Way of the walls of prefabricated timber or beam homes and team wall
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to a ground construction. The proposed method of erection of walls prefabricated log or beam houses, in which the stacking logs or bars produced by their mounting on the rods passed through the holes, and the step between the holes is 1 to 2 m, and the beam or beams made of different lengths and stack them one at a time. Team wall is assembled from logs or bars on the proposed method. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 3 ill. The invention relates to the construction, in particular to a method of erecting walls of prefabricated timber or beam homes and beam or timber panels.Now in above-ground construction is widely used prefabricated homes that are built from separate wooden beams, precast panel panels or blocks.There is a method of building walls prefabricated log or beam houses, consisting in drilling a transverse hole logs or bars, placing them one upon the other with a combination of holes, passing through the holes of the tie-rods having at one end a heel, and on the other thread, fastened by screwing the guy who boards in the corner joints.The purpose of the invention to provide such a method of building walls prefabricated log or beam houses, which thanks to raznolikosti logs or bars would provide increased integrity and strength of logs or bars in the corner joints.For this purpose, in the construction of walls prefabricated houses use logs or beams of two lengths, which are placed alternately, with logs or boards of the same length shorter logs or bars of a different size by at least the thickness of the logs or bars, respectively, in addition, the distance between holes in the same log or timber is 1-2 mDue to uniform distribution of rods around the crown of the house (step 1 to 2 m) and be sure to place the corner joints of logs or boards, improving the integrity of both vertical and horizontal joints of logs or beams, which reduces the time of entering houses in the operation.The proposed method can be collected raznotonnye logs or planks in a wall, the clamping nuts are in the form of rimpac. Through the use of such walls significantly reduces Assembly houses and putting them into operation.The invention is illustrated China wall, bars which are collected by the proposed method, Fig. 3 node I in Fig. 2.The proposed method of erection of walls prefabricated log or beam houses (for example a wall of a manufactured home from bars) is as follows.Take pre-processed and cut to length and profile of wooden bars 1 (Fig. 1) of different lengths, one of which is shorter than the other by at least the thickness of the Board, and drill each one along its longitudinal axis hole 2 with step t, is equal to 1-2 m Then lay the first row of bars 1 turn from bars of different lengths, which put the rods 3 with exactly the same step t1as step t in the holes 2. If used polaneczky way to build a house, the rods 3 are placed on the first crown. Simultaneously with the first row of erect scaffolding and they are mounted subsequent crowns or subsequent rows of bars 1, and the terminals 3 should be located so that the angle between bars (in the drawing conditionally designated zone a) is necessarily the rod 3, as shown in Fig. 1.On one end of the rod 3 has a heel 4, and on the other thread 5, which is screwed on the clamping nut 6 and washer 7.After a few years, about 3-4, if begins to settle the wall of the house, it is sufficient to tighten the clamping nut 6.In case of building the walls of the house made of logs, the process is carried out on the above technologies.In Fig. 2 depicts the team wall 8, beams or logs which are made of different lengths and assembled by the proposed method, except that it is not erected scaffolding, and the beam or beams are collected on a specially allocated for this purpose the construction site. Each beam or beams have a length of more or less related logs or beams by an amount equal to the thickness of the logs or timber, respectively. In addition, the nuts 6 rod 3 provided with ramanama 9 (Fig. 3), the ring which is omitted hook 10 (Fig. 2) crane, with which the panel 8 is mounted directly on the Foundation of the house (not shown).This method of Assembly of the walls of the houses is quite simple and manufacturable and significantly reduces the time of their commissioning. 1. The way waseelah or bars, placing them one upon the other with a combination of holes, pripuskanie through the last couplers having at one end a heel, and on the other thread and tie, by screwing nuts, characterized in that use logs or beams of two lengths, which are placed alternately, with logs or boards of the same length shorter logs or bars of a different size by at least the thickness of the logs or bars heat, and the distance between holes in the same log or timber is chosen in increments of 1 2 m2. Team wall containing stacked one on top the other logs or beams, connected by tie-rods passed through the openings and having at one end a heel, and on the other thread and nut, characterized in that each beam or beams have a length of more or less related logs or beams by an amount equal to the thickness of the logs or timber, respectively, and the distance between holes in the same log or timber is 1 2 m, and nuts made in the form of a ring nuts.
FIELD: building, particularly for erecting cast-in-place houses.
SUBSTANCE: outer self-supporting wall includes piers, upper and lower window opening bars formed of light monolithic concrete and reinforced by three-dimensional frame. Arranged in piers are vertical air channels. Air channels are divided into sections having heights equal to that of one house story by panel insulation members embedded in upper and lower window opening bar bodies. Air channels are divided at house flooring levels.
EFFECT: simplified technology along with keeping total house area.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly forms.
SUBSTANCE: isolation building form structure includes form sized to erect one concrete wall section. Form comprises the first elongated side panel of foamed polystyrene and the second elongated side panel of foamed polystyrene. Each panel has top and bottom, wherein panel bottom serves as building wall bottom and panel top is building wall top. Form comprises elongated horizontally spaced vertical dividers of foamed polystyrene having at least four sides and arranged between panels. Dividers serve as spacing bars and define spaced channels for concrete pouring between dividers. Dividers have upper and lower ends. Upper divider ends are spaced downwardly from upper ends of panels, lower ends thereof are spaced upwardly lower ends of panels to form upper and lower areas for concrete pouring. Upper and lower areas communicate with channels between dividers. Dividers have uniform cross-sections along the full length thereof so that concrete to be poured in channels form concrete columns having constant dimension in vertical direction. Each column has four vertical sides arranged at an angle one to another so that medium parts of concrete posts are wider than side parts thereof, which results in decreased width of divider centers for decreasing dividers compression between panels under the action of compression force applied thereto.
EFFECT: reduced labor inputs, improved manufacturability.
12 cl, 20 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for erecting outer and inner cast-in-place walls of building and building structures.
SUBSTANCE: connection member comprises two parallel lay-on cradle members arranged on one level. Cradle members have side walls for form panel receiving and transversal anchor tie for cradle members connection. Distance between cradle members is equal to thickness of wall to be erected with the use of above form. Distance between side walls of each cradle member is equal to form panel wall thickness. Anchor tie is made as connection member located transversely to cradle members. Connection member is rod constituted of two parts to adjust length thereof within the given range by mutual moving rod parts along rod axis and by relative fixation thereof. One rod part has blind axial hole and inner annular bead located at hole edge. Another rod part has a number of coaxial outer annular beads spaced equal axial distances and divided by annular grooves. Each groove has width equal to that of inner annular bead of the first rod part. Annular beads formed in the second rod part have equal diameters exceeding inner diameter of inner annular bead and equal to that of axial hole of the first rod part. Inner annular bead and/or outer rod beads are made of resilient material. Elasticity of above material and bead shapes are selected to provide one by one passage of outer annular beads of the second rod part through inner bead of the first one to stepwise reduce rod length up to predetermined value. Above length adjustment is performed by applying predetermined axial adjusting force to rod along with preventing mutual axial displacement of rod parts after force removal.
EFFECT: reduced of costs of connection member production, transportation and storage, reduced labor inputs for connection members arrangement on form panels and reduced material consumption.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly permanent forms for all-purpose building and building structure walls erection.
SUBSTANCE: fastener comprises two supports for permanent form panels and connection member arranged transversely to supports. Connection member ends are connected with one support by orifice-toothed finger type connection so that supports are parallel one to another and bases thereof are on the same level. Above connection is located on support base level and includes oblong orifice extending in transversal direction relative connection member. Orifice is made in joint area of one component to be connected and is adapted for engagement with toothed finger oblong in the same direction and secured to another component. Connection member is formed as a set of sections to provide length regulation thereof in the given range by changing a number of connection member sections and by mutual connection thereof. Ends of each section may be connected with supports or with ends of another section by means of orifice-toothed finger type connection including oblong orifice formed on one component and toothed finger created on another one.
EFFECT: increased simplicity and reduced cost of fastener components and supports production, transportation and storage due to elimination of need in differently sized fastener components and supports; extended operating capabilities due to possibility of fastener usage for securing wall reinforcement members.
9 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for erection of above-ground heat-insulated reinforced concrete walls of dwelling and civil buildings with the use of retained forms.
SUBSTANCE: assembly comprises opposite panels formed of porous heat-insulating material and connected by bridges so that panels define space for reinforcement mounting and hardening pourable material pouring. Upper, lower and side panel surfaces have extensions and corresponding depressions to connect one assembly to another ones. Each bridge includes central part and two extreme parts connected to central one by connection members. Extreme parts have elongated members located inside panels and terminating in plates located on outer panel surfaces. Plates have projections formed on outer surfaces thereof. Each projection height is at least 3 mm. Panels and plates are covered with facing layer applied on outer surfaces thereof by partial panel immersion in mould filled with pourable hardening material. Methods of form assembly and of building wall erection with the use of above wall assembly are also disclosed.
EFFECT: increased reliability and strength of retained form and wall erected with the use of the form, increased rate of wall erection.
19 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly for erecting frame or frameless cast-in-place structures, particularly to construct low-story buildings and buildings in the case of limited capacity of building equipment usage.
SUBSTANCE: method involves forming cavity by fixing retained form members with the use of knock-down form so that retained form members are arranged on inner surfaces of knock-down form panels; strutting off opposite retained form members by stay rods having stops; connecting opposite knock-down form panels with each other with the use of fastening members which pass through members of retained and knock-down forms; pouring concrete mix in layers; grouting stay rods in wall and demounting knock-down form after concrete layer hardening. To perform above method at least 4 rows of orifices are formed in knock-down form panels, retained form panels comprise at least 2 rows of orifices formed so that the orifices are located in apexes of rectangles identical for forms of both types and for any two pairs of the nearest orifices of adjacent rows. Horizontal row of knock-down form panels is installed on lower hardened wall layer or on a base and retained form is installed along with air-tightly connecting adjacent members thereof. Then retained form orifices are coaxially aligned with knock-down form ones. Stay rods formed of heat-insulating material and having stop washers on stay rod ends and threaded orifices are installed in the cavities. The threaded orifices are coaxially aligned with knock-down form ones. Threaded sections of fastening members are inserted in end threaded orifices of stay bars through pressing washers and orifices of the forms. Guiding sections are simultaneously seated in knock-down form panel orifices. Pressing washers are located from outer surfaces of knock-down form panels. Both forms are secured by screwing in fastening members and thereby pressing knock-down form panels to retained form members over the full surface thereof along with pressing retained form members to limiting washers. After being demounted knock-down form is moved upwards and new row of form panels is mounted by connecting lower edges thereof to wall with the use of at least two rows of grouted stay rods and fastening members. After that cavities inside upper part of knock-down form are formed once again for pouring next concrete mix portion.
EFFECT: possibility to utilize only friction force appeared due to pressing retained form members to stay rods over their surface by knock-down form panels for retained form fastening during building structure erection; possibility to regulate above force and to substitute some members for simple and light-weight ones (knock-down form), elimination of other members (post), prevention of cold bridges appearance, optimization of building process due to structure member reuse.
12 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: building structures, particularly to erect outer and inner walls, partitions in heated or unheated buildings and structures and to erect building foundation.
SUBSTANCE: wall structure has two opposite longitudinal walls connected one to another so that cavities are formed in-between. The walls are formed of adjoining longitudinal members, which are connected in each row by fastening members along four sides. Members of each second row are made as fastening members, wherein some fastening members may have openings. The fastening members are also adapted to adjust opposite longitudinal walls.
EFFECT: increased building rate, reduced cost of wall structure, possibility of wall structure forming in rooms not used for industrial process.
5 cl, 44 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for erection of skeleton-type bearing-wall building having masonry parts.
SUBSTANCE: junction comprises inner and outer masonry layers, intermediate layer of heat-insulation material, building frame column and thrust beam. The column has two consoles. Thrust beam end is supported by outer console of the column and connected to it by welding of embedded members. Thrust beam is provided with windows aligned with intermediate layer and filled with heat-insulation material. Side face of the beam is flush with outer side of the wall.
EFFECT: provision of simultaneous masonry and building case due to substitution of self-loading outer wall for curtain non-bearing masonry wall.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly outer load-bearing walling structures of buildings and building structures.
SUBSTANCE: building wall formed of small building members comprises outer and inner layers and metal inserts. The wall additionally has vertical stiffening diaphragm plates. Metal inserts have Z-shaped cross-sections and are periodically spaced along wall plane. Flanges of the inserts are arranged in inner and outer wall layers correspondingly so that vertical middle face works in shear and folded flanges located on masonry plate work in crush. Metal inserts unite inner and outer wall layers along stiffening diaphragm plates in single structure.
EFFECT: increased wall maintainability and reliability of cooperation between masonry members.
2 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: building unit production.
SUBSTANCE: building system comprises building units with fixing members made as extensions and depressions. Building units are formed as sectors arranged in horizontal plane and forming a circle. The sectors may be added in length in vertical direction. Centers of fixing members are located on concentric circle and spaced equal distances one from another. Some sectors facing circle centre form cylindrical cavity for fastening rod receiving during system lengthening.
EFFECT: simplified building unit transportation, reduced material consumption, increased convenience of system installation in confined area.
4 cl, 3 dwg