Device for immersion bundles of fibers in the processing solution
(57) Abstract:Use: in the manufacture of chemical fibers, namely in the devices used for the dyeing of fibers in the bundle. The inventive device includes a frame with a bath of dye. In the frame at the inlet and outlet of the bath yoke mounted with its axis of rotation and fixation in the upper and lower position relative to the bath through pneumococci. At the free end of the bar is fixed submersible clip for the wiring harness and tray. When turning the beam through linkage system of the immersion roller and the pallet is rotated, while the pallet is placed on top of the cylinder is translated to a location under the cylinder. Then the dye flows with submerged roller in the tray, which is drained overboard baths. Under stirring rod pneumatic cylinder bottom is turning lever system, beam and pan in the opposite direction. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il. The invention relates to the production of chemical fibers, and in particular to devices used for the dyeing of fibers in the bundle.A device for immersion of the bundles of fibers in a processing solution containing a bath for creasie pneumatic cylinder.An object of the invention is to improve the reliability of device operation and ease of maintenance.The drawing shows a diagram of the device for immersion bundles of fibers in a dye in the working position. To the left (in the diagram) by the dotted line depicts the position of the beam with submersible roller outside (upper) position.Device for immersion bundles of fibers in the dye contains a frame 1 with bath for 2 dye, input smooth cylinder 3, the output rod of the cylinder 4, the yoke 5, located at the entrance and exit of the bath with the axis of rotation 6, mounted on the frame 1 of the immersion roller 7 mounted on the free end of the bar 5, the lever 8 with the axis of rotation 6 and the screw 9 is provided to control the angle of rotation of the arm 8 relative to the beam 5. The free end of the lever 8 pivotally connected to a rod 10 of the pneumatic cylinder 11. In addition, the lever 8 is connected via a pivoting of the plunger 12 with the spring loaded (spring not shown) by a clamp 13, which is located in the guiding groove of the bracket 14 fixed to the frame 1. The latch 13 is located with the possibility of contact with the depressions sector 15, mounted on the cross beam 5.The device has poolice 7, and kinematically connected with a lever system with the axis 18 located on the frame 1. Pneumatic cylinder 11 is connected through the valve distributor.The operation of the device is as follows. By turning the handle 19 is activated, the compressed air in the upper or lower cylinder chamber 11. When the air supply at the bottom of the cavity, the rod 10 moving up, rotates the lever 8 around the axis 6 to the stop screw 9 in the yoke 5. The contact screw 9 with the head plate 5, the pusher 12 outputs the spring retainer 13 from depression sector 15.Upon further rotation of the lever 8 rotates the yoke 5 with the sector 15. At the end of the lever 8 with the head plate 5 by a spring-loaded latch 13 is in the second depression sector 15 and fixes the upper position of the bar with submersible roller 7, and then the air in the cavity of the cylinder is deactivated. When turning the yoke 5, interacting with the lever system 17, rotates the pallet 16 right (under the scheme) to the left side, the left to the right side and moves it from its location above the roller under the video. Then dye dripping from the roller 7 in the tray 16, which is drained overboard 2 baths. When moving rod 10 going down the lever 8, the head plate 5 and the pallet 16 is the obverse, that completely eliminates manual operation. Pallet prevents leaking of dye on the harness and replaces manual work when changing dye and the replacement of the new harness.The device allows you to disable the pneumatic system during operation of the machine and eliminate the control pressure in the pneumatic cylinder in the dyeing process of the loom. 1. DEVICE FOR IMMERSION BUNDLES of FIBERS IN the PROCESSING SOLUTION, mainly dye containing a bath of dye, in which the frame is placed submersible roller, and means for hoisting and fixing in position with pneumatic cylinder, characterized in that the means for lifting and fixing submersible roller is located above the tub and mounted on a traverse frame with its axis of rotation, while the traverse is equipped at one end with a lever mounted on the axis traverses with the possibility of rapid rotation relative to the head plate, and the other is connected to the roller, and mounted on the frame bracket with the guide groove and placed in it a spring-loaded clamp, kinematically connected with the lever.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that it comprises a tray mounted on the traverse by means of pins and associated with p
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, carbonization of wool fibers, may be used in preliminary wool fiber or yarn dyeing operations.
SUBSTANCE: method involves dividing bath into two chambers by means of partition having properties of fine filter for cleaning of water; introducing electrodes into both bath chambers; filling bath with water; introducing sulfites into bath chamber with positive electrode identified as anode chamber in an amount of 5-20 g/l, powder of amphoterous aluminosilicates: montmorillonite, kaolinite (anauxite), halloysite, beidellite, nontronite, talc, pyrophyllite in an amount of 1-30 g/l, one of said aluminosilicates, or random mixture thereof; supplying electric potential difference of 5-35 V to electrodes; charging wool fibers into bath; impregnating and holding wool fibers at temperature of 20-25 C during 10-25 min in 3-7.5%-aqueous solution of sulfuric acid; squeezing fibers to 70-100%; drying at temperature of 70-90 C; providing thermal processing at temperature of 100-115 C during 3-7 min; rinsing in cold water; neutralizing acid residues in fibers in 2%-solutions of sodium carbonate, ammonia or sodium acetate; additionally rinsing and discharging from bath.
EFFECT: reduced sizes and production costs of apparatus and increased carbonization effectiveness.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: in device reservoir is divided into the first chamber and the second chamber of equal volumes by electroconductive and grounded membrane; anode is inserted into the first chamber, and cathode is inserted into the second chamber, while anode is located from membrane at the distance of 5-20 more than cathode; the following components are added into water of the first chamber (g/l): salts of sulfuric acid 50-125 g/l, powder of aluminium silicates 5-30 vol. %, creating dispersion mixture (DM); wool fibres are loaded into the first chamber; DC voltage is supplied to electrodes, developing intensity of electric field with value of 50-200 V/m; besides potential applied to cathode is 5-20 times less than potential applied to anode. Wool fibres are impregnated and soaked for 10-25 minutes; at the same time DM is mixed, as well as water in the second chamber; fibres are discharged from chamber, squeezed, dried; thermal treatment is carried out at 100-110°C, charged into the first chamber, washed with cold water, remains of sulfuric acid are neutralised in fibres in 2% solutions of soda, or ammonia or acetous sodium, again washed, discharged from the first chamber, squeezed.
EFFECT: simplification of device, reduced production costs.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: in device reservoir is divided into the first chamber and the second chamber of equal volumes by electroconductive and grounded membrane; anode is inserted into the first chamber, and cathode is inserted into the second chamber, while anode is located from membrane at the distance of 5-20 more than cathode. The following components are added into water of the first chamber (g/l): salts of sulfuric acid 5-30, dye 30-50, powder of aluminium silicates 5-20 vol. %, producing a dispersion mixture (DM). Fibrous materials are charged into the first chamber; DC voltage is applied to cathode and anode to create intensity of electric field with value of 50-200 V/m; besides potential applied to cathode is 5-20 times less than potential applied to anode. Fibrous materials are soaked at the temperature of 100°C for 0.3-0.6 hr; DM is mixed in the first chamber. Water is mixed in the second chamber. Fibrous materials are washed, discharged from the first chamber, squeezed.
EFFECT: reduced dimensions of device, lower production costs.
2 cl, 1 dwg