The wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels


(57) Abstract:

Usage: agriculture, in particular the construction of agricultural buildings, shelters, storage, and wooden buildings. The inventive wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels made of timber or logs. Timber or logs horizontally or vertically profiled and provided with at least one groove on the front surface. The roof, walls and floors of a structure built of panels fastened together. 4 C. p. F.-ly, 15 ill.

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the construction of agricultural buildings, shelters, utility buildings, storage, and wooden buildings.

Known wooden building where the walls and ceilings constructed of edged boards or logs, which are located next to or above one another, either of the blocks are made of timber or logs, and elements of the building are connected to one another without nails by means of a tension bolt anchors, passing on the outside of connected elements to perpendicu - lar to them (see application Germany N 1784746, 1972).

The main disadvantage of this building is the need for sealing the outer anchor ceplenski the present invention is a wooden structure of transportable prefabricated elements, constructed by the method of block construction from the United one with the other logs, timber, boards, etc., in which the bearing timber elements are perpendicular, one next to the other, forming a single surface. Formed by the wall elements are connected by a rigid floor structure or roof that joins them and takes the load (see application Germany N 3314832, 1984).

The main disadvantage of this structure is the design complexity and universalist elements required for Assembly, which significantly lengthens the time of Assembly of the structure.

The aim of the invention is the design of the wooden structure of the panels, made of timber or logs, in which the improvement of the design panel provides for the Assembly of the entire structure, including roof, wall and floor panels, and provides for high speed Assembly of the universal elements, the strength of the structure, to minimize precipitation and directional cracking, resulting in sharply reduced the period of putting buildings in the operation.

It is a wooden structure made of prefabricated panels made of timber and logs, in which the panel is made of small the front surface, moreover, walls, roof and floors of buildings constructed of panels fastened together.

This panel structure bonded together with studs and grooves made on the ends of the panels, and metal rods and couplers.

Panels can be equipped with openings for Windows, doors and skylights.

Panels intended for roofs and floors, additionally equipped with at least one carrier beam.

On the front surface of a conventional prefilled auto-disable timber or logs made 1-3 groove of triangular, rectangular, spherical or trapezoidal profile.

The invention consists in the fact that the whole construction of the wooden structure, i.e., walls, floors and roof are made of universal modular panels, made of timber or logs, mounted with a crane on the Foundation.

Panels of timber or logs pre-assembled on a separate building site and transported to an Assembly plant.

In the developed design panel according to the invention, of logs or timber placed horizontally or vertically to each other and through them at a distance of 0.2-2.0 m drilled avruhom thread with screw-on swivel nut. The latter can be replaced by rimgaila.

In that case, if the panel beam is designed for roof or ceiling, it can be optionally equipped with an additional one or more load bearing beams. The latter can be performed protruding from the surface of the panel, built-in panel, extreme or moderate, and telemovie or made of parts.

Lumber or timber is supplied with devices for self, namely, grooves or spikes on the bottom and top surfaces of timber or logs. On their front surface is 1-3 groove configuration of various types. The profile of the grooves depends on the thickness of timber or logs, moisture content and wood species. This groove provides directional cracking of wood that allows you to clean more surface finishing.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, where Fig.1-3 depict a wooden structure made of prefabricated panels of Fig.4 and 5 panel from a bar of Fig.6 and 7, the mounting panels of timber between them; Fig.8 mounting the cover panels to each other; Fig.9 fastening roof panels and ceiling; Fig.10 mounting of wall panels, ceiling and roof; Fig.11 mount ceiling panels between the Ola between itself and the inner wall; in Fig.14 fastening the corners of the wall panels of Fig.15 mounting of wall panels between itself and the inner wall.

The invention is illustrated by the following examples.

P R I m e R 1. The manufacture of panels of timber. The beam size 150 x 150 mm is subjected to four-sided milling (profiling) on a milling machine. Profiled beam is handled by the templates in the following stages:

a) timber sawn to the required size;

b) are drilled hole rods with a diameter of 30 mm;

C) milled grooves and spikes for self-locking;

g) produced timber is marked on the rims of the panels;

d) beam alternately according to the marks displayed on the Assembly site, and the holes of adjacent beams are combined.

In aligned holes through the beams pass through the metal bars with heel diameter of 25 mm At the ends of the rods are put washers and nuts are screwed, at least in the panel studs are screwed to rengiki for subsequent transport panel. The panels are made with openings for Windows, doors and hatches,

In Fig. 1-11 depict the wooden structure from prefabricated panels, where: 1 limited-slip profiled beam, 2 metal with the cue wedge, 12 metal plate.

P R I m m e R 2. The erection of wooden buildings. Panels manufactured according to example 1, on a pre-built Foundation 9 with anchors (not shown) are mounted panel 7 floor, which according to Fig.8 are connected to the base 9 by means of a metal rod 2, whereby with nuts 4 are drawn in the adjacent pane 7. Mounting panel 7 of the floor to the base 9 by screwing the nut 4 on the anchor 8.

Finally mounted panel 7 of the walls. Panel 7 walls are fastened to each other at the corners according to the mount depicted in Fig.10, with the metal rods 2, plate-bracket 10 and a metal wedge 11. Anchoring is performed by combining the cleat panel 7 (not illustrated) with a groove (not shown) adjacent panel. Spikes and notches are at the ends of the panels to join them. When the combination of a stud and slot plate bracket 10 mounted on the panel 7, is included in the groove of the adjacent panel and fixed wedge 11 of the rod 2. Fastening of panels 7 walls between them is shown in Fig.3 and occurs in a similar way, when this bond is carried out through an intermediate internal wall. Internal partitions in the building are mounted according to the requirements of the lei walls and ceilings (ceiling) is carried out according to Fig.7 by connecting the extreme rods 2 adjacent panels 7 plate 12. Ceiling panels are attached to the roof panels according to Fig.5 by connecting the extreme rods 2 dockable panels 7 metal plate 12. Roof panels are fastened together according to Fig.4 and Fig.5 in the ridge of the roof and each other by connecting the extreme rods 2 dockable panels 7 through plate 12.

The use of the invention enables the following advantages and the technical result:

ecological purity of the structure and reduction of the range of materials required for the erection of the building;

high speed Assembly;

the possibility of using the structure in a wide range of design solutions;

the reduction of individual works on the construction site;

the use of natural materials and the absence of synthetic materials in the manufacture of the structure.

1. The WOODEN STRUCTURE is made of PREFABRICATED PANELS made of timber and/or timber, interconnected, characterized in that the panel is made of self-blocking horizontal or vertical profiled logs or timber, provided with at least one groove on the front surface, with walls, roof and floors of buildings constructed from the panel is by using studs and grooves, performed at the ends of the panels and metal rods and couplers.

3. Building on PP. 1 and 2, characterized in that the panel is equipped with openings for Windows, doors and skylights.

4. Building on PP. 1 to 3, characterized in that the panels for roofs and floors is additionally equipped with at least one carrier beam.

5. Building on PP. 1 to 4, characterized in that the front surface of the conventional prefilled auto-disable timber and/or timber made from 1 to 3 grooves triangular, rectangular, spherical or trapezoidal profile.


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