(57) Abstract:Usage: refers to the transport, and in particular to articulated vehicles, mostly mounted with various technological equipment. The inventive vehicle contains the first axis and the second axis of the chassis, pivotally interconnected vertical axis 3, hitch and additional support wheel drive. Detachable coupling device contains a section 25 with receiving holes 26, the hooks 27 and 28 and pins 29. Section 25 of the coupling device is mounted on the first beam 30 on both sides of the vertical axis 3. Additional support wheel also includes a lift drive wheels, made in the form of a hydraulic cylinder 44. The first chassis is equipped with an additional hard hitch. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il. The invention relates to transport, and in particular to articulated vehicles, mostly mounted with various technological equipment.Know the vehicle that contains the first single axle chassis with additional retractable wheel and mounted on the frame of the unit power plant, the driver, the instrument controlstructure for connection 
A disadvantage of this device is the necessity of placing technological devices in the second chassis behind the driver outside of the zone of visibility, making it difficult to operate this equipment.Closest to the invention to the technical essence and the achieved result is a vehicle, mainly mounted with the process of road construction and agricultural equipment that contains the first single axle chassis with mounted on its frame power unit, driver's seat, instruments and control, and the second uniaxial chassis mounted on its frame technological equipment chassis hinge connected between a vertical axis and have a detachable coupling device including a housing with receiving holes, hooks and pins. Both chassis are installed beams, the first of which is fixed on the frame of the first chassis can be rotated around a vertical axis and pivotally connected to the cylinders rotate, and the second of which is fixed to the frame of the second uniaxial chassis. The first beam set additional support wheel 
The disadvantages of this known device assigns the IDs of the second uniaxial chassis with other technological equipment, and the first chassis unable perepoliitikasse (move) from one chassis with one technological equipment to the chassis with other technological equipment.The present invention is aimed at ensuring the change process equipment to another without the use of additional funds due to the fact that it has the ability to move independently from one replaceable single axle chassis to another and is equipped with a quick hitch.This technical result is achieved due to the fact that the vehicle contains the first single axle chassis with mounted on its frame power unit, driver's seat, instruments and control, and the second uniaxial chassis mounted on the frame of the unit process equipment. Both chassis pivotally connected between a vertical axis and have a detachable coupling device including a housing with receiving holes, hooks and pins. Both chassis are installed beams, the first of which is fixed on the frame of the first uniaxial chassis can be rotated around a vertical axis and pivotally connected to the cylinders rotate,pornoe wheel, the buildings with entrance holes and clamps mounted on the first beam on both sides of the vertical axis, while the axis of the receiving holes parallel to the longitudinal axis of the chassis. Pins mounted on the second beam, and the additional wheel is supplied mounted on the first beam between the buildings hitch actuator lifting. Moreover, the first single axle chassis supplied additional rigidly attached to the frame opposite from the vertical axis of the side housings with receiving holes and seizures.In the proposed vehicle additional support wheel drive has its rise, simultaneously with the presence of the quick coupling device provides reconnect single axle chassis with a variety of technological equipment to the main chassis with minimal cost. In addition, it allows you to have a range of cheap single axle chassis with various technological equipment and one more expensive power unit operated continuously without any downtime, which will reduce operating costs in operating these machines organizations.In Fig. 1 shows a vehicle mounted, for example, with equipment pograzona Fig.2 (the first single axle chassis in the plan); in Fig.4 the node I in Fig.2 (support wheel drive and hitch), and Fig.5 is a view along arrow B in Fig.4.Vehicle, mostly mounted with road construction and agricultural equipment, contains the first axis 1 and the second uniaxial 2 chassis pivotally interconnected vertical axis 3, the coupling device 4 and an additional support wheel 5.The first axis of the chassis 1 is made with side drive 6, for example a two-speed, comprising a driving wheel 7, the hub 8 and the side 9 gearboxes and motors of the actuator 10, the supply of the working fluid which is supplied from the power (pump) installation 11 mounted on the frame 12, and has a driver's seat 13 with control devices and control 14.The power unit 11 includes an engine 15, the variable pumps 16 and 17 of the actuator stroke and 18 and 19 to drive process equipment.Instrumentation and control 14 includes Hydrosol 20, the panel 21 on which are mounted showing the control devices of the engine 15 and the hydraulic system chassis and switches-control units of the hydraulic system (not shown).The driver's seat 13 is made is Azad.The second chassis 2 includes a wheeled mover 22, a frame 23 and technological equipment 24, for example, of the truck.Detachable coupling device 4 contains a section 25 with receiving holes 26, the hooks 27 and 28 and pins 29. Section 25 of the coupling device is mounted on the first beam 30 on both sides of the vertical axis 3, with the axis 31 of the receiving holes 26 parallel to the longitudinal axis of the chassis 1. Section 25 can be performed simultaneously with the beam 30, with one side of the receiving hole 26 is fixed to the bracket 32 on which axis 33 is set to grips 27 and 28, and the stoppers 34 and on the other hand, holes are pins 29, interacting with seizures. Pins 29 have the groove 35 and a pin 36 and is secured to the beam 37. Beam 37 can be attached to the frame 23 or the hinge axis 38, or hard-coded in a known manner (not shown).Beam 30 is mounted pivotally to the frame 12 axis 3 and pivotally connected to the cylinders 39 and 40 rotate chassis.Additional support wheel 5 includes bus 41, freely mounted on the support leg 42, mounted pivotally in the cheeks 43 installed on the beam 30 between the housings 25 and the lifting drive wheels, made in the form of a hydraulic cylinder 44, the casing of which is hinged to the ring 43, is the your 47, including section 48 which are similar to the receiving holes 26, the brackets 32, which is mounted on the axis 33 of the clamps 27 and 28 and the stoppers 34.The holes 26 of the housing 48 may include pins 29 mounted on the support beam 49 to which is attached, for example, bulldozer equipment 50.The vehicle operates as follows.When driving in transport mode or when working with equipment installed on the chassis 1, a driver's seat 13, the steering wheel (Hydrosol) 20 with a control panel 21 is installed as shown in Fig.1. Additional wheel 5 is in the raised transport position.When working with equipment, for example equipment forklift, the operator's chair 13 and the steering wheel 20 with remote control turn 21 and are mounted in a known manner as shown in Fig.2.To replace single axle chassis 2 chassis with other technological equipment hydraulic cylinder 44 drive additional supporting wheels 5 drop it on the floor of the road and in a known manner deduce the stoppers 34 from engagement with the hooks 27 and 28. Using the pumps 16 and 17 and the hydraulic motors 10 include drive websyoshii chassis 1 and 2.Single axle chassis 1, based on the driving wheels 7 and managed bus 41 is moved to another uniaxial (or biaxial, if it is necessary for the operation of technological equipment) chassis 2.By means of the hydraulic cylinder 44, the driver sets the axis 31 of the receiving holes 26 on one level with the axes of the pins 29 and produces the dock (the occurrence of the pins 29 into the holes 26), while the trunnion 36 communicates with the grips 27 and 28 and they cover the pin 36 and the stopper 34 in a known manner locks the clamps 27 and 28, providing a reliable engagement with the pin 36.The support wheel 5 bus 41 by the hydraulic cylinder 44 is translated into the transport position. By means of hydraulic cylinders 39 and 40 are rotated beams 30 around the axis 3, and along with it through the hitch and turn the chassis 2 on the chassis 1, i.e., is driving a vehicle.Equipping the vehicle drive wheels and quick-release coupling device, placed on a beam, pivotally connected to the chassis and hydraulic cylinders control allows low energy consumption without additional funds to change the technological equipment, which reduces the cost of its manufacture and exploiting and agricultural equipment, containing interconnected by a hinge with a vertical axis and the cylinders rotate, the first chassis made of uniaxial installed on his frame power unit, driver's seat, instruments and control, and the second chassis made of uniaxial installed on the frame of the unit process equipment, as well as a detachable coupling device made in the form provided with receiving holes and grips buildings, having the opportunity to interact with the pins, and mounted on the first chassis additional support wheel, characterized in that on the frames of the first and second chassis installed beams, one of which is associated with the first frame of the chassis, installed with the possibility of rotation around the vertical axis and pivotally connected to the cylinders rotate, the housing fixed to the beam associated with the first chassis, and are located symmetrically relative to the longitudinal vertical plane of the chassis, the axle receiving holes parallel to the longitudinal axis of the chassis, and the pins are rigidly connected to the beam associated with the second chassis, and additional support wheel is equipped with a drive of his ascent, placed between the housings of the coupling device.2. Vehicles is otivational from the location of the coupling side of the chassis and is made with receiving holes and grips.
FIELD: self-propelled rail-free vehicles, including wheeled armchairs, preferably with electric drive and servo control for disabled people deprived of or with immobilized lower limbs.
SUBSTANCE: vehicle comprises drive wheels mounted on axles, each being provided with individual drive and two additional self-orienting driven wheels. Each of drive wheels consists of at least outer rim with tire, casing with rollers, and device for transmitting rotation from drive axle to rim. Each of additional driven wheels is mounted at ends of springy rocking arm disposed in longitudinal plane, symmetrically to axes of drives.
EFFECT: increased stability and safety of vehicle, including wheeled armchair.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: high-maneuverability vehicles used for transporting of people with limited excursion in premises and in the street.
SUBSTANCE: self-propelled vehicle has carriage with armchair fixed thereon, power source, front rotary wheel, two rear wheels, and control system. Each of said rear wheels is equipped with drive for independent rotation around vertical axis. Each of said drives is fixed on rear part of carriage and connected to wheel support having vertical axis of rotation. Wheel rotation drives are designed for enabling at least two modes of movement. First mode of movement is mode of rotating rear wheels in synchronism with and through angle equal to that of front wheel. At second mode of movement for rear wheels, projections of horizontal axes of rotation of all the wheels onto supporting surface converge to a common point which is center of rotation of vehicle. Angle between projections for rear wheels differs from zero. At second mode, center of rotation is on longitudinal axis of projection onto supporting surface of longitudinal plane of symmetry of vehicle and is spaced from vertical plane of rotation of front wheel by distance L defined by interval of from L=0.1H to L=0.9H, where H is wheel base.
EFFECT: improved maneuverability and minimized vehicle turning area.
15 cl, 19 dwg
FIELD: means of transport; agricultural machine-building industry.
SUBSTANCE: vehicle includes two-axial chassis with front and rear wheels and frame. Frame consists of front semi-frame with installed motor and transmission unit and cabin with control panel and rear semi-frame where platform with hydraulic actuator and rise- and-fall mechanism is installed on articulated arms. Articulated arms are installed so that to ensure turning of gimbal-mounted and welded to side members semi-frame around common arms axis and tipping of platform also around common axis. Rise-and-fall mechanism is represented with brackets rigidly installed on the axis and gimbal-mounted to both hydraulic actuator rods within rise-and-fall mechanism hydraulic system. Both hydraulic actuators are connected with control board. Body of each actuator is fixed to rear semi-frame. Two straps with rear axle are rigidly fixed to common axis ends. Platform is raised and fallen by vehicle turning around front axle in vertical direction. Angle between landed platform and horizontal rear axle is equal to turning angle of vertical cabin axis and horizontal axes of motor and transmission unit with regard to vertical and horizontal front axle, accordingly.
EFFECT: application of specifically designed vehicles is expanded; labour output ratio of handling operations is decreased as loading is possible directly from ground without additional lifting equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles that feature higher cross-country capacity. Proposed vehicle comprises power plant consisting of engine with gearbox, propeller shafts, turning device, articulated frame made up of two semi-frames pivoted together, front drive axle attached to one semi-frame and rear drive axle attached to another semi-frame. Engine with gearbox is coupled, via one propeller shaft, with aforesaid front drive axle and, via another propeller shaft, with rear drive axle. Aforesaid semi-frames consists of top and bottom sections coupled by vertical posts. Bottom section of each semi-frame features recess with depth making at least maximum vertical travel of appropriate drive axle. Front and rear drive axles are suspended to semi-frames.
EFFECT: increased cross-country capacity.
5 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building. Proposed vehicle comprises interconnected drive and drive sections. Said sections are interconnected by two joints, i.e. top and bottom.Bottom joint represents a universal joint. Top joint is arranged above the bottom joint along vertical axis and represents a steering device.
EFFECT: reduced weight.
4 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to self-propelled machine with articulated chassis. Machine comprises chassis 1. Chassis 1 consists of two parts 5, 7 to pivot relative to each other about, in fact, vertical axis A2. Each said part is fitted on one appropriate axle 9, 25. The latter make guide and drive axles 9, 25. Axle 9 may swing on chassis element 5. Articulation between said parts 5, 7 represents joint with axial rod and additionally comprises means 25 for parts selective turn relative to each other and, in fact, about vertical axis A2.
EFFECT: higher stability.
12 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to control over articulated frame to allow motion in two wheel tracks and crossing of wheel axles. Vehicle comprises two parts each being coupled with the other hinge 1. Said hinge 1 comprises four structural elements 4, 5, 6, 7 articulated by four hinges 8, 9, 10, 11 to stay in normal position. At said position, centers of hinged 8, 9, 10, 11 form one plane and closed, in fact, fixed frame. Each of two structural elements 4, 6 forming two opposite side of fixed frame can turn in four hinge joints 8, 9, 10, 11 about rotational axis D1, D2. Said axis is located in normal position if the plane formed by two center of hinges relative to other structural elements 5, 7. One (4) of two rotary structural elements 4, 6 with one (5) of two other structural elements 5, 7, directly interconnected with one (10) of four hinges 8, 9, 10, 11, can turn from normal position relative to two structural elements 4, 7 so that center of hinge 10 jointing said two rotary structural elements 4, 5 can extend beyond the plane formed by centers of hinges in normal position while centers of other hinges 8, 9, 11 do not extend beyond said plane to allow crossing of rotational axes D1, D2 of both hinges 4, 6 relative to each other.
EFFECT: improved maneuverability, increased vehicle length.
25 cl, 15 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles. The agricultural towline-transporting energetic means comprises an engine, a cab with control elements mounted on the bearing frame. The bearing frame is based by rails on the combined double-reduction axle with driving-steering motor-driven wheels and an additional frame with rails and support wheels. The bearing frame is connected with the additional frame by the hinges of rotation by 180° of "folding" and "unfolding" rails of additional frame and the bearing frame placed with an equal distance "α" on the axes of wheels of axle of the bearing frame and the support wheels of the additional frame. The bearing frame and the additional frame are equipped with hydraulic servo motor of turning of the said rails and attachment clamps to each other in the unfolded (biaxial machine) and the folded (single-axial machine - "modular unit") states. The bearing frame is provided with a crown hinge of junction with agricultural tool and hydraulic cylinder of controlling its turns.
EFFECT: improvement of adaptability of the agricultural towline-transporting and energetic means is achieved to working conditions, improvement of quality of technological operations performed and machine performance while reducing the overall energy consumption.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Protective device comprises front and rear parts, adjusting mechanism connected to appropriate part and drive elements to change relative position of parts by means of adjusting mechanism. Protective device comprises stiffening means to lock every part relative to each other to exploit the mass of both front and rear parts. Vehicle structure stiffens when acceleration and/or speed of one of its parts exceeds limiting values. This occurs at blast of mine under this vehicle. Control over stiffening means of said protector consists in placing the pickup in one of vehicle parts. Said pickup determines said acceleration and/or speed to transmit appropriate signal to control device attached to said stiffening means. Control device guides stiffening means for locking of relative position of vehicle every part.
EFFECT: damping of external shock effects.
13 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to vehicle or machine intended for operation on uneven or inclined surfaces. Device for moving vehicle comprises three frame parts (2, 3, 4), two planes (A, B) of rotation and control of rotation of drive (6). Each of planes (A, B) of rotation is located at boundary separating two frame parts located substantially one after another in longitudinal direction of vehicle frame. Frame parts are located relative to each of planes (A, B) of rotation with possibility of rotation, substantially around longitudinal axis (C) of transport vehicle or axis located nearby it and substantially parallel to it. Mutual rotation of successive frame parts divided by one of planes (A, B) of rotation around axis is actively controlled.
EFFECT: improved frame structure for improvement of contact with other working surface.
17 cl, 9 dwg