Installation for the energy of the hydraulic flow
(57) Abstract:Usage: setting refers to hydropower and is designed to produce electrical current. The inventive installation provides the opportunity for year-round work on the river covered with ice. The installation includes anchored air-water tank 1, installed on the horizontal shaft 2 with the paddle wheels at the ends, kinematically associated with the energy Converter, the generator 8 and the compressor 9, mounted in a sealed chamber 7, through a chain transmission 10, the intermediate shaft 11 and a pair of double-row cylindrical magnetized gears 12, interacting with each other through the non-magnetic wall of the chamber 7 through a closed magnetic field. The tank 1 is equipped with air 14 and the intake valves 15. The latter is meant to flooding installed under the ice on the river bottom, and the air valve to supply in the tank of compressed air and the displacement of water when surfacing, install and run it in surface position. The energy converters 8, 9 and the valves 14, 15 have a remote solenoid control from the shore through the common submarine cable linking CSOs shaft 2, have the ability to rotate around their own axes by 180° for each turn of the shaft 2. To do this on their axes 4 fixed bevel gear 5, interacting with half the diameter of the fixed gear 6, concentric with the shaft 2. Diametrically opposite blades 3 arranged in mutually perpendicular planes. 1 Il. The invention relates to hydropower and is intended to generate an electric current.The closest known technical solutions is a device for energy conversion, containing associated with the anchor floating body mounted thereon, a horizontal shaft, the ends of which carries a wheel rotating around their own axes with blades mounted on the axis of the wheel bevel gear kinematically associated with the stationary bevel gear attached to the housing concentric with a horizontal shaft, as well as energy converters, kinematically connected with a horizontal shaft.A disadvantage of the known installation is its short duration and high cost of energy produced by it.The technical objective of this invention is the provision of installation of installation for the energy of the hydraulic flow, contains the associated anchor the floating body mounted thereon, a horizontal shaft, the ends of which carries a wheel rotating around their own axes with blades mounted on the axis of the wheel bevel gear kinematically associated with the stationary bevel gear attached to the housing concentric with a horizontal shaft, as well as energy converters, kinematically connected with a horizontal shaft provided with a sealed waterproof camera associated with a floating body made in the form of an air-to-water tank, with the ability to dive under water, and energy converters installed in a sealed chamber and is made in the form of generator and compressor, independently associated with the intermediate shaft placed parallel to the horizontal shaft and the associated pair of double row cylindrical magnetized gears, shared made of non-magnetic material of the wall of the sealed chamber, and interacting with each other through a closed magnetic field, and the receiver of the compressor and air tank is equipped with a bypass air valve, and the tank is further provided with banergee performed with electromagnetic remote control, connected to a common cable connecting the generator with consumers, and diametrically spaced blade wheels are located in mutually perpendicular planes and the axis of the blades mounted in vertical planes parallel to the direction of flow, and provided with bevel gears with a diameter twice as large diameter interact with stationary gears, while the upper blade wheels are planes parallel to the thread for installation in surface mode and for operation in a submerged mode perpendicular to the flow.The drawing shows the proposed installation in a transverse vertical section in surface position.Installation for the energy of the hydraulic flow contains anchored (not shown) of the floating body 1 mounted therein a horizontal shaft 2 with the paddle wheels at the ends with rotatable around their own axes, the blades 3 mounted on the axle 4 wheel bevel gear 5, which interacts with a stationary bevel gear 6, concentric with a horizontal shaft 2, is attached to the housing 1, the energy converters, kinematically connected with the horizontal shaft 2. Case 1 is sealed by a waterproof camera 7, in which the transducers are mounted energy generator 8 and the compressor 9, separated kinematically connected, for example, chain transmission 10 with the intermediate shaft 11 parallel to a horizontal shaft 2, to which it is linked by a pair of double-row cylindrical magnetized gears 12, interacting with each other through the non-magnetic wall of the chamber 7 through a closed magnetic field.The receiver 13 of the compressor is installed on the housing (tank) 1 behind the camera 7. Air-to-water tank 1 is equipped with a bypass air valve 14 and is further provided with an intake valve 15. The valves 14, 15 and mechanisms to enable energy converters 8, 9 in the work have a known electromagnetic remote control, connected to the shore through a common submarine cable connecting the generator 8 with the consumer current (cable and remote control not shown).Diametrically opposite blades 3 of the wheels are located in mutually perpendicular planes, the axis 4 of the blades 3 are arranged in vertical planes parallel to the direction of flow, and provided with a bevel gear 5, the diameter of which is twice the diameter of vzaimodeistvuyuschim installation position parallel to the flow, as for installation in a flooded at the bottom position perpendicular to the flow.Installation for the energy of the hydraulic flow, anchored at the surface or underwater position, is as follows.The working blade 3 is placed with its plane perpendicular to the direction of flow, feel more pressure flow than diametrically opposed them blank blade, and rotate with the horizontal shaft 2. The rotation of the latter through a pair of double-row cylindrical magnetized gear 12 through a closed magnetic field is transmitted through the non-magnetic wall of the chamber 7 of the intermediate shaft 11, and from him through a chain transmission 10 to the generator 8. Developed current supplied from the generator 8 to the consumer via submarine cable (not shown). The compressor 9 is driven from the intermediate shaft in the same way, i.e. by means of a chain 10, and works to create a reserve of compressed air in the receiver 13 only when the surface position before entering it on the bottom of the river, which is carried out by opening the intake valve 15 for feeding fresh water into the tank (building) 1. Lifting the unit from the bottom of the river with an open intake valve 15, during which water from the tank 1 is displaced by compressed air overboard. The operation of the valves 14 and 15 when this is done remotely using known devices, connected through a common submarine cable. INSTALLATION FOR the ENERGY of the HYDRAULIC FLOW containing the associated anchor the floating body mounted thereon, a horizontal shaft, the ends of which carries a wheel rotating around their own axes with blades mounted on the axis of the wheel bevel gear kinematically associated with the stationary bevel gear attached to the housing concentric with a horizontal shaft, and power converters, kinematically connected with the horizontal shaft, characterized in that it is equipped with sealed waterproof camera associated with a floating body made in the form of the intake tank, with the ability to dive under water, and the energy converters installed in a sealed chamber and is made in the form of generator and compressor independently associated with the intermediate shaft placed parallel to the horizontal shaft and the associated pair of double row cylindrical namagnichennostei to each other via a closed magnetic field, while the receivers, compressor and vozduhozabora tank equipped with a bypass air valve, and the tank is further provided with an intake valve, and the air and the intake valves, as well as mechanisms to enable energy converters are made with electromagnetic remote control, connected to a common cable connecting the generator to the consumer, and diametrically spaced blade wheels are located in mutually perpendicular planes and the axis of the blades in vertical planes parallel to the direction of flow, and provided with bevel gears with a diameter twice as large diameter interact with the stationary gear, at the top of the blade wheels are planes parallel to the thread for installation in surface mode and for operation in a submerged mode perpendicular to the flow.
FIELD: wave-energy-to-electric-power conversion.
SUBSTANCE: proposed wave energy plant has supporting frame with vertical guides, float installed for vertical reciprocation that accommodates ratchet gears provided with coaxial central holes, shaft passed though these holes and fixed in supporting frame to laminar screw section whose top and bottom parts are twisted in opposition and contact ratchet gears disposed in cylindrical casing with through holes; it also has electric generator. Float is mounted for displacement along vertical guides and has inertial member disposed inside for rotation and displacement together with float; inertial member contacts inner surface of float casing through rollers. Cylindrical casing is joined with inertial member; electric generator is disposed within supporting frame and kinematically coupled through extensible joint between inertial member and drum installed for joint rotation with the latter and with gear transmission.
EFFECT: enhanced power output of wave energy plant generator.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for conversion of wave energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains mechanically coupled fixed post, float chambers, frame, shaft, step-up gear and electric generator. Moreover, converter additionally contains relatively interacting second shaft, first and second gears and at least two motion converters. First and second gears are fixed on corresponding shafts and engage with each other. Each motion converter has vertical rod installed for vertical vibration on upper end of which first block is installed, and on lower end, third sprocket engaging with first and second float chambers. First and second overrunning clutches with sprockets are installed on shafts and they engage through first and second chains with third sprocket.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant is designed to convert energy of waves into electric energy. Proposed device contains pontoon, anchor chain and anchor, electric generator and drive including working and support sheaves over which flexible tie with weights o each end is passed. One of weights is installed for hanging over bottom and is made in form of floating anchor and the other is made in form of counterweight. Anchor chain is provided with tie-rod. Floating anchor and counterweight are made for adjustment of their mass. Floating anchor can be made in form of hollow platform in which row of chambers is made. Each chamber is sealed and designed for accommodating and/or ground, and /or air, and/or water. Counterweight is made in form of hollow float with sealed chamber in lower part which is designed for ground, and sealed air chamber is found in its upper part. Tie-rod is installed by one end on anchor chain and by other end, on pontoon. It is made flexible and can be adjusted in length.
EFFECT: provision of operation at any depth.
5 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power generating.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for use in vehicle power drives and for power generation. Method of conversion of energy of working medium into mechanical and electric energy is provided by multistage conversion of energy of drive engine having rotating output shaft, for instance, hydraulic turbine. Power torque is transmitted from shaft of drive engine to mechanical power consumer by means of at least two-stage conversion of mechanical energy into energy of working medium, for instance, water. Water pressure is provided by use of centrifugal hydraulic pump or radial-axial hydraulic turbine operating as a pump with provision of generation of reactive energy caused by interaction of water with blades of hydraulic turbine stage or reactive jet nozzle of stage runner, with transmission of water through fixed waterway and stage stator made in form of spiral chamber or branched manifold. Peripheral speed of stage runner with blades or reactive jet nozzles in creases torque by value of difference of radii of stage runner and drive engine wheel. Device contains drive engine with rotating shaft, for instance, hydraulic turbine, transmitting shaft, generator and at least two similar conversion stages. Shaft of hydraulic turbine is coupled with centrifugal pump impeller of first stage radially from which fixed waterways are laid to branched manifold or to spiral chamber on side surface of which radial-axial turbine runner is installed with working blades or nozzles over periphery under which drain manifold is installed. Runner of second stage hydraulic pump is rigidly installed on shaft by means of which it is connected with runner of first stage and rotor of electric generator.
EFFECT: increased torque transmitted to electric generator.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant is designed for converting energy of waves into electric energy. Proposed plant contains vertical support secured on bottom, rocking rod installed on support for rotation around axis of support, float secured on one of rod ends. Float is provided with intake bottom hole and outlet top hole, both provided with remote controlled valves, and electric generator. Upper end of support remains under water at any possible magnitudes of waves. Wave magnitude sensor is connected with remote controlled valves, float is connected to pneumatic line connected with pressure source, rocking rod is connected with pump which is connected by pipeline with accumulator of hydropotential energy on shore, electric generator is located on shore and is coupled with hydraulic turbine connected with accumulator of hydropotential energy. Plant changes to safe mode of operation owing to filling of float with water at excess of magnitudes waves determined by corresponding wave magnitude sensor.
EFFECT: provision of reliable and long operation.
9 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: plant is designed for generating power by conversion of energy of sea waves. Proposed wave power plant is mounted on pontoon and provided in nose part with bellows with bottom from wave side and longitudinal bell with vertical tube arranged over bellows accommodating electric generator with mechanical converter, and in center of pontoon behind the bell, box-shaped vertical air duct is installed divided by vertical partition into two parts and communicating with pontoon through two check valves. Windwheel with blades is installed in cut of partition, being mechanically connected through shaft with electric generator. Bellows chamber with bottom is installed in stern part of pontoon. Holes are made in wall of pontoon between spaces of bellows and pontoon, and in wall of pontoon bottom between spaces of bellows chamber and pontoon to pass compressed air inside pontoon, and electric generators are installed.
EFFECT: provision of more complete utilization of energy of sea waves.
8 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: electric power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to electric power engineering and may be used for generation of electric power at the account of ocean tides, ocean waves, wind from the shore by integration of tide energy with hydrogen technology. Barrage for energy extraction from potential energy contained in ocean tides, consists of multiple support stands installed with the same interval from each other in the ocean along the perimeter line and attached to the sea bottom. Panels are installed one above the other and fixed between pairs of neighboring support stands. Gaps between every panel and support stands are leak-tightened. Pairs of support stands from two rows of support stands for caissons. Support panels are placed between every pair of opposite support stands from the mentioned two rows so that caisson is supported by support panels, so that they form platform between two rows for caissons. In every caisson there are turbines with facilities that provide for water passing through the turbine by operator command. Electric generators are connected to at least one turbine. Barrage has no gaps or slots. As a result the ocean is separated from the area inside the barrage, excluding time, when operator provides water passing through turbine for electric power generation. Invention works at different loads and functions as power complex with electrolyzers and fuel elements for generation of electric power by request, excluding by that impulse character of traditional tide energy. Hydrogen may be produced as target product.
EFFECT: reduces cost of works.
6 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: engineering industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to water power engineering, and namely to water-borne vehicles producing electric energy used for external consumers and for its own movement. Energy-producing floating platform consists of a triangular-shaped platform with a power unit, which is elevated above water surface by means of columns, floats, piston-type pumps, and supports which are hinged to columns. Floating platform is equipped with wind impellers installed on brackets and being synchronously rotated by propelling screws with wheels. Between each support and float arranged are piston-type pumps. Inside each column there is an axle on lower end of which there installed is a propelling screw and a wheel, and the other axle end is taken out above the platform surface and is provided with a pulley. Over pulleys there passed is a flexible rope pulled over by a steering mechanism.
EFFECT: designing the maneuvering self-moving energy-producing floating platform which is capable of autonomous movement on water surface.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydroenergetics, to low pressure flows of seas, rivers and water outlets of hydro electric stations and reservoirs. A tidal hydroelectric plant contains a cylindrical body of the machine compartment with a gear box and electric generator of the tail hydroturbine with arms, mounted on its axis and the axis of rotation. On the upper part of the body is fixed a flat pylon, on the end of the pivot system and the axis of rotation. The body is suspended on a crossbeam in the passage of the catamaran for lifting the power station to the level of the servicing platform on the grooves of the support bridge pier, connected by the arch with a lifting mechanism. Arms of the hydroturbine are made short and wide sweptforward on the leading edge and with a concave surface in the form of a parabolic curve, and a convex surface of the tailpiece perforated with slanting slits.
EFFECT: reduces the depth of the low pressure power stations, increases the hydrodynamic quality of the hydroturbines arms, and ensures periodic lifting of the power station from the water.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of renewable power sources, namely to use of potential energy accumulated in water reservoirs and its conversion into other types of energy, mostly in electric energy. Water power device comprises the following components that interact with each other - platform, multiplier, power generator, the first and second shafts, in which according gears are installed, overrun clutches and sprockets that interact with chain. Device additionally comprises the first and second trolleys. They are connected to each other by chain and are installed in appropriate inclined guides with the possibility of reciprocal motion. Appropriate reservoirs are installed in trolleys, being equipped with exhaust water valves. In upper points reservoirs interact with appropriate newly introduced inlet water valves and units of position fixation, and in lower points - with end supports.
EFFECT: makes it possible to simplify design and increase efficiency of energy transformation.
7 cl, 6 dwg