The wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels
(57) Abstract:Usage: agriculture, in particular the construction of agricultural buildings, shelters, storage, and wooden buildings. The inventive wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels made of timber or logs. Timber or logs horizontally or vertically profiled and provided with at least one groove on the front surface. The roof, walls and floors of a structure built of panels fastened together. 4 C. p. F.-ly, 15 ill. The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the construction of agricultural buildings, shelters, utility buildings, storage, and wooden buildings.Known wooden building where the walls and ceilings constructed of edged boards or logs, which are located next to or above one another, either of the blocks are made of timber or logs, and elements of the building are connected to one another without nails by means of a tension bolt anchors, passing on the outside of connected elements to perpendicu - lar to them (see application Germany N 1784746, 1972).The main disadvantage of this building is the need for sealing the outer anchor ceplenski the present invention is a wooden structure of transportable prefabricated elements, constructed by the method of block construction from the United one with the other logs, timber, boards, etc., in which the bearing timber elements are perpendicular, one next to the other, forming a single surface. Formed by the wall elements are connected by a rigid floor structure or roof that joins them and takes the load (see application Germany N 3314832, 1984).The main disadvantage of this structure is the design complexity and universalist elements required for Assembly, which significantly lengthens the time of Assembly of the structure.The aim of the invention is the design of the wooden structure of the panels, made of timber or logs, in which the improvement of the design panel provides for the Assembly of the entire structure, including roof, wall and floor panels, and provides for high speed Assembly of the universal elements, the strength of the structure, to minimize precipitation and directional cracking, resulting in sharply reduced the period of putting buildings in the operation.It is a wooden structure made of prefabricated panels made of timber and logs, in which the panel is made of small the front surface, moreover, walls, roof and floors of buildings constructed of panels fastened together.This panel structure bonded together with studs and grooves made on the ends of the panels, and metal rods and couplers.Panels can be equipped with openings for Windows, doors and skylights.Panels intended for roofs and floors, additionally equipped with at least one carrier beam.On the front surface of a conventional prefilled auto-disable timber or logs made 1-3 groove of triangular, rectangular, spherical or trapezoidal profile.The invention consists in the fact that the whole construction of the wooden structure, i.e., walls, floors and roof are made of universal modular panels, made of timber or logs, mounted with a crane on the Foundation.Panels of timber or logs pre-assembled on a separate building site and transported to an Assembly plant.In the developed design panel according to the invention, of logs or timber placed horizontally or vertically to each other and through them at a distance of 0.2-2.0 m drilled avruhom thread with screw-on swivel nut. The latter can be replaced by rimgaila.In that case, if the panel beam is designed for roof or ceiling, it can be optionally equipped with an additional one or more load bearing beams. The latter can be performed protruding from the surface of the panel, built-in panel, extreme or moderate, and telemovie or made of parts.Lumber or timber is supplied with devices for self, namely, grooves or spikes on the bottom and top surfaces of timber or logs. On their front surface is 1-3 groove configuration of various types. The profile of the grooves depends on the thickness of timber or logs, moisture content and wood species. This groove provides directional cracking of wood that allows you to clean more surface finishing.The invention is illustrated in the drawing, where Fig.1-3 depict a wooden structure made of prefabricated panels of Fig.4 and 5 panel from a bar of Fig.6 and 7, the mounting panels of timber between them; Fig.8 mounting the cover panels to each other; Fig.9 fastening roof panels and ceiling; Fig.10 mounting of wall panels, ceiling and roof; Fig.11 mount ceiling panels between the Ola between itself and the inner wall; in Fig.14 fastening the corners of the wall panels of Fig.15 mounting of wall panels between itself and the inner wall.The invention is illustrated by the following examples.P R I m e R 1. The manufacture of panels of timber. The beam size 150 x 150 mm is subjected to four-sided milling (profiling) on a milling machine. Profiled beam is handled by the templates in the following stages:
a) timber sawn to the required size;
b) are drilled hole rods with a diameter of 30 mm;
C) milled grooves and spikes for self-locking;
g) produced timber is marked on the rims of the panels;
d) beam alternately according to the marks displayed on the Assembly site, and the holes of adjacent beams are combined.In aligned holes through the beams pass through the metal bars with heel diameter of 25 mm At the ends of the rods are put washers and nuts are screwed, at least in the panel studs are screwed to rengiki for subsequent transport panel. The panels are made with openings for Windows, doors and hatches,
In Fig. 1-11 depict the wooden structure from prefabricated panels, where: 1 limited-slip profiled beam, 2 metal with the cue wedge, 12 metal plate.P R I m m e R 2. The erection of wooden buildings. Panels manufactured according to example 1, on a pre-built Foundation 9 with anchors (not shown) are mounted panel 7 floor, which according to Fig.8 are connected to the base 9 by means of a metal rod 2, whereby with nuts 4 are drawn in the adjacent pane 7. Mounting panel 7 of the floor to the base 9 by screwing the nut 4 on the anchor 8.Finally mounted panel 7 of the walls. Panel 7 walls are fastened to each other at the corners according to the mount depicted in Fig.10, with the metal rods 2, plate-bracket 10 and a metal wedge 11. Anchoring is performed by combining the cleat panel 7 (not illustrated) with a groove (not shown) adjacent panel. Spikes and notches are at the ends of the panels to join them. When the combination of a stud and slot plate bracket 10 mounted on the panel 7, is included in the groove of the adjacent panel and fixed wedge 11 of the rod 2. Fastening of panels 7 walls between them is shown in Fig.3 and occurs in a similar way, when this bond is carried out through an intermediate internal wall. Internal partitions in the building are mounted according to the requirements of the lei walls and ceilings (ceiling) is carried out according to Fig.7 by connecting the extreme rods 2 adjacent panels 7 plate 12. Ceiling panels are attached to the roof panels according to Fig.5 by connecting the extreme rods 2 dockable panels 7 metal plate 12. Roof panels are fastened together according to Fig.4 and Fig.5 in the ridge of the roof and each other by connecting the extreme rods 2 dockable panels 7 through plate 12.The use of the invention enables the following advantages and the technical result:
ecological purity of the structure and reduction of the range of materials required for the erection of the building;
high speed Assembly;
the possibility of using the structure in a wide range of design solutions;
the reduction of individual works on the construction site;
the use of natural materials and the absence of synthetic materials in the manufacture of the structure. 1. The WOODEN STRUCTURE is made of PREFABRICATED PANELS made of timber and/or timber, interconnected, characterized in that the panel is made of self-blocking horizontal or vertical profiled logs or timber, provided with at least one groove on the front surface, with walls, roof and floors of buildings constructed from the panel is by using studs and grooves, performed at the ends of the panels and metal rods and couplers.3. Building on PP. 1 and 2, characterized in that the panel is equipped with openings for Windows, doors and skylights.4. Building on PP. 1 to 3, characterized in that the panels for roofs and floors is additionally equipped with at least one carrier beam.5. Building on PP. 1 to 4, characterized in that the front surface of the conventional prefilled auto-disable timber and/or timber made from 1 to 3 grooves triangular, rectangular, spherical or trapezoidal profile.
SUBSTANCE: decorative lattice comprises two layers of identical rings or sheet metal with identical diameters of holes. The specified layers are laid onto each other with any arbitrary placement of centres of rings or holes and any arbitrary angular displacement.
EFFECT: increased bending strength.
SUBSTANCE: structural block comprises the first and second element, identical to the above first element, at the same time each of the above elements has, in general, a parallelogram shape with a central hole and a cut in one angle and inner walls formed at least in the above central hole, at the same time the above element rotates relative to the other element approximately at the angle of 180°, and each element has a truncated inner surface, partially formed by the above inner hole; each element is connected with the other element by means of stretching via the central hole of the other element and substantially closing this central hole, and each element has a face surface directed towards the appropriate face surface of the other element; above cuts are arranged along a diagonal axis stretching via the above elements and via the above windows; the above elements may turn along the above diagonal axis between the closed position, in which face surfaces contact with each other, and the open position, in which the above face surfaces are separated, and truncated inner surfaces of elements rest against each other and act as stops to limit movement of the above elements. Also a wall, a window for a building and an architectural structure using the above block are described.
EFFECT: reduced cost for construction of structures.
20 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: building module comprises a base element, formed from silicate bricks, extruded gypsum-based bricks, foam concrete or aerated concrete blocks or ceramic extruded bricks, and having parallel bed surfaces, with at least two pairs of coaxial holes and fixing elements of straight and reverse cones placed in them. Axes of conical parts of fixing elements of straight cones and adjacent surfaces of collars, which determine the gap between layers of masonry, are made at the angle to the axes of seating surfaces of the same elements mounted in holes of the base element. Also the version of the module is described, as well as the versions of the method to erect building walls using the specified building modules.
EFFECT: increased labour efficiency in construction, lower prime cost of modules, higher quality of building module installation.
13 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method of construction includes erection of frame in the form of reinforced concrete monolithic structures, formation of external walls from multi-layer light heat insulation panels with application of glue. The foundation, monolithic reinforced concrete slabs with coaxial holes in them and vertical columns are linked to a standard series of multi-layer universal light heat-moisture-noise-insulating heat-resistant blocks in all planes, and the frame of the facility is formed with account of the loads from physical masses of external walls, internal partitions and other necessary elements. Ends of monolithic slabs along the entire perimetre are closed with rectangular chutes with an insulant, they are rigidly fixed on the monolithic slab, afterwards they start erecting the external walls and internal partitions, at the same time in the beginning they install an angular multi-layer universal light block, the places of adjacency are previously coated with glue, it is fixed to the vertical column with the bracket, the second block is put against it, which has been previously coated with glue in places of adjacency, and into a vertical lock formed as two blocks are joined, a figured rack is inserted so that it enters the coaxial hole in the monolithic slab and so on, and the blocks of the second and subsequent rows are inserted with a ledge on the lower surface, into the slot on the upper surface of the blocks, etc. Blocks are laid row by row, simultaneously window, door and arc openings are formed, at the same time the surfaces of universal light blocks inside the object of construction at both sides may be closed by standard strengthened noise and moisture protective fireproof sheets with high adhesive capacity, which simultaneously cover several blocks. Also a multi-layer universal light block is described.
EFFECT: faster rates of building construction, lower labour inputs.
1 tbl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to erection of engineering structures with a bearing frame in the form of prefabricated composite structures with a shell, slab or shell and slab bulky structure. A composite bearing block of a prefabricated building structure represents a factory-built assembly element in the form of a spatial polyhedron or its fragments with faces of constant, piecewise-constant and alternate thickness, possibly, with through holes in faces for letting through personnel or communications, including concrete, reinforcement, embedded parts in the form of hollow tubular elements forming also through holes in faces, serving to connect bearing blocks to each other or to other structures of the facility with application of closing elements inserted in process of installation into coaxially arranged embedded hollow elements of touching faces. The block is made with closed or with opened cavities limited by diaphragms or protruding ribs, with opened, fully or partially closed one- and multi-link transverse cross sections or in the form of fragments, at least from one thick-walled shell or slab, and surfaces of external faces, internal cavities, ribs and diaphragms are given geometric shapes from a combination of flat, curvilinear or spherical surfaces, and also it has such geometric dimensions of connecting holes and such coordinates of location of such holes in joined blocks, which as a result of assembly provide for formation of a prefabricated building structure with required dimensions and specified spatial bulky structure of bearing faces, cavities and channels, and embedded tubular elements of faces are rigidly connected to additional reinforcement embedded parts, attached to them at the external side and embedded into concrete in process of factory manufacturing of a bearing block in a curb. Also the field connection of such blocks is described.
EFFECT: increased rates for erection of cost-effective materials of building structures in a bulky, including cellular one, facility with application of rigid and manufacturable field connections of blocks, provision of bearing capacity, durability and, if required, tightness of created structures, and also improvement of technology of assembly of prefabricated reinforced concrete building structures.
11 cl, 22 dwg
SUBSTANCE: building structure consisting of blocks relates to construction industry and can be used for erection of buildings and structures. A building structure is made of rectangular blocks with projections and corresponding grooves on working surfaces; with that, the building structure includes two types of blocks that are different as to manufacturing material, one of which is made from corrosion resistant metal, and the other one from heavy expanded-clay concrete. The building structure is made of blocks laid in rows as per a "projection-groove" principle; with that, the base is made of blocks from corrosion resistant metal and fixed on a foundation; then, rows of blocks are laid, which are made from expanded-clay concrete. Erection of the structure ends with a row of blocks from corrosion resistant metal. Besides, its erection method is described.
EFFECT: improving stability, strength and seismic resistant of a structure.
3 cl, 33 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction materials industry, particularly to making concrete wall panels or blocks. Wall panel comprises interconnected bearing layer on the basis of light concrete and heat-insulating layer of porous material. Connection of layers is made in the form of a plastic plate dowels with cutouts at their ends provided with transverse armature rods of composite material. Each rod is arranged approximately in the middle part of dowel section. Head of each dowel is located on the outer side of heat-insulating layer. Transverse armature rod extends beyond dowel body on both sides at approximately 4÷5 of its diameter perpendicular to dowel axis and is located inside the bearing layer at the distance of 1/4÷2/3 of its thickness from upper surface of heat-insulating layer. Crude mixture for making the base layer of wall panel contains following components, wt%: hemihydrate gypsum 62-72, portland cement 18-25, pulp and paper industry waste (scope) (in terms of dry substance) 0.5-12, technical lignosulfonates (in terms of dry substance) 0.15-1.5, soda ash 0.05-0.2, quartz sand - the rest up to 100 %, with water - cement ratio of 2.7-3.5. Method of wall panel making includes laying and attachment of heat-insulating and bearing layers. First, on the horizontal surface of the shape heat-insulating material is placed stitched with plastic dowels with cutouts at their ends. Dowels are installed in the direction to the upper side with end of dowel output by value equal to approximately 3/4 of thickness of bearing layer, in an amount of no less than 5 PCs per 1.0 m2 of horizontal area of heat-insulating layer. Then approximately in the middle of each dowel section armature rod of composite material is inserted perpendicular to its axis, and raw material mixture is poured upon heat-insulating material.
EFFECT: technical result consists in speeding of process of wall panel production, increasing reliability of its heat-insulating and bearing layers and reducing power consumption during production.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall panel consists of two elements: a panel-frame consisting of a crossbar and racks, made of heavy concrete, including reinforcing articles and parts, and an element for filling the space in the panel-frame plane. Wherein the element for filling the space in the panel-frame plane is represented by a liner made of light or cellular concrete with retainers on the surfaces connected to the panel-frame. A method for manufacturing the wall panel is also described.
EFFECT: reductiing the weight and material intensity of load-bearing and self-supporting wall panels, reducing the labour intensity of the wall panel manufacturing, increasing the industriality of construction and increasing the strength of the contact seams between the composite elements of the wall panel.
7 cl, 9 dwg