Siphon outlet

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in water allocation for water samples from canals or reservoirs. The purpose of the invention is the provision of adjustment of consumption and increase reliability. This objective is achieved in that the siphon outlet, including brackets 1 to attach to the side of the channel 16, the siphon 6, attached to the input end 5 of the bracket 1 can be rotated across the channel 16, and the device to start the siphon 6, the bracket 1 is equipped with a horizontal pipe 2 with Windows in the upper and lower parts, and the input end 5 of the siphon 6 is made with an air hole, a horizontal pipe 8 and peak 9, attached to the pipe 8 from the end, with the possibility of rotation relative to the pipe 8 and fixing moreover, the nozzle 8 with visor 9 is installed on the pipe 2 of the bracket 1, the tube 2 of the bracket 1 is made opposite the shield 9 and the entrance window of the siphon 6, and the starting device is made in the form of a cylindrical tank 12, is attached to the outlet end of the siphon 6 parallel to its axis and communicating with him holes. 5 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used them the technical nature of the proposed portable siphon culvert (A. with. USSR N 755940, CL E 02 In 13/02, a 01 G 25/02 from 30.03.79), which includes installed on Board of the fill pipe and the charging mechanism, in which the pipe one end of which is articulated to the Board of the fill, and the charging mechanism is made as mounted on the socket end and interconnected by a flexible shaft spring-loaded valves, one of which made a hole, and the other an adjustable stop.

A disadvantage of the known device lies in the absence of structural elements regulating the exhaust of the channel the flow of water.

The purpose of the invention is the provision of adjustment of consumption and increase reliability.

This objective is achieved in that the siphon outlet, includes brackets for attaching to the side of the canal, siphon attached input end to the brackets can be rotated across the channel and the device to start the siphon, brackets provided with a horizontal pipe with Windows in the upper and lower parts, and the input end of the siphon is made with an air hole, a horizontal pipe and a visor attached to the pipe end, with the possibility of rotation about the axis of the pipe and fixing the pipe with visor ustanovlenie the device is made in the form of a cylindrical tanks attached to the outlet end of the siphon parallel to its axis and communicating with him holes.

This embodiment of the siphon outlet allows, in comparison with the prototype, implement the following by means of the flow regulator, which is a system pipe, adjustable visor and pipes with Windows, to adjust selected water flow rate through a system of tanks provided with calibrated holes with the cavity of the output end of the siphon, to improve the reliability of his work.

Such technical execution siphon outlet, according to the authors, was not known before and meets the criterion of "significant differences".

The essence of the technical solutions siphon discharge is illustrated by drawings, where Fig.1 presents a side view of the device in working position; Fig.2 shows the arrangement of a flow rate regulator on a common axis (in section); Fig.3 General view of the device view, And Fig.1), and Fig.4, the output end of the siphon tanks (view B of Fig.1) with a partial tear-out; Fig.5 view (according To Fig.1) from the discharge end of the siphon.

Siphon culvert contains bearing brackets 1 that secure the horizontal tube 2 with Windows 3 and 4 in its upper and lower parts, the input end 5 skulimowski visor 9, attached to the pipe 8 from the end, with the possibility of rotation about the axis of the pipe 8 and stabilized by the latch 10 and the nozzle 8 with visor 9 is installed on the pipe 2 of the bracket 1 so that the window 3 in the pipe 2 of the bracket 1 is made in front of the visor 9, and the output window 4 opposite the entrance window of the siphon 6. The starting device 11 is made in the form of a cylindrical tank 12, is attached to the output end 13 of the siphon 6 parallel to its axis and communicating with him through hole 14 at the bottom and air holes 15 in its upper part. Siphon outlet is mounted on the Board of channel fill 16 so that in the process of charging the starting device 11 is oriented across the channel 16 (shown dotted in Fig.1) and the pipe 2 with the plugs 17 and the bracket 1 by means of two clamps 18 saves stationary state until transportation to another irrigated plot. When you start siphon culvert in action starting device 11 is turned by means of a flexible connection 19.

Siphon culvert works as follows. Assembled siphon culvert installed on the side of the channel 16 by means of the brackets 1 and fastened by at least two clamps 18. When the preset water level Noah axis of the pipe 2, moving it to channel 16 (shown by the dotted line in Fig.1). Water fills the siphon 6 and the vessel 12 through the outlet end 13 and holes 14, thus displacing the air from the cavity of the siphon 6 through the air hole 7 in the result, the charging of the starter 11.

To start the siphon in the work required by flexible connection 19 to rotate about the horizontal axis of the pipe 2, thereby moving the output end 13 of container 12 overboard channel 16 (shown in solid line in Fig.1). In the process of turning siphon 6 relative to the axis of the pipe 2 semi-cylindrical visor 9 provides close window 3 thereby maintaining nerazreshimosti starter 11. A slight delay relative to the beginning of the movement of water in the siphon 6 open 3 adjustable visor 9 complete with flanges 17 having a radial groove, and the retainer 10. Adjustment of the water flow is realized by means of rotation of the siphon 6 up or down with the simultaneous opening or closing of Windows 3 and 4 and decrease or increase the flow of water.

Start the siphon 6 the work is guaranteed by the expiration of a large volume of water contained in the tank 12 and the output end 13 of the siphon 6, and podklyucheniya tanks 12 charging the siphon 6. To disable the device, you must turn the siphon up 6 with overlapping Windows 3 semi-cylindrical shield 9 until it reaches a breakdown of the vacuum, then lower the siphon 6 on the side of the channel 16.

The economic efficiency of the proposed siphon discharge is due to: reduction of water loss by regulating its costs; improve reliability due to the absence in the working section of the siphon across the elements and the use of large volumes of drained water, which creates large values of vacuum in the body of the siphon; improving the performance of the siphon, adjustable within limits specified.

Siphon culvert can be applied in industry in the conduits and vessels for sampling clarified solutions, where the use of pumps is not economically feasible.

SIPHON OUTLET, which includes the brackets for mounting to the side of the canal, siphon attached input end to the brackets can be rotated across the channel and the device to start the siphon, characterized in that the brackets are provided with a horizontal pipe with Windows in the upper and lower parts, and the input end of the siphon is made with an air hole, with horizontal and commit moreover, the pipe with the visor installed on the pipe brackets, pipe brackets made in front of the visor and the input end of the siphon, and the device to start the siphon is made in the form of a cylindrical tanks attached to the outlet end of the siphon parallel to its axis and communicating with him holes.

 

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