walls are coupled with the cover of the turbojet engine. The electric power supply and starting system of the turbojet engine, and electric power supply and starting system of the main engine of the chassis have a switching unit providing a stand-by operation of the generating plant with possibility of starting of the turbojet engine from storage batteries of the chassis.
EFFECT: enhanced operating characteristics of the plant and safety of its operation.
7 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: means of self-defense.
SUBSTANCE: the cartridge case has a spraying unit, solid, gaseous and/or liquid operative substance kept in an accumulating chamber, starting charge, ignition charge for ignition of the starting charge with the aim of ejection of the operative substance from the accumulating chamber through the spraying unit to the environment. In the area of the spraying inlet provision is made for a cut-off member, which in the non-ignited state prevents outlet of the operative substance from the accumulating chamber, however, after ignition it frees the spraying unit so that parts of the spraying member cannot penetrate from it. The accumulating chamber has a piston installed for motion due to the working gases from its initial position to the working gases from its initial position to the final position for ejection of the operative final position for ejection of the operative substance. A means of unloading from pressure is engageable with the piston, after a complete ejection of the operative substance it causes a complete removal of pressure of the working gases. At least two cartridge cases may be installed together in the self-defensive device. The self-defensive device has a symmetry plane, relative to which one cartridge case is symmetrically positioned, and an actuating mechanism with a single actuating pusher with the aid of which the operative substance respectively of one cartridge case is ejected to the environment with the preset configuration of distribution. The actuating pusher is in the symmetry plane.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability of operation of the self-defensive device.
15 cl, 26 dwg
FIELD: armament, in particular, protection of objects of armored equipment by set-up of aerosol interferences.
SUBSTANCE: the angular zone of protection is divided in the azimuth plane into sectors adjoining one another, launchers are installed on the object within them, their total number in a sector corresponds to the number of protection cycles. The launchers are oriented along one of the sector boundary lines. At a detection of a threat the azimuth position of the threat line is determined, the components of the wind speed and object movement speed, perpendicular threat lines are measured, and the angular position of the point of interference set-up relative to the threat line is corrected by the value determined by a mathematical expression. Then the protected sector, in which the point of interference set-up is located, is determined, the loaded launcher is selected, turned in the direction of the threat with simultaneous determination of the vector of the resultant velocity of grenade launching and the linear rate of launcher turning at the end of its barrel. The grenade is launched at the instant of coincidence of the direction of the mentioned vector with the point of interference set-up.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of use of the aerosol interferences.
5 cl, 5 dwg